William Enyart

From Ballotpedia
Revision as of 22:26, 19 June 2014 by Justin Haas (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search
William Enyart
Bill Enyart.jpg
U.S. House, Illinois, District 12
In office
January 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 2
PredecessorJerry Costello (D)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$1,180,463
Term limitsN/A
Bachelor'sUniversity of Illinois; Southern Illinois University
Master'sSouthern Illinois University School of Law, United States Army War College
J.D.Southern Illinois University (Carbondale)
Military service
Service/branchUS Air Force, Illinois National Guard
Years of service1969-1975, 1982-2012
Date of birthSept. 22, 1949
Place of birthPensacola, Florida[1]
Net worth$2,929,032.50
ReligionUnited Church of Christ
Office website
Campaign website
William Enyart (b. Sept. 22, 1949, in Pensacola, Florida) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing the 12th Congressional District of Illinois since 2012.

Enyart replaced primary winner Brad Harriman (D) after he withdrew from the race in May 2012. Enyart won election in the general election on November 6, 2013.[2]

He ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on March 18, 2014.[3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

He is a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program is designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Enyart is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Democratic Party line more than his fellow members.


Enyart grew up in Tuscola, Illinois, where he attended school. He won a scholarship to the University of Illinois, but left after one year.

He joined the United States Air Forced in 1969 and left active duty to attend Southern Illinois University (Edwardsville) where he studied political science and journalism.

After he graduated he worked for the Belleville News-Democrat which then led him to enroll at the Southern Illinois University's School of Law. He worked at his own practice for some years before going back to school and earning his master's degree from the Army War College.

He joined the Army National Guard in 1982, and his master's degree gave him the rank of General, and he became the adjutant general of the state National Guard.[5]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Enyart's professional and political career[5]:

  • 2007-2012: Adjutant general, Illinois National Guard
  • 1982-2012: Army National Guard
  • 1979-2007: Attorney at Law
  • 2000: Graduated U.S. Army War College, earned a M.S.S.
  • 1991-1997: President and COO, Doc’s Distributing
  • 1973-1975: Air Force Reserves
  • 1969-1973: Air Force Service

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Enyart serves on the following committees:[6][7]


Legislative actions

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[8] For more information pertaining to Enyart's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

More than 100 House lawmakers signed a letter urging President Barack Obama to call Congress back into session if he planned to use military force in Syria.[10]

Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013, “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”[10][11]

The members of Congress believed that Obama should have asked Congress for permission before engaging in Libya. The letter asked, “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, [sic] 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?”[11]

The letter stated, “If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request. We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict."[11]

A total of 98 Republicans signed the letter. Enyart was one of 18 Democratic members to sign the letter.[11]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Enyart voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[12]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Enyart voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[12]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Enyart voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[13] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[12]


Voted "Yes" Enyart voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[12]


Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[14] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[15][16] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[16] Enyart voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[17][18] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[18] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[19] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Enyart joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[17][18]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[20] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[21] Enyart voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[22]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Enyart voted for HR 2775.[24]

Pay during government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013#Government Shutdown and Default Prevention Act

Enyart said that he is "donating my pay for the duration of this senseless shut-down to a food bank in Southern Illinois and call upon my colleagues in Congress to do the same."[25]

Coal-fired power plants

Enyart and Reps. Rodney Davis (R) and John Shimkus (R) criticized President Obama's plans announced June 25, 2013 to make sharp cuts in carbon emissions by using the federal Environmental Protection Agency to impose tougher restrictions on coal-fired power plants.[26] The three congressmen harshly criticized the stricter rules proposed by Obama as job-killers that will "needllessly spike electricity costs for consumer."[26]

Enyart issued a statement saying he "will work tirelessly" against new mandates "that will increase energy costs, and decimate our Southern Illinois coal industry in the process." The 12 counties that make up the 12th Congressional District once comprised the heart of the Illinois coal industry.[26]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Enyart voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[12]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Enyart voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[12]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "No" Enyart voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[12]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "No" Enyart voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[12]



See also: Illinois' 12th Congressional District elections, 2014

Enyart ran for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on March 18, 2014.[3] The general election took place November 4, 2014.

