Tom Reed

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Tom Reed
Tom Reed.jpg
U.S. House, New York, District 23
Incumbent
In office
November 2, 2010-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 4
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBill Owens (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$14.58 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$3,190,359
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Mayor of Corning, New York
2007-2010
Education
Bachelor'sAlfred University
J.D.Ohio Northern University College of Law
Personal
BirthdayNovember 18, 1971
Place of birthJoliet, Illinois
ProfessionAttorney, Businessman
Net worth$497,504.50
ReligionRoman Catholic
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Thomas W. Reed III (b. November 18, 1971, in Joliet, IL) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing New York's 23rd Congressional District. Reed was first elected to the House in 2010 and is currently serving his second consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012. Before redistricting in 2012, Reed had previously served the now defunct 29th District.

Reed was a 2014 Republican, Conservative and Independence Party candidate seeking re-election to the U.S. House to represent the 23rd Congressional District of New York.[1] Reed ran unopposed for all three nominations in the primary on June 24, 2014. He defeated Democratic and Working Families candidate Martha Robertson in the November general election.[2]

Prior to being elected to the House, Reed served as mayor of Corning, New York.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Reed is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Reed was born in Joliet, Illinois. He earned a B.A. from Alfred University in 1993 and a J.D. from Ohio Northern University College of Law in 1996.[4]

Career

After earning his degrees, Reed worked as an attorney and businessman. He served as the mayor of Corning, New York, from 2007-2010.[5]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Reed serves on the following committees:[6]

  • Ways and Means Committee
    • Subcommittee on Human Resources
    • Subcommittee on Oversight
    • Subcommittee on Select Revenue Measures

2011-2012

Reed served on the following committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Reed's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Reed voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Reed voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.png Reed voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Reed voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]

Economy

Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Reed voted for the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[12] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[13]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[14] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[15] Reed voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[16]

Nay3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[17] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Reed voted against HR 2775.[18]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Reed voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[19] The vote largely followed party lines.[20]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Reed has supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[21]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Reed supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[22]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[23] Reed joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[24][25]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Reed voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[26]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Tom Reed's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Reed is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Reed received a score of 37 percent on social issues and 78 percent on economic issues.[27]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[28]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Unknown Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Unknown
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Unknown Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Unknown Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[27]

Campaign themes

2014

Reed listed the following themes on his campaign website:[29]

  • Jobs/Economy: Small businesses, particularly in the Southern Tier and Finger Lakes, are the primary employers and job creators. They are the key to ensuring our economic recovery – that’s why Tom has introduced the bipartisan Revitalize American Manufacturing and Innovation Act, which creates a network of regional institutes to create jobs and make the U.S. a leader in manufacturing again, while also working to provide regulatory relief for small business.
  • National Debt: The United States is more than $17 trillion in debt. As our debt grows, so does the amount we pay in interest to the debt. Those interest payments will mean cuts to vital services and commitments if allowed to balloon out of control. Tom is fighting to balance the budget and force Washington to make responsible decisions in government spending. In 2012, Tom began an initiative to spotlight taxpayer dollars being frittered away by federal agencies. The program has highlighted more than $14 billion in waste thus far.
  • Healthcare: Obamacare is more than a broken website, it’s a failed solution to spiraling healthcare costs. It has led to cancelled insurance policies and job losses. Tom believes in a more patient-centered solution to our health care challenges that will empower patients and doctors, not insurance carriers and government bureaucrats. Tom believes in reforms that ensure all Americans, regardless of pre-existing conditions and past illnesses, get coverage at affordable prices. Tom has worked to highlight the over 700 billion dollars that was robbed from Medicare to pay for Obamacare, and believes very strongly in protecting the promise made to senior citizens.
  • 2nd Amendment: Tom believes in the fundamental right to keep and bear arms, recognized by our Founding Fathers and expressly protected by the U.S. Constitution.. The New York SAFE Act is an example of over-reach at a state level that motivates Tom at the Federal level. Tom doesn’t support the SAFE Act and will stand firmly in protecting our Second Amendment rights and fight the many one-size-fits-all proposals out of Washington.
  • Taxes: Tom is a member of the Ways and Means Committee and is fighting to enact real tax reform, and address a 70,000-page tax code that hasn’t seen comprehensive reform since 1986. Taxpayers deserve a simpler, fairer tax code that closes loopholes and puts everyone on a level playing field. Tax reform would save a typical family in the Southern Tier and Finger Lakes an average of $600 annually.
  • Veterans: Tom’s father was a decorated Army officer who served in World War II and Korea. Issues affecting our veterans are a top priority for Tom and he is committed to providing our servicemen and women, along with their families, the care they deserve. Tom has a staff member dedicated to veteran’s issues and is committed to fixing the VA to improve care and give veterans more choices when it comes to health care. The recent scandal involving systemic problems within the VA are unacceptable, and Tom will push for greater transparency and quality of care within the department.

