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Difference between revisions of "William Lacy Clay"

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|Profile picture = William_Lacy_Clay.JPG
 
|Profile picture = William_Lacy_Clay.JPG
 
|Position = U.S. House, Missouri, District 1
 
|Position = U.S. House, Missouri, District 1
 +
|Cost per vote 2012 = $3.24
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Status = Incumbent
 
|Tenure = January 3, 2001-Present
 
|Tenure = January 3, 2001-Present
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|Per diem =
 
|Per diem =
 
|Pension =
 
|Pension =
|Last election = [[Missouri's 1st congressional district elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
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|Last election = [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|Appointed by =
 
|First elected = November 7, 2000
 
|First elected = November 7, 2000
 
|Term limits =
 
|Term limits =
|Next election = [[Missouri's 1st congressional district elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
+
|Next primary = August 5, 2014
 +
|Next election = [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014|November 4, 2014]]
 
|Campaign $=4,148,261
 
|Campaign $=4,148,261
|Prior office = [[Missouri Senate]] from the 4th district
+
|Prior office = [[Missouri Senate]] from the 4th District
 
|Prior office years = 1991–2001
 
|Prior office years = 1991–2001
|Prior office 2 = [[Missouri House of Representatives]] from the 59th district
+
|Prior office 2 = [[Missouri House of Representatives]] from the 59th District
 
|Prior office 2 years = 1983-1991
 
|Prior office 2 years = 1983-1991
 
|Prior office 3 =
 
|Prior office 3 =
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|Place of birth = St. Louis, Missouri
 
|Place of birth = St. Louis, Missouri
 
|Profession = Paralegal
 
|Profession = Paralegal
|Net worth = $0
+
|Net worth =$115,003
 
|Religion = Non-denominational Protestant
 
|Religion = Non-denominational Protestant
 
|Office website = http://lacyclay.house.gov/
 
|Office website = http://lacyclay.house.gov/
 
|Campaign website = http://www.lacyclay.org/
 
|Campaign website = http://www.lacyclay.org/
|Campaign logo = Lacy_Clay_Logo.png
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|Campaign logo =
}}{{tnr}}'''William Lacy Clay, Jr.''' (b. July 27, 1956) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[Missouri's 1st congressional district]]. Clay was first elected to the House in 2000, and is currently serving his 7th consecutive term, having won re-election in 2012 by 60.8%.<ref>[http://enr.sos.mo.gov/ENR/Views/TabularData.aspx?TabView=StateRaces^Federal%20/%20Statewide%20Races^011656688155 ''State of Missouri,'' "Nov. 6, 2012 General Election," (accessed May 30, 2013)]</ref>
+
}}{{tnr}}'''William Lacy Clay, Jr.''' (b. July 27, 1956, in [[St. Louis, Missouri]]) is a [[Democratic]] member of the [[United States House of Representatives]] representing [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District]]. Clay was first elected to the House in 2000 and is currently serving his 7th consecutive term, having won re-election in 2012 by 60.8%.<ref>[http://enr.sos.mo.gov/ENR/Views/TabularData.aspx?TabView=StateRaces^Federal%20/%20Statewide%20Races^011656688155 ''State of Missouri'', "Nov. 6, 2012 General Election," accessed May 30, 2013]</ref>
  
He began his political career as a [[Missouri House of Representatives#Current members|Missouri State Representative]] in 1983 before becoming a [[Missouri State Senator]] in 1991 and finally moving into the U.S. House seat his father, William Clay, Sr., held for 32 years.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/almanac/member/101 ''National Journal,'' "Rep. William Lacy Clay (D)," (accessed May 30, 2013)]</ref>
+
He began his political career as a [[Missouri House of Representatives#Current members|Missouri State Representative]] in 1983, before becoming a [[Missouri State Senator]] in 1991 and finally moving into the U.S. House seat his father, William Clay, Sr., held for 32 years.<ref name="NJ">[http://www.nationaljournal.com/almanac/member/101 ''National Journal'', "Rep. William Lacy Clay (D)," accessed May 30, 2013]</ref>
  
