Difference between revisions of "Zoe Lofgren"
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Revision as of 12:19, 4 September 2013
|U.S. House, California, District 19|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||20|
|Predecessor||Don Edwards (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 6, 2012|
|First elected||November 8, 1994|
|Next general||November 4, 2014|
|Santa Clara County|
|Bachelor's||Stanford University, 1970|
|J.D.||University of Santa Clara, 1975|
|Date of birth||December 21, 1947|
|Place of birth||San Mateo, CA|
- 1 Career
- 2 Committee assignments
- 3 Issues
- 4 Overview
- 5 National security
- 6 Economy
- 7 Immigration
- 8 Healthcare
- 9 Social issues
- 9.1 Endorsements
- 9.2 Elections
- 9.3 Campaign donors
- 9.4 Analysis
- 9.5 Personal
- 9.6 Recent news
- 9.7 External links
- 9.8 References
Lofgren most recently won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 19th District. She defeated Robert Murray (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012. She was displaced from her former district by redistricting.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lofgren is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
- 1970: Graduated from Stanford University with B.A.
- 1975: Graduated from Santa Clara University School of Law with J.D.
- 1970-1978: Staff Assistant to her predecessor, Rep. Don Edwards
- 1978: First Executive Director of Community Housing Developers
- 1979: Member, Board of Trustees of San Jose-Evergreen Community College District Board
- 1978-1980: Practiced immigration law as partner of Webber & Lofgren
- 1981-1994: Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors
- 1995-Present: U.S Representative from California
Lofgren serves on the following committees:
- United States House Committee on House Administration
- United States House Committee on the Judiciary
- Subcommittee on Courts, Intellectual Property, and the Internet
- Subcommittee on Immigration and Border Security Ranking Member
- United States House Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
- Subcommittee on Energy
- Subcommittee on Research and Science Education
- House Administration Committee
- Subcommittee on Oversight, Ranking Member
- Judiciary Committee
- Subcommittee on Immigration Policy and Enforcement
- Subcommittee on Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet
- Science, Space, and Technology Committee
- Subcommittee on Energy and Environment
- Subcommittee on Investigations and Oversight
American response in Syria
Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013, “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”
The members of Congress believed that Obama should have asked Congress for permission before engaging in Libya. The letter asked, “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, [sic] 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?”
The letter stated, “If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request. We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict."
On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements." The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Lofgren was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.
House Judiciary Committee
Lofgren was first appointed to the House Judiciary Committee in 1999 after she was sworn into her third term in Congress. Lofgren has served on the committee continuously to this date.    
Lofgren's campaign website listed the following issues:
- Health Care
- Excerpt: "Access to affordable, quality health care is a right all Americans deserve. I have spent my entire career working to make that simple statement a reality."
- Excerpt: "It is now clear that systemic flaws in our economy combined with unscrupulous greed on Wall Street very nearly toppled our entire economy. Even now after the initial storm, millions of Americans struggle to support their families."
- Excerpt: "I have had the great privilege of serving on the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors, the San Jose Evergreen Community College District Board, and as a member of Congress. As a result, I’ve been part of both the local and national conversation on education."
- Excerpt: "As an immigration attorney, I understand the frustrations inherent in dealing with our immigration service agencies. "
- Innovation and Technology
- Excerpt: "As a life-long resident of Silicon Valley, I’ve had a front row seat to the birth and expansion of the internet age. The digital world, as it exists today, is a direct result of investments that Americans made decades ago."
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. For more information pertaining to Lofgren's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Lofgren stated the following about Homeland Security on her official website:
"As a founding member of the House Committee on Homeland Security. I’ve consistently worked to balance the needs of our national security with our constitutionally protected rights. While we face certain and real threats, we must not lose sight of the founding principles of our great nation. This philosophy guides my work as a member of the Congress."
National Defense Authorization Act
Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Department of Homeland Security Appropriations
Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Lofgren voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act
Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.
Lofgren stated the following about Economic Recovery on her official website:
"As Congress and the Obama Administration address this economic crisis, I will continue to turn to my constituents for their stories and counsel. I’m confident that we can turn this crisis into an opportunity by investing in our national infrastructure and in our emerging green economy. It’s not going to be an easy journey. It took years of neglect and greed to get us here and it will take time to get us out. But, it’s a journey that we as Americans have successfully made before and can make again.
Lofgren voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257/167 vote on January 1, 2013.
Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination
Lofgren voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Lofgren was 1 of 44 Democrats who supported the bill, while 144 voted against it.
Lofgren stated the following about Immigration on her official website:
"As a member of the Judiciary Subcommittee on Immigration, and Border Security, I’ve pledged to work in a bipartisan manner to achieve practical immigration reform that works for America. Our current immigration system is broken, and I believe that comprehensive reform is the solution. We need to secure our borders, ensure that our laws are enforced, and promote family values with family unification, as well as regularize the status of those who currently live in the shadows. Any plan must also protect American workers, and provide for the legitimate needs of our economy."
Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition
Lofgren voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Lofgren is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If she runs, she will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2014. The general election took place November 4, 2014.
