Difference between revisions of "Wyoming House of Representatives"

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Revision as of 16:57, 18 April 2014

Wyoming House of Representatives

Seal of Wyoming.png
General Information
Type:   Lower house
Term limits:   None
2014 session start:   February 10, 2014
Website:   Official House Page
Leadership
House Speaker:  Tom Lubnau (R)
Majority Leader:   Kermit Brown, (R)
Minority leader:   Mary Throne, (D)
Structure
Members:  60
  
Length of term:   2 years
Authority:   Art 3, Wyoming Constitution
Salary:   $150/day + per diem
Elections
Last Election:  November 6, 2012 (60 seats)
Next election:  November 4, 2014 (60 seats)
Redistricting:  Wyoming Legislature has control
The Wyoming House of Representatives is the lower house of the Wyoming State Legislature, the state legislature of Wyoming. The Wyoming House includes 60 representatives. Representatives serve a two-year terms with no term limits. Each member represents an average of 9,394 residents, as of the 2010 Census.[1] After the 2000 Census, each member represented approximately 8,230 residents.[2]

As of September 2014, Wyoming is one of 23 Republican state government trifectas.

Sessions

Article III of the Wyoming Constitution establishes when the Wyoming State Legislature, of which the House of Representatives is a part, is to be in session. Sections 6 and 7 of Article III contain the relevant provisions. The Legislature is to convene in regular session for no more than sixty legislative working days every two years, and no more than forty legislative days in any year. In odd-numbered years, the Legislature meets for a general and budget session, beginning on the second Tuesday of January. In even-numbered years, the Legislature meets for a session devoted to budgetary matters.

Section 7 of Article III contains the provisions for convening special sessions of the Legislature. Special sessions can be convened by the proclamation of the Governor of Wyoming, or the Legislature can convene a special session of up to twenty legislative days if the session is requested by a majority of the members of each legislative house.

2014

See also: Dates of 2014 state legislative sessions

In 2014, the Legislature was in session from February 10 through March 7.

Major isues

Major issues in the 2014 legislative session included addressing the state's budget, requiring for-profit hospitals to accept a percentage of charity care, increased school accountability and reforming retirement systems of state agencies.[3]

2013

See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions

In 2013, the Legislature was in session from January 8 through February 27.

Major issues

Major issues in the 2013 legislative session included "opting out" of the Affordable Healthcare Act and Medicaid, a 10-cent fuel tax increase, infrastructure improvements, and reforms to sex crime laws.[4]

2012

See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions

In 2012, the House was in session from February 13 through March 9.

2011

See also: Dates of 2011 state legislative sessions

In 2011, the Legislature was in regular session from January 11 through March 3.[5] The 45 calendar days that the Wyoming Legislature was in session during 2011 is tied with Utah, New Mexico, and Arkansas for the shortest legislative session in the country.[6]

2010

See also: Dates of 2010 state legislative sessions

In 2010, the House convened for its biennial budget session, which lasted from February 8 to March 5.[7]

Ethics and transparency

Following the Money report

See also: Following the Money 2014 Report

The U.S. Public Interest Research Group, a consumer-focused nonprofit organization based in Washington, D.C., released its annual report on state transparency websites in April 2014. The report, entitled "Following the Money," measured how transparent and accountable state websites are with regard to state government spending.[8] According to the report, Wyoming received a grade of C- and a numerical score of 68, indicating that Wyoming was "Middling" in terms of transparency regarding state spending.[8]

Open States Transparency

See also: Open States' Legislative Data Report Card

The Sunlight Foundation released an "Open Legislative Data Report Card" in March 2013. Wyoming was given a grade of C in the report. The report card evaluated how adequate, complete and accessible legislative data is to the general public. A total of 10 states received an A -- Arkansas, Connecticut, Georgia, Kansas, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia and Washington.[9]

Elections

2014

See also: Wyoming House of Representatives elections, 2014

Elections for the office of Wyoming House of Representatives will take place in 2014. A primary election took place on August 19, 2014. The general election will be held on November 4, 2014. The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in this election was May 30, 2014.

2012

See also: Wyoming House of Representatives elections, 2012

Elections for the office of Wyoming House of Representatives were held in Wyoming on November 6, 2012.[10] All 60 seats were up for election.