Enyart is a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program is designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2014 election.[4]


See also: Illinois' 12th Congressional District elections, 2012

Enyart won election in 2012.[27] Enyart ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Illinois' 12th District. Enyart replaced primary winner Brad Harriman after he withdrew from the race in May. He faced Jason Plummer (R) and Paula Bradshaw (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[2]

U.S. House, Illinois District 12 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngWilliam Enyart 51.7% 157,000
     Republican Jason Plummer 42.7% 129,902
     Green Paula Bradshaw 5.6% 17,045
Total Votes 303,947
Source: Illinois Board of Elections "2012 General Election Official Vote Totals"



District 12 Representative Election
Poll William Enyart Jason PlummerUndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
District 12 Poll
September 11-13, 2012
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to editor@ballotpedia.org.

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Enyart is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Enyart raised a total of $1,180,463 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 5, 2013.[28]

William Enyart's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Illinois, District 12) Won $1,180,463
Grand Total Raised $1,180,463


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Enyart's reports.[29]


Breakdown of the source of Enyart's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Enyart won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Enyart's campaign committee raised a total of $1,180,463 and spent $1,167,686.[37] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[38]

Cost per vote

Enyart spent $7.44 per vote received in 2012.

Personal Gain Index

See also: Personal Gain Index
Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png

The aim of the Personal Gain Index (PGI) is to shine a light on how members of the U.S. Congress may benefit from their tenure as public servants. Researchers at the Government Accountability Institute will look at four different metrics pointing to aspects of self-enrichment.
The PGI will consist of the following metrics:

  • Net worth
    • How much did a member's net worth increase or decrease over a specified period?
  • The K-Street metric (coming soon)
    • What percentage of a member's staff were previously lobbyists?
  • Donation concentration (coming soon)
    • What industries are contributing the most to each member?
  • Stock trading (coming soon)
    • What stocks are each member holding in their portfolio?

PGI: Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Enyart's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,591,065 and $4,267,000. That averages to $2,929,032.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Enyart ranked as the 111th most wealthy representative in 2012.[39] Between 2011 and 2012, Enyart's net worth increased by 9.9 percent. Between 2004 and 2012, the average increase in the net worth of a congressman was 72.6 percent.

William Enyart Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2011 to 2012:10%
Average annual growth:10%[40]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[41]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Enyartis a "centrist Democratic follower" as of June 17, 2013.[42]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[43]

Enyart most often votes with:

Enyart least often votes with:

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.


Information on 2012 vote rating is unavailable

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Enyart missed 0 of 89 roll call votes from January 2013 to March 2013. This amounts to 0.0%, which is better than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[44]

Voting with party


William Enyart voted with the Democratic Party 88.6% of the time, which ranked 177th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[45]


Enyart and his wife Annette have two sons together.[46]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term William + Enyart + Illinois + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

William Enyart News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links

Suggest a link


  1. Washington Times, "William 'Bill' L. Enyart, Jr.," accessed May 22, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 Illinois Elections Division, "List of active candidates," accessed 2012
  3. 3.0 3.1 Associated Press, "Primary Election 2014," accessed March 18, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee, "DCCC Chairman Steve Israel Announces 2013-2014 Frontline Members," accessed March 5, 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 National Journal, "Illinois, 12th House District," accessed November 6, 2012
  6. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 Yahoo, "65 Lawmakers Ask Obama to Consult on Syria," accessed August 28, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 11.2 11.3 Politico, "33 lawmakers: Congress must approve Syria action," accessed August 28, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 Project Vote Smart, "William Enyart Key Votes," accessed October 11, 2013
  13. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  14. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  22. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  25. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  26. 26.0 26.1 26.2 BND.com, "War on coal? Local congressmen blast White House plans to cut carbon pollution," accessed June 27, 2013
  27. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Illinois," accessed 2012
  28. [www.opensecrets.org/races/summary.php?cycle=2012&id=IL12 Open Secrets, "William Enyart," accessed April 5, 2013]
  29. Federal Election Commission, "William Enyart 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 24, 2013
  30. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  31. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  32. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  33. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 3, 2014
  34. Federal Election Commission, "Pre-Primary," accessed April 23, 2014
  35. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 14, 2014
  36. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  37. Open Secrets, "William Enyart 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 22, 2013
  38. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  39. OpenSecrets, "Enyart (D-IL), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  40. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  41. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  42. GovTrack, "William Enyart," accessed June 17, 2013
  43. OpenCongress, "Rep. William Enyart," accessed August 1, 2013
  44. GovTrack, "William Enyart," accessed April 1, 2013
  45. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  46. Enyart for Congress, "About," accessed October 4, 2012
Political offices
Preceded by
Jerry Costello (D)
U.S. House of Representatives - Illinois, District 12
Succeeded by