Sean Parnell

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Sean Parnell
Sean Parnell.png
Governor of Alaska
Former officeholder
In office
July 26, 2009 - December 1, 2014
PredecessorSarah Palin (R)
Base salary$145,000
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$1,329,268
Term limits2 consecutive terms
Prior offices
Lieutenant Governor of Alaska
Alaska State Senate
1997 - 2001
Alaska House of Representatives
1993 - 1997
High schoolEast Anchorage High School (1980)
Bachelor'sPacific Lutheran University (1984)
J.D.University of Puget Sound Law School (1987)
Date of birthNovember 19, 1962
Place of birthHanford, California
Office website
Campaign website
Sean R. Parnell (b. November 19, 1962, Hanford, California) is the former Republican Governor of Alaska. Parnell, formerly the lieutenant governor, succeeded Sarah Palin (R) following her resignation in July 2009. Parnell ran for and won election to a full term as governor on November 2, 2010, easily defeating former state Rep. Ethan A. Berkowitz (D).[1]

Parnell ran for re-election in 2014. After first considering a congressional bid, he announced his decision to seek a second term as governor on May 3, 2013. The general election took place November 4, 2014.[2][3] Sean Parnell lost the general election on November 4, 2014.

Parnell practiced law for 13 years in the private sector prior to entering politics. He was first elected to the Alaska House of Representatives in 1992. He served in the body until 1996, when he won election to the Alaska State Senate, serving through 2000.[4] Running for Congress in 2008, Parnell narrowly lost the Republican primary to Don Young by 304 votes.[5]

An analysis of Republican governors by Nate Silver of the New York Times in April 2013 ranked Parnell as the 14th most conservative governor in the country.[6]


Parnell is a native of Hanford, California, but his family relocated to Alaska in 1973 after his father was stationed at Fort Richardson. Parnell was 10 years old when they moved. His father, Kevin Parnell, ran against legendary Alaska politician Don Young as a Democrat in 1980. That same year, Parnell graduated from East Anchorage High School. An attorney by training, he attended Pacific Lutheran University (B.B.A. 1984) and University of Puget Sound School of Law (J.D. 1987). He is admitted to the bar in both Alaska and Washington, D.C..[1]

Parnell spent time working with Conoco Phillips Alaska after leaving the state legislature. In 2005, he moved to lobbying firm Patton Boggs, where he specialized in state and federal regulation of energy industries. At the end of 2006, Parnell took a job with Alaska’s Division of Oil and Gas, which he left upon his election as lieutenant governor. He was acting as an adviser to then-Governor Murkowski on Alaska's North Slope when he entered and won the lieutenant gubernatorial primary in 2006.[1]


  • East Anchorage High School
  • B.B.A Pacific Lutheran University (1984)
  • J.D. Puget Sound School of Law (1987)

Political career

Governor of Alaska (2009-2014)

Upon former Gov. Sarah Palin's resignation in 2009, Parnell, as lieutenant governor, took her place as Alaska's chief executive official. He was Alaska's 10th governor and successfully sought election to a full term of office in 2010.[1] Parnell was defeated for re-election in 2014.


Job creation ranking

In a June 2013 analysis by The Business Journals, which ranked 45 of the country's 50 governors by their job creation records, Parnell was ranked number 16. The five governors omitted from the analysis all assumed office in 2013. The ranking was based on a comparison of the annual private sector growth rate in all 50 states using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.[7][8]

More Alaska Production Act

In March 2013, the Finance Committee of the Republican-controlled Alaska State Senate presented an updated version of a bill by Parnell to remove the progressive tax system on oil production for the purpose of increasing stability, encouraging new development and simplifying international trade.[9] Parnell's original plan for what later became known as the More Alaska Production Act called for oil producers to be taxed at a flat base rate of 25 percent. The Finance committee then drafted a version of Senate Bill 21 prescribing a rate of 30 percent, five percent less than an earlier proposal by the Resources Committee, but five percent more than Parnell's initial proposal. The bill would also give a $5 credit for each barrel of oil produced, as well as maintain the 20 percent tax break for new oil development known as a gross revenue exclusion. However, the exclusion would also apply to new oil from already-developed "legacy" fields.[10][11]

