Difference between revisions of "Washington Farm Animal Cruelty Prevention, Initiative 1130 (2011)"

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{{tnr}}The '''Washington Farm Animal Cruelty Prevention, Initiative 1130,''' may appear on the [[Washington 2011 ballot measures|November 2011]] statewide ballot in [[Washington]] as an {{witpfull}}. The measure would adopt new rules for egg-laying hens in Washington.<ref>[http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1130.pdf ''Washington Secretary of State'',"Initiative Measure No. 1130," retrieved January 28, 2011]</ref> More specifically, the measure would require "egg-laying hens have enough room to turn around and extend their wings and that eggs sold in the state are produced incompliance with this humane standard."<ref name="ReviewJan19">[http://www.spokesman.com/blogs/spincontrol/2011/jan/19/chicken-egg-initiative/ ''The Spokesman Review'',"A chicken & egg initiative," January 19, 2011]</ref>
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{{nowa2011}}{{tnr}}The '''Washington Farm Animal Cruelty Prevention, Initiative 1130,''' did not appear on the [[Washington 2011 ballot measures|November 2011]] statewide ballot in [[Washington]] as an {{witpfull}}.  
  
A total of three initiatives have been filed: [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1128.pdf 1128], [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1129.pdf 1129] and [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1130.pdf 1130].
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The measure would have adopted new rules for egg-laying hens in Washington.<ref>[http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1130.pdf ''Washington Secretary of State'',"Initiative Measure No. 1130," accessed January 28, 2011]</ref> More specifically, the measure would have required "egg-laying hens have enough room to turn around and extend their wings and that eggs sold in the state are produced incompliance with this humane standard."<ref name="ReviewJan19">[http://www.spokesman.com/blogs/spincontrol/2011/jan/19/chicken-egg-initiative/ ''The Spokesman Review'',"A chicken & egg initiative," January 19, 2011]</ref>
  
The Washington proposal is similar to laws in [[California]] and [[Michigan]] which restrict cages for calves.<ref name="ReviewJan19"/>
+
A total of three initiatives were filed in the state: [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1128.pdf 1128], [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1129.pdf 1129] and [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1130.pdf 1130]. The Washington proposal was similar to laws in [[California]] and [[Michigan]] which restricted cages for calves.<ref name="ReviewJan19"/>
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According to reports, supporters had collected an estimated 350,000 signatures, exceeding the minimum requirement. However, the initiative was dropped after the [[Humane Society of the United States]] made a national agreement with the egg industry on [[BC2011#July|July 7, 2011]].<ref>[http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/politicsnorthwest/2015535924_post_3.html ''The Seattle Times'',"Backers cancel initiative to give chickens better living," July 7, 2011]</ref> "We're suspending the Washington and Oregon ballot measures and putting our energies into passing a federal law that would help hundreds of millions of birds as opposed to fewer than 10 million birds in Washington and Oregon," said Paul Shapiro, Humane Society spokesperson.<ref>[http://kuow.org/northwestnews.php?storyID=137685049 ''KUOW'',"Deal Suspends Chicken Cage Ballot Measures," July 7, 2011]</ref> Together with the United Egg Producers, the Humane Society plans to seek a bill based on the agreement. The proposed legislation includes: eliminating battery-style cages by 2029 across the nation; requiring that egg cartons be labeled with information about the living conditions of the hens.<ref>[http://www.registerguard.com/web/newslocalnews/26517038-41/egg-oregon-hens-ballot-national.html.csp ''The Register-Guard'',"Egg farmers, animal rights group forge pact," July 8, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Background==
 
==Background==
 
===Legislative proposal===
 
===Legislative proposal===
A similar proposal to Initiative 1130 was filed during the 2011 legislative session by [[Mark Schoesler|Sen. Mark Schoesler]]. According to reports, the main differences between the bill and the proposed initiative relate to minimum space requirements and the effective start date. The legislative proposal requires that egg producers phase out conventional cages by 2026. Producers would be allowed to house hens in "enriched colony cages" certified by the American Humane Association. According to reports, the cages would provide 116.3 square inches of space per hen compared to the current 67 square inches of space.<ref name="TimesApr15"/>
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A similar proposal, [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/billinfo/summary.aspx?bill=5487&year=2011 SB 5487], to Initiative 1130 was filed during the 2011 legislative session by [[Mark Schoesler|Sen. Mark Schoesler]]. According to reports, the main differences between the bill and the proposed initiative related to minimum space requirements and the effective start date. The legislative proposal required that egg producers phase out conventional cages by 2026. Producers would be allowed to house hens in "enriched colony cages" certified by the [http://www.americanhumane.org/ American Humane Association]. According to reports, the cages would provide 116.3 square inches of space per hen compared to the current 67 square inches of space.<ref name="TimesApr15"/>
  
