Bruce Braley

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Bruce Braley
Bruce Braley.jpg
U.S. House, Iowa, District 1
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2007-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 7
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJim Nussle (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$11.98 in 2012
First electedNovember 7, 2006
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$8,421,503
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolB.G.M. High School, Brooklyn, Iowa
Bachelor'sIowa State University
J.D.University of Iowa
Personal
BirthdayOctober 30, 1957
Place of birthGrinnell, Iowa
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$811,035.50
ReligionPresbyterian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Bruce Braley campaign logo
Bruce Braley (b. October 30, 1957, in Grinnell, IA) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Iowa's 1st Congressional District. Braley was elected to the U.S. House in 2006.

Braley was unopposed in the Democratic primary on June 5, 2012, and was re-elected on November 6, 2012.[1]

He is not running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. Braley is running for the U.S. Senate seat currently held by veteran Sen. Tom Harkin. Harkin will retire at the end of his current term, leaving the seat open for the 2014 election.[2][3] Braley joins a growing list of U.S. Congress incumbents not running for re-election in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Braley is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Braley was born in 1957 in Grinnell, IA, and raised in Brooklyn, IA. He earned his B.A. from Iowa State University in 1980 and his J.D. from University of Iowa Law School in 1983. Prior to his political career, Braley was a practicing attorney.[4] In 1983, Bradley married Carolyn Kalb and moved to Waterloo, Iowa.[5]

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Braley serves on the following committees:[7][8]

2011-2012

Braley served on the following committees:[9]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[10] For more information pertaining to Braley's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Braley voted in favor of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[12]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Braley voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[12]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Braley voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[13] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[12]

NDAA

Yea3.png Braley voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[12]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[14] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[15][16] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[16] Braley voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[17][18] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[18] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[19] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Braley joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[17][18]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[20] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[21] Braley voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[22]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[23] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Braley voted for HR 2775.[24]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Braley voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[12]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Braley voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[12]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Nay3.png Braley voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[12]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Yea3.png Braley voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[12]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Braley voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[25]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Bruce Braley's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Braley is a Liberal Populist. Braley received a score of 52 percent on social issues and 5 percent on economic issues.[26]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[27]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Unknown Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[26]

National security

American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

More than one hundred House lawmakers signed a letter urging President Barack Obama to call Congress back into session if he planned to use military force in Syria.[28]

Rep. Scott Rigell wrote in the letter in August 2013, “engaging our military in Syria when no direct threat to the United States exists and without prior congressional authorization would violate the separation of powers that is clearly delineated in the Constitution.”[28][29]

The members of Congress believed that Obama should have asked Congress for permission before engaging in Libya. “If the use of 221 Tomahawk cruise missles, [sic] 704 Joint Direct Attack Munitions, and 42 Predator Hellfire missiles expended in Libya does not constitute ‘hostilities,’ what does?” the letter asked.[29]

“If you deem that military action in Syria is necessary, Congress can reconvene at your request. We stand ready to come back into session, consider the facts before us, and share the burden of decisions made regarding U.S. involvement in the quickly escalating Syrian conflict,” stated the letter.[29]

Ninety-eight of the signers of the letter were Republicans. Braley was one of eighteen Democratic members to sign the letter.[29]

Controversy

Comments on Grassley

Republican opposition research firm America Rising released a videotape on March 25, 2014, that showed Braley make disparaging comments about Sen. Chuck Grassley.[30]

“If you help me win this race, you may have someone with your background, your experience, your voice — someone who’s been literally fighting tort reform for 30 years in a visible and public way on the Senate Judiciary Committee...Or you might have a farmer from Iowa who never went to law school, never practiced law, serving as the next chair of the Senate Judiciary. Because if Democrats lose the majority, Chuck Grassley will be the next chair of the Senate Judiciary,” said Braley.[30] The comments drew fire from various political figures and news sources for disparaging the agricultural industry; Braley's poll numbers fell and 50% of Iowans felt that the comment indicated that Braley was "out-of-touch."[31]