Democrats argued that the Parnell plan would not necessarily bring increased production, and that tax breaks should come after new investment. Bill Wielechowski said that the bill represented a "giveaway" to existing producers such as BP, Exxon and ConocoPhillips. Industry figures had mixed opinions of the first two versions of the bill, praising the flat system, but not a base tax increase and a plan to limit the gross revenue exclusion to new fields. Legislative consultant Janak Meyer said that the Finance version would increase the state's competitiveness.[11][12]

Parnell signed the More Alaska Production Act into law on May 21, 2013. The final version included an increased base tax rate of 35 percent, 10 percent higher than the rate Parnell initially proposed.[13]

Parnell appointments

While serving as an appointed governor, Parnell left Sarah Palin's appointees largely intact. Upon his election to a full term in the office, he stated his intention to make significant changes; Alaska's Constitution grants the governor very broad powers to appoint positions, including some that are elected by the citizens in most states.

Parnell asked for some resignations and told other key officials they could submit an application to be considered for his administration, but that they should not automatically expect to continue in the post they had prior to the election.[14]

The first confirmed departure from the governor's office was Department of Fish and Game chief, Denby Lloyd. Parnell noted that his plans to shake up his staff were as much to allow people who wished to take other opportunities to do too so as to form his own administration team.

Lieutenant Governor (2006-2009)

Parnell took office as Lieutenant Governor in 2006 with Governor Sarah Palin.

Alaska State Legislature (1992-2000)

In 1992 Parnell was elected to the Alaska House of Representatives. He served as a member of the House Finance Committee and chaired numerous budget subcommittees. He served in the House for two terms.

Parnell was elected to a seat in the Alaska State Senate in 1996, and served there through 2000. He served on and later co-chaired the Finance Committee as well as being a member of the Energy Council.[15][1]

On The Issues Vote Match

Sean Parnell's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Parnell is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Parnell received a score of 37 percent on social issues and 80 percent on economic issues.[16]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[17]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Unknown Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Unknown
Vouchers for school choice Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Unknown
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: April 19, 2015.[16] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.



See also: Alaska Gubernatorial election, 2014 and United States Congress elections, 2014

Parnell ran for re-election as Governor of Alaska in 2014.[2] He easily won the Republican nomination in the primary on August 19, 2014, and faced Bill Walker, Carolyn "Care" Clift (Libertarian) and J.R. Myers (Alaska Constitution Party) in the general election.[18] The general election took place November 4, 2014.


Primary election
Governor of Alaska Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngSean Parnell Incumbent 75.9% 80,903
Russ Millette 10.6% 11,296
Brad Snowden 9.9% 10,594
Gerald L. "Tap" Heikes 3.6% 3,855
Total Votes 106,648
Election Results via Alaska Division of Elections.

General election
Governor and Lieutenant Governor of Alaska, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Independent Green check mark transparent.pngBill Walker/Byron Mallott 48.1% 134,658
     Republican Sean Parnell/Dan Sullivan Incumbent 45.9% 128,435
     Libertarian Carolyn "Care" Clift/Andrew C. Lee 3.2% 8,985
     Constitution J.R. Myers/Maria Rensel 2.5% 6,987
     Nonpartisan Write-in votes 0.3% 893
Total Votes 279,958
Election Results via Alaska Division of Elections.

Race background

  • May 3, 2013: Incumbent Sean Parnell (R) announces bid for re-election as Alaska Governor
  • October 20, 2013: Alaska Democratic Party's central committee votes unanimously to back Democratic candidate Byron Mallott, the party's earliest ever gubernatorial endorsement vote
  • August 19, 2014: Parnell re-nominated in Republican primary; Mallott wins ADL primary
  • August 19, 2014: Alaska Constitution Party candidate J.R. Myers certified to appear on ballot
  • September 1, 2014: Alaska Democratic Party's central committee votes 89-2 to reject the Mallott-led Democratic gubernatorial ticket; forms "Alaska First Unity Ticket" led by Bill Walker (I), with Mallott as Lt. Gov.
  • September 17, 2014: Alaska Republican Party district chair files lawsuit against state election authorities for allowing ticket merger
  • September 26, 2014: Unity ticket upheld by Alaska Superior Court Judge John Suddock
  • October 21, 2014: Former Republican Gov. Sarah Palin endorses independent unity ticket of Walker and Mallott
  • November 14, 2014: Walker and Mallott are declared the winners of the heavily contested race, 10 days after the general election.

