Difference between revisions of "Zoe Lofgren"

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:: ''See also: [[California's 19th congressional district elections, 2014]]''
 
:: ''See also: [[California's 19th congressional district elections, 2014]]''
  
Lofgren is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If she runs, she will seek the Democratic nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
+
Lofgren is set to run for [[U.S. Congress elections, 2014|re-election]] to the [[U.S. House elections, 2014|U.S. House]] in 2014. If she runs, she will compete in the blanket primary election on June 3, 2014. {{Nov2014genelection}}
  
 
===2012===
 
===2012===

Revision as of 13:50, 18 November 2013

Zoe Lofgren
Zoe Lofgren.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 19
Incumbent
In office
1995-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 19
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorDon Edwards (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$3.86 in 2012
First electedNovember 8, 1994
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$4,613,720
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Santa Clara County
1981-1994
Education
Bachelor'sStanford University, 1970
J.D.University of Santa Clara, 1975
Personal
BirthdayDecember 21, 1947
Place of birthSan Mateo, CA
Net worth$1,856,519
ReligionLutheran
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Zoe Lofgren (b. December 21, 1947, in San Mateo, California) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 19th congressional district. Lofgren was first elected to the House in 1994.[1]

Lofgren most recently won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 19th District. She defeated Robert Murray (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[2] She was displaced from her former district by redistricting.[3]

Lofgren is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lofgren is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Lofgren's academic, professional and political career:[4][5]

  • 1970: Graduated from Stanford University with B.A.
  • 1975: Graduated from Santa Clara University School of Law with J.D.
  • 1970-1978: Staff Assistant to her predecessor, Rep. Don Edwards
  • 1978: First Executive Director of Community Housing Developers
  • 1979: Member, Board of Trustees of San Jose-Evergreen Community College District Board
  • 1978-1980: Practiced immigration law as partner of Webber & Lofgren
  • 1981-1994: Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors
  • 1995-Present: U.S Representative from California

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Lofgren serves on the following committees:[6]

2011-2012

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Lofgren's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

More than one hundred House lawmakers signed a letter urging President Barack Obama to call Congress back into session if he planned to use military force in Syria.[9]

Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013, “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”[9][10]

The members of Congress believed that Obama should have asked Congress for permission before engaging in Libya. “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, [sic] 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?” the letter asked.[10]

“If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request. We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict,” stated the letter.[10]

Ninety-eight of the signers of the letter were Republicans. Lofgren was one of 18 Democratic members to sign the letter.[10]

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[10][11] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Lofgren was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[10][11]

National Defense Authorization Act

Voted "No" Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[12]

Department of Homeland Security Appropriations

Voted "No" Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[12]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Lofgren voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[12]

Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act

Voted "No" Lofgren voted in opposition of HR 624 - the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act. The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[13] The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[12]

Economy

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[14] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[15] Lofgren voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funds the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Lofgren voted for HR 2775.[18]

Federal Statutory Pay Adjustment Elimination

Voted "Yes" Lofgren voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Lofgren was 1 of 44 Democrats who supported the bill, while 144 voted against it.[19][20]

Immigration

Morton Memos Enforcement Prohibition

Voted "No" Lofgren voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[21] The vote largely followed party lines.[22]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Voted "No" Lofgren has voted against all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[23]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" Lofgren voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Lofgren voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]

Endorsements

Lofgren endorsed Pete Aguilar in California's 31st district Democratic primary in 2014. The 31st district has been a top target for Democrats since Gary Miller (R) won the seat in 2012.[26]

House Judiciary Committee

Lofgren was first appointed to the House Judiciary Committee in 1999 after she was sworn into her third term in Congress.[27] Lofgren has served on the committee continuously to this date.[28] [29] [30] [31] [32]

Campaign themes

2012

Lofgren's campaign website listed the following issues:[33]