 
{{Introanalysis
 
{{Introanalysis
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|Lastname=Clay
 
|Lastname=Clay
 
}}
 
}}
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 +
Clay is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
  
 
==Biography==
 
==Biography==
Clay, Jr. was born in St. Louis, Missouri. He attended the University of Maryland-College Park, from which he earned a degree in political science and certification to be a paralegal.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c001049 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'' "CLAY, William Lacy, Jr., (1956 - )"]</ref>
+
Clay, Jr. was born in St. Louis, Missouri. He attended the University of Maryland-College Park, from which he earned a degree in political science and certification to be a paralegal.<ref>[http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=c001049 ''Biographical Directory of the United States Congress'', "CLAY, William Lacy, Jr., (1956 - )"]</ref>
 +
 
 
==Career==
 
==Career==
 
Below is an abbreviated outline of Clay's academic, professional and political career:<ref name="NJ"/>
 
Below is an abbreviated outline of Clay's academic, professional and political career:<ref name="NJ"/>
 
*1976-1983: Assistant doorkeeper, U.S. House
 
*1976-1983: Assistant doorkeeper, U.S. House
 
*1983: Graduated from University of Maryland
 
*1983: Graduated from University of Maryland
*1983-1990: Missouri State House of Representatives
+
*1983-1990: [[Missouri House of Representatives|Missouri House representative]]
*1991-2001: Missouri State Senate
+
*1986-2000: Agent at W.A. Thomas Realty
*2001-Present: U.S. House of Representatives
+
*1991-2001: [[Missouri Senate|Missouri senator]]
 +
*2001-Present: [[United States House of Representatives|U.S. House of Representatives]]
  
 
==Committee assignments==
 
==Committee assignments==
 
===U.S. House===
 
===U.S. House===
 
====2013-2014====
 
====2013-2014====
Clay serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com,'' "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
+
Clay serves on the following committees:<ref>[http://media.cq.com/pub/committees/ ''CQ.com'', "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"]</ref>
 
*[[United States House Committee on Financial Services]]
 
*[[United States House Committee on Financial Services]]
 
**Subcommittee on Housing and Insurance
 
**Subcommittee on Housing and Insurance
 
**Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade - Ranking Minority Member
 
**Subcommittee on Monetary Policy and Trade - Ranking Minority Member
*[[United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform]]
 
**Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, U.S. Postal Service, and The Census
 
  
 
====2011-2012====
 
====2011-2012====
Clay served on the following committees:<ref>[http://lacyclay.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=45&sectiontree=2,45 ''Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay, Serving the People of Missouri's 1st District'' "Committees"]</ref>
+
Clay served on the following committees:<ref>[http://lacyclay.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=45&sectiontree=2,45 ''Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay, Serving the People of Missouri's 1st District'', "Committees"]</ref>
 
*[[United States House Committee on Financial Services|Financial Services Committee]]
 
*[[United States House Committee on Financial Services|Financial Services Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity
 
**Subcommittee on Insurance, Housing and Community Opportunity
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*[[United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]]
 
*[[United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Oversight and Government Reform Committee]]
 
**Subcommittee on Health Care, District of Columbia, Census and the National Archives
 
**Subcommittee on Health Care, District of Columbia, Census and the National Archives
 +
 +
====2009-2010====
 +
Clay served on the following committees:<ref>[http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/CPRT-111HPRT52561/pdf/CPRT-111HPRT52561.pdf ''Government Printing Office'', "111th Congress Committee Print," accessed September 12, 2013]</ref>
 +
*[[United States House Committee on Financial Services|Committee on Financial Services]]
 +
**Subcommittee on Domestic Monetary Policy and Technology
 +
**Subcommittee on Housing and Community Opportunity
 +
*[[United States House Committee on Oversight and Government Reform|Committee on Oversight and Government Reform]]
 +
**Subcommittee on Federal Workforce, Postal Service, and the District of Columbia
  
 
==Issues==
 
==Issues==
===Specific votes===
+
===Political Positions===
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
 