Republican incumbent Gov. Sean Parnell was first elected in 2010 and sought a second term in 2014. Parnell considered a bid for Congress in the 2014 electoral cycle, but ultimately settled on running for re-election as governor, announcing his decision in May 2013.[19] By the following May, Parnell appeared to be in strong standing for re-election. A Public Policy Poll showed the incumbent leading three potential general election opponents by at least 10 points, while The Cook Political Report released another round of 2014 governors race ratings and labeled the Alaska Governor seat as "Solid Republican" under Parnell.[20] Parnell ultimately lost the November 4 general election to Republican-turned-Independent Bill Walker. The outcome of the close gubernatorial race remained unknown 10 days after the polls closed as additional ballots were counted.[21]

Parnell defeated three challengers - Gerald L. "Tap" Heikes, Russ Millette and Brad Snowden - to secure the Republican Party's re-nomination in the August 19 primary. The Democratic-Libertarian-Independence (or "ADL") primary ballot included Democrats Byron Mallott and Phil Stoddard, as well as uncontested Libertarian nominee Carolyn "Care" Clift. Mallott received the highest number of votes in the ADL primary, and was set to advance as the Democratic nominee to the general election along with Parnell, Clift, Bill Walker (independent) and J.R. Myers (Alaska Constitution Party), until a ticket merger with Walker relegated him to the lieutenant governor spot.[22][23]

Republican, Democratic, Alaskan Independence and Libertarian Party candidates do not need to petition to appear on the ballot in Alaska.[24] Alaska Constitution Party Chairman J.R. Myers, the party's first viable candidate for governor since its establishment in 2010, succeeded in submitting the required 3,017 valid petition signatures by August 19 for a place on the November ballot. If he earned a minimum of 3 percent of the 2014 general election vote, the Constitution Party would have been reclassified from a political group to a political party and shared the same ballot access privileges as the existing four qualified parties. The Alaska Constitution Party was previously affiliated with the Alaskan Independence Party, of which Myers served two years as vice chairman. Myers garnered 2.5 percent of the vote by the end of the vote count, falling short of the minimum threshold.[25][26]

Fusion ticket

Weeks after the primary, the State Democratic Party's central committee voted 89-2 to reject the Mallott-led Democratic gubernatorial ticket and instead supported an alternative "fusion" ticket pairing Mallott with independent gubernatorial candidate Bill Walker.[27] The spontaneous formation of the Walker/Mallott "Alaska First Unity Ticket" caused a dramatic shakeup of the general election tickets for both governor and lieutenant governor, since it necessitated the withdrawal of two qualified candidates, Democratic lieutenant gubernatorial nominee Hollis French and Walker's original running mate Craig Fleener, who resigned from his post as state deputy fish and game commissioner to run with Walker.[28] Walker and Mallott won the general election by a 2 percent margin.

Almost one year prior to the shuffle, the Alaska Democratic Party voted unanimously to back Mallott for governor. The party stated that Mallott's was their earliest ever gubernatorial endorsement vote, citing the members' approval of the candidate's "public service, business experience and 'progressive' values."[29] Though eventually stripped of the Democratic nomination and demoted to the lieutenant governor slot, Mallott, chose to retain his membership with the party through the merger, an option not afforded to Walker, who was forced to relinquish his Republican Party registration.[30]

One of the driving forces behind the ticket merger was the Alaska AFL-CIO's decision to boycott the three-way governor's race, echoing the popular complaint among Parnell opponents that the overcrowded arrangement essentially rigged the election in favor of the incumbent.[27] The AFL-CIO, which is a leading contributor to campaigns in Alaska and nationwide, implied it would get involved if circumstances presented a fair fight against Parnell in November, and indeed went on to support the newly formed ticket.


