Difference between revisions of "Wisconsin State Senate"

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|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Type = [[Upper house]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|None]]
 
|Term limit = [[State legislatures with term limits|None]]
|Next session = [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions|January 7, 2013]]
+
|Next session = [[Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions|January 14, 2014]]
 
|Website = [http://legis.wisconsin.gov/senhome.htm Official Senate Page]
 
|Website = [http://legis.wisconsin.gov/senhome.htm Official Senate Page]
 
<!--Level 3-->
 
<!--Level 3-->
|Senate president = [[Michael G. Ellis]], (R)
+
|Senate president = {{State Senate President|State=Wisconsin}}
|Majority leader = [[Scott Fitzgerald]], (R)
+
|Majority leader = {{State Senate Majority Leader|State=Wisconsin}}
|Minority leader = [[Chris Larson]], (D)
+
|Minority leader = {{State Senate Minority Leader|State=Wisconsin}}
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
<!-- Level 4-->
 
|Members = 33
 
|Members = 33
|Political groups = [[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Wisconsin State Senate|State=Wisconsin|Party=Democratic}}) <br>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Wisconsin State Senate|State=Wisconsin|Party=Republican}})
+
|Political groups = <div>[[Democratic Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Wisconsin State Senate|State=Wisconsin|Party=Democratic}})</div><div>[[Republican Party]] ({{Party counter DPL|House=Wisconsin State Senate|State=Wisconsin|Party=Republican}})</div>Vacant (1)
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Term length = [[Length of terms of state senators|4 years]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Wisconsin Constitution#Section 5|Art IV, Sec 5, Wisconsin Constitution]]
 
|Authority = [[Article IV, Wisconsin Constitution#Section 5|Art IV, Sec 5, Wisconsin Constitution]]
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}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Wisconsin State Senate''' is the [[upper house]] of the [[Wisconsin State Legislature]].  There are 33 state senators from 33 state senate districts.
 
}}{{TOCnestright}}The '''Wisconsin State Senate''' is the [[upper house]] of the [[Wisconsin State Legislature]].  There are 33 state senators from 33 state senate districts.
  
Senators are elected for [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] with no [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].  Half of the senate is up for election every two years.  Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 172,333 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://2010.census.gov/news/pdf/apport2010_table4.pdf Population in 2010 of the American states]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 162,536 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf Population in 2000 of the American states]</ref> In the 2009-2010 session, senators made $49,943. <ref>[http://www.legis.wisconsin.gov/lrb/bb/09bb/pdf/253-320.pdf, Wisconsin Blue Book 2009-10, "Wisconsin Legislators"]</ref>  That was up from $47,413 in the 2007-08 session. <ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/lrb/bb/07bb/pdf/259-324.pdf, Wisconsin Blue Book 2007-08, "Wisconsin Legislators"]</ref>
+
Senators are elected for [[Length of terms of state senators|four-year terms]] with no [[State legislatures with term limits|term limits]].  Half of the senate is up for election every two years.  Each member represents an average of [[Population represented by state legislators| 172,333 residents]], as of the 2010 Census.<ref>[http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-01.pdf ''census.gov'', "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014]</ref> After the 2000 Census, each member represented [[Population represented by state legislators| 162,536 residents]].<ref>[http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t2/tables/tab01.pdf ''U.S. Census Bureau,'' "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001]</ref> In the 2009-2010 session, senators made $49,943.<ref>[http://www.legis.wisconsin.gov/lrb/bb/09bb/pdf/253-320.pdf ''Wisconsin State Legislature'', "Legislative Branch," accessed August 9, 2014]</ref>  That was up from $47,413 in the 2007-08 session.<ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/lrb/bb/07bb/pdf/259-324.pdf, ''Wisconsin State Legislature'', "Wisconsin Legislators," accessed August 9, 2014]</ref>
  
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Wisconsin|control=Republican}}
 
{{State trifecta status|state=Wisconsin|control=Republican}}
 +
 +
::''See also: [[Wisconsin State Legislature]], [[Wisconsin House of Representatives]], [[Wisconsin Governor]]''
 +
 
==Sessions==
 
==Sessions==
 
[[Article IV, Wisconsin Constitution | Article IV of the Wisconsin Constitution]] contains provisions related to the meeting of the [[Wisconsin State Legislature]], of which the Senate is a part.  Section 11 of Article IV states that the times for regular sessions are to be provided by law.  Section 11 also states that the [[Governor of Wisconsin]] has the power to call the Legislature into special session.
 
[[Article IV, Wisconsin Constitution | Article IV of the Wisconsin Constitution]] contains provisions related to the meeting of the [[Wisconsin State Legislature]], of which the Senate is a part.  Section 11 of Article IV states that the times for regular sessions are to be provided by law.  Section 11 also states that the [[Governor of Wisconsin]] has the power to call the Legislature into special session.
 +
 +
===2014===
 +
::''See also: [[Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions]]''
 +
 +
In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through June 4.
 +
 +
====Major issues====
 +
Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included income tax, public school funding, health care and jobs.<ref>[https://www.wra.org/WREM/July13/ElectionThemes/ ''Wisconsin Realtors Association,'' "2014 Election Themes Take Shape," accessed January 14, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===2013===
 
===2013===
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
 
::''See also: [[Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2013, the Legislature will be in session from January 7 through a date to be determined.
+
In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 7 to December 31.
  
==== Major issues====
+
====Major issues====
 
Following the extreme polarization of the last two years, Gov. [[Scott Walker]] (R) said he would push for a more moderate agenda in 2013. Alongside the creation of a new budget, main issues will include job creation, workforce development, tax cuts, education reform and transportation infrastructure.<ref> [http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/with-state-bitterly-divided-walker-promises-more-moderate-agenda/article_d04276a2-56bc-11e2-a871-0019bb2963f4.html ''Wisconsin State Journal,'' "With state bitterly divided, Walker promises more moderate agenda," January 7, 2013] </ref>
 
Following the extreme polarization of the last two years, Gov. [[Scott Walker]] (R) said he would push for a more moderate agenda in 2013. Alongside the creation of a new budget, main issues will include job creation, workforce development, tax cuts, education reform and transportation infrastructure.<ref> [http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/with-state-bitterly-divided-walker-promises-more-moderate-agenda/article_d04276a2-56bc-11e2-a871-0019bb2963f4.html ''Wisconsin State Journal,'' "With state bitterly divided, Walker promises more moderate agenda," January 7, 2013] </ref>
  
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In 2012, the Senate was in session from January 10 through March 16 with a return for limited business on April 24.
 
In 2012, the Senate was in session from January 10 through March 16 with a return for limited business on April 24.
 