  • Health Care
Excerpt: "Access to affordable, quality health care is a right all Americans deserve. I have spent my entire career working to make that simple statement a reality."
  • Economy
Excerpt: "It is now clear that systemic flaws in our economy combined with unscrupulous greed on Wall Street very nearly toppled our entire economy. Even now after the initial storm, millions of Americans struggle to support their families."
  • Education
Excerpt: "I have had the great privilege of serving on the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors, the San Jose Evergreen Community College District Board, and as a member of Congress. As a result, I’ve been part of both the local and national conversation on education."
  • Immigration
Excerpt: "As an immigration attorney, I understand the frustrations inherent in dealing with our immigration service agencies. "
  • Innovation and Technology
Excerpt: "As a life-long resident of Silicon Valley, I’ve had a front row seat to the birth and expansion of the internet age. The digital world, as it exists today, is a direct result of investments that Americans made decades ago."

Elections

2014

See also: California's 19th congressional district elections, 2014

Lofgren is set to run for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. If she runs, she will compete in the blanket primary election on June 3, 2014. The general election took place November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: California's 19th congressional district elections, 2012

Lofgren won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 19th District as a Democrat.[2] She was displaced from her former district by redistricting.[34] She and Robert Murray (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Phat Nguyen (R) and Jay Blas Jacob Cabrera (Ind). Lofgren went on to defeat Murray in the general election on November 6, 2012.[35][36]

U.S. House, California District 19 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngZoe Lofgren Incumbent 73.2% 162,300
     Republican Robert Murray 26.8% 59,313
Total Votes 221,613
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"


U.S. House, California District 19 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngZoe Lofgren (D) Incumbent 65.2% 60,726
Green check mark transparent.pngRobert Murray (R) 23% 21,421
Phat Nguyen (R) 7.7% 7,192
Jay Blas Jacob Cabrera (NPP) 4.1% 3,829
Total Votes 93,168

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Lofgren is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Lofgren raised a total of $4,613,720 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 22, 2013.[46]

Zoe Lofgren's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (California, District 19) Won $858,985
2010 US House (California, District 16) Won $782,100
2008 US House (California, District 16) Won $797,809
2006 US House (California, District 16) Won $624,136
2004 US House (California, District 16) Won $533,196
2002 US House (California, District 16) Won $494,737
2000 US House (California, District 16) Won $522,757
Grand Total Raised $4,613,720

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Lofgren's reports.[47]

Zoe Lofgren (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[48]April 14, 2013$575,964.25$45,240.47$(49,543.88)$571,660.84
July Quarterly[49]July 15, 2013$571,660.84$149,546.50$(62,821.34)$658,386.00
October Quarterly[50]October 15, 2013$658,386.00$228,648.22$(91,484.59)$795,549.63
Year-End[51]January 31, 2014$795,549$111,681$(58,411)$848,819
April Quarterly[52]April 14, 2014$848,819$129,786$(56,568)$922,037
Pre-Primary[53]May 22, 2014$922,037$51,459$(47,607)$925,889
July Quarterly[54]July 15, 2014$925,889$74,303$(90,025)$910,167
October Quarterly[55]October 15, 2014$910,167$219,718$(156,333)$973,552
Running totals
$1,010,382.19$(612,793.81)
Breakdown of the source of Lofgren's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

2012

Lofgren won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Lofgren's campaign committee raised a total of $858,985 and spent $626,000.[56] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[57]

Cost per vote

Lofgren spent $3.86 per vote received in 2012.