Soon after state election chief Lt. Gov. Mead Treadwell and the Alaska Division of Elections granted permission for the campaigns to join forces on September 2, Steven Strait, a district chair for the Alaska Republican Party, filed a lawsuit challenging the order and requesting the ballot be restored to its pre-merger state. The original lineup gave Parnell a distinct advantage, but Strait and other lawsuit proponents insisted the challenge was not politically motivated. "French and Fleener did not resign as candidates for lieutenant governor out of any emergency, but instead resigned solely because they were asked and pressured to do so," Strait asserted, in contrast with the precedent-setting 2006 case wherein an independent lieutenant gubernatorial candidate quit the race at the eleventh hour and the State Division of Elections issued an emergency regulation to give his running mate, Andrew Halcro, the chance to name a replacement.[31] As thousands of overseas ballots had already been mailed, an expedited ruling was scheduled for September 26, whereupon Alaska Superior Court Judge John Suddock decided in favor of the elections authorities. To back up his ruling, Suddock cited a different precedent than the one Strait put forth, involving a similar ballot reconfiguration during the 1990 gubernatorial race which was challenged and ultimately upheld by the Alaska Supreme Court. In that case, the Alaskan Independence Party ticket bowed out and the Republican nominees for governor and lieutenant governor joined forces to take over their ticket, requiring the latter to withdraw from the lieutenant gubernatorial race.[32]


Bill Walker received the endorsement of former Gov. Sarah Palin (R) prior to the general election.[33]


General election
All candidates

Governor of Alaska: All candidates
Poll Sean Parnell* (R) Bill Walker (I)Carolyn "Care" Clift (L)J.R. Myers (C)UndecidedMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
September 18-21, 2014
September 26-October 2, 2014
Hellenthal & Associates
October 15-21, 2014
Public Policy Polling
November 1-2, 2014
AVERAGES 44.08% 42.13% 3.2% 1.7% 9.15% +/-0.75 683.75
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)
Parnell vs. Walker

Governor of Alaska: Parnell vs. Walker
Poll Sean Parnell* (R) Bill Walker (I)Undecided/OtherMargin of ErrorSample Size
Ivan Moore Research Poll (Internal)
June 19-23, 2014
Public Policy Poll
July 31-August 3, 2014
Hays Research/Walker (I)
August 20-22, 2014
Hays Research (D-Alaska AFL-CIO/Walker)
September 13-14, 2014
New York Times/CBS News/YouGov
September 20-October 1, 2014
October 1-6, 2014
Rasmussen Reports
October 8-12, 2014
New York Times/CBS News/YouGov
October 16-23, 2014
AVERAGES 40.66% 43.76% 15.2% +/-4.72 637.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)
Hypothetical match-ups
Hypothetical match-up: Parnell vs. Mallott

Governor of Alaska
Poll Sean Parnell* (R) Byron Mallott (D)Not sureMargin of ErrorSample Size
Ivan Moore Research Poll (Internal)
June 19-23, 2014
Public Policy Poll
July 31-August 3, 2014
AVERAGES 41% 45.95% 12.55% +/-3.93 628.5
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)
Hypothetical match-up: Parnell vs. Mallott vs. Walker

Governor of Alaska
Poll Sean Parnell* (R) Byron Mallott (D)Bill Walker (I)Not sureMargin of ErrorSample Size
Ivan Moore Research Poll (Internal)
June 19-23, 2014
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)
Hypothetical match-up: Five-way race

Governor of Alaska
Poll Sean Parnell* (R) Care Clift (L)Byron Mallott (D)J.R. Myers (C)Bill Walker (I)Not sureMargin of ErrorSample Size
Public Policy Polling
January 30-February 1, 2014
Public Policy Pollingl
May 8-11, 2014
Public Policy Polling
July 31-August 3, 2014
AVERAGES 38.33% 1% 24.67% 3% 17.67% 15.33% +/-3.77 701.67
Note: The polls above may not reflect all polls that have been conducted in this race. Those displayed are a random sampling chosen by Ballotpedia staff. If you would like to nominate another poll for inclusion in the table, send an email to