====Major issues====
 
====Major issues====
With potential recalls of [[Wisconsin Governor|Governor]] [[Scott Walker recall, Wisconsin (2012)|Scott Walker]] (R), [[Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor|Lieutenant Governor]] [[Rebecca Kleefisch recall, Wisconsin (2012)|Rebecca Kleefisch]] (R) and [[Recall campaigns in Wisconsin|four Republican state senators]], debate on major legislation was expected to be limited.<ref>[http://governorsjournal.com/2012/01/recalls-make-for-quiet-session/ ''Governor Journal,'' "Recalls Make for Quiet Session," January 16, 2012]</ref> Going into the session, Republican leaders said they were focused on passing bills on only four main issues - clearing the way for on ore mine in northern Wisconsin, easing laws regarding development on wetlands, environmental regulation, and creating a venture capital fund to help start-up businesses.<ref>[http://www.postcrescent.com/article/20120116/APC0101/201160410/Wisconsin-legislative-agenda-influenced-by-negative-effects-recalls ''Appleton Post Crescent,'' "Wisconsin legislative agenda influenced by negative effects of recalls," January 16, 2012]</ref>
+
With potential recalls of [[Wisconsin Governor|Governor]] [[Scott Walker recall, Wisconsin (2012)|Scott Walker]] (R), [[Wisconsin Lieutenant Governor|Lieutenant Governor]] [[Rebecca Kleefisch recall, Wisconsin (2012)|Rebecca Kleefisch]] (R) and [[Recall campaigns in Wisconsin|four Republican state senators]], debate on major legislation was expected to be limited.<ref>[http://governorsjournal.com/2012/01/recalls-make-for-quiet-session/ ''Governor Journal,'' "Recalls Make for Quiet Session," January 16, 2012]</ref> Going into the session, Republican leaders said they were focused on passing bills on only four main issues - clearing the way for an ore mine in northern Wisconsin, easing laws regarding development on wetlands, environmental regulation, and creating a venture capital fund to help start-up businesses.<ref>[http://www.postcrescent.com/article/20120116/APC0101/201160410/Wisconsin-legislative-agenda-influenced-by-negative-effects-recalls ''Appleton Post Crescent,'' "Wisconsin legislative agenda influenced by negative effects of recalls," January 16, 2012]</ref>
  
 
The six recalls dominated the session. Ultimately on June 5, recalls against the Governor, Lt. Governor, and [[Timeline of events of the recall of Wisconsin State Senators in 2012|three of the state senators]] were unsuccessful. The fourth recall, that against [[Van Wanggaard recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2012)|Van Wanggaard]], went to a recount. Wanggaard was defeated, giving Democrats control of the Senate.
 
The six recalls dominated the session. Ultimately on June 5, recalls against the Governor, Lt. Governor, and [[Timeline of events of the recall of Wisconsin State Senators in 2012|three of the state senators]] were unsuccessful. The fourth recall, that against [[Van Wanggaard recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2012)|Van Wanggaard]], went to a recount. Wanggaard was defeated, giving Democrats control of the Senate.
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===2011===
 
===2011===
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions]]''
In 2011, the Senate adjourned a special session at the request of Governor [[Scott Walker]] on January 4, 2011. The special session was called to consider legislation regarding tax credits, tort law, medical savings accounts, other legislation relating to taxation, and the budget repair bill. The legislature's special session will be ongoing. <ref>[http://legis.wisconsin.gov/spotlight/index.htm ''Wisconsin.gov,'' State of Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau, accessed 7 March 2011]</ref> The regular session began on January 11. An extraordinary session was called by the Legislature from June 13-30, with another extraordinary session scheduled for July 19-29. The next scheduled floor period is September 13, 2011. Though the January special session is ongoing, special session bills may be taken up in the interim. <ref>[http://legis.wisconsin.gov/spotlight/index.htm ''Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau,'' Wisconsin Legislative Spotlight, accessed July 1, 2011]</ref>
+
In 2011, the Senate adjourned a special session at the request of Governor [[Scott Walker]] on January 4, 2011. The ongoing special session was called to consider legislation regarding tax credits, tort law, medical savings accounts, other legislation relating to taxation, and the [[Wisconsin Act 10, the "Scott Walker Budget Repair Bill" (2011)|budget repair bill]].  The regular session began on January 11. An extraordinary session was called by the Legislature from June 13-30, with another extraordinary session called for July 19-29.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/research/about-state-legislatures/2011-legislative-session-calendar.aspx ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," December 19, 2011]</ref>
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
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:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions]]''
  
In 2010, the Senate convened its [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| legislative session]] on January 19, and it ended its last scheduled floor-period on April 22.  Some special sessions went until June 19, 2010.<ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/leginfo/session.htm 2010 session dates for Wisconsin legislature]</ref><ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/?tabid=18630 Explanation of Wisconsin legislative floor-periods]</ref>
+
In 2010, the Senate convened its [[Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions| legislative session]] on January 19, and it ended its last scheduled floor-period on April 22.  Some special sessions went until June 19, 2010.<ref>[http://www.ncsl.org/research/about-state-legislatures/2010-legislative-session-calendar.aspx ''National Conference of State Legislatures'', "2010 Legislative Sessions Calendar," December 8, 2010]</ref>
  
 
In the 2009-2010 session:
 
In the 2009-2010 session:
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:*3 enacted laws were partially vetoed by the [[Governor of Wisconsin]] (then Gov. [[James Doyle]])
 
:*3 enacted laws were partially vetoed by the [[Governor of Wisconsin]] (then Gov. [[James Doyle]])
 
:*3 enacted laws were vetoed in full.
 
:*3 enacted laws were vetoed in full.
*459 bills failed (26 because they failed concurrence)<ref>[http://legis.wisconsin.gov/2009/data/LegStatRep.pdf Session statistics of the 2009-2010 session of the Wisconsin State Senate]</ref>
+
*459 bills failed (26 because they failed concurrence)<ref>[http://legis.wisconsin.gov/2009/data/LegStatRep.pdf ''Wisconsin State Legislature'', "Session statistics of the 2009-2010 session of the Wisconsin State Senate," accessed August 9, 2014]</ref>
 +
 
 +
===Role in state budget===
 +
::''See also: [[Wisconsin state budget]]''
 +
 
 +
{{Wisconsin budget process}}
 +
===Cost-benefit analyses===
 +
::''See also: [[Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study]]''
 +
{{Pew cost-benefit study|State=Wisconsin|Rank=Best}}
 +
 
 +
==Ethics and transparency==
 +
===Following the Money report===
 +
{{Following the Money 2014 Report by State|State=Wisconsin|Grade=A-|Score=90|Level=leading}}
 +
===Open States Transparency===
 +
{{Transparency card|State=Wisconsin|Grade=D}}
  
 
==Elections==
 
==Elections==
 +
===2014===
 +
:: ''See also: [[Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2014]]''
 +
 +
{{WI Senate 2014}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===
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:: ''See also: [[Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2012]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2012]]''
  
Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate will be held in [[Wisconsin]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. A '''total of 16 seats''' were up for election.
+
Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate were held in [[Wisconsin]] on [[State legislative elections, 2012|November 6, 2012]]. A '''total of 16 seats''' were up for election.
  
The [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state legislative elections | signature filing deadline]] is July 10, 2012.
+
The [[Signature requirements and deadlines for 2012 state legislative elections | signature filing deadline]] was July 10, 2012.
  
 
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
 
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
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|}
 
|}
  
Nine of the 16 senators up for election faced [[Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)|recall elections]].  
+
Nine of the 16 senators up for election faced [[Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)|recall elections in 2011]].  
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
{{colbegin|3}}
 
{{reddot}} [[Robert Cowles recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)|Robert Cowles]]<br>
 
{{reddot}} [[Robert Cowles recall, Wisconsin State Senate (2011)|Robert Cowles]]<br>
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Elections for the office of Wisconsin's State Senate were held in [[Wisconsin]] on [[State legislative elections, 2010|November 2, 2010]].  
 
Elections for the office of Wisconsin's State Senate were held in [[Wisconsin]] on [[State legislative elections, 2010|November 2, 2010]].  
  
The [[Primary election dates in 2010|signature-filing deadline]] for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 13, 2010. The primary election day was September 14, 2010.
+
The [[Primary election dates in 2010|signature-filing deadline]] for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 13, 2010. The primary Election Day was September 14, 2010.
  
In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $4,251,736 in campaign contributions.  The top 10 donors were: <ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=WI&y=2010&f=S ''Follow the Money'': "Wisconsin Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"]</ref>
+
In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $4,251,736 in campaign contributions.  The top 10 donors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=WI&y=2010&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Wisconsin Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions," August 14, 2013]</ref>
  
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
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| align="right" | $11,000
 
| align="right" | $11,000
  
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2008===
 +
: ''See also: [[Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2008]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 9, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.
 +
 +
During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $4,912,818. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=WI&y=2008&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Wisconsin 2008 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2008 Donors, Wisconsin State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Friends Of Sheldon Wasserman
 +
| align="right" | $200,000
 +
|-
 +
| Wasserman, Sheldon A
 +
| align="right" | $50,000
 +
|-
 +
| Strategy Group
 +
| align="right" | $38,281
 +
|-
 +
| State Senate Democratic Cmte
 +
| align="right" | $38,175
 +
|-
 +
| Johnson, Tara
 +
| align="right" | $23,662
 +
|-
 +
| Time Warner
 +
| align="right" | $23,413
 +
|-
 +
| Hopper, Randy
 +
| align="right" | $22,000
 +
|-
 +
| Page, Alison H
 +
| align="right" | $13,810
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Credit Union League
 +
| align="right" | $12,100
 +
|-
 +
| AT&T
 +
| align="right" | $11,568
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2006===
 +
: ''See also: [[Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2006]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.
 +
 +
During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $4,536,726. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=WI&y=2006&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Wisconsin 2006 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2006 Donors, Wisconsin State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Riley, Donovan W
 +
| align="right" | $85,993
 +
|-
 +
| Simonson, John C
 +
| align="right" | $54,631
 +
|-
 +
| State Senate Democratic Campaign Cmte Of Wisconsin
 +
| align="right" | $53,654
 +
|-
 +
| Reynolds, Tom
 +
| align="right" | $44,655
 +
|-
 +
| Grabowski, Dimity
 +
| align="right" | $43,025
 +
|-
 +
| Charles R Most Jr GST Trust
 +
| align="right" | $20,000
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Dental Association
 +
| align="right" | $14,320
 +
|-
 +
| AT&T
 +
| align="right" | $13,100
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Credit Union League
 +
| align="right" | $11,750
 +
|-
 +
| Association Of Wisconsin School Administrators
 +
| align="right" | $10,000
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2004===
 +
: ''See also: [[Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2004]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 14, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.
 +
 +
During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $4,324,018. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=WI&y=2004&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Wisconsin 2004 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2004 Donors, Wisconsin State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Hebl, Thomas Lee
 +
| align="right" | $86,023
 +
|-
 +
| Priebus, Reince R
 +
| align="right" | $34,940
 +
|-
 +
| Taylor, Lena C
 +
| align="right" | $31,986
 +
|-
 +
| Pfaff, Brad
 +
| align="right" | $24,425
 +
|-
 +
| Bakke, Gary L
 +
| align="right" | $23,821
 +
|-
 +
| Grothman, Glenn S
 +
| align="right" | $22,941
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Realtors Association
 +
| align="right" | $22,000
 +
|-
 +
| Peterson, Eric P
 +
| align="right" | $21,459
 +
|-
 +
| State Senate Democratic Campaign Cmte Of Wisconsin
 +
| align="right" | $14,749
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Credit Union League
 +
| align="right" | $14,250
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2002===
 +
: ''See also: [[Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2002]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 10, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.
 +
 +
During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $3,014,637. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=WI&y=2002&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Wisconsin 2002 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2002 Donors, Wisconsin State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Reynolds, Tom
 +
| align="right" | $59,369
 +
|-
 +
| Public Fund
 +
| align="right" | $31,964
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Republican Party
 +
| align="right" | $30,991
 +
|-
 +
| Carpenter, Tim
 +
| align="right" | $24,297
 +
|-
 +
| Farley, Patrick
 +
| align="right" | $22,200
 +
|-
 +
| Baumgart, James (Jim)
 +
| align="right" | $21,682
 +
|-
 +
| Kanavas, Theodore J
 +
| align="right" | $20,800
 +
|-
 +
| Panzer, Mary E
 +
| align="right" | $18,350
 +
|-
 +
| Black, Gregory A
 +
| align="right" | $13,274
 +
|-
 +
| Public Fund
 +
| align="right" | $11,932
 +
|}
 +
 +
===2000===
 +
: ''See also: [[Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2000]]''
 +
 +
Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.
 +
 +
During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $3,869,105. The top 10 contributors were:<ref>[http://www.followthemoney.org/database/StateGlance/state_candidates.phtml?s=WI&y=2000&f=S ''Follow the Money'', "Wisconsin 2000 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013]</ref>
 +
 +
{| class="wikitable collapsible collapsed sortable" style="background:none; text-align: center; width:450px;collapsible=Y;"
 +
|-
 +
! colspan="3" style="background-color:#444; color: white;" |''2000 Donors, Wisconsin State Senate
 +
|-
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Donor
 +
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Amount
 +
|-
 +
| Public Fund
 +
| align="right" | $91,044
 +
|-
 +
| Cmte To Elect A Republican Senate Of Wisconsin
 +
| align="right" | $25,000
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Republican Party
 +
| align="right" | $24,273
 +
|-
 +
| Friends Of Rod Moen
 +
| align="right" | $13,000
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Bankers Association
 +
| align="right" | $11,150
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Realtors Association
 +
| align="right" | $9,200
 +
|-
 +
| Plumbers & Gasfitters Local 75
 +
| align="right" | $8,400
 +
|-
 +
| Wisconsin Association Of Insurance & Financial Advisors
 +
| align="right" | $8,000
 +
|-
 +
| Ziegler, Margaret
 +
| align="right" | $7,975
 +
|-
 +
| Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance
 +
| align="right" | $7,900
 
|}
 
|}
  
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:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]''{{Vacancies map}}
 
:: ''See also: [[How vacancies are filled in state legislatures]]''{{Vacancies map}}
  
