Difference between revisions of "Wisconsin State Assembly"

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==History==
 
==History==
 
  
 
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
 
===Partisan balance 1992-2013===
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::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin]]''
 
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin]]''
 
[[File:Wisconsin legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin legislature from 1992-2013]]
 
[[File:Wisconsin legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin legislature from 1992-2013]]
In May 2013 Ballotpedia conducted a study of the partisan control of state government from 1992-2013. During those years, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Wisconsin State Senate for 11 years while the Republicans were the majority for 11 years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the Wisconsin senate with all three years being Republican [[trifectas]]
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In April 2013 Ballotpedia conducted a study of the partisan control of state government from 1992-2013. During those years, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Wisconsin State House of Representatives for 5 years while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the Wisconsin House with all three years being Republican [[trifectas]].
  
Across the country, there were 544 Democratic and 517 Republican State Senates from 1992-2013.
+
Across the country, there were 579 Democratic and 482 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992-2013.
  
 
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
 
+
 
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Wisconsin|Office of the Governor of Wisconsin]], the [[Wisconsin State Senate]] and the [[Wisconsin House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Wisconsin|Office of the Governor of Wisconsin]], the [[Wisconsin State Senate]] and the [[Wisconsin House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 
[[File:Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
 
[[File:Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG]]

Revision as of 15:06, 20 May 2013

Wisconsin State Assembly

Seal of Wisconsin.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 7, 2013
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Robin J. Vos, (R)
Majority Leader:   Scott Suder, (R)
Minority leader:   Peter Barca, (D)
Structure
Members:  99
   Democratic Party (

39)
Republican Party (

60)
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art IV, Wisconsin Constitution
Salary:   $49,943/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (99 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (99 seats)
Redistricting:  Wisconsin Legislature has control
Meeting place:
Wisconsin Assembly.jpg
The Wisconsin State Assembly is the lower house of the Wisconsin State Legislature, the state legislature of Wisconsin. 99 members serve in the State House of Representatives and all members are up for election every two years. Each member represents an average of 57,444 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 54,178 residents.[2] The Wisconsin State Assembly operates in a biennial session that lasts from early January of the odd numbered year to early January of the odd numbered year two years later. The session is referred to by the odd-numbered year, for example, acts from the 2001-2002 Legislative Session are called 2001 Wisconsin Acts. During the session, business is conducted during scheduled floorperiods. [3]

As of May 2013, Wisconsin is one of 24 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article IV of the Wisconsin Constitution contains provisions related to the meeting of the Wisconsin State Legislature, of which the Assembly is a part. Section 11 of Article IV states that the times for regular sessions are to be provided by law. Section 11 also states that the Governor of Wisconsin has the power to call the Legislature into special session.

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 7 through a date to be determined.

Major issues

Following the extreme polarization of the last two years, Gov. Scott Walker (R) said he would push for a more moderate agenda in 2013. Alongside the creation of a new budget, main issues will include job creation, workforce development, tax cuts, education reform and transportation infrastructure.[4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Assembly was in session from January 10 through March 16 with a return for limited business on April 24.

Major issues

With potential recalls of Governor Scott Walker (R), Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch (R) and four Republican state senators, debate on major legislation was expected to be limited.[5] Going into the session, Republican leaders said they were focused on passing bills on only four main issues - clearing the way for on ore mine in northern Wisconsin, easing laws regarding development on wetlands, environmental regulation, and creating a venture capital fund to help start-up businesses.[6]

The six recalls dominated the session. Ultimately on June 5, recalls against the Governor, Lt. Governor, and three of the state senators were unsuccessful. The fourth recall, that against Van Wanggaard, went to a recount. Wanggaard was defeated, giving Democrats control of the Senate.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Assembly convened a special session at the request of Governor Scott Walker on January 4, 2011. The special session was called to consider legislation regarding tax credits, tort law, medical savings accounts, other legislation relating to taxation, and the budget repair bill.[7] The regular session began on January 11. Two extraordinary sessions were called by the Legislature in 2011. The first was held from June 13-30 followed by a second extraordinary session from July 19-29.