Braley apologized in a statement: “I apologize to Senator Grassley and anyone I may have offended. I respect Senator Grassley and enjoy our working relationship even though we disagree on some issues."[32] Braley also issued a press release which touted his farming background. The press release included a number of misspellings of common farming terms. After the errors were pointed out, Braley's spokesman stated that he had "lost his fourth-grade spelling bee by mis-spelling 'journey'. I guess my old habits are hard to break."[33][34]

Attack Ad on Joni Ernst

In June 2014, Braley released a 30-second ad spot attacking Republican opponent Joni Ernst. The ad claimed that despite the fact that Ernst was running as a fiscal conservative, when she ‘had the chance to do something in Iowa, we didn’t hear a peep.’ The ad also claimed that Ernst never sponsored a bill to cut pork or reduce spending during her time in the Iowa state Senate. Footage of a baby chicken chirping was shown during the ad, comparing her to a chick. News sources attacked Braley for the perceived sexist nature of the ad.[35]

Brook Hougesen, spokeswoman for the NRSC, said that ‘Bruce Braley has shown time and time again just how tone-deaf, elitist and offensive he is.’ University of Iowa political science professor Timothy Hagle noted the double standard of sexism between Republicans and Democrats, saying ‘Imagine if a GOP candidate had used a 'chick' in an ad against a female opponent.’[35]

Ernst's spokesperson Gretchen Hamel released a link to three bills co-sponsored by Ernst. The bills would have imposed a hiring freeze for the state government and amended the state constitution to restrict government spending and taxation.”[36][37]

Congressional gym and towel service


Braley on The Bill Press Show in October 2013.

In an effort to defend keeping the congressional gym open during the government shutdown, Braley commented on the gym's service cutbacks, including a cancellation of towel service.[38]

He commented on a letter circulated by some of his Democratic colleagues calling for the gym to close until the government can reopen.[38]

"They must not have been down to the gym lately... There's hardly anybody working down there. There's no towel service, we're doing our own laundry down there. And we pay a fee to belong to the House gym. So this is no different than if you're working for an employer that offers a wellness program. You pay a fee to belong, that's what we do there."

Braley said he was glad the gym had stayed open because it is one of the few places Democrats and Republicans build relationships.[38]

Republican challenger David Young jumped on Braley's comment, saying, "It's unfortunate that Congressman Braley is more concerned with the towel service at the Members Only gym than he is getting government back to work for Iowa taxpayers... If elected to the U.S. Senate, I will bring my own towel to my gym, and I will do everything I can to make sure the federal government passes on time budgets, gets our fiscal house in order, and averts government shutdowns."[38]

In a statement, Braley's office said the congressman's larger point had "nothing" to do with the House gym.[38]

"Bruce’s point had nothing to do with the gym, but that the government shutdown is causing real pain for thousands of Iowa workers and the Iowa economy. People want Congress to get serious about ending the shutdown and are sick and tired of political attacks from Republicans that do nothing to bring people together," said Braley spokesman Jeff Giertz.[38]

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Iowa, 2014

Braley is running for the U.S. Senate seat currently held by veteran Sen. Tom Harkin. Harkin will retire at the end of his current term, leaving the seat open for the 2014 election.[39][40] Braley ran unopposed for Democratic nomination for the United States Senate in the 2014 elections in Iowa. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

Endorsements

Retiring Sen. Tom Harkin formally endorsed Braley as his replacement.[41] In a statement on April 20, 2013, Harkin endorsed the him, saying "Braley has fought for working people and the struggling middle class."[41]

Other endorsements include Democrats Iowa Rep. Dave Loebsack, former congressman Leonard Boswell, Iowa Attorney General Tom Miller and Treasurer Michael Fitzgerald.[41]

At Tom Harkin's 36th Annual Steak Fry in September 2013, the proceeds of which go toward To Organize a Majority PAC, several key Democratic members endorsed Braley for Harkin's seat.[42]

“Folks, you have been so kind and generous to me in all of the years I have represented you in both the House and 30 years in the Senate,” Tom Harkin said. “I want you to know there is only one person I want to pass that baton to, and that’s our next United States’ senator, Bruce Braley.”[42]