====Fiscal Cliff====
 
{{Support vote}}
 
{{Support vote}}
Clay voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was one of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'' "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.]</ref>
+
Clay voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels.  He was 1 of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2012/roll659.xml ''U.S. House'', "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Legislative actions===
 +
====113th Congress====
 +
[[File:CongressLogo.png|100px|left|link=Portal:Congress]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{{113thVotes
 +
|Lastname=Clay
 +
|Passed=22
 +
|Total=4315
 +
|Date=August 1, 2013
 +
|Sen=
 +
|SenTotal=
 +
|Ref=<ref>[http://www.senate.gov/reference/resources/pdf/Resumes/current.pdf ''Congressional Record'', "Resume of Congressional Activity," accessed August 1, 2013]</ref>
 +
}}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
====National security====
 +
=====DHS Appropriations=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Clay voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.<ref name="kv"/>
 +
 
 +
=====Keystone Pipeline Amendment=====
 +
{{Support vote}} Clay voted in support of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.<ref name="kv"/>
 +
 
 +
=====CISPA (2013)=====
 +
{{Support vote}} Clay voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/F?c113:4:./temp/~c113vMEvNq:e679: ''The Library of Congress'', "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013]</ref> The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.<ref name="kv"/>
 +
 
 +
=====NDAA=====
 +
{{Support vote}} Clay voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.<ref name="kv"/>
 +
====Economy====
 +
=====2014 Budget=====
 +
{{House Budget 2014 Dem Yes|Name=Clay}}
 +
=====Government shutdown=====
 +
:: ''See also: [[United States budget debate, 2013]]''
 +
{{oppose vote}} On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml ''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref> At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. [[Harry Reid]] rejected the call to conference.<ref>[http://www.buzzfeed.com/katenocera/government-shutdown-how-we-got-here?bffb ''Buzzfeed'', "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013]</ref> Clay voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll504.xml''Clerk of the U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
{{support vote}} The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the [[United States Senate|Senate]]. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by [[United States Senate|Senate Democrats]] was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.<ref>[http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/house-effort-to-end-fiscal-crisis-collapses-leaving-senate-to-forge-last-minute-solution/2013/10/16/1e8bb150-364d-11e3-be86-6aeaa439845b_story_1.html ''The Washington Post'', "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013]</ref> The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from [[Republican]] members. Clay voted for HR 2775.<ref>[http://clerk.house.gov/evs/2013/roll550.xml ''U.S. House'', "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013]</ref>
 +
=====Federal Pay Adjustment Act=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}}
 +
Clay voted in opposition of HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Clay was 1 of 144 Democrats who opposed the bill, while 44 voted for it.<ref>[http://beta.congress.gov/bill/113th-congress/house-bill/273 ''Congress.gov'', "H.R.273 - To eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees.," February 25, 2013]</ref><ref name="kv"/>
 +
 
 +
====Immigration====
 +
=====Morton Memos Prohibition=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Clay voted in opposition of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref>[http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/bdquery/z?d113:hamdt136: ''The Library of Congress'', "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 11, 2013]</ref><ref name="kv"/>
 +
 
 +
====Healthcare====
 +
=====Health Care Reform Rules=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Clay voted in opposition of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.  The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.<ref name="CS">[http://posttrib.suntimes.com/news/21832925-418/how-they-voted.html ''Chicago Sun-Times'', "How they voted," August 9, 2013]</ref><ref name="kv">[http://votesmart.org/candidate/8967/lacy-clay-jr?&type=V#.UjCozMaUTcc ''Project Vote Smart'', "William Lacy Clay, Jr.'s Political Summary," accessed September 11, 2013]</ref>
 +
 