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Assembly convened its legislative session on January 19, and it ended its last scheduled floor-period on April 22. [8][9]

Elections

2012

See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Assembly were held in Wisconsin on November 6, 2012. All 99 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 10, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Wisconsin State Assembly elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Wisconsin's State Assembly were held in Wisconsin on November 2, 2010. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 13, 2010. The primary election day was September 14, 2010. Out of the 99 districts up for re-election, incumbents ran in 80 of them.

In 2010, the candidates for state assembly raised a total of $7,619,470 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: [10]

Qualifications

Section 6 of Article 4 of the Wisconsin Constitution states, "No person shall be eligible to the legislature who shall not have resided one year within the state, and be a qualified elector in the district which he may be chosen to represent."

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the Assembly, the vacant seat must be filled by a special election[11]. The Governor can call for an election when allowed under law. The election cannot be held after February 1st before a spring general election unless it's held on the same day of the election which is first Tuesday in April. The same requirement applies to any election after September 1st preceding the fall general election unless it's held on the same day of the election which is the first Tuesday in November[12]. Also, all vacancies must be filled quickly as long the vacancy happened before the second Tuesday in May during an election year[13].

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Wisconsin

Redistricting in Wisconsin is under the control of the state legislature. If the state legislature fails to reach an agreement, the maps are drawn by either state or federal courts. The State Senate and State Assembly draft maps for the new state legislative districts and the U.S. Congressional districts. Both chambers must pass the new map, and the governor can sign or veto the map for any reason.[14]

2010

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Wisconsin's population increased from 5.36 million to 5.69 million between 2000 and 2010.[15] This population growth was large enough to allow the state to retain its eight Congressional seats.[16]

Republicans held the majority in the State Senate, State Assembly, and the governorship after the 2010 elections. As a result, the redistricting process was completely under the control of one party.

The Republican leadership dismissed the Democratic-hired firm that was going to aid with redistricting and instead brought in an outside group to aid the process. This new firm's leader had donated to Republican candidates in the past.[17] The redistricting process was accelerated by the summer 2011 recall elections, and Governor Scott Walker signed a bill that gave the legislature the power to redistrict state boundaries before the localities finished their redistricting processes.[18] The state Republicans unveiled their plan on July 8, 2011. Democrats criticized the plan as gerrymandering, but Republicans defended their map.[19] The maps passed the legislature on July 19, 2011, and signed into law by Governor Walker on August 9, 2011.[20]

Several lawsuits were filed as a result of the new maps.[21] The Wisconsin Government Accountability Board identified errors in the maps, likely due to the creation of the state boundaries before the localities finished drawing their boundaries. A court also determined that two Milwaukee-area districts needed to be redrawn to better represent minority-area populations.[22]

Assemblymen

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of April 2014
     Democratic Party 39
     Republican Party 60
Total 99

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Wisconsin State Assembly from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of the Wisconsin State House.PNG

Salaries

Mural in the Wisconsin State Assembly chambers. Stuffed eagle "Old Abe" is halfway between the flags
See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Wisconsin Legislature are paid $49,943/year. Legislators receive a maximum of $88/day per diem, set by the compensation commission. Based on the maximum, the leadership of each house determines what amount to authorize for each session.[23]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Wisconsin legislators assume office the first Monday in January following the election.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body and is elected by its membership. Duties of the speaker include appointing members to legislative committees, authenticating acts, orders, and proceedings of the Assembly, and supervising all other officers of the Assembly. In the absence of the Speaker, the Speaker Pro Tempore assumes all duties of the position.[24][25]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Wisconsin State Assembly
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the Assembly Robin J. Vos Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Speaker Pro Tempore Bill Kramer Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Leader Scott Suder Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Assistant Majority Leader Jim Steineke Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Caucus Chair Joan Ballweg Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Caucus Vice Chair John Murtha Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Majority Caucus Secretary Mary Williams Ends.png Republican
State Assembly Minority Leader Peter Barca Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Assistant Minority Leader Sandy Pasch Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Minority Caucus Chair Andy Jorgensen Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Minority Caucus Vice Chair JoCasta Zamarripa Electiondot.png Democratic
State Assembly Minority Caucus Secretary Janis Ringhand Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