Vice President Joe Biden also endorsed Braley.[42]“I’ve gotten to get to know Bruce,” Biden said. “Tom admires him, and it’s why I think he is going to be a great senator. He is absolutely authentic. I told Bruce I would come campaign for him or against him, whichever would help him most.”[42]

Gabrielle Giffords, and her husband, former astronaut Mark Kelly, took part in a fundraiser in Des Moines on October 27, 2013.[43]

Washington Post top 10 races

According to an analysis by The Washington Post, the U.S. Senate election in Iowa is considered one of the top 10 Senate races of 2014. By late 2013 Republican candidate fundraising had not put up impressive fundraising. However, Rep. Braley had been continuing to put up high numbers.[44]

2012

See also: Iowa's 1st Congressional District elections, 2012

Braley ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Iowa's 1st District. Braley won the nomination on the Democratic ticket.[45] Braley ran unopposed in the Democratic primary. He defeated Ben Lange in the general election, who defeated Rod Blum in the Republican Primary.[46] Candidates wishing to run were required to file by the signature filing deadline of March 16, 2012. The primary elections took place on June 5, 2012.

U.S. House, Iowa District 1 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngBruce Braley Incumbent 56.9% 222,422
     Republican Ben Lange 41.6% 162,465
     Independent Gregory Hughes 1.2% 4,772
     Independent George Todd Krail II 0.2% 931
Total Votes 390,590
Source: Iowa Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Race Background

Braley defeated 2012 challenger Ben Lange in 2010 general election. Braley won by approximately 2% of the vote.[47]

Issues

Braley has been very vocal in his support of a wind energy tax credit in Iowa that is set to expire in 2013.[48] A full list of Braley's policy positions were available on his campaign website.[49]

On August 1, 2012, Ben Lange filed an ethics complaint against Braley, on the ground that he had used government resources to aid his campaign by inviting voters to "Deficit Workshops." John Davis, Bradley's Chief of Staff, described the claim as "without merit."[50]

Media

The following is a political TV ad launched by Bruce Braley's campaign.


Ben Lange, "Brooklyn, Iowa"[51]

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Braley attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Braley is available dating back to 2006. Based on available campaign finance records, Braley raised a total of $8,421,503 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 17, 2013.[55]

Bruce Braley's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Iowa, District 1) Won $2,687,007
2010 US House (Iowa, District 1) Won $2,098,471
2008 US House (Iowa, District 1) Won $1,150,967
2006 US House (Iowa, District 1) Won $2,485,058
Grand Total Raised $8,421,503


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Braley's reports.[56]

Bruce Braley (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[57]April 15, 2013$0.00$1,035,875.92$(31,259.28)$1,004,606.64
July Quarterly[58]July 13, 2013$1,004,606.64$1,258,495.47$(257,324.01)$2,005,778.10
October Quarterly[59]October 15, 2013$2,005,778.10$2,906,320.60$(582,969.55)$2,323,351.05
Year-end[60]January 31, 2014$2,323,351$1,020,227$(732,786)$2,610,791
April Quarterly[61]April 15, 2014$2,610,791$1,258,283$(756,501)$3,112,574
Running totals
$7,479,201.99$(2,360,839.84)

2012

Braley won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Braley's campaign committee raised a total of $2,687,007 and spent $2,664,440.[62] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[63]

Cost per vote

Braley spent $11.98 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Braley won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Braley's campaign committee raised a total of $2,098,471 and spent $2,357,364.[64]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Braley's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $216,071 and $1,406,000. That averages to $811,035.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Braley ranked as the 229th most wealthy representative in 2012.[65] Between 2006 and 2012, Braley's calculated net worth[66] increased by an average of 4 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[67]

Bruce Braley Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2006$646,313
2012$811,035
Growth from 2006 to 2012:25%
Average annual growth:4%[68]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[69]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Braley is a "rank-and-file Democrat," as of July 31, 2014. This was the same rating Braley received in June 2013.[70]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[71]

Braley most often votes with:

Braley least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Braley missed 306 of 6,245 roll call votes from January 2007 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.9 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[72]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Braley paid his congressional staff a total of $1,068,191 in 2011. He ranked 73rd on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 94th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Iowa ranked 16th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[73]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.