The signature filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 1, 2012. The primary election day was August 21, 2012.[10]

The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.

2010

See also: Wyoming House of Representatives elections, 2010

Elections for the office of Wyoming's House of Representatives were held in Wyoming on November 2, 2010.

The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was May 28, 2010 (August 23 for independents). The primary election day was August 17, 2010. Representatives serve a two-year terms with no term limits. All members are up for election on even years. Of the 60 seats up for re-election, incumbents ran in 48 of them.

In 2010, the candidates for state house raised a total of $699,577 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were:[11]

2008

See also: Wyoming House of Representatives elections, 2008

Elections for the office of Wyoming House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 19, 2008, and a general election on November 4, 2008.

During the 2008 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $769,992. The top 10 contributors were:[12]

2006

See also: Wyoming House of Representatives elections, 2006

Elections for the office of Wyoming House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 22, 2006, and a general election on November 7, 2006.

During the 2006 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $585,234. The top 10 contributors were:[13]

2004

See also: Wyoming House of Representatives elections, 2004

Elections for the office of Wyoming House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 17, 2004, and a general election on November 2, 2004.

During the 2004 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $622,660. The top 10 contributors were:[14]

2002

See also: Wyoming House of Representatives elections, 2002

Elections for the office of Wyoming House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 20, 2002, and a general election on November 5, 2002.

During the 2002 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $573,771. The top 10 contributors were:[15]

2000

See also: Wyoming House of Representatives elections, 2000

Elections for the office of Wyoming House of Representatives consisted of a primary election on August 22, 2000, and a general election on November 7, 2000.

During the 2000 election, the total contributions to House candidates was $435,098. The top 10 contributors were:[16]

Qualifications

Section 2 of Article 3 of the Wyoming Constitution states, "Senators shall be elected for the term of four (4) years and representatives for the term of two (2) years. The senators elected at the first election shall be divided by lot into two classes as nearly equal as may be. The seats of senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the first two years, and of the second class at the expiration of four years. No person shall be a senator who has not attained the age of twenty-five years, or a representative who has not attained the age of twenty-one years, and who is not a citizen of the United States and of this state and who has not, for at least twelve months next preceding his election resided within the county or district in which he was elected."

Vacancies

See also: How vacancies are filled in state legislatures
How Vacancies are filled in State Legislatures
NevadaMassachusettsColoradoNew MexicoWyomingArizonaMontanaCaliforniaOregonWashingtonIdahoTexasOklahomaKansasNebraskaSouth DakotaNorth DakotaMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaIllinoisWisconsinTennesseeNorth CarolinaIndianaOhioKentuckyPennsylvaniaNew JerseyNew YorkVermontVermontNew HampshireMaineWest VirginiaVirginiaMarylandMarylandConnecticutConnecticutDelawareDelawareRhode IslandRhode IslandMassachusettsNew HampshireMichiganMichiganAlaskaVacancy fulfillment map.png

If there is a vacancy in the senate, the Board of County Commissioners representing the vacant seat must select a replacement. The state central committee of the political party that last held the seat must submit a list of three candidates to the Board of County Commissioners. The party committee must submit the list of candidates within 30 days after the vacancy happened.[17]

The Board of County Commissioners selects the replacement within five days of receiving the list of candidates. The person appointed to the seat serves for the remainder of the unexpired term.[17]

Redistricting

See also: Redistricting in Wyoming

The Wyoming State Legislature is responsible for drafting the new, redistricted maps. The initial drafting usually occurs in the Joint Interim Committee on Corporations, Elections, and Political Subdivisions, and then must pass through both the House of Representatives and the State Senate. The Governor of Wyoming holds veto power over the map.

2010

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, Wyoming's population increased from just under 494,000 to over 563,000.[18] This increase of 14.5 percent was higher than the national average, but Wyoming still had less people than the average size for one Congressional district.[19][20]

The Joint Interim Committee on Corporations, Elections, and Political Subdivisions decided to keep single-member districts and the current configuration of 30 members in the Senate and 60 members in the House.[21] Only 34 of the 90 old House and Senate districts were within the accepted five percent margin of error from the ideal population, suggesting that many districts would have to be reshuffled.[22] After having public hearings, the Committee adopted a complete map in December of 2011, and gave it final approval in January of 2012. The Senate and the House both passed the final map by very wide margins (28-2 in the Senate and 51-8 in the House) and Governor Matt Mead signed the map into law on March 6, 2012.[23][24]

Representatives

Partisan composition

See also: Partisan composition of state houses
Party As of September 2014
     Democratic Party 8
     Republican Party 52
Total 60

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Wyoming State House from 1992-2013.

Partisan composition of the Wyoming State House.PNG

Salaries

See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries

As of 2013, members of the Wyoming Legislature are paid $150/day. Legislators receive $109/day per diem, set by the legislature.[25]

Pension

Wyoming does not provide pensions for legislators.[26]

When sworn in

See also: When state legislators assume office after a general election

Wyoming legislators assume office the first Monday in January following the election.

Leadership

The Speaker of the House is the presiding officer of the body.[27]

Current leadership

Current Leadership, Wyoming House of Representatives
Office Representative Party
State Speaker of the House Tom Lubnau Ends.png Republican
State House Speaker Pro Tempore Rosie Berger Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Floor Leader Kermit Brown Ends.png Republican
State House Majority Whip Timothy Stubson Ends.png Republican
State House Minority Floor Leader Mary Throne Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Whip James Byrd Electiondot.png Democratic
State House Minority Caucus Leader Catherine Connolly Electiondot.png Democratic

Current members

Current members, Wyoming House of Representatives
District Representative Party Assumed office
1 Mark Semlek Ends.png Republican 2003
2 Hans Hunt Ends.png Republican 2011
3 Eric Barlow Ends.png Republican 2013
4 Dan Kirkbride Ends.png Republican 2013
5 Matt Teeters Ends.png Republican 2006
6 Richard Cannady Ends.png Republican 2009
7 Sue Wilson Ends.png Republican 2013
8 Bob Nicholas Ends.png Republican 2011
9 Dave Zwonitzer Ends.png Republican 2007
10 John Eklund, Jr. Ends.png Republican 2011
11 Mary Throne Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
12 Lee Filer Electiondot.png Democratic 2013
13 Cathy Connolly Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
14 Kermit C. Brown Ends.png Republican 2005
15 Donald Burkhart Ends.png Republican 2011
16 Ruth Ann Petroff Ends.png Republican 2011
17 Stephen Watt Ends.png Republican 2013
18 Kathy Davison Ends.png Republican 2005
19 Allen Jaggi Ends.png Republican 2007
20 Albert Sommers Ends.png Republican 2013
21 Robert McKim Ends.png Republican 2009
22 Marti Halverson Ends.png Republican 2013
23 Keith Gingery Ends.png Republican 2005
24 Sam Krone Ends.png Republican 2011
25 Dave Blevins Ends.png Republican 2013
26 Elaine Harvey Ends.png Republican 2003
27 Mike Greear Ends.png Republican 2011
28 Nathan Winters Ends.png Republican 2013
29 John Patton Ends.png Republican 2009
30 Kathy Coleman Ends.png Republican 2012
31 Thomas E. Lubnau, II Ends.png Republican 2005
32 Norine Kasperik Ends.png Republican 2011
33 W. Patrick Goggles Electiondot.png Democratic 2005
34 Rita Campbell Ends.png Republican 2011
35 Kendell Kroeker Ends.png Republican 2011
36 Gerald Gay Ends.png Republican 2011
37 Steve Harshman Ends.png Republican 2003
38 Tom Walters Ends.png Republican 2013
39 Stan Blake Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
40 Mike Madden Ends.png Republican 2007
41 Ken Esquibel Electiondot.png Democratic 2007
42 Lynn Hutchings Ends.png Republican 2013
43 Dan Zwonitzer Ends.png Republican 2005
44 James Byrd Electiondot.png Democratic 2009
45 Matt Greene Ends.png Republican 2011
46 Glenn Moniz Ends.png Republican 2009
47 Jerry Paxton Ends.png Republican 2013
48 Mark Baker Ends.png Republican 2013
49 Garry Piiparinen Ends.png Republican 2013
50 David Northrup Ends.png Republican 2013
51 Rosie Berger Ends.png Republican 2003
52 Troy Mader Ends.png Republican 2014
53 Gregg Blikre Ends.png Republican 2009
54 Lloyd Charles Larsen Ends.png Republican 2013
55 David Miller Ends.png Republican 2001
56 Tim Stubson Ends.png Republican 2009
57 Thomas Lockhart Ends.png Republican 2001
58 Tom Reeder Ends.png Republican 2011
59 Carl Loucks Ends.png Republican 2011
60 John Freeman Electiondot.png Democratic 2011