The initiative, on the other hand, requires that proposed changes be completed by 2018. Such changes include a cage of at least 216 square inches of space. Stacking of cages would also be prohibited.<ref name="TimesApr15"/>
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The initiative, on the other hand, required that proposed changes be completed by 2018. Such changes include a cage of at least 216 square inches of space. Stacking of cages would also be prohibited.<ref name="TimesApr15"/>
 +
 
 +
[http://apps.leg.wa.gov/documents/billdocs/2011-12/Pdf/Bills/Senate%20Bills/5487-S.pdf The full text of the proposed legislative bill can be read here.] [[Chris Gregoire|Gov. Chris Gregoire]] signed SB 5487 on [[BC2011#May|May 10, 2011]].<ref>[http://www.capitalpress.com/orewash/djw-egginitiatives-REVISED-051311 ''Capital Press'',"Gregoire signs cage standards bill," May 12, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Support==
 
==Support==
The measure is supported by the [[Humane Society of the United States]] and [http://www.farmsanctuary.org/ Farm Sanctuary]. The coalition, according to reports, is called [http://humanewa.com/ Washingtonians for Humane Farms].<ref>[http://www.seattlepi.com/local/433782_hens19.html ''Associated Press'',"Humane Society wants to ban cages for Wash. hens," January 19, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://www.bellinghamherald.com/2011/01/19/1824816/kindness-for-hens-initiative-is.html ''The Bellingham Herald'',"Kindness-for-hens initiative is filed," January 19, 2011]</ref>
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The measure was supported by the [[Humane Society of the United States]] and [http://www.farmsanctuary.org/ Farm Sanctuary]. The coalition, according to reports, was called [http://humanewa.com/ Washingtonians for Humane Farms].<ref>[http://www.seattlepi.com/local/433782_hens19.html ''Associated Press'',"Humane Society wants to ban cages for Wash. hens," January 19, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://www.bellinghamherald.com/2011/01/19/1824816/kindness-for-hens-initiative-is.html ''The Bellingham Herald'',"Kindness-for-hens initiative is filed," January 19, 2011]</ref>
  
In regard to an alternative legislative proposal, [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/billinfo/summary.aspx?bill=5487&year=2011 Senate Bill 5487], Farm Sanctuary president Gene Baur said, "The animals are still confined in cages, they're not given very good dust baths, and their freedom of movement is still very much restrained."<ref name="TimesApr15">[http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2014789135_eggs16m.html ''The Seattle Times'',"Bigger hen cages not enough, say foes of bill," April 15, 2011]</ref>
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In regard to the alternative legislative proposal, [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/billinfo/summary.aspx?bill=5487&year=2011 Senate Bill 5487], Farm Sanctuary president Gene Baur said, "The animals are still confined in cages, they're not given very good dust baths, and their freedom of movement is still very much restrained."<ref name="TimesApr15">[http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/2014789135_eggs16m.html ''The Seattle Times'',"Bigger hen cages not enough, say foes of bill," April 15, 2011]</ref><ref>[http://farmsanctuary.typepad.com/making_hay/2011/04/washington-ballot-initiative-update-take-action-to-help-egg-laying-hens.html ''Farm Sanctuary'',"Washington Ballot Initiative Update: Take Action to Help Egg-Laying Hens!," April 18, 2011]</ref>
  
 
==Opposition==
 
==Opposition==
In [[BC2011#April|early April 2011]] the [http://www.wsvma.org/ Washington State Veterinary Medical Association] announced that they do not support the proposed measure. Instead the organization has announced it's support for [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/billinfo/summary.aspx?bill=5487&year=2011 Senate Bill 5487], which would establish a certification program for commercial egg laying chicken operations. "In our opinion, only the pending legislation in SB 5487 offers a consistent structure to improve hen welfare and an annual audit plan for verification of compliance and that's why we back it.  We could have left it there and not offered an opinion on I-1130 except the initiative offers no plan for audit, no clear scientific standards or structure specifically researched to improve the lives of laying hens, and no additional empowerments for enforcement," said the organization in an April 2011 press release.<ref>[http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/veterinary-association-rejects-supporting-hen-cage-ban-initiative-119290134.html ''Washington State Veterinary Medical Association'',"Veterinary Association Rejects Supporting Hen Cage Ban Initiative," April 5, 2011]</ref>
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In [[BC2011#April|early April 2011]] the [http://www.wsvma.org/ Washington State Veterinary Medical Association] announced that they did not support the proposed measure. Instead the organization announced it's support for [http://apps.leg.wa.gov/billinfo/summary.aspx?bill=5487&year=2011 Senate Bill 5487], which established a certification program for commercial egg laying chicken operations. "In our opinion, only the pending legislation in SB 5487 offers a consistent structure to improve hen welfare and an annual audit plan for verification of compliance and that's why we back it.  We could have left it there and not offered an opinion on I-1130 except the initiative offers no plan for audit, no clear scientific standards or structure specifically researched to improve the lives of laying hens, and no additional empowerments for enforcement," said the organization in an April 2011 press release.<ref>[http://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/veterinary-association-rejects-supporting-hen-cage-ban-initiative-119290134.html ''Washington State Veterinary Medical Association'',"Veterinary Association Rejects Supporting Hen Cage Ban Initiative," April 5, 2011]</ref>
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==Path to the ballot==
 