 +
=====Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act=====
 +
{{Oppose vote}} Clay voted in opposition of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act of 2013.  The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185.  The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.<ref name="CS"/><ref name="kv"/>
 +
====Social issues====
 +
=====Amash amendment=====
 +
{{Support vote}} Clay voted in support of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217.  The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the PATRIOT Act.  Both parties were split on the vote.<ref name="kv"/>
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2014===
 +
 +
[[File:Non-CompetitiveRace.jpg|right|180px|link=U.S. House battleground districts, 2014]]
 +
 +
:: ''See also: [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014]]''
 +
 +
Clay is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election on August 5, 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
 +
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
Clay was seeking re-election in 2012. He defeated fellow incumbent [[Russ Carnahan]] and challenger [[Candice Britton]] in the Democratic primary. <ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=n00012460 ''Open Secrets'' "William Lacy Clay Representative 2012" Accessed January 21, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MO_US_House_0807.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''AP Results'' "U.S. House in Missouri Results" Accessed August 7, 2012]</ref>  He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Elections/Missouri ''ABC News'' "2012 General Election Results"]</ref>
+
Clay was seeking re-election in 2012. He defeated fellow incumbent [[Russ Carnahan]] and challenger [[Candice Britton]] in the Democratic primary.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/summary.php?cid=n00012460 ''OpenSecrets'', "William Lacy Clay Representative 2012," accessed January 21, 2012]</ref><ref>[http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/files/elections/2012/by_state/MO_US_House_0807.html?SITE=CSPANELN&SECTION=POLITICS ''AP Results'', "U.S. House in Missouri Results," accessed August 7, 2012]</ref>  He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.<ref>[http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/Elections/Missouri ''ABC News'', "2012 General Election Results"]</ref>
 
{{Template:Modis1genelecbox12}}
 
{{Template:Modis1genelecbox12}}
  
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|year=2000
 
|year=2000
 
|Editdate= May 16, 2013
 
|Editdate= May 16, 2013
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00012460&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "William Lacy Clay" Accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
+
|link=<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2012&cid=N00012460&type=I ''OpenSecrets'', "William Lacy Clay," accessed May 16, 2013]</ref>
 
|party=Democratic
 
|party=Democratic
 
|totalraised2012=866834
 
|totalraised2012=866834
 
|result2012=Won
 
|result2012=Won
|office2012=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st congressional district|District 1]])
+
|office2012=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District|District 1]])
 
|totalraised2010=693370
 
|totalraised2010=693370
 
|result2010=Won
 
|result2010=Won
|office2010=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st congressional district|District 1]])
+
|office2010=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District|District 1]])
 
|totalraised2008=674852
 
|totalraised2008=674852
 
|result2008=Won
 
|result2008=Won
|office2008=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st congressional district|District 1]])
+
|office2008=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District|District 1]])
 
|totalraised2006=443363
 
|totalraised2006=443363
 
|result2006=Won
 
|result2006=Won
|office2006=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st congressional district|District 1]])
+
|office2006=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District|District 1]])
 
|totalraised2004=369305
 
|totalraised2004=369305
 
|result2004=Won
 
|result2004=Won
|office2004=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st congressional district|District 1]])
+
|office2004=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District|District 1]])
 
|totalraised2002=349690
 
|totalraised2002=349690
 
|result2002=Won
 
|result2002=Won
|office2002=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st congressional district|District 1]])
+
|office2002=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District|District 1]])
 
|totalraised2000=750847
 
|totalraised2000=750847
 
|result2000=Won
 
|result2000=Won
|office2000=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st congressional district|District 1]])
+
|office2000=U.S. House (Missouri, [[Missouri's 1st Congressional District|District 1]])
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
===2014===
 +
Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Clay's reports.<ref name="FEC2013">[http://images.nictusa.com/cgi-bin/fecimg/?C00346080 ''Federal Election Commission'', "Clay for Congress Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{{William Lacy Clay 2014 FEC}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
 
[[File:William_Clay-2012_donor_breakdown.jpg‎|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Clay's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]  
 
[[File:William_Clay-2012_donor_breakdown.jpg‎|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Clay's campaign funds before the 2012 election.]]  
Clay was re-elected to the [[U.S. House]] for a seventh term in 2012. His campaign committee raised a total of $866,835 and spent $991,857.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/races/summary.php?id=MO01&cycle=2012 ''Open Secrets'' "William L. Lacy Jr 2012 Election Data,"]</ref>
+
Clay was re-elected to the [[U.S. House]] for a seventh term in 2012. His campaign committee raised a total of $866,835 and spent $991,857.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/races/summary.php?id=MO01&cycle=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "William L. Lacy, Jr. 2012 Election Data," accessed July 2, 2013]</ref> This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''OpenSecrets'', "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013]</ref>
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Clay spent $3.24 per vote received in 2012.
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
{{Congress donor box 2012
 
|winner = Y
 
|winner = Y
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===2010===
 
===2010===
 
[[File:William_Lacy_Clay_2010_Donor_Breakdown.png‎|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Clay's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
 
[[File:William_Lacy_Clay_2010_Donor_Breakdown.png‎|right|375px|thumb|Breakdown of the source of Clay's campaign funds before the 2010 election.]]
Clay was re-elected to the [[U.S. House]] for a sixth term in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $693,370 and spent $635,944.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2010&cid=N00012460&type=I ''Open Secrets'' "William L. Lacy Jr 2010 Election Data," Accessed November 6, 2011]</ref>
+
Clay was re-elected to the [[U.S. House]] for a sixth term in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $693,370 and spent $635,944.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/politicians/elections.php?cycle=2010&cid=N00012460&type=I ''OpenSecrets'', "William L. Lacy, Jr. 2010 Election Data," accessed November 6, 2011]</ref> This is less than the average $1.4 million spent by House winners in 2010.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/news/2013/06/2012-overview.html ''OpenSecrets'', "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013]</ref>
 +
====Cost per vote====
 +
Clay spent $2.37 per vote received in 2010.
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
{{Congress donor box 2010
 
|Chamber = U.S. House, Missouri District 1
 
|Chamber = U.S. House, Missouri District 1
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===Lifetime voting record===
 
===Lifetime voting record===
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
According to the website ''GovTrack,''Clay missed 607 of 8,660 roll call votes from Jan 2001 to Apr 2013, which is 7.0% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref name="GovTrack">[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/lacy_clay/400074 ''GovTrack,'' "William Lacy Clay" Accessed March 26, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the website ''GovTrack,''Clay missed 607 of 8,660 roll call votes from Jan 2001 to Apr 2013, which is 7.0% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.<ref name="GovTrack">[http://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/lacy_clay/400074 ''GovTrack'', "William Lacy Clay," accessed March 26, 2013]</ref>
  
 
===Ideology and leadership===
 
===Ideology and leadership===
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====2012====
 
====2012====
 
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Clay is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democrat]]" as of May 2013.<ref name="GovTrack"/>
 
Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by ''GovTrack'', Clay is a "[[GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking|far-left Democrat]]" as of May 2013.<ref name="GovTrack"/>
 +
===Like-minded colleagues===
 +
The website ''OpenCongress'' tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.<ref>[http://www.opencongress.org/people/show/400074_Wm_Clay ''OpenCongress'', "Rep. Wm. Clay," accessed July 29, 2013]</ref>
 +
{{col-begin}}
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Clay most often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Chris Gibson]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Michael Doyle]]
 +
{{col-break}}
 +
Clay least often votes with:
 +
*{{reddot}} [[Richard Hudson]]
 +
*{{bluedot}} [[Jim Matheson]]
 +
{{col-end}}
  
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
===Congressional staff salaries===
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
 
::''See also: [[Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Clay paid his congressional staff a total of $1,105,626 in 2011. Overall, [[Missouri]] ranks 21st in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_William_L._Clay_Jr.html ''LegiStorm'', "William L. Clay Jr," Accessed October 8, 2012]</ref>
+
The website ''Legistorm'' compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Clay paid his congressional staff a total of $1,105,626 in 2011. Overall, [[Missouri]] ranks 21st in average salary for representative staff. The average [[U.S. House of Representatives]] congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.<ref>[http://www.legistorm.com/member/2801/Rep_William_L._Clay_Jr.html ''LegiStorm'', "William L. Clay Jr," accessed October 8, 2012]</ref>
  
 
===Net worth===
 
===Net worth===
:: ''See also: [[Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
+
:: ''See also: [[Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives]]''
====2011====
+
Net worth information for William Lacy Clay is not available for 2011.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00012460&year=2011 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "William L. Clay Jr (D-MO), 2011,"]</ref>
+
  
