Washington Municipal Energy, Referendum 18 (1934)

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The Washington Municipal Energy Act, also known as Referendum 18, was on the November 6, 1934 ballot in Washington as a veto referendum, where it was approved, thus confirming the legislation. The measure authorized municipalities to use and sell electric energy inside and outside their geographic limits.[1]

Election results

Washington Referendum 18 (1934)
Approveda Yes 221,590 58.03%

Election results via: Washington Secretary of State

Text of measure

The language that appeared on the ballot:[1]

An Act authorizing cities and towns to use, sell and dispose of electric energy inside and outside their corporate limits to acquire, construct, own, control, operate and maintain lands, easements, franchises, distribution systems, sub-stations, inter-tie or transmission lines or other connections to enable it to use, purchase, sell and dispose of electric energy, inside or outside its corporate limits, with right to condemn certain classes of private power systems or parts thereof, franchises or other private property, and reserving to such cities and towns all powers under existing laws.[2]

Path to the ballot

Referendum 18 was filed on April 7, 1933. Signatures were submitted to qualify it for the ballot. The measure was placed on the ballot as provided for by the state constitution.[3]

See also

Suggest a link

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 Office of the Secretary of State, "1934 Voters Pamphlet", accessed September 13, 2013
  2. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  3. Washington Secretary of State, "History of Referendum Measures", accessed September 13, 2013