==Path to the ballot==
:: ''See also: [[Washington signature requirements]]''
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:: ''See also: [[Washington signature requirements]] and [[:Category:Petition drive management companies|Petition drive management companies]]''
  
In order to qualify for the ballot, supporters are required to submit a minimum of 241,153 valid signatures.
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In order to qualify for the ballot, supporters were required to submit a minimum of 241,153 valid signatures by [[BC2011#July|July 6, 2011]]. According to reports on [[BC2011#June|June 13, 2011]] supporters announced that they had exceeded the minimum requirement. An estimated 275,000 signatures had been collected. However, the [[Washington Secretary of State|Secretary of State's office]] recommended that initiative campaigns collect at least 320,000 signatures to compensate for any duplicates or errors. With that in mind, the campaign reportedly continued to circulate petitions.<ref name="CapitalPressJune13">[http://www.capitalpress.com/content/djw-egginitiative-w-fileart--061711 ''Capital Press'',"Cage-free initiative claims signatures," June 13, 2011]</ref>
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Paul Shapiro, senior director of [http://www.humanesociety.org/issues/campaigns/factory_farming/ The Humane Society of the United States Factory Farming Campaign], previously announced that signatures would be gathered by volunteers. However, as of [[BC2011#June|June]] Shapiro reports that the petition circulation effort was a combination of paid circulators and volunteers. According to the Washington Public Disclosure Commission, the campaign hired [[Progressive Campaigns, Inc.|PCI Consultants, Inc.]] from California. June reports indicated that a total of $332,504 was paid to the company.<ref name="CapitalPressJune13"/>
  
 
==See also==
 
==See also==
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* [[2011 ballot measures]]
 
* [[2011 ballot measures]]
 
* [[Washington 2011 ballot measures]]
 
* [[Washington 2011 ballot measures]]
 +
 +
===Similar measures===
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{{nob}} [[Oregon Caged Hens Measure (2012)]]<br>
 +
 +
===Articles===
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* [[Deal forged, chicken cage ballot initiatives dropped in Washington and Oregon]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 +
{{colbegin|2}}
 
* [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/people.aspx?y=2011 Proposed initiatives filed in 2011]
 
* [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/people.aspx?y=2011 Proposed initiatives filed in 2011]
 
* [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1128.pdf Initiative text (1128)]
 
* [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1128.pdf Initiative text (1128)]
 
* [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1129.pdf Initiative text (1129)]
 
* [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1129.pdf Initiative text (1129)]
 
* [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1130.pdf Initiative text (1130)]
 
* [http://www.sos.wa.gov/elections/initiatives/text/i1130.pdf Initiative text (1130)]
 +
{{colend}}
  
 
===Support===
 
===Support===
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==Additional reading==
 
==Additional reading==
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{{colbegin|2}}
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* [http://www.thenewstribune.com/2011/07/18/1748849/wise-move-avoids-an-initiative.html ''The News Tribune'',"Wise move avoids an initiative coming home to roost," July 18, 2011]
 +
* [http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2011/jul/02/time-to-sign-up-or-shut-up-as-initiative-deadline/ ''The Spokesman-Review'',"Time to sign up or shut up as initiative deadline nears," July 2, 2011]
 +
* [http://www.heraldnet.com/article/20110619/NEWS01/706199899 ''The Herald'',"Heavy hitters at work behind state initiatives," June 19, 2011]
 +
* [http://www.avma.org/onlnews/javma/jun11/110601y.asp ''AVMA'',"Initiative, legislation compete to set hen housing standards," May 18, 2011]
 +
* [http://www.katu.com/news/local/120684829. ''KATU News'',"Voters may decide chicken coop controversy," April 26, 2011]
 
* [http://www.care2.com/causes/animal-welfare/blog/-washingtonians-for-humane-farms-calls-for-anti-battery-cage-ballot/ ''Care2'',"Washingtonians Call for Anti-Battery Cage Measure," January 25, 2011]
 