In the event of a vacancy in the Senate, the [[Wisconsin Governor|Governor]] must call for a special election when allowed by law<ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/statutes/Stat0017.pdf ''Wisconsin Legislature'' "Wisconsin Election Law"](Referenced Statute 17.19 (1), Wisconsin Statutes)</ref>. Special elections to fill legislative vacancies cannot be held after February 1st preceding a spring election or September 1st preceding a fall election<ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/statutes/Stat0008.pdf ''Wisconsin Legislature'' "Wisconsin Election Law"](Referenced Statute 8.50, Wisconsin Statutes)</ref>. If the vacancy happens before May 15th, the Governor must fill the vacancy as soon as possible<ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/statutes/Stat0008.pdf ''Wisconsin Legislature'' "Wisconsin Election Law"](Referenced Statute 8.50(4)-(d), Wisconsin Statutes)</ref>.
+
In the event of a vacancy in the senate, the [[Wisconsin Governor|Governor]] must call for a special election when allowed by law.<ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/statutes/Stat0017.pdf ''Wisconsin Legislature'', "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013](Referenced Statute 17.19 (1), Wisconsin Statutes)</ref> Special elections to fill legislative vacancies cannot be held after February 1st preceding a spring election or September 1st preceding a fall election.<ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/statutes/Stat0008.pdf ''Wisconsin Legislature'', "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013](Referenced Statute 8.50, Wisconsin Statutes)</ref>  If the vacancy happens before May 15th, the Governor must fill the vacancy as soon as possible.<ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/statutes/Stat0008.pdf ''Wisconsin Legislature'', "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013](Referenced Statute 8.50(4)-(d), Wisconsin Statutes)</ref>
  
 
==Redistricting==
 
==Redistricting==
 
:: ''See also: [[Redistricting in Wisconsin]]
 
:: ''See also: [[Redistricting in Wisconsin]]
Redistricting in Wisconsin is under the control of the state legislature.  If the state legislature fails to reach an agreement, the maps are drawn by either state or federal courts.  The State Senate and [[Wisconsin State Assembly|State Assembly]] draft maps for the new state legislative districts and the U.S. Congressional districts.  Both chambers must pass the new map, and the [[Governor of Wisconsin|governor]] can sign or veto the map for any reason.<ref>[http://legis.wisconsin.gov/ltsb/redistricting/state_of_wisconsin_profile.htm ''Wisconsin Legislature'' "Wisconsin Redistricting Profile"]</ref>
+
Redistricting in Wisconsin is under the control of the state legislature.  If the state legislature fails to reach an agreement, the maps are drawn by either state or federal courts.  The State Senate and [[Wisconsin State Assembly|State Assembly]] draft maps for the new state legislative districts and the U.S. Congressional districts.  Both chambers must pass the new map, and the [[Governor of Wisconsin|governor]] can sign or veto the map for any reason.<ref>[http://legis.wisconsin.gov/ltsb/redistricting/state_of_wisconsin_profile.htm ''Wisconsin Legislature'', "Wisconsin Redistricting Profile," accessed August 9, 2014]</ref>
  
 
===2010===
 
===2010===
  
According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Wisconsin's population increased from 5.36 million to 5.69 million between 2000 and 2010.<ref>[http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/dc10_thematic/2010_Profile/2010_Profile_Map_Wisconsin.pdf ''U.S. Census Bureau'', "2010 Census: Wisconsin Profile," 2011]</ref> This population growth was large enough to allow the state to retain its eight Congressional seats.<ref>[http://www.northlandsnewscenter.com/news/local/Minnesota-to-Keep-Eight-Seats-in-House-112254034.html ''Northland's News Center'' "Minnesota and Wisconsin Both to Keep Eight Seats in House", December 21, 2010]</ref>  
+
According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Wisconsin's population increased from 5.36 million to 5.69 million between 2000 and 2010.<ref>[http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/dc10_thematic/2010_Profile/2010_Profile_Map_Wisconsin.pdf ''U.S. Census Bureau'', "2010 Census: Wisconsin Profile," accessed August 9, 2014]</ref> This population growth was large enough to allow the state to retain its eight Congressional seats.<ref>[http://www.northlandsnewscenter.com/news/local/Minnesota-to-Keep-Eight-Seats-in-House-112254034.html ''Northland's News Center'', "Minnesota and Wisconsin Both to Keep Eight Seats in House," December 21, 2010]</ref>  
  
 
Republicans held the majority in the State Senate, [[Wisconsin State Assembly|State Assembly]], and the [[Governor of Wisconsin|governorship]] after the 2010 elections.  As a result, the redistricting process was completely under the control of one party.
 
Republicans held the majority in the State Senate, [[Wisconsin State Assembly|State Assembly]], and the [[Governor of Wisconsin|governorship]] after the 2010 elections.  As a result, the redistricting process was completely under the control of one party.
  
The Republican leadership dismissed the Democratic-hired firm that was going to aid with redistricting and instead brought in an outside group to aid the process.  This new firm's leader had donated to Republican candidates in the past.<ref>[http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/chi-ap-wi-wisconsinredistri,0,2775841.story ''Chicago Tribune'' "Democrats cry foul over GOP hiring law firms" 5 Jan. 2011]</ref> The redistricting process was accelerated by the [[Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)|summer 2011 recall elections]], and Governor [[Scott Walker]] signed a bill that gave the legislature the power to redistrict state boundaries before the localities finished their redistricting processes.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/126141073.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Walker allows new legislative mapping, doesn't OK actual maps yet," July 25, 2011]</ref> The state Republicans unveiled their plan on July 8, 2011.  Democrats criticized the plan as gerrymandering, but Republicans defended their map.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/125491373.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Parties joust over Wisconsin redistricting plan," July 13, 2011]</ref> The maps passed the legislature on July 19, 2011, and signed into law by Governor [[Scott Walker|Walker]] on August 9, 2011.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/127319438.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Walker signs legislation to redraw district boundaries," August 9, 2011]</ref>
+
The Republican leadership dismissed the Democratic-hired firm that was going to aid with redistricting and instead brought in an outside group to aid the process.  This new firm's leader had donated to Republican candidates in the past.<ref>[http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/chi-ap-wi-wisconsinredistri,0,2775841.story ''Chicago Tribune'', "Democrats cry foul over GOP hiring law firms," January 5, 2011]</ref> The redistricting process was accelerated by the [[Recall of Wisconsin State Senators (2011)|summer 2011 recall elections]], and Governor [[Scott Walker]] signed a bill that gave the legislature the power to redistrict state boundaries before the localities finished their redistricting processes.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/126141073.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Walker allows new legislative mapping, doesn't OK actual maps yet," July 25, 2011]</ref> The state Republicans unveiled their plan on July 8, 2011.  Democrats criticized the plan as gerrymandering, but Republicans defended their map.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/125491373.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Parties joust over Wisconsin redistricting plan," July 13, 2011]</ref> The maps passed the legislature on July 19, 2011, and were signed into law by Governor [[Scott Walker|Walker]] on August 9, 2011.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/127319438.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Walker signs legislation to redraw district boundaries," August 9, 2011]</ref>
  