Lofgren won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 19th District as a Democrat. She was displaced from her former district by redistricting. She and Robert Murray (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Phat Nguyen (R) and Jay Blas Jacob Cabrera (Ind). Lofgren went on to defeat Murray in the November 6, 2012, general election.
|U.S. House, California District 19 General Election, 2012|
|Democratic||Zoe Lofgren Incumbent||73.2%||162,300|
|Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
|U.S. House, California District 19 Open Primary, 2012|
|Zoe Lofgren (D) Incumbent||65.2%||60,726|
|Robert Murray (R)||23%||21,421|
|Phat Nguyen (R)||7.7%||7,192|
|Jay Blas Jacob Cabrera (NPP)||4.1%||3,829|
Comprehensive donor information for Lofgren is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Lofgren raised a total of $4,613,720 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.
|Zoe Lofgren's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (California, District 19)||$858,985|
|2010||US House (California, District 16)||$782,100|
|2008||US House (California, District 16)||$797,809|
|2006||US House (California, District 16)||$624,136|
|2004||US House (California, District 16)||$533,196|
|2002||US House (California, District 16)||$494,737|
|2000||US House (California, District 16)||$522,757|
|Grand Total Raised||$4,613,720|
|Zoe Lofgren (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 14, 2013||$575,964.25||$45,240.47||$(49,543.88)||$571,660.84|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$571,660.84||$149,546.50||$(62,821.34)||$658,386.00|
Lofgren won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Lofgren's campaign committee raised a total of $858,985 and spent $626,000. This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Lofgren spent $3.86 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, California District 19, 2012 - Zoe Lofgren Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$13,600|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$8,379|
|Top contributors to Zoe Lofgren's campaign committee|
|Marcus & Millichap||$12,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Securities & Investment||$38,500|
To view the full congressional donor history for Zoe Lofgren, click [show] to expand the section.
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Lofgren most often votes with:
Lofgren least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Lofgren missed 469 of 12,398 roll call votes from January 1995 to March 2013. This amounts to 3.8%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.
Congressional staff salaries
The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lofgren paid her congressional staff a total of $1,154,388 in 2011. She ranked 164th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 34th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lofgren's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $1,018,038 and $2,695,000. That averages to $1,856,519, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2011 of $5,107,874. Her average net worth increased by 19.35% from 2010.
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lofgren's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $796,036 and $2,315,000. That averages to $1,555,518, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lofgren ranked 59th in the liberal rankings in 2012.
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lofgren ranked 75th in the liberal rankings.
Voting with party
Zoe Lofgren voted with the Democratic Party 96.3% of the time, which ranked 56th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.
Lofgren and her husband, John Marshall, have two children.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Zoe + Lofgren + California + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Office website, "About Zoe," accessed August 9, 2013
- CNN "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center"
- California Democratic Party "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," Accessed March 3, 2012
- Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed November 3, 2011
- Zoe Lofgren Campaign website, "Biography," Accessed August 6, 2013
- CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
- Yahoo, "65 Lawmakers Ask Obama to Consult on Syria," accessed August 28, 2013
- Politico, "33 lawmakers: Congress must approve Syria action," accessed August 28, 2013
- Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
- Government Printing Office "Bankruptcy Judgeship Needs", November 2, 1999(See Page II)
- Government Printing Office "Preserving the Integrity of Social Security Numbers and Preventing Their Misuse by Terrorists and Identity Thieves", September 19, 2002(See Page II)
- Government Printing Office "Balanced Budget Amendment", March 6, 2003(See Page ii)
- Government Printing Office "Trademark Dilution Revision Act of 2005", February 17, 2005(See Page ii)
- Government Printing Office "Proposed Immigration Fee Increase", February 14, 2007(See Page ii)
- House Judiciary Committee "109th Congress-Members"
- Campaign website, Issues
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Office website, "Homeland Security," accessed August 27, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on National Security," accessed August 27, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
- Office website, "Economic Recovery," accessed August 28, 2013
- U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
- Wikipedia, "An Act to eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees," accessed August 28, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Budget, Spending and Taxes," accessed August 28, 2013
- Office website, "Immigration," accessed August 28, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed August 28, 2013
- Roll Call, "Gavin Newsom, Zoe Lofgren Take Sides in Crowded House Primary | #CA31," August 19, 2013
- California Democratic Party "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," Accessed March 3, 2012
- California Secretary of State, Official candidate list
- Unofficial election results
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
- Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Zoe Lofgren," Accessed March 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
- 'Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren April Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013
- 'Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren July Quarterly," Accessed July 23, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 3, 2011
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2008 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2006 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2004 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2002 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2000 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
- Gov Track "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed June 7 2013
- OpenCongress, "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed July 31, 2013
- GovTrack, "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed April 2, 2013
- LegiStorm "Zoe Lofgren"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Lofgren, (D-Cali), 2011"
- OpenSecrets.org, "Lofgren, (D-Cali), 2010"
- National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
- National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Biography," accessed August 9, 2013
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