* [http://www.care2.com/causes/animal-welfare/blog/-washingtonians-for-humane-farms-calls-for-anti-battery-cage-ballot/ ''Care2'',"Washingtonians Call for Anti-Battery Cage Measure," January 25, 2011]
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{{colend}}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
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{{2011 ballot measures}}
 
{{2011 ballot measures}}
 
{{Washington}}
 
{{Washington}}
[[Category:Washington 2011 ballot measures]]
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[[Category:Did not make ballot, treatment of animals]]
[[Category:Animal rights, Washington]]
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[[Category:Animal rights, 2011]]
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{{Washington stub}}
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Revision as of 07:46, 16 April 2014

Not on Ballot
Proposed allot measures that were not on a ballot
This measure did not or
will not appear on a ballot
The Washington Farm Animal Cruelty Prevention, Initiative 1130, did not appear on the November 2011 statewide ballot in Washington as an Initiative to the People.

The measure would have adopted new rules for egg-laying hens in Washington.[1] More specifically, the measure would have required "egg-laying hens have enough room to turn around and extend their wings and that eggs sold in the state are produced incompliance with this humane standard."[2]

A total of three initiatives were filed in the state: 1128, 1129 and 1130. The Washington proposal was similar to laws in California and Michigan which restricted cages for calves.[2]

According to reports, supporters had collected an estimated 350,000 signatures, exceeding the minimum requirement. However, the initiative was dropped after the Humane Society of the United States made a national agreement with the egg industry on July 7, 2011.[3] "We're suspending the Washington and Oregon ballot measures and putting our energies into passing a federal law that would help hundreds of millions of birds as opposed to fewer than 10 million birds in Washington and Oregon," said Paul Shapiro, Humane Society spokesperson.[4] Together with the United Egg Producers, the Humane Society plans to seek a bill based on the agreement. The proposed legislation includes: eliminating battery-style cages by 2029 across the nation; requiring that egg cartons be labeled with information about the living conditions of the hens.[5]

Background

Legislative proposal

A similar proposal, SB 5487, to Initiative 1130 was filed during the 2011 legislative session by Sen. Mark Schoesler. According to reports, the main differences between the bill and the proposed initiative related to minimum space requirements and the effective start date. The legislative proposal required that egg producers phase out conventional cages by 2026. Producers would be allowed to house hens in "enriched colony cages" certified by the American Humane Association. According to reports, the cages would provide 116.3 square inches of space per hen compared to the current 67 square inches of space.[6]

The initiative, on the other hand, required that proposed changes be completed by 2018. Such changes include a cage of at least 216 square inches of space. Stacking of cages would also be prohibited.[6]

The full text of the proposed legislative bill can be read here. Gov. Chris Gregoire signed SB 5487 on May 10, 2011.[7]

Support

The measure was supported by the Humane Society of the United States and Farm Sanctuary. The coalition, according to reports, was called Washingtonians for Humane Farms.[8][9]

In regard to the alternative legislative proposal, Senate Bill 5487, Farm Sanctuary president Gene Baur said, "The animals are still confined in cages, they're not given very good dust baths, and their freedom of movement is still very much restrained."[6][10]

Opposition

In early April 2011 the Washington State Veterinary Medical Association announced that they did not support the proposed measure. Instead the organization announced it's support for Senate Bill 5487, which established a certification program for commercial egg laying chicken operations. "In our opinion, only the pending legislation in SB 5487 offers a consistent structure to improve hen welfare and an annual audit plan for verification of compliance and that's why we back it. We could have left it there and not offered an opinion on I-1130 except the initiative offers no plan for audit, no clear scientific standards or structure specifically researched to improve the lives of laying hens, and no additional empowerments for enforcement," said the organization in an April 2011 press release.[11]

Path to the ballot

See also: Washington signature requirements and Petition drive management companies

In order to qualify for the ballot, supporters were required to submit a minimum of 241,153 valid signatures by July 6, 2011. According to reports on June 13, 2011 supporters announced that they had exceeded the minimum requirement. An estimated 275,000 signatures had been collected. However, the Secretary of State's office recommended that initiative campaigns collect at least 320,000 signatures to compensate for any duplicates or errors. With that in mind, the campaign reportedly continued to circulate petitions.[12]

Paul Shapiro, senior director of The Humane Society of the United States Factory Farming Campaign, previously announced that signatures would be gathered by volunteers. However, as of June Shapiro reports that the petition circulation effort was a combination of paid circulators and volunteers. According to the Washington Public Disclosure Commission, the campaign hired PCI Consultants, Inc. from California. June reports indicated that a total of $332,504 was paid to the company.[12]

See also

BP-Initials-UPDATED.png
Suggest a link

Similar measures

Proposed ballot measures that were not on a ballot Oregon Caged Hens Measure (2012)

Articles

External links

Support

Additional reading

References