 
Several lawsuits were filed as a result of the new maps.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/democrats-drop-some-claims-in-redistricting-trial-pf4apb3-140293633.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Wisconsin's redistricting trial goes to judges," February 24, 2012]</ref> The [[Wisconsin Government Accountability Board]] identified errors in the maps, likely due to the creation of the state boundaries before the localities finished drawing their boundaries.  A court also determined that two Milwaukee-area districts needed to be redrawn to better represent minority-area populations.<ref>[http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/on-politics/court-strikes-down-gop-redistricting-orders-just-districts-redrawn/article_f149e054-7429-11e1-a230-0019bb2963f4.html ''Wisconsin State Journal,'' "Court strikes down GOP redistricting, orders just 2 districts redrawn," March 22, 2012]</ref>
 
Several lawsuits were filed as a result of the new maps.<ref>[http://www.jsonline.com/news/statepolitics/democrats-drop-some-claims-in-redistricting-trial-pf4apb3-140293633.html ''Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,'' "Wisconsin's redistricting trial goes to judges," February 24, 2012]</ref> The [[Wisconsin Government Accountability Board]] identified errors in the maps, likely due to the creation of the state boundaries before the localities finished drawing their boundaries.  A court also determined that two Milwaukee-area districts needed to be redrawn to better represent minority-area populations.<ref>[http://host.madison.com/wsj/news/local/govt-and-politics/on-politics/court-strikes-down-gop-redistricting-orders-just-districts-redrawn/article_f149e054-7429-11e1-a230-0019bb2963f4.html ''Wisconsin State Journal,'' "Court strikes down GOP redistricting, orders just 2 districts redrawn," March 22, 2012]</ref>
Line 245: Line 499:
  
 
===Leadership===
 
===Leadership===
The Senate, by roll call vote, elects a member to serve as President of the Senate and one to serve as President pro tempore.  They serve for the duration of the biennial session.<ref>[http://nxt.legis.state.wi.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&d=rules&jd=top Wisconsin State Senate Rules]</ref><ref>[http://www.legis.state.wi.us/senhome.htm 2009-2010 Wisconsin State Senate Officers]</ref>
+
The Senate, by roll call vote, elects a member to serve as President of the Senate and one to serve as President pro tempore.  They serve for the duration of the biennial session.<ref>[http://nxt.legis.state.wi.us/nxt/gateway.dll?f=templates&fn=default.htm&d=rules&jd=top ''Wisconsin State Legislature'', "Wisconsin State Senate Rules," accessed August 9, 2014]</ref>
  
 
====Current leadership====
 
====Current leadership====
Line 256: Line 510:
 
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Party
 
!style="background-color:#666; color: white;" |Party
 
|-
 
|-
| [[President of the Senate]] || [[Michael G. Ellis]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[President of the Senate]] || {{State Senate President|State=Wisconsin|Table=Yes}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[President Pro Tempore of the Senate]] || [[Joseph Leibham]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[President Pro Tempore of the Senate]] || [[Joseph Leibham]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-  
 
|-  
| [[Senate Majority Leader]] || [[Scott Fitzgerald]] || {{red dot}}
+
| [[Senate Majority Leader]] || {{State Senate Majority Leader|State=Wisconsin|Table=Yes}}
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[State Senate Assistant Majority Leader|Senate Assistant Majority Leader]] || [[Glenn Grothman]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[State Senate Assistant Majority Leader|Senate Assistant Majority Leader]] || [[Glenn Grothman]] || {{red dot}}
Line 266: Line 520:
 
| [[State Senate Majority Caucus Leader|Senate Majority Caucus Leader]] || [[Frank G. Lasee]] || {{red dot}}
 
| [[State Senate Majority Caucus Leader|Senate Majority Caucus Leader]] || [[Frank G. Lasee]] || {{red dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[Senate Minority Leader]] || [[Chris Larson]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| [[Senate Minority Leader]] || {{State Senate Minority Leader|State=Wisconsin|Table=Yes}}
 
|-  
 
|-  
 
| [[State Senate Assistant Minority Leader|Senate Assistant Minority Leader]] || [[Dave Hansen]] || {{blue dot}}
 
| [[State Senate Assistant Minority Leader|Senate Assistant Minority Leader]] || [[Dave Hansen]] || {{blue dot}}
 
|-
 
|-
| [[State Senate Minority Caucus Leader|Senate Minority Caucus Leader]] || [[Kathleen Vinehout]] || {{blue dot}}
+
| [[State Senate Minority Caucus Leader|Senate Minority Caucus Leader]] || [[Julie Lassa]] || {{blue dot}}
 
|}
 
|}
  
Line 285: Line 539:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 1
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 1|1]]
 
| [[Frank Lasee]]
 
| [[Frank Lasee]]
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 291: Line 545:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 2
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 2|2]]
 
| [[Robert Cowles]]  
 
| [[Robert Cowles]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 297: Line 551:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 3
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 3|3]]
 
| [[Tim Carpenter]]  
 
| [[Tim Carpenter]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 303: Line 557:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 4
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 4|4]]
 
| [[Lena Taylor]]  
 
| [[Lena Taylor]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 309: Line 563:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 5
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 5|5]]
 
| [[Leah Vukmir]]  
 
| [[Leah Vukmir]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 315: Line 569:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 6
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 6|6]]
 
| [[Nikiya Harris]]  
 
| [[Nikiya Harris]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 321: Line 575:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 7
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 7|7]]
 
| [[Chris Larson]]  
 
| [[Chris Larson]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 327: Line 581:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 8
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 8|8]]
 
| [[Alberta Darling]]  
 
| [[Alberta Darling]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 333: Line 587:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 9
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 9|9]]
 
| [[Joe Leibham]]  
 
| [[Joe Leibham]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 339: Line 593:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 10
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 10|10]]
 
| [[Sheila Harsdorf]]  
 
| [[Sheila Harsdorf]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 345: Line 599:
  
 
|-
 
|-
|  11
+
[[Wisconsin State Senate District 11|11]]
| [[Neal Kedzie]]  
+
| [[Neal Kedzie|''Vacant'']]  
| {{Red dot}}
+
|  
| 2003
+
|  
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 12
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 12|12]]
 
| [[Tom Tiffany]]  
 
| [[Tom Tiffany]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 357: Line 611:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 13
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 13|13]]
 
| [[Scott Fitzgerald]]  
 
| [[Scott Fitzgerald]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 363: Line 617:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 14
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 14|14]]
 
| [[Luther Olsen]]  
 
| [[Luther Olsen]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 369: Line 623:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 15
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 15|15]]
 
| [[Tim Cullen]]  
 
| [[Tim Cullen]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 375: Line 629:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 16
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 16|16]]
 
| [[Mark Miller (Wisconsin)|Mark Miller]]  
 
| [[Mark Miller (Wisconsin)|Mark Miller]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 381: Line 635:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 17
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 17|17]]
 
| [[Dale Schultz]]  
 
| [[Dale Schultz]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 387: Line 641:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 18
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 18|18]]
 
| [[Rick Gudex]]  
 
| [[Rick Gudex]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 393: Line 647:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 19
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 19|19]]
 
| [[Michael Ellis (Wisconsin)|Michael Ellis]]  
 
| [[Michael Ellis (Wisconsin)|Michael Ellis]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
| 1999
+
| 1983
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 20
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 20|20]]
 
| [[Glenn Grothman]]  
 