**Incumbency is denoted by asterisk (*)
**Due to the nature of the comparison, a placeholder figure of 0% is assigned to candidates not included in any given match-up round


Parnell's re-election campaign was endorsed by the National Rifle Association, which previously awarded the governor with an A+ rating for his record promoting gun rights.[34]


See also: Alaska gubernatorial election, 2010 and Gubernatorial elections, 2010


On November 2, 2010, Parnell/Treadwell won election to the office of Governor/Lt. Governor of Alaska. They defeated Berkowitz/Benson (D), Toien/Brown (L) and Donald R. Wright (AI) in the general election.

Governor/Lt. Governor of Alaska, 2010
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngParnell/Treadwell Incumbent 59.1% 151,318
     Democratic Berkowitz/Benson 37.7% 96,519
     Libertarian Toien/Brown 1% 2,682
     Alaskan Independence Wright/Donald R. 1.9% 4,775
     Write-in N/A 0.4% 898
Total Votes 256,192
Election Results Via: State of Alaska Division of Elections


Parnell defeated five challengers in the August 24 primary, winning 49.49% of the vote. Bill Walker came in second with 33.95%.
2010 Race for Governor - Republican Primary[35]
Candidates Percentage
Gerald L. Heikes (R) 0.40%
Merica Hlatcu (R) 0.56%
Sam Little (R) 1.54%
Green check mark.jpg Sean Parnell (R) 49.49%
Ralph Samuels (R) 14.05%
Bill Walker (R) 33.95%
Total votes 88,423


On March 14, 2008, Parnell announced that he would take on embattled 18-term Congressman Don Young in the August 26 Republican primary. The race between them was extremely narrow. It took several weeks after the election before it became clear on September 18 that Young had won re-election by a margin of 304 votes.[36]

Parnell was endorsed by then-Gov. Palin[37] and the Club for Growth[38]


On November 7, 2006, Palin/Parnell won election to the office of Governor/Lt. Governor of Alaska. They defeated Knowles/Berkowitz (D), Halcro/Von Gemmingen (I), Wright/Welton (AI), Toine/Mirabal (Lib) and David M. Massie (Green) in the general election.

Governor/Lt. Governor of Alaska, 2006
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngPalin/Parnell 48.4% 114,697
     Democratic Knowles/Berkowitz 41% 97,238
     Independent Halcro/Von Gemmingen 9.5% 22,443
     Alaskan Independence Wright/Welton 0.5% 1,285
     Libertarian Toien/Mirabal 0.3% 682
     Green Massie, David M. 0.3% 593
Total Votes 236,938
Election Results Via: State of Alaska Division of Elections

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Parnell is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Parnell raised a total of $2,298,826 during that time period. This information was last updated on June 4, 2013.[39]

Sean Parnell's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 Governor Defeated $1,329,268
2010 Governor Won $529,788
2006 Lt. Gov of Alaska Won $182,078
1996 Alaska State Senate District 1 Won $175,074
1994 Alaska House of Representatives District 17 Won $55,800
1992 Alaska House of Representatives District 17 Won $26,818
Grand Total Raised $2,298,826

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Sean Parnell's donors each year.[40] Click [show] for more information.


Parnell resides in Anchorage, Alaska with his wife, Sandy, and their two children, Grace and Rachel.[1]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the terms "Sean Parnell Alaska Governor."

Some of the stories below may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of Google's news search engine.

