Wisconsin Recall of Elected Officials Amendment, Question 1 (1926)
The Wisconsin Recall of Elected Officials Amendment, also known as the The Recall Amendment, was a legislatively-referred constitutional amendment on the November 2, 1926 ballot in Wisconsin, where it was approved.
- This amendment created Article XIII, Section 12 of the Wisconsin Constitution to allow for the recall of elected officials.
Official results via: The Wisconsin Blue Book 1927
Text of measure
The language that appeared on the ballot:
"Shall amendment to the constitution creating sec. 12 of art. XIII, providing for the recall of elective state, county, congressional, judicial and legislative officers by direct vote of the electors, be adopted?"
That a new section be added to article XIII of the Constitution to read: (Article XIII) Section 12. The qualified electors of the state or of any county or of any congressional, judicial or legislative district may petition for the recall of any elective officer after the first year of the term for which he was elected, by filing a petition with the officer with whom the petition for nomination to such office in the primary election is filed, demanding the recall of such officer. Such petition shall be signed by electors equal in number to at least twenty-five per cent of the vote cast for the office of governor at the last preceding election, in the state, county or district from which such officer is to be recalled. The officer with whom such petition is filed shall call a special election to be held not less than forty nor more than forty-five days from the filing of such petition. The officer against whom such petition has been flied shall continue to perform the duties of his office until the result of such special election shall have been officially declared. Other candidates for such office may be nominated in the manner as is provided by law in primary elections. The candidate who shall receive the highest number of votes shall be deemed elected for the remainder of the term. The name of the candidate against whom the recall petition is filed shall go on the ticket unless he resigns within ten days after the filing of the petition. After one such petition and special election, no further recall petition shall be filed against the same officer during the term for which he was elected. This article shall be self-executing and all of its provisions shall be treated as mandatory. Laws may be enacted to facilitate its operation, but no law shall be enacted to hamper, restrict or impair the right of recall.
Supporters of the measure contented:
- The recall amendment would help break "machine politics."
Opponents of the measure contented:
- The recall amendment would throw the judicial system into chaos because of the ability to recall elected judges.
Path to the ballot
- First Legislative Approval: SJR 39 & JR 39 (1923)
- Second Legislative Approval: SJR 12 & JR 16 (1925)
- Submission to the People: Ch.270 (1925)
- The Wisconsin Blue Book 1927
- Sample Ballot in the The Milwaukee Sentinel, November 1, 1926
- Text of the Recall Amendment in The Milwaukee Sentinel, November 5, 1926
- Political Ad Against Amendment in the Milwaukee Sentinel, October 31, 1926
- Wisconsin Blue Book 2011 - 2012
- "Notice of General Election," The Milwaukee Sentinel, November 1, 1926
- The Wisconsin Blue Book 1927
- Gerald Kloss, "'The Crowing Act of Popular Government'," The Milwaukee Journal, April 28, 1954
- Edward T. Kaveny, "Interest in Referenda," The Milwaukee Sentinel, November 2, 1926
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