| [[Glenn Grothman]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 405: Line 659:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 21
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 21|21]]
 
| [[John Lehman]]  
 
| [[John Lehman]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 411: Line 665:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 22
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 22|22]]
 
| [[Robert Wirch]]  
 
| [[Robert Wirch]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 417: Line 671:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 23
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 23|23]]
 
| [[Terry Moulton]]  
 
| [[Terry Moulton]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 423: Line 677:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 24
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 24|24]]
 
| [[Julie Lassa]]  
 
| [[Julie Lassa]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 429: Line 683:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 25
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 25|25]]
 
| [[Robert Jauch]]  
 
| [[Robert Jauch]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 435: Line 689:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 26
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 26|26]]
 
| [[Fred Risser]]  
 
| [[Fred Risser]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 441: Line 695:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 27
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 27|27]]
 
| [[Jon Erpenbach]]  
 
| [[Jon Erpenbach]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 447: Line 701:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 28
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 28|28]]
 
| [[Mary Lazich]]  
 
| [[Mary Lazich]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}
 
| {{Red dot}}
Line 453: Line 707:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 29
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 29|29]]
 
| [[Jerry Petrowski]]  
 
| [[Jerry Petrowski]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}  
 
| {{Red dot}}  
Line 459: Line 713:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 30
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 30|30]]
 
| [[Dave Hansen]]  
 
| [[Dave Hansen]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 465: Line 719:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 31
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 31|31]]
 
| [[Kathleen Vinehout]]  
 
| [[Kathleen Vinehout]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}  
 
| {{Blue dot}}  
Line 471: Line 725:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 32
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 32|32]]
 
| [[Jennifer Shilling]]  
 
| [[Jennifer Shilling]]  
 
| {{Blue dot}}
 
| {{Blue dot}}
Line 477: Line 731:
  
 
|-
 
|-
| 33
+
| [[Wisconsin State Senate District 33|33]]
 
| [[Paul Farrow]]  
 
| [[Paul Farrow]]  
 
| {{Red dot}}  
 
| {{Red dot}}  
Line 510: Line 764:
 
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin]]''
 
::''See also: [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States]] and [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin]]''
 
[[File:Wisconsin legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin legislature from 1992-2013]]
 
[[File:Wisconsin legislature pie chart 1992-2013.png|thumb|Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin legislature from 1992-2013]]
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Wisconsin State Senate for 11 years while the Republicans were the majority for 11 years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the Wisconsin senate with all three years being Republican [[trifectas]]
+
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Wisconsin State Senate for 11 years while the Republicans were the majority for 11 years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the Wisconsin Senate with all three years being Republican [[trifectas]].
  
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.
+
Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Part One: State Partisanship|from 1992 to 2013]].
  
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
+
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
  
 
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Wisconsin|Office of the Governor of Wisconsin]], the [[Wisconsin State Senate]] and the [[Wisconsin House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 
The chart below shows the partisan composition of the [[Governor of Wisconsin|Office of the Governor of Wisconsin]], the [[Wisconsin State Senate]] and the [[Wisconsin House of Representatives]] from 1992-2013.
 
[[File:Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
 
[[File:Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG]]
 +
 +
====SQLI and partisanship====
 +
The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Wisconsin state government and the state's [[Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Part Two: State Quality of Life Index (SQLI)|State Quality of Life Ranking (SQLI)]] ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the course of the study, Wisconsin experienced both Democratic and Republican trifectas as well as divided governments. The state's SQLI rankings were higher earlier in the study, with its highest ranking, finishing 7th, occurring in 1992, 1995 and 1998 during both Republican trifectas and a divided government. Its lowest ranking, finishing 30th, occurred in 2007 during a divided government. The state's rankings began to improve during the most recent years of the study, finishing 13th in 2012 during a Republican trifecta.
 +
*SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 21.00
 +
*SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 10.00
 +
*SQLI average with divided government: 17.27
 +
 +
[[File:Wisconsin SQLI visualization.PNG|thumb|center|1000px|Chart displaying the partisanship of the Wisconsin government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==

Latest revision as of 12:37, 9 August 2014

Wisconsin State Senate

Seal of Wisconsin.svg.png
General Information
Type:   Upper house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   January 14, 2014
Website:   Official Senate Page
Leadership
Senate President:   Mike Ellis (R)
Majority Leader:   Scott Fitzgerald (R)
Minority leader:   Chris Larson (D)
Structure
Members:  33
   Vacant (1)
Length of term:   4 years
Authority:   Art IV, Sec 5, Wisconsin Constitution
Salary:   $49,943/year + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (16 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014
Redistricting:  Wisconsin Legislature has control
Meeting place:
Architectural detail Wisconsin Capitol.JPG
The Wisconsin State Senate is the upper house of the Wisconsin State Legislature. There are 33 state senators from 33 state senate districts.

Senators are elected for four-year terms with no term limits. Half of the senate is up for election every two years. Each member represents an average of 172,333 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented 162,536 residents.[2] In the 2009-2010 session, senators made $49,943.[3] That was up from $47,413 in the 2007-08 session.[4]

As of August 2014, Wisconsin is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

See also: Wisconsin State Legislature, Wisconsin House of Representatives, Wisconsin Governor

Sessions

Article IV of the Wisconsin Constitution contains provisions related to the meeting of the Wisconsin State Legislature, of which the Senate is a part. Section 11 of Article IV states that the times for regular sessions are to be provided by law. Section 11 also states that the Governor of Wisconsin has the power to call the Legislature into special session.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from January 14 through June 4.

Major issues

Major issues during the 2014 legislative session included income tax, public school funding, health care and jobs.[5]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 7 to December 31.

Major issues

Following the extreme polarization of the last two years, Gov. Scott Walker (R) said he would push for a more moderate agenda in 2013. Alongside the creation of a new budget, main issues will include job creation, workforce development, tax cuts, education reform and transportation infrastructure.[6]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the Senate was in session from January 10 through March 16 with a return for limited business on April 24.

Major issues

With potential recalls of Governor Scott Walker (R), Lieutenant Governor Rebecca Kleefisch (R) and four Republican state senators, debate on major legislation was expected to be limited.[7] Going into the session, Republican leaders said they were focused on passing bills on only four main issues - clearing the way for an ore mine in northern Wisconsin, easing laws regarding development on wetlands, environmental regulation, and creating a venture capital fund to help start-up businesses.[8]

The six recalls dominated the session. Ultimately on June 5, recalls against the Governor, Lt. Governor, and three of the state senators were unsuccessful. The fourth recall, that against Van Wanggaard, went to a recount. Wanggaard was defeated, giving Democrats control of the Senate.

