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Mike Lee

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Mike Lee
Mike Lee.jpg
U.S. Senate, Utah
Incumbent
In office
2011-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorRobert Bennett (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 2016
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sBrigham Young University
J.D.Brigham Young University School of Law
Personal
BirthdayJune 4, 1971
Place of birthMesa, AZ
Net worth$111,002
ReligionChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Michael Shumway "Mike" Lee (b. June 4, 1971, in Mesa, AZ) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from Utah. Lee was first elected to the Senate in 2010. Prior to his election to the U.S. Senate, Lee served as counsel to Utah Governor John Huntsman.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Lee is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning he can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.

Biography

Lee earned his bachelor's degree from Brigham Young University and his J.D. from Brigham Young University School of Law. After earning his J.D., Lee was a law clerk to 3rd Circuit Court of Appeals Justice Samuel Alito. He the became an assistant U.S. attorney and a law clerk to Alito again as Supreme Court Justice.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Lee's professional and political career:[1]

  • 2011-present: Member of the United States Senate
  • 2005-2006: Counsel to Utah Governor John Huntsman

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Lee serves on the following Senate committees:[2]

2011-12

Lee serves on the following Senate committees:[1]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[3] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Lee's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[4]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Nay3.png Lee voted against the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[5]

Drones filibuster

See also: Rand Paul filibuster of John Brennan's CIA Nomination in March 2013

On March 6, 2013, Senator Rand Paul (R) led a 13-hour filibuster of President Obama's CIA Director nominee, John Brennan. Paul started the filibuster in order to highlight his concerns about the administration's drone policies. In particular, Paul said he was concerned about whether a drone could be used to kill an American citizen within the United States border without any due process involved. Paul and other civil liberties activists were critical of President Obama for not offering a clear response to the question. A total of 14 senators joined Paul in the filibuster -- 13 Republicans and one Democrat.[6][7][8]

Lee was 1 of the 13 Republican senators who joined Paul in his filibuster.[9][10]

According to the website Breitbart, 30 Republican senators did not support the filibuster.[11][12]

The day after the filibuster, Attorney General Eric Holder sent a letter to Paul, responding to the filibuster. Holder wrote, "Does the president have the authority to use a weaponized drone to kill an American not engaged in combat on U.S. soil? The answer to that is no."[13]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[14] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Lee voted with 22 other Republican senators against the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Lee voted with 25 other Republican members against the bill.[16][17]

Paul Ryan Budget Proposal

Nay3.png In March 2013 the U.S. Senate soundly rejected a balanced budget plan by House Budget Committee chair Paul Ryan (R).[19] Five Republicans joined every Democrat present to kill the measure, which failed on a 40-59 vote.[19]

Lee was one of the five Senate Republicans who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.[19]

The proposed budget would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period.[20]

Some tea party members of the GOP opposed the measure because of its reliance on $600 billion-plus in tax revenues on the wealthy enacted in January 2013, in order to balance the budget.[19] Others in the Senate opposed the Ryan plan because of cuts from safety net programs for the poor and the inclusion of a plan to turn the Medicare program for the elderly into a voucher-like system for future beneficiaries born in 1959 or later.[19]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Nay3.png Lee voted against H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[21]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Lee voted with the Republican Party against the bill.[23]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Yea3.png Lee voted for Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[24]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Nay3.png Lee voted against S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[25]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Nay3.png Lee voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of five Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[26]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Lee's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Lee is a Hard-Core Conservative. Lee received a score of 17 percent on social issues and 90 percent on economic issues.[27]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[28]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[27]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Mike Lee endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [29]

Endorsement from Ted Cruz

Despite a pledge to steer clear of endorsing incumbents, Ted Cruz financially backed a handful of Senate Republicans.[30] Cruz’s leadership political action committee, Jobs Growth and Freedom Fund, made only five donations in the first six months of its existence, and all of those dollars went to incumbents. On May 10, 2013, according to Federal Election Commission records, Cruz made a $2,500 donation to Lee.[30]

Anti-Obamacare rally

Senators Ted Cruz, Rand Paul and Mike Lee, who lead calls in the Senate to defund Obamacare in spending bills, headlined a September 10, 2013, "Exempt America from Obamacare" event, organized by Tea Party Patriots and ForAmerica, along with other conservative groups.[31]

"Democrats will stop at nothing to protect the president’s signature legislation, and too many Republicans are afraid to fight,” rally organizers wrote.[31] They also criticized the Office of Personnel Management rule allowing the federal government to continue subsidizing health plans for lawmakers and their aides.[31] “Even Big Government is getting a carve out now,” they wrote.[31]

