Newark Public Schools, New Jersey
|Newark Public Schools|
|Newark, New Jersey|
|Number of schools:||71|
|Website:||School Home Page|
|Board of Education|
|Board president:||Antoinette Baskerville-Richardