Washington Tax & Spending Limits, Initiative 601 (1993)

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Initiative 601 or I-601, an Initiative to the People, was on the November 2, 1993 ballot in the State of Washington, where it was approved but later overturned.

I-601 asked the question, "Shall state expenditures be limited by inflation rates and population growth, and taxes exceeding the limit be subject to referendum?"


See also: League of Education Voters v. Washington State

On February 28, 2013, the Washington Supreme Court issued its ruling on League of Educ. Voters v. State and, in doing so, declared legislation requiring a supermajority vote for tax legislation unconstitutional. The challenge was initially filed against Initiative 1053, but is part of a larger issue concerning similar initiatives beginning in 1993 with Initiative 601.

The court found such supermajority requirements to be in violation of Washington Constitution, Article II, Section 22, which states that no bill shall become law unless a majority of each chamber votes in favor of it. The court's ruling concludes with,

Our holding today is not a judgment on the wisdom of requiring a supermajority for the passage of tax legislation. Such judgment is left to the legislative branch of our government. Should the people and the legislature still wish to require a supermajority vote for tax legislation, they must do so through constitutional amendment, not through legislation.


Washington Supreme Court


Election results

Initiative 601
OverturnedotOverturned Case:League of Educ. Voters v. State 87425-5 (2013)
Yes 774,342 51.21%

Path to the ballot

The language for the measure was filed on March 5, 1993 by Gregory J. Seifert of Vancouver.

249,707 signatures were submitted and the Washington Secretary of State deemed that there were sufficient signatures to put I-601 to a vote of the people.

See also

Suggest a link

External links


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