====2010====
+
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org'', Clay's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $55,006 and $175,000. That averages to '''$115,003''', which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Clay ranked as the 375th most wealthy representative in 2012.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00012460&year=2012 ''OpenSecrets'', "Clay, (D-MO), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014]</ref>
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by ''OpenSecrets.org - The Center for Responsive Politics'', Clay's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $4,004 to $60,000. This yields an average net worth of $32,002, which is lower than the average net worth of Democrats in 2010 of $4,465,875.<ref>[http://www.opensecrets.org/pfds/CIDsummary.php?CID=N00012460&year=2010 ''OpenSecrets.org'', "William L. Clay Jr (D-MO), 2010," Accessed October 8, 2012]</ref>
+
 
 +
{{Net worth PIG
 +
|Collapse=N
 +
|Name =William Lacy Clay
 +
|Political Party =Democratic
 +
|2010 = 32002
 +
|2012 = 115003
 +
}}
 +
''Note: Clay's 2011 report was not available.''
  
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
 
===National Journal vote ratings===
Line 269: Line 374:
  
 
====2012====
 
====2012====
According to the data released in 2013, Clay was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2012. There are thirteen other representatives that share this ranking.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal,'' "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
+
According to the data released in 2013, Clay was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2012. There are thirteen other representatives that share this ranking.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/2012-vote-ratings/table-house-liberal-scores-by-issue-area-20130221 ''National Journal'', "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013]</ref>
  
 
====2011====
 
====2011====
According to the data released in 2012, Clay was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2011. This is a position shared by eighteen other representatives.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal,'' "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012]</ref>
+
According to the data released in 2012, Clay was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2011. This is a position shared by eighteen other representatives.<ref>[http://www.nationaljournal.com/voteratings2011/searchable-vote-ratings-tables-house-20120223 ''National Journal'', "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012]</ref>
  
===Percentage voting with party===
+
===Voting with party===
 
====May 2013====
 
====May 2013====
 
{{Congress vote percent
 
{{Congress vote percent
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==Personal==
 
==Personal==
Lacy is divorced but he and his ex-wife have two children, Carol and Will.<ref>[http://lacyclay.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=2&sectiontree=2 ''Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay, Serving the People of Missouri's 1st District'' "About Lacy"]</ref>
+
Clay is divorced, but he and his ex-wife have two children, Carol and Will.<ref>[http://lacyclay.house.gov/index.cfm?sectionid=2&sectiontree=2 ''Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay, Serving the People of Missouri's 1st District'', "About Lacy"]</ref>
  
 
==Recent news==
 
==Recent news==
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:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
 
:''All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.''
  
<rss>http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=William+Lacy+Clay+Missouri+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=William Lacy Clay News Feed</rss>
+
{{RSS|feed=http://news.google.com/news?hl=en&gl=us&q=William+Lacy+Clay+Missouri+House&um=1&ie=UTF-8&output=rss|template=slpfeed|max=10|title=William Lacy Clay News Feed}}
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[Missouri's 1st Congressional District]]
 +
*[[Missouri's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014]]
 +
*[[Missouri elections, 2014]]
 +
*[[United States congressional delegations from Missouri]]
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://lacyclay.house.gov/ U.S. Congressman William Lacy Clay] ''official U.S. House site''
 
*[http://lacyclay.house.gov/ U.S. Congressman William Lacy Clay] ''official U.S. House site''

Latest revision as of 12:07, 16 April 2014

William Lacy Clay
William Lacy Clay.JPG
U.S. House, Missouri, District 1
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2001-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 13
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorWilliam L. Clay, Sr. (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.24 in 2012
First electedNovember 7, 2000
Next primaryAugust 5, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,148,261
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Missouri Senate from the 4th District
1991–2001
Missouri House of Representatives from the 59th District
1983-1991
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Maryland, College Park
Personal
BirthdayJuly 27, 1956
Place of birthSt. Louis, Missouri
ProfessionParalegal
Net worth$115,003
ReligionNon-denominational Protestant
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
William Lacy Clay, Jr. (b. July 27, 1956, in St. Louis, Missouri) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Missouri's 1st Congressional District. Clay was first elected to the House in 2000 and is currently serving his 7th consecutive term, having won re-election in 2012 by 60.8%.[1]

He began his political career as a Missouri State Representative in 1983, before becoming a Missouri State Senator in 1991 and finally moving into the U.S. House seat his father, William Clay, Sr., held for 32 years.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Clay is one of the most reliable Democratic votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Democratic Party in Congress.