District Representative Party
1 Garey Bies Ends.png Republican
2 Andre Jacque Ends.png Republican
3 Alvin R. Ott Ends.png Republican
4 Chad Weininger Ends.png Republican
5 Jim Steineke Ends.png Republican
6 Gary Tauchen Ends.png Republican
7 Daniel Riemer Electiondot.png Democratic
8 JoCasta Zamarripa Electiondot.png Democratic
9 Josh Zepnick Electiondot.png Democratic
10 Sandy Pasch Electiondot.png Democratic
11 Mandela Barnes Electiondot.png Democratic
12 Frederick P. Kessler Electiondot.png Democratic
13 Rob Hutton Ends.png Republican
14 Dale Kooyenga Ends.png Republican
15 Joe Sanfelippo Ends.png Republican
16 Leon D. Young Electiondot.png Democratic
17 LaTonya Johnson Electiondot.png Democratic
18 Evan Goyke Electiondot.png Democratic
19 Jon Richards Electiondot.png Democratic
20 Christine Sinicki Electiondot.png Democratic
21 Mark Honadel Ends.png Republican
22 Don Pridemore Ends.png Republican
23 Jim Ott Ends.png Republican
24 Daniel Knodl Ends.png Republican
25 Paul Tittl Ends.png Republican
26 Mike Endsley Ends.png Republican
27 Steve Kestell Ends.png Republican
28 Erik Severson Ends.png Republican
29 John Murtha Ends.png Republican
30 Dean Knudson Ends.png Republican
31 Amy Loudenbeck Ends.png Republican
32 Tyler August Ends.png Republican
33 Stephen Nass Ends.png Republican
34 Rob Swearingen Ends.png Republican
35 Mary Czaja Ends.png Republican
36 Jeffrey Mursau Ends.png Republican
37 John Jagler Ends.png Republican
38 Joel Kleefisch Ends.png Republican
39 Mark Born Ends.png Republican
40 Kevin Petersen Ends.png Republican
41 Joan Ballweg Ends.png Republican
42 Keith Ripp Ends.png Republican
43 Andy Jorgensen Electiondot.png Democratic
44 Debra Kolste Electiondot.png Democratic
45 Janis Ringhand Electiondot.png Democratic
46 Gary Hebl Electiondot.png Democratic
47 Robb Kahl Electiondot.png Democratic
48 Melissa Sargent Electiondot.png Democratic
49 Travis Tranel Ends.png Republican
50 Ed Brooks Ends.png Republican
51 Howard Marklein Ends.png Republican
52 Jeremy Thiesfeldt Ends.png Republican
53 Michael Schraa Ends.png Republican
54 Gordon Hintz Electiondot.png Democratic
55 Dean Kaufert Ends.png Republican
56 Dave Murphy Ends.png Republican
57 Penny Bernard Schaber Electiondot.png Democratic
58 Pat Strachota Ends.png Republican
59 Daniel R. LeMahieu Ends.png Republican
60 Duey Stroebel Ends.png Republican
61 Samantha Kerkman Ends.png Republican
62 Tom Weatherston Ends.png Republican
63 Robin Vos Ends.png Republican
64 Peter Barca Electiondot.png Democratic
65 Tod Ohnstad Electiondot.png Democratic
66 Cory Mason Electiondot.png Democratic
67 Tom Larson Ends.png Republican
68 Kathy Bernier Ends.png Republican
69 Scott Suder Ends.png Republican
70 Amy Vruwink Electiondot.png Democratic
71 Katrina Shankland Electiondot.png Democratic
72 Scott Krug Ends.png Republican
73 Nick Milroy Electiondot.png Democratic
74 Janet Bewley Electiondot.png Democratic
75 Stephen Smith Electiondot.png Democratic
76 Chris Taylor Electiondot.png Democratic
77 Terese Berceau Electiondot.png Democratic
78 Brett Hulsey Electiondot.png Democratic
79 Dianne Hesselbein Electiondot.png Democratic
80 Sondy Pope Electiondot.png Democratic
81 Fred Clark Electiondot.png Democratic
82 Jeffrey Stone Ends.png Republican
83 Dave Craig Ends.png Republican
84 Mike Kuglitsch Ends.png Republican
85 Mandy Wright Electiondot.png Democratic
86 John Spiros Ends.png Republican
87 Mary Williams Ends.png Republican
88 John Klenke Ends.png Republican
89 John Nygren Ends.png Republican
90 Eric Genrich Electiondot.png Democratic
91 Dana Wachs Electiondot.png Democratic
92 Chris Danou Electiondot.png Democratic
93 Warren Petryk Ends.png Republican
94 Steve Doyle Electiondot.png Democratic
95 Jill Billings Electiondot.png Democratic
96 Lee A. Nerison Ends.png Republican
97 Bill Kramer Ends.png Republican
98 Adam Neylon Ends.png Republican
99 Chris Kapenga Ends.png Republican