Standing committees

The Wyoming House has 12 standing committees.

History

Partisan balance 1992-2013

Who Runs the States Project
See also: Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States and Ballotpedia:Who Runs the States, Wyoming
Partisan breakdown of the Wyoming legislature from 1992-2013

Throughout every year from 1992-2013, the Republican Party was the majority in the Wyoming State House of Representatives. The Wyoming House of Representatives is one of nine state Houses that was Republican for more than 80 percent of the years between 1992-2013. Wyoming was under Republican trifectas for the final three years of the study period.

Across the country, there were 577 Democratic and 483 Republican State Houses of Representatives from 1992 to 2013.

Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states had divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.

The chart below shows the partisan composition of the Office of the Governor of Wyoming, the Wyoming State Senate and the Wyoming House of Representatives from 1992-2013. Partisan composition of Wyoming state government(1992-2013).PNG

SQLI and partisanship

The chart below depicts the partisanship of the Wyoming state government and the state's SQLI ranking for the years studied. For the SQLI, the states were ranked from 1-50, with 1 being the best and 50 the worst. Though Wyoming had a number of Republican trifectas during the course of the study, both its highest and lowest rankings occurred during divided governments. In 2007 it finished 24th, and in 2010 it finished 4th, marking a large shift in a short amount of time.

Chart displaying the partisanship of the Wyoming government from 1992-2013 and the State Quality of Life Index (SQLI).

External links

References

  1. Population in 2010 of the American states, accessed November 22, 2013
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, "States Ranked by Population," April 2, 2001. Accessed February 13, 2014
  3. wyofile.com, "Legislature 2014: What you need to know about the budget session," December 3, 2013
  4. Cody Enterprise, "Wyoming Legislature set for ‘wild ride’," January 2, 2013
  5. 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
  6. South Carolina Policy Council "50 State Legislative Session Interactive Map," February 2011
  7. 2010 session dates for Wyoming Legislature
  8. 8.0 8.1 U.S. Public Interest Research Group, "Following the Money 2014 Report," accessed April 15, 2014
  9. Sunlight Foundation, "Ten Principles for Opening Up Government Information," accessed June 16, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 Wyoming Secretary of State, "2012 Election Calendar," retrieved May 14, 2012
  11. Follow the Money: "Wyoming House 2010 Campaign Contributions"
  12. Follow the Money, "Wyoming 2008 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  13. Follow the Money, "Wyoming 2006 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  14. Follow the Money, "Wyoming 2004 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  15. Follow the Money, "Wyoming 2002 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  16. Follow the Money, "Wyoming 2000 Candidates," accessed August 14, 2013
  17. 17.0 17.1 Wyoming Legislature, "Wyoming Election Code," accessed December 18, 2013(Referenced Statute 22-18-111 (iii)-(A))
  18. U.S. Census Bureau, "2010 Census: Wyoming Profile," 2011
  19. Star Tribune, "Committee sticks with current Wyoming Legislature configuration," April 13, 2011
  20. U.S. Census Bureau, "Congressional Apportionment," November 2011
  21. Star Tribune, "Committee sticks with current Wyoming Legislature configuration," April 13, 2011
  22. Wyoming Tribune Eagle "Redistricting process gaining momentum," May 22, 2011
  23. Wyoming Tribune Eagle, "Redistricting plan clears both House and Senate," March 10, 2012
  24. Pinedale Roundup, "Gov. Mead signs redistricting plan into law," March 8, 2012
  25. NCSL.org, "2012 State Legislator Compensation and Per Diem Table," accessed March 18, 2013
  26. USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011
  27. Wyoming House Leadership