[30]

—Tom Reed, Campaign website (archive)

Elections

2014

BattlegroundRace.jpg
See also: New York's 23rd Congressional District elections, 2014

The 23rd Congressional District of New York held an election for the U.S. House of Representatives on November 4, 2014. Incumbent Tom Reed (R) defeated Martha Robertson (D) in the November general election.

Reed ran on the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party tickets, while Robertson ran on the Democratic and Working Families Party tickets. Neither Reed nor Robertson faced competitors in the primary on June 24, 2014.

New York's 23rd was considered a battleground district in 2014. The district voted Republican in 2012, but by a small margin, with President Barack Obama (D) losing the district by 1.2 percent and Reed winning U.S. House race by a mere 3.6 percent margin of victory.

U.S. House, New York District 23 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Reed Incumbent 59.9% 107,596
     Democratic Martha Robertson 36.6% 65,721
     N/A Blank 3.4% 6,187
     N/A Void 0% 70
     N/A Write-in 0.1% 120
Total Votes 179,694
Source: New York State Board of Elections Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

Race background

Reed was a member of the National Republican Congressional Committee's Patriot Program. The program was designed to assist vulnerable Republican incumbents in the 2014 election cycle.[31]

Endorsements

Reed was endorsed by the following:

  • The U.S. Chamber of Commerce[32]
  • The Chemung County Republican Committee[33]
  • The Seneca County Republican Committee[34]
  • The Tompkins County Republican Committee[35]
  • The Ontario County Republican Committee[36]

Media

  • In January 2014, Reed released an internet video promoting his 2014 re-election campaign.[37]

Reed 2014 campaign ad

2012

See also: New York's 23rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Reed won re-election in 2012, but due to New York's redistricting, he ran in the newly drawn 23rd District.[38] He was unopposed in the Republican, Conservative and Independence Party primaries and defeated Nate Shinagawa (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[39][40]

U.S. House, New York District 23 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Reed Incumbent 49.2% 137,669
     Democratic Nate Shinagawa 45.6% 127,535
     N/A Blank/Void/Scattering 5.2% 14,592
Total Votes 279,796
Source: New York State Board of Elections "U.S. House of Representatives Results"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Reed attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Reed is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Reed raised a total of $3,190,359 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 23, 2013.[42]

Tom Reed's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 23) Won $2,107,794
2010 U.S. House of Representatives (New York, District 29) Won $1,082,565
Grand Total Raised $3,190,359


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Individual breakdown

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Reed’s reports.[43]

Tom Reed (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[44]May 16, 2013$115,517.97$229,008.61$(97,935.81)$246,590.77
July Quarterly[45]July 15, 2013$246,590.77$450,719.64$(157,344.31)$539,966.10
October Quarterly[46]October 15, 2013$539,966.10$554,293.68$(182,377.52)$911,882.26
Year-End Quarterly[47]December 31, 2013$911,882$242,669$(246,548)$918,446
April Quarterly[48]April 15, 2014$918,446.68$392,247.37$(235,234.36)$1,075,459.69
Pre-Primary[49]June 12, 2014$1,075,459.69$321,781.06$(235,485.95)$1,161,754.80
July Quarterly[50]July 14, 2014$1,161,754.80$341,187.36$(228,636.37)$1,274,305.79
October Quarterly[51]October 15, 2014$1,274,305.79$669,173.64$(1,024,088.11)$919,391.32
Pre-General[52]October 23, 2014$919,391.32$112,837.80$(465,261.04)$566,968.08
Running totals
$3,313,918.16$(2,872,911.47)

2012

Reed won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Reed's campaign committee raised a total of $2,107,794 and spent $2,006,454.[53]

Cost per vote

Reed spent $14.58 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Reed was elected to the U.S. House in 2010 during a special election. His campaign committee raised a total of $1,082,565 and spent $1,045,658.[54]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Reed's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $220,010 and $774,999. That averages to $497,504.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Reed ranked as the 267th most wealthy representative in 2012.[55] Between 2009 and 2012, Reed's calculated net worth[56] decreased by an average of 22 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Tom Reed Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$1,475,258
2012$497,504
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-66%
Average annual growth:-22%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Reed received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Securities & Investment industry.