Assembly standing committees

The Wisconsin Assembly has the following standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin
Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin legislature from 1992-2013

In April 2013 Ballotpedia conducted a study of the partisan control of state government from 1992-2013. During those years, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Wisconsin State House of Representatives for 5 years while the Republicans were the majority for 17 years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the Wisconsin House with all three years being Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 579 Democratic and 482 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992-2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Wisconsin, the Wisconsin State Senate and the Wisconsin House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states
  2. Population in 2010 of the American states
  3. "Wisconsin Assembly" FAQ's, March 4, 2009
  4. Wisconsin State Journal, "With state bitterly divided, Walker promises more moderate agenda," January 7, 2013
  5. Governor Journal, "Recalls Make for Quiet Session," January 16, 2012
  6. Appleton Post Crescent, "Wisconsin legislative agenda influenced by negative effects of recalls," January 16, 2012
  7. Wisconsin.gov, State of Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau, accessed 7 March 2011
  8. 2010 session dates for Wisconsin legislature
  9. Explanation of Wisconsin legislative floor-periods
  10. Follow the Money: "Wisconsin Assembly 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  11. Wisconsin Legislature "Wisconsin Election Law"(Referenced Statute 17.19 (1), Wisconsin Statutes)
  12. Wisconsin Legislature "Wisconsin Election Law"(Referenced Statute 8.50, Wisconsin Statutes)
  13. Wisconsin Legislature "Wisconsin Election Law"(Referenced Statute 8.50(4)-(d), Wisconsin Statutes)
  14. Wisconsin Legislature "Wisconsin Redistricting Profile"
  15. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Wisconsin Profile," 2011
  16. Northland's News Center "Minnesota and Wisconsin Both to Keep Eight Seats in House", December 21, 2010
  17. Chicago Tribune "Democrats cry foul over GOP hiring law firms" 5 Jan. 2011
  18. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Walker allows new legislative mapping, doesn't OK actual maps yet," July 25, 2011
  19. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Parties joust over Wisconsin redistricting plan," July 13, 2011
  20. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Walker signs legislation to redraw district boundaries," August 9, 2011
  21. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin's redistricting trial goes to judges," February 24, 2012
  22. Wisconsin State Journal, "Court strikes down GOP redistricting, orders just 2 districts redrawn," March 22, 2012
  23. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  24. Rules of the Wisconsin Assembly - Duties of the Speaker
  25. Wisconsin Assembly Leadership