Clay is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Biography

Clay, Jr. was born in St. Louis, Missouri. He attended the University of Maryland-College Park, from which he earned a degree in political science and certification to be a paralegal.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Clay's academic, professional and political career:[2]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Clay serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Clay served on the following committees:[5]

2009-2010

Clay served on the following committees:[6]

Issues

Political Positions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Clay voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[7]

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Clay's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]



National security

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Clay voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Clay voted in support of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Clay voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Clay voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

Economy

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[12][13] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and 3 Democrats voting against the bill.[13] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[14] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Clay joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[12][13]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[15] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[16] Clay voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[17]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Clay voted for HR 2775.[19]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "No" Clay voted in opposition of HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Clay was 1 of 144 Democrats who opposed the bill, while 44 voted for it.[20][10]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Clay voted in opposition of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[21][10]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Voted "No" Clay voted in opposition of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[22][10]

Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act

Voted "No" Clay voted in opposition of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Health Care Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[22][10]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "Yes" Clay voted in support of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the PATRIOT Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[10]

Elections

2014

Non-CompetitiveRace.jpg
See also: Missouri's 1st Congressional District elections, 2014

Clay is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If he runs, he will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election on August 5, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

2012

Clay was seeking re-election in 2012. He defeated fellow incumbent Russ Carnahan and challenger Candice Britton in the Democratic primary.[23][24] He was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[25]

U.S. House, Missouri District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngWilliam Lacy Clay Incumbent 78.7% 267,927
     Republican Robyn Hamlin 17.9% 60,832
     Libertarian Robb E. Cunningham 3.5% 11,824
Total Votes 340,583
Source: Missouri Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Missouri District 1 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngWilliam Lacy Clay Incumbent 63.3% 57,672
Russ Carnahan Incumbent 33.9% 30,911
Candice Britton 2.8% 2,566
Total Votes 91,149

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Clay is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Clay raised a total of $4,148,261 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[32]

William Lacy Clay's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Missouri, District 1) Won $866,834
2010 U.S. House (Missouri, District 1) Won $693,370
2008 U.S. House (Missouri, District 1) Won $674,852
2006 U.S. House (Missouri, District 1) Won $443,363
2004 U.S. House (Missouri, District 1) Won $369,305
2002 U.S. House (Missouri, District 1) Won $349,690
2000 U.S. House (Missouri, District 1) Won $750,847
Grand Total Raised $4,148,261

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Clay's reports.[33]

William Lacy Clay (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[34]April 15, 2013$118,356.18$63,844.92$(39,307.00)$142,894.10
July Quarterly[35]July 15, 2013$142,894.10$85,414.00$(58,530.89)$169,777.21
October Quarterly[36]October 14, 2013$169,777.21$69,092.06$(46,485.20)$192,884.07
Year End[37]January 27, 2014$192,884.07$69,848.02$(43,939.00)$218,793.09
Running totals
$288,199$(188,262.09)


2012

Breakdown of the source of Clay's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Clay was re-elected to the U.S. House for a seventh term in 2012. His campaign committee raised a total of $866,835 and spent $991,857.[38] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[39]

Cost per vote

Clay spent $3.24 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Clay's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Clay was re-elected to the U.S. House for a sixth term in 2010. His campaign committee raised a total of $693,370 and spent $635,944.[40] This is less than the average $1.4 million spent by House winners in 2010.[41]

Cost per vote

Clay spent $2.37 per vote received in 2010.