On July 24, 2012, one week after Democrats gained the majority in the state Senate, Tim Cullen (D) quit the Democratic caucus after newly named Majority Leader Mark Miller did not give him chairmanship on a committee with clout. Cullen, who had been offered chair of the Committee on Small Business Development and Tourism called it "an insult to my district" and said he might leave the party altogether to become an independent.[9]

Cullen said the move was "intended to send me a message that I am not welcome and that he can treat me however he wants to and that somehow I am supposed to take it." Cullen's decision did not alter the partisan makeup of the chamber.[10]

Three days later Cullen rejoined the caucus, receiving the chairmanship of two new committees and a leadership position on two others. Miller said he could have handled the situation better but welcomed Cullen back to the caucus.[11]

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Senate adjourned a special session at the request of Governor Scott Walker on January 4, 2011. The ongoing special session was called to consider legislation regarding tax credits, tort law, medical savings accounts, other legislation relating to taxation, and the budget repair bill. The regular session began on January 11. An extraordinary session was called by the Legislature from June 13-30, with another extraordinary session called for July 19-29.[12]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the Senate convened its legislative session on January 19, and it ended its last scheduled floor-period on April 22. Some special sessions went until June 19, 2010.[13]

In the 2009-2010 session:

  • 708 bills were introduced.
  • 246 bills were enacted into law.
  • 459 bills failed (26 because they failed concurrence)[14]

Role in state budget

See also: Wisconsin state budget

Wisconsin operates on a biennial budget cycle. The sequence of key events in the budget process is as follows:[15][16]

  1. Budget instruction guidelines are sent to state agencies in June.
  2. State agencies submit budget requests in September.
  3. The governor submits his or her proposed budget to the Wisconsin State Legislature in January.
  4. The legislature adopts a budget in June or July. A simple majority is needed to pass a budget.
  5. The biennial budget cycle begins in July.

In Wisconsin, the governor has line-item veto authority, as well the authority to veto an item within the appropriations bill and to change the meaning of words.[16]

The governor is constitutionally required to submit a balanced budget. In addition, the legislature is constitutionally required to pass a balanced budget.[16]

Cost-benefit analyses

See also: Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative Cost-Benefit Study
Map showing results of the Pew-MacArthur cost-benefit study.

The Pew-MacArthur Results First Initiative released a report in July 2013 which indicated that cost-benefit analysis in policymaking led to more effective uses of public funds. Looking at data from 2008 through 2011, the study's authors found that some states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis while others were facing challenges and lagging behind the rest of the nation. Among the challenges states faced were a lack of time, money and technical skills needed to conduct comprehensive cost-benefit analyses. Wisconsin was one of the 10 states that used cost-benefit analysis more than the rest of the states with respect to determining return on investment regarding state programs. In addition, these states were more likely to use cost-benefit analysis with respect to large budget areas and when making policy decisions.[17]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[18] According to the report, Wisconsin received a grade of A- and a numerical score of 90, indicating that Wisconsin was "leading" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[18]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Wisconsin was given a grade of D in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[19]

Elections

2014

See also: Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2014

Elections for 17 seats in the Wisconsin State Senate will take place in 2014. A primary election took place on August 12, 2014. The general election will take place on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was June 2, 2014.

2012

See also: Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate were held in Wisconsin on November 6, 2012. A total of 16 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline was July 10, 2012.

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

Nine of the 16 senators up for election faced recall elections in 2011.

Republican Party Robert Cowles
Republican Party Alberta Darling
Republican Party Sheila Harsdorf
Democratic Party Dave Hansen
Democratic Party Jim Holperin
Republican Party Randy Hopper
Republican Party Dan Kapanke
Republican Party Luther Olsen
Democratic Party Robert Wirch

Dan Kapanke and Randy Hopper were removed by voters.

The seven senators who faced re-election in 2012 but did not face recall in 2011 were:

Democratic Party Spencer Coggs
Republican Party Glenn Grothman
Democratic Party Julie Lassa
Republican Party Mary Lazich

Democratic Party Mark Miller
Democratic Party Fred Risser
Democratic Party Lena Taylor

2010

See also: Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Wisconsin's State Senate were held in Wisconsin on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was July 13, 2010. The primary Election Day was September 14, 2010.

In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $4,251,736 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[20]

2008

See also: Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 9, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $4,912,818. The top 10 contributors were:[21]

2006

See also: Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $4,536,726. The top 10 contributors were:[22]

2004

See also: Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 14, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $4,324,018. The top 10 contributors were:[23]

2002

See also: Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 10, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $3,014,637. The top 10 contributors were:[24]

2000

See also: Wisconsin State Senate elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Wisconsin State Senate consisted of a primary election on September 12, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total value of contributions to Senate candidates was $3,869,105. The top 10 contributors were:[25]

Qualifications

Section 6 of Article 4 of the Wisconsin Constitution states, "No person shall be eligible to the legislature who shall not have resided one year within the state, and be a qualified elector in the district which he may be chosen to represent."

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

In the event of a vacancy in the senate, the Governor must call for a special election when allowed by law.[26] Special elections to fill legislative vacancies cannot be held after February 1st preceding a spring election or September 1st preceding a fall election.[27] If the vacancy happens before May 15th, the Governor must fill the vacancy as soon as possible.[28]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Wisconsin

Redistricting in Wisconsin is under the control of the state legislature. If the state legislature fails to reach an agreement, the maps are drawn by either state or federal courts. The State Senate and State Assembly draft maps for the new state legislative districts and the U.S. Congressional districts. Both chambers must pass the new map, and the governor can sign or veto the map for any reason.[29]

2010

According to the 2010 U.S. Census, Wisconsin's population increased from 5.36 million to 5.69 million between 2000 and 2010.[30] This population growth was large enough to allow the state to retain its eight Congressional seats.[31]

Republicans held the majority in the State Senate, State Assembly, and the governorship after the 2010 elections. As a result, the redistricting process was completely under the control of one party.

The Republican leadership dismissed the Democratic-hired firm that was going to aid with redistricting and instead brought in an outside group to aid the process. This new firm's leader had donated to Republican candidates in the past.[32] The redistricting process was accelerated by the summer 2011 recall elections, and Governor Scott Walker signed a bill that gave the legislature the power to redistrict state boundaries before the localities finished their redistricting processes.[33] The state Republicans unveiled their plan on July 8, 2011. Democrats criticized the plan as gerrymandering, but Republicans defended their map.[34] The maps passed the legislature on July 19, 2011, and were signed into law by Governor Walker on August 9, 2011.[35]

Several lawsuits were filed as a result of the new maps.[36] The Wisconsin Government Accountability Board identified errors in the maps, likely due to the creation of the state boundaries before the localities finished drawing their boundaries. A court also determined that two Milwaukee-area districts needed to be redrawn to better represent minority-area populations.[37]

Senators


Tour of Wisconsin State Capitol

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Wisconsin Legislature are paid $49,943/year. Legislators receive a maximum of $88/day per diem, set by the compensation commission. Based on the maximum, the leadership of each house determines what amount to authorize for each session.[38]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Wisconsin legislators assume office the first Monday in January following the election.

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state senates
Party As of August 2014
     Democratic Party 15
     Republican Party 17
     Vacancy 1
Total 33


Historical

Wisconsin State Senate[39]
YearDemocratsRepublicans
August 20111617
November 20101815
November 20081815
November 20061419
November 20041518
November 20021815
November 20001716
November 1998**1617
November 1996**1716
November 1994**1716
November 1992**1914
November 1990**2013
**In the 1993, 1995, and 1997 Legislatures, majority control of the senate shifted during the session. On 4/20/93, vacancies were filled resulting in a total of 16 Democrats and 17 Republicans; on 6/16/96, there were 17 Democrats and 16 Republicans; and on 4/19/98, there were 16 Democrats and 17 Republicans.