The rally occurred after 80 House members signed a letter in August 2013, calling on Congress to defund the health care law in future fiscal battles.[31]

Elections

2010

On November 2, 2010, Lee won election to the U.S. Senate, defeating Sam F. Granato (D) and Scott N. Bradley (Constitution).[32]

U.S. Senate, Utah, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMike Lee 61.6% 360,403
     Democratic Sam F. Granato 32.8% 191,732
     Constitution Scott N. Bradley 5.7% 33,095
Total Votes 585,230

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Lee is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Lee raised a total of $1,710,429 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 25, 2013.[33]

Mike Lee's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2010 U.S. Senate (Utah) Won $1,710,429
Grand Total Raised $1,710,429
Breakdown of the source of Lee's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Lee won election to the U.S. Senate in 2010. During that election cycle, Lee's campaign committee raised a total of $1,710,429 and spent $1,650,993.[34]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Lee's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $52,004 to $170,000. That averages to $111,002, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican Senate members in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Lee ranked as the 95th most wealthy senator in 2012.[35] Between 2009 and 2012, Lee‘s calculated net worth[36] increased by an average of 10 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[37]

Mike Lee Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$86,151
2012$111,002
Growth from 2009 to 2012:29%
Average annual growth:10%[38]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[39]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Lee is a "far-right Republican," as of August 2014.[40] This was the same rating Lee received in July 2013.[41]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[42]

Lee most often votes with:

Lee least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Lee missed 31 of 1,033 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 3.0 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[43]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Lee paid his congressional staff a total of $1,693,693 in 2011. He ranked 8th on the list of the lowest paid Republican senatorial staff salaries and ranked 8th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Utah ranked 43rd in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[44]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Lee ranked 7th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[45]

2012

Lee ranked 7th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[46]

2011

Lee ranked 22nd in the conservative rankings in 2011.[47]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Lee voted with the Republican Party 79.5 percent of the time, which ranked 40th among the 45 Senate Republican members as of August 2014.[48]

2013

Lee voted with the Republican Party 80 percent of the time, which ranked 41st among the 46 Senate Republican members as of June 2013.[49]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Mike + Lee + Utah + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Mike Lee News Feed

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Personal

Lee and his wife, Sharon, have three children.[1]

See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Michael Lee


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "Mike Lee," accessed July 3, 2013
  2. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  3. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  5. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  6. CNN, "Rand Paul says he's heard from White House after filibuster," March 7, 2013
  7. USA Today, "Rand Paul filibuster ranks among Senate's longest," March 7, 2013
  8. ABC News, "Rand Paul Wins Applause From GOP and Liberals," March 7, 2013
  9. The Blaze, "Here Are All the GOP Senators That Participated in Rand Paul’s 12+ Hour Filibuster… and the Ones Who Didn’t," March 7, 2013
  10. Los Angeles Times, "Sen. Rand Paul ends marathon filibuster of John Brennan," March 7, 2013
  11. Breitbart, "AWOL: Meet The GOP Senators Who Refused to Stand With Rand," March 7, 2013
  12. Politico, "Rand Paul filibuster blasted by Sens. John McCain, Lindsey Graham," March 7, 2013
  13. Washington Post, "Eric Holder responds to Rand Paul with ‘no’," March 7, 2013
  14. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 19.4 CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  20. Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  26. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 On The Issues, "Lee Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  28. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  29. The Salt Lake Tribune, "Utah’s Sen. Mike Lee urges GOP to back Romney," March 25, 2012
  30. 30.0 30.1 Washington Post, "Cruz backed Cornyn, other incumbents, despite no-endorsement pledge," accessed August 26, 2013
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 31.3 31.4 Politico, "Rand Paul, Ted Cruz plan anti-Obamacare rally," accessed August 27, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. Open Secrets, "Donor history for Mike Lee," accessed April 25, 2013
  34. Open Secrets, "2010 Race: Utah Senate," accessed November 23, 2011
  35. OpenSecrets, "Lee, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  36. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  37. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  38. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  39. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  40. GovTrack, "Mike Lee," accessed July 3, 2013
  41. GovTrack, "Mike Lee," accessed July 3, 2013
  42. OpenCongress, "Mike Lee," accessed August 27, 2014
  43. GovTrack, "Lee," accessed August 27, 2014
  44. LegiStorm, "Mike Lee," accessed August 6, 2012
  45. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," August 27, 2014
  46. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  47. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
  48. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  49. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Bob Bennett
U.S. Senate - Utah
2011-Present
Succeeded by
-