U.S. House, Missouri District 1, 2010 - William Lacy Clay Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $693,370
Total Spent $635,944
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $23,930
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $24,012
Top contributors to William Lacy Clay's campaign committee
Boeing Co$15,010
AT&T Inc$10,500
Rent-A-Center$10,250
American Postal Workers Union$10,000
Assn of Progressive Rental Organizations$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Public Sector Unions$57,500
Building Trade Unions$41,500
Finance/Credit Companies$35,350
Insurance$28,000
Misc Services$25,500

Analysis

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack,Clay missed 607 of 8,660 roll call votes from Jan 2001 to Apr 2013, which is 7.0% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[42]

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

2012

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Clay is a "far-left Democrat" as of May 2013.[42]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[43]

Clay most often votes with:

Clay least often votes with:

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Clay paid his congressional staff a total of $1,105,626 in 2011. Overall, Missouri ranks 21st in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[44]

Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Clay's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $55,006 and $175,000. That averages to $115,003, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Clay ranked as the 375th most wealthy representative in 2012.[45]

William Lacy Clay Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net WorthAvg. Citizen Net Worth
2012$115,003$71,000

Note: Clay's 2011 report was not available.

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.

2012

According to the data released in 2013, Clay was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2012. There are thirteen other representatives that share this ranking.[46]

2011

According to the data released in 2012, Clay was ranked one of the most liberal representatives during 2011. This is a position shared by eighteen other representatives.[47]

Voting with party

May 2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, William Lacy Clay has voted with the Democratic Party 95.4% of the time, which ranked 102nd among the 201 House Democratic members as of May 2013.[48]

Personal

Clay is divorced, but he and his ex-wife have two children, Carol and Will.[49]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term William + Lacy + Clay + Missouri + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

William Lacy Clay News Feed

  • Loading...

See also

External links


References

  1. State of Missouri, "Nov. 6, 2012 General Election," accessed May 30, 2013
  2. 2.0 2.1 National Journal, "Rep. William Lacy Clay (D)," accessed May 30, 2013
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "CLAY, William Lacy, Jr., (1956 - )"
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  5. Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay, Serving the People of Missouri's 1st District, "Committees"
  6. Government Printing Office, "111th Congress Committee Print," accessed September 12, 2013
  7. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 10.8 Project Vote Smart, "William Lacy Clay, Jr.'s Political Summary," accessed September 11, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Congress.gov, "H.R.273 - To eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees.," February 25, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 11, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 Chicago Sun-Times, "How they voted," August 9, 2013
  23. OpenSecrets, "William Lacy Clay Representative 2012," accessed January 21, 2012
  24. AP Results, "U.S. House in Missouri Results," accessed August 7, 2012
  25. ABC News, "2012 General Election Results"
  26. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  27. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  28. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  29. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  30. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. OpenSecrets, "William Lacy Clay," accessed May 16, 2013
  33. Federal Election Commission, "Clay for Congress Summary reports," accessed July 22, 2013
  34. Federal Election Commission, "Clay Jr. for Congress April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Clay Jr. for Congress July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "Clay, Jr. for Congress October Quarterly," accessed October 25, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "Clay, Jr. for Congress Year End," accessed February 6, 2014
  38. OpenSecrets, "William L. Lacy, Jr. 2012 Election Data," accessed July 2, 2013
  39. OpenSecrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  40. OpenSecrets, "William L. Lacy, Jr. 2010 Election Data," accessed November 6, 2011
  41. OpenSecrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  42. 42.0 42.1 GovTrack, "William Lacy Clay," accessed March 26, 2013
  43. OpenCongress, "Rep. Wm. Clay," accessed July 29, 2013
  44. LegiStorm, "William L. Clay Jr," accessed October 8, 2012
  45. OpenSecrets, "Clay, (D-MO), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  46. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  47. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  48. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
  49. Congressman Wm. Lacy Clay, Serving the People of Missouri's 1st District, "About Lacy"
Political offices
Preceded by
William L. Clay, Sr.
U.S. House of Representatives - Missouri District 1
2001-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
John Bass
Missouri State Senate - District 4
1991–2001
Succeeded by
Pat Dougherty
Preceded by
'
Missouri House of Representatives - District 59
1983-1991
Succeeded by
Frank Williamson Sr.