2013

Braley ranked 108th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[74]

2012

Braley ranked 102nd in the liberal rankings in 2012.[75]

2011

Braley ranked 87th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[76]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Braley voted with the Democratic Party 90.1 percent of the time, which ranked 156th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[77]

2013

Braley voted with the Democratic Party 94.1 percent of the time, which ranked 125th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[78]

Personal

Braley and his wife Carolyn (nee Kalb) have been married since 1983. They have three children and live in Waterloo, IA.[79]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Bruce + Braley + Iowa + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Bruce Braley News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png
Political Tracker has an article on:
Bruce Braley


References

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  2. 'Des Moines Register, "Register Exclusive: Bruce Braley weighs bid for governor," accessed January 13, 2013
  3. The Des Moines Register, "Vilsack will not seek U.S. Senate seat in 2014," accessed February 15, 2013
  4. Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Bruce Braley," accessed November 5, 2011
  5. Bruce Braley, "Biography," accessed November 5, 2011
  6. U.S. House, "Official Biography," accessed January 2013
  7. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  8. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  9. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed November 5, 2011
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.7 Project Vote Smart, "Bruce Braley Key Votes," accessed October 11, 2013
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  14. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
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  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
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  24. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
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  26. 26.0 26.1 On The Issues, "Bruce Braley Vote Match," accessed June 30, 2014
  27. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
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  31. "Washington Free Beacon, "Bruce Braley’s Poll Numbers Fall Following Farmer Comments," 4/17/14
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  33. "Des Moines Register, "Farm terms misspelled in Braley's defense of his farming cred," 3/27/14
  34. "Fox News," "More Braley Blunders: Iowa Senate hopeful misspells terms while touting farm cred," 3/27/14
  35. 35.0 35.1 "Des Moines Register","'Chick' slam draws criticism," 6/5/14
  36. "CNN," "With Primary Over, Key Senate Race Turns Nasty," 6/5/14
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  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 WCF Courier, "Harkin endorses Braley for Iowa US Senate seat," accessed April 25, 2013
  42. 42.0 42.1 42.2 42.3 Iowa State Daily, "Joe Biden endorses Bruce Braley’s campaign for senator at Tom Harkin's Steak Fry," accessed September 16, 2013
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  44. The Washington Post, "The Fix’s top 10 Senate races of 2014," accessed December 10, 2013
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  46. KCCI, "Iowa Primary Results," accessed 2012
  47. WCF Courier, "Lange wins GOP nomination and rematch with Braley," accessed 2012
  48. THOnline.com, "Iowa delegation reacts harshly to Siemens layoffs," accessed 2012
  49. Campaign Website, "Isssues," accessed 2012
  50. Des Moines Register, "1st District challenger Ben Lange announces complaint against incumbent Bruce Braley," acccessed 2012
  51. YouTube channel, "Video," accessed 2012
  52. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  53. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
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  55. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Bruce Braley," accessed March 10, 2013
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Bruce Braley 2014 Summary reports," accessed November 12, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly" accessed July 25, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed October 24, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed November 12, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  61. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed May 12, 2014
  62. Open Secrets, "Bruce Braley 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
  63. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  64. Open Secrets, "Bruce Braley 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 5, 2011
  65. OpenSecrets, "Braley (D-IA), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  66. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  67. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  68. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  69. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  70. GovTrack, "Bruce Braley" accessed July 31, 2014
  71. OpenCongress, "Rep. Bruce Braley," accessed July 31, 2014
  72. GovTrack, "Bruce Braley," accessed July 2014
  73. LegiStorm, "Bruce Braley," accessed 2012
  74. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 30, 2014
  75. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  76. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  77. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  78. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  79. Official House Site, "Bruce at a Glance," accessed November 5, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Jim Nussle
U.S. House of Representatives - Iowa District 1
2007–present
Succeeded by
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