The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Wisconsin State Senate from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of the Wisconsin State Senate.PNG

Leadership

The Senate, by roll call vote, elects a member to serve as President of the Senate and one to serve as President pro tempore. They serve for the duration of the biennial session.[40]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Wisconsin State Senate
Office Representative Party
President of the Senate Mike Ellis Ends.png Republican
President Pro Tempore of the Senate Joseph Leibham Ends.png Republican
Senate Majority Leader Scott Fitzgerald Ends.png Republican
Senate Assistant Majority Leader Glenn Grothman Ends.png Republican
Senate Majority Caucus Leader Frank G. Lasee Ends.png Republican
Senate Minority Leader Chris Larson Electiondot.png Democratic
Senate Assistant Minority Leader Dave Hansen Electiondot.png Democratic
Senate Minority Caucus Leader Julie Lassa Electiondot.png Democratic

List of current members

Architectural details on the exterior of the Wisconsin Capitol in Madison, Wisconsin where the Wisconsin State Senate meets
Current members, Wisconsin State Senate
District Senator Party Assumed office
1 Frank Lasee Ends.png Republican 2011
2 Robert Cowles Ends.png Republican 1987
3 Tim Carpenter Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
4 Lena Taylor Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
5 Leah Vukmir Ends.png Republican 2011
6 Nikiya Harris Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
7 Chris Larson Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
8 Alberta Darling Ends.png Republican 1993
9 Joe Leibham Ends.png Republican 2003
10 Sheila Harsdorf Ends.png Republican 2001
11 Vacant
12 Tom Tiffany Ends.png Republican 2013
13 Scott Fitzgerald Ends.png Republican 1995
14 Luther Olsen Ends.png Republican 2005
15 Tim Cullen Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
16 Mark Miller Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
17 Dale Schultz Ends.png Republican 1991
18 Rick Gudex Ends.png Republican 2013
19 Michael Ellis Ends.png Republican 1983
20 Glenn Grothman Ends.png Republican 2005
21 John Lehman Electiondot.png Democratic 2012
22 Robert Wirch Electiondot.png Democratic 1997
23 Terry Moulton Ends.png Republican 2011
24 Julie Lassa Electiondot.png Democratic 2003
25 Robert Jauch Electiondot.png Democratic 1987
26 Fred Risser Electiondot.png Democratic 1963
27 Jon Erpenbach Electiondot.png Democratic 1999
28 Mary Lazich Ends.png Republican 1999
29 Jerry Petrowski Ends.png Republican 2012
30 Dave Hansen Electiondot.png Democratic 2001
31 Kathleen Vinehout Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
32 Jennifer Shilling Electiondot.png Democratic 2011
33 Paul Farrow Ends.png Republican 2012

Senate committees

The Wisconsin State Senate has the following standing committees:

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wisconsin
Partisan breakdown of the Wisconsin legislature from 1992-2013

From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the Wisconsin State Senate for 11 years while the Republicans were the majority for 11 years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the Wisconsin Senate with all three years being Republican trifectas.

Across the country, there were 541 Democratic and 517 Republican state senates from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Wisconsin, the Wisconsin State Senate and the Wisconsin House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Wisconsin state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Wisconsin state government and the state's State Quality of Life Ranking (SQLI) ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. During the course of the study, Wisconsin experienced both Democratic and Republican trifectas as well as divided governments. The state's SQLI rankings were higher earlier in the study, with its highest ranking, finishing 7th, occurring in 1992, 1995 and 1998 during both Republican trifectas and a divided government. Its lowest ranking, finishing 30th, occurred in 2007 during a divided government. The state's rankings began to improve during the most recent years of the study, finishing 13th in 2012 during a Republican trifecta.

  • SQLI average with Democratic trifecta: 21.00
  • SQLI average with Republican trifecta: 10.00
  • SQLI average with divided government: 17.27
Chart displaying the partisanship of the Wisconsin government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

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References

  1. census.gov, "Population Distribution and Change: 2000 to 2010," accessed May 15, 2014
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001
  3. Wisconsin State Legislature, "Legislative Branch," accessed August 9, 2014
  4. Wisconsin State Legislature, "Wisconsin Legislators," accessed August 9, 2014
  5. Wisconsin Realtors Association, "2014 Election Themes Take Shape," accessed January 14, 2014
  6. Wisconsin State Journal, "With state bitterly divided, Walker promises more moderate agenda," January 7, 2013
  7. Governor Journal, "Recalls Make for Quiet Session," January 16, 2012
  8. Appleton Post Crescent, "Wisconsin legislative agenda influenced by negative effects of recalls," January 16, 2012
  9. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Cullen quits Senate Democratic caucus," July 24, 2012
  10. NBC 15, "Sen. Cullen Leaves Democratic Caucus," July 24, 2012
  11. Wisconsin State Journal, "Cullen rejoins Democratic caucus after getting committee chairmanships," July 27, 2012
  12. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar," December 19, 2011
  13. National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislative Sessions Calendar," December 8, 2010
  14. Wisconsin State Legislature, "Session statistics of the 2009-2010 session of the Wisconsin State Senate," accessed August 9, 2014
  15. National Conference of State Legislatures "State Experiences with Annual and Biennial Budgeting," updated April 2011
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 National Association of State Budget Officers "Budget Processes in the States, Summer 2008," accessed February 21, 2014
  17. Pew Charitable Trusts, "States’ Use of Cost-Benefit Analysis," July 29, 2013
  18. 18.0 18.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  19. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  20. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions," August 14, 2013
  21. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2008 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  22. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2006 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  23. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2004 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  24. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2002 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  25. Follow the Money, "Wisconsin 2000 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  26. Wisconsin Legislature, "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 17.19 (1), Wisconsin Statutes)
  27. Wisconsin Legislature, "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 8.50, Wisconsin Statutes)
  28. Wisconsin Legislature, "Wisconsin Election Law," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 8.50(4)-(d), Wisconsin Statutes)
  29. Wisconsin Legislature, "Wisconsin Redistricting Profile," accessed August 9, 2014
  30. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Wisconsin Profile," accessed August 9, 2014
  31. Northland's News Center, "Minnesota and Wisconsin Both to Keep Eight Seats in House," December 21, 2010
  32. Chicago Tribune, "Democrats cry foul over GOP hiring law firms," January 5, 2011
  33. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Walker allows new legislative mapping, doesn't OK actual maps yet," July 25, 2011
  34. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Parties joust over Wisconsin redistricting plan," July 13, 2011
  35. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Walker signs legislation to redraw district boundaries," August 9, 2011
  36. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin's redistricting trial goes to judges," February 24, 2012
  37. Wisconsin State Journal, "Court strikes down GOP redistricting, orders just 2 districts redrawn," March 22, 2012
  38. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  39. Wisconsin Blue Book, "2011," accessed August 9, 2014
  40. Wisconsin State Legislature, "Wisconsin State Senate Rules," accessed August 9, 2014