From 2009-2014, 27.1 percent of Reed's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[60]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Tom Reed Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $5,734,709
Total Spent $4,440,278
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Securities & Investment$414,717
Oil & Gas$293,919
Insurance$289,001
Leadership PACs$287,005
Real Estate$269,252
% total in top industry7.23%
% total in top two industries12.36%
% total in top five industries27.1%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Reed is a "moderate Republican leader" as of August 2014.[61] Reed was rated as a "rank-and-file Republican" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[62]

Reed most often votes with:

Hanna least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Reed missed 65 of 2,811 roll call votes from November 2010 to August 2014. This amounts to 2.3 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[61]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Reed paid his congressional staff a total of $861,003 in 2011. Overall, New York ranked 28th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[63]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Reed was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Reed's staff was given an apparent $14,750.00 in bonus money.[64]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Reed ranked 205th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[65]

2012

Reed ranked 159th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[66]

2011

Reed ranked 179th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[67]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Reed voted with the Republican Party 91.7 percent of the time, which ranked 190th among the 234 House Republican members as of August 2014.[68]

2013

Reed voted with the Republican Party 88.8 percent of the time, which ranked 206th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[69]

Personal

Reed and his wife Jean live with their children, Autumn and Will, in Corning, New York.[70]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tom + Reed + New York + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Tom Reed News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. New York Board of Elections, "Candidate Petition List," accessed April 17, 2014
  2. Associated Press, "New York - Summary Vote Results," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "REED, Thomas W. II, (1971 - )"
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "REED, Thomas W. II, (1971 - )"
  5. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "REED, Thomas W. II, (1971 - )"
  6. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. Congressman Tom Reed, 29th District, New York, "Committees"
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Reed's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 10, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. Vote Smart, "Reed on agriculture," accessed October 10, 2013
  13. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  14. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  15. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  18. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Reed's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 10, 2013
  21. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Reed's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 10, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Reed on abortion," accessed October 10, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  24. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  25. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  27. 27.0 27.1 On The Issues, "Tom Reed Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  28. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  29. Tom Reed for Congress, "Issues," accessed October 7, 2014
  30. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  31. Roll Call, "House GOP Adds 9 Vulnerable Incumbents to Patriot Program," July 21, 2013
  32. Tom Reed for Congress, "Release: Reed Receives US Chamber of Commerce Endorsement," accessed May 19, 2014
  33. Tom Reed for Congress, "Release: Reed Receives Chemung County Republican Committee Endorsement," accessed May 19, 2014
  34. Tom Reed for Congress, "Release: Reed Receives Seneca County Republican Committee Endorsement," accessed May 19, 2014
  35. Tom Reed for Congress, "Release: Reed Receives Tompkins County Republican Committee Endorsement," accessed May 19, 2014
  36. Tom Reed for Congress, "Release: Reed Receives Ontario County Republican Committee Endorsement," accessed May 19, 2014
  37. YouTube, "Make a Difference," accessed May 26, 2014
  38. Jamestown Post-Journal, "Tom Reed Kicks Off Re-Election Campaign," May 1, 2012
  39. AP/CSPAN "New York-Summary Vote Report," June 26, 2012
  40. Politico, "2012 Election Map, New York," accessed November 7, 2012
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for tom Reed" March 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed Summary Report," accessed July 30, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed April Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed July Quarterly," accessed July 30, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 13, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed April Quarterly," accessed April 28, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed Pre-Primary," accessed October 31, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed July Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed October Quarterly," accessed October 31, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Reed Pre-General," accessed October 31, 2014
  53. Open Secrets, "Tom Reed 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 1, 2013
  54. Open Secrets, "Tom Reed 2010 Election Data," accessed December 28, 2011
  55. OpenSecrets.org, "Tom Reed (R-NY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  56. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Tom Reed," accessed September 26, 2014
  61. 61.0 61.1 GovTrack, "Tom Reed," accessed August 12, 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Tom Reed," accessed August 12, 2014
  63. LegiStorm, "Tom Reed," accessed October 1, 2012
  64. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  65. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed August 12, 2014
  66. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed March 7, 2013
  67. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  68. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  70. Congressman Tom Reed, 29th District, New York, "Biography"
Political offices
Preceded by
Bill Owens
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 23
2013–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
Eric Massa
U.S. House of Representatives - New York District 29
2010–2013
Succeeded by
Now Defunct
Preceded by
'
Mayor of Corning, New York
2007-2010
Succeeded by
'