Sean Parnell - Google News Feed

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See also

External links

Suggest a link


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Alaska Governor's Office, "About the Governor" accessed September 12, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Anchorage Daily News, "Parnell says he'll seek re-election as governor," May 3, 2013 (dead link) (dead link)
  3. Juneau Empire, "Treadwell: 'No interest' in primary against Parnell," December 4, 2012
  4. Project Vote Smart, "Governor Sean R. Parnell's Biography," accessed March 30, 2013
  5. The New York Times, "Congressman in Alaska Wins Primary in Extended Vote Count," September 18, 2008
  6. New York Times, "In State Governments, Signs of a Healthier G.O.P.," April 16, 2013
  7. The Business Journals, "Governors and jobs: How governors rank for job creation in their states," June 27, 2013
  8. The Business Journals, "How state governors rank on their job-growth record," June 27, 2013
  9. KTVA, "New Oil Tax Proposal Lowers Base Rate," March 12, 2013 (dead link) (dead link)
  10. Fairbanks Daily News-Miner, "Consultant says Alaska oil tax proposal 'competitive,'" March 12, 2013
  11. 11.0 11.1 The Associated Press, "Senate Finance Committee unveils oil tax rewrite," March 12, 2013
  12. Anchorage Daily News, "Activist proposing initiative on oil taxes," March 12, 2013
  13. Office of Governor Sean Parnell, "Priorities: More Alaska Production Act," accessed September 1, 2014
  14. Anchorage Daily News, "Parnell to begin elected term with evaluation of top staff," November 4, 2010
  15. Lieutenant Governor of Alaska Sean Parnell's Biography (dead link)
  16. 16.0 16.1 On The Issues, "Sean Parnell Vote Match," accessed April 19, 2015
  17. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  18. State of Alaska Division of Elections, "2014 Election Dates and Hours," accessed July 2, 2013
  19. Juneau Empire, "Treadwell: 'No interest' in primary against Parnell," December 4, 2012
  20. Cook Political Report, "2014 Governors Race Ratings," May 16, 2014
  21. Alaska Division of Elections, "2014 General Election Results," accessed November 17, 2014
  22. Ballot Access News, "Constitution Party Has Enough Valid Signatures in Alaska," August 25, 2014
  23. State of Alaska Division of Elections, "August 19, 2014 Primary Candidate List," accessed August 19, 2014
  24. Ballot Access News, "Alaska Gubernatorial Poll Suggests Constitution Party May Win Qualified Status for First Time," May 20, 2014
  25. Independent Political Report, "Constitution Party Candidate for Alaska," October 1, 2013
  26. J.R. Myers for Governor 2014 Official campaign website, "A Brief History of the Alaska Constitution Party (ACP)," accessed May 22, 2014
  27. 27.0 27.1 Alaska Dispatch News, "Walker, Mallott to join forces in governor's race," September 1, 2014
  28. The Anchorage Daily-News, "Walker chooses Fleener as running mate in Independent bid for governor," October 14, 2013
  29. Your Alaska Link, "Democrats endorse Mallott for governor," October 21, 2013
  30. State of Alaska Division of Elections, "2014 General Election candidates," accessed September 5, 2014
  31., "Expedited ruling sought in lawsuit alleging error in Alaska governor's race decision," September 18, 2014
  32. Alaska Dispatch News, "Judge rules Walker-Mallott ticket can stand," September 26, 2014
  33. National Journal, "Palin Endorses Independent-Democratic Ticket for Alaska Governor Against GOP Successor," October 24, 2014
  34., "NRA Endorses Governor Parnell," September 23, 2014
  35. State of Alaska Division of Elections, “August 24, 2010 Primary Election Results, Governor”, August 24, 2010
  36. Lieutenant Governor of Alaska Announces Primary Run Against Young, By Josh Kraushaar - CBS News
  37. Fairbanks Daily News Miner"Washington Anti-Earmark Group Endorses Parnell" by R.A. Dillon, June 6, 2008, accessed Aug. 4, 2008
  38. Politico, "Club for Growth endorses challenger to Young," By Josh Kraushaar, June 6, 2008, accessed Aug. 4, 2008
  39. Follow the Money, " Career fundraising for Sean Parnell," accessed June 4, 2013
  40. Follow the, "Home," accessed February 17, 2015
Political offices
Preceded by
Sarah Palin (R)
Governor of Alaska
2009 - 2014
Succeeded by
Bill Walker (I)