Full history


Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lofgren is a "moderate Democratic leader" as of June 2013.[64]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[65]

Lofgren most often votes with:

Lofgren least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lofgren missed 469 of 12,398 roll call votes from January 1995 to March 2013. This amounts to 3.8%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[66]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lofgren paid her congressional staff a total of $1,154,388 in 2011. She ranked 164th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 34th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, California ranked 5th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[67]

Net worth

See also: Net Worth of United States Senators and Representatives

2011

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lofgren's net worth as of 2011 was estimated between $1,018,038 and $2,695,000. That averages to $1,856,519, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2011 of $5,107,874. Her average net worth increased by 19.35% from 2010.[68]

2010

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lofgren's net worth as of 2010 was estimated between $796,036 and $2,315,000. That averages to $1,555,518, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2010 of $4,465,875.[69]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lofgren ranked 59th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[70]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Lofgren ranked 75th in the liberal rankings.[71]

Voting with party

2013

Lofgren voted with the Democratic Party 96.3% of the time, which ranked 56th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[72]

Personal

Lofgren and her husband, John Marshall, have two children.[73]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Zoe + Lofgren + California + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

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External links

References

  1. Office website, "About Zoe," accessed August 9, 2013
  2. 2.0 2.1 CNN "California Districts Race - 2012 Election Center"
  3. California Democratic Party "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," Accessed March 3, 2012
  4. Biographical Director of the United States Congress "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed November 3, 2011
  5. Zoe Lofgren Campaign website, "Biography," Accessed August 6, 2013
  6. CQ.com - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 Yahoo, "65 Lawmakers Ask Obama to Consult on Syria," accessed August 28, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 Politico, "33 lawmakers: Congress must approve Syria action," accessed August 28, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on National Security," accessed August 27, 2013
  13. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  14. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  18. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Wikipedia, "An Act to eliminate the 2013 statutory pay adjustment for Federal employees," accessed August 28, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Budget, Spending and Taxes," accessed August 28, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed August 28, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Health Care," accessed September 12, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Key Vote," accessed September 12, 2013
  25. U.S. House "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff" Accessed January 4, 2013.
  26. Roll Call, "Gavin Newsom, Zoe Lofgren Take Sides in Crowded House Primary | #CA31," August 19, 2013
  27. Government Printing Office "Bankruptcy Judgeship Needs", November 2, 1999(See Page II)
  28. Government Printing Office "Preserving the Integrity of Social Security Numbers and Preventing Their Misuse by Terrorists and Identity Thieves", September 19, 2002(See Page II)
  29. Government Printing Office "Balanced Budget Amendment", March 6, 2003(See Page ii)
  30. Government Printing Office "Trademark Dilution Revision Act of 2005", February 17, 2005(See Page ii)
  31. Government Printing Office "Proposed Immigration Fee Increase", February 14, 2007(See Page ii)
  32. House Judiciary Committee "109th Congress-Members"
  33. Campaign website, Issues
  34. California Democratic Party "Official California Democratic Party Endorsements," Accessed March 3, 2012
  35. California Secretary of State, Official candidate list
  36. Unofficial election results
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. Open Secrets "Career Fundraising for Zoe Lofgren," Accessed March 22, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission "Zoe Lofgren Summary Report," Accessed July 23, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren October Quarterly," accessed October 21, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren Year-End," accessed February 4, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren Pre-Primary," accessed June 2, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Zoe Lofgren October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  56. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2012 Election Cycle," Accessed February 20, 2013
  57. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," June 19, 2013
  58. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 3, 2011
  59. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2008 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  60. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2006 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  61. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2004 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  62. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2002 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  63. Open Secrets "Zoe Lofgren 2000 Election Cycle," accessed August 6, 2013
  64. Gov Track "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed June 7 2013
  65. OpenCongress, "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed July 31, 2013
  66. GovTrack, "Zoe Lofgren," Accessed April 2, 2013
  67. LegiStorm "Zoe Lofgren"
  68. OpenSecrets.org, "Lofgren, (D-Cali), 2011"
  69. OpenSecrets.org, "Lofgren, (D-Cali), 2010"
  70. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  71. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," February 23, 2012
  72. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  73. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Zoe Lofgren's Biography," accessed August 9, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
Don Edwards
U.S. House - California
1995-Present
Succeeded by
-