States where state legislators can be recalled

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See also: State legislative recalls

State legislators can be recalled in 18 states. In seven of these states (Alaska, Georgia, Kansas, Minnesota, Montana, Rhode Island and Washington), for a state legislative recall to take place, it must be established that the legislator engaged in certain types of conduct before a recall petition can be approved for circulation.

In the 18 states, 15 base the number of signatures required to force a recall election is a percentage of the number of votes cast in the most recent for the office held by the incumbent whose recall is sought. In just 3 states (Oregon, Michigan and Wisconsin), the number of signatures required is a percentage of the number of votes cast for the office of governor in the legislative district where the incumbent is targeted.

In any of the states that allow state legislative recall, the shortest number of days allowed to collect the required number of signatures is 60 days. Only three states (Colorado, Idaho and Wisconsin) allow 60 days. The remaining 8 states allow more than 90 days; with two states not explicitly giving a time within which the signatures must be collected.

State legislature Recall laws Signatures needed Time allowed to collect
Alaska Alaska's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. Unspecified in the law
Arizona Arizona's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 120 days
California California's laws 20% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 160 days
Colorado Colorado's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 60 days
Georgia Georgia's laws 15% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 90 days
Idaho Idaho's laws 20% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 60 days
Kansas Kansas' laws 40% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 90 days
Louisiana Louisiana's laws 33.3% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 180 days
Michigan Michigan's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for the office of Governor of Michigan
in the targeted state legislative district
90 days
Minnesota Minnesota's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 90 days
Montana Montana's laws 15% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 3 months
Nevada Nevada's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 90 days
New Jersey New Jersey's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 160 days
North Dakota North Dakota's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. Unspecified in the law
Oregon Oregon's laws 15% of the number of votes cast in the last election for the office of Governor of Oregon
in the targeted state legislative district
90 days
Rhode Island Rhode Island's laws 15% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 90 days
Washington Washington's laws 35% of the number of votes cast in the last election for that office. 180 days
Wisconsin Wisconsin's laws 25% of the number of votes cast in the last election for the office of Governor of Wisconsin
in the targeted state legislative district
60 days

Required reasons, where reasons are required

State Grounds required
Alaska Lack of fitness, incompetence, neglect of duties or corruption (AS §15.45.510)
Georgia Act of malfeasance or misconduct while in office; violation of oath of office; failure to perform duties prescribed by law; willfully misused, converted, or misappropriated, without authority, public property or public funds entrusted to or associated with the elective office to which the official has been elected or appointed. Discretionary performance of a lawful act or a prescribed duty shall not constitute a ground for recall of an elected public official. (Ga. Code §21-4-3(7) and 21-4-4(c))
Kansas Conviction for a felony, misconduct in office, incompetence, or failure to perform duties prescribed by law. No recall submitted to the voters shall be held void because of the insufficiency of the grounds, application, or petition by which the submission was procured. (KS Stat. §25-4302)
Minnesota Serious malfeasance or nonfeasance during the term of office in the performance of the duties of the office or conviction during the term of office of a serious crime (Article VIII, §6, Minnesota Constitution)
Montana Physical or mental lack of fitness, incompetence, violation of oath of office, official misconduct, conviction of certain felony offenses (enumerated in Title 45). No person may be recalled for performing a mandatory duty of the office he holds or for not performing any act that, if performed, would subject him to prosecution for official misconduct. (Mont. Code §2-16-603)
Rhode Island Authorized in the case of a general officer who has been indicted or informed against for a felony, convicted of a misdemeanor, or against whom a finding of probable cause of violation of the code of ethics has been made by the ethics commission (Article IV, §1, Rhode Island Constitution)
Washington Commission of some act or acts of malfeasance or misfeasance while in office, or who has violation of oath of office (Article I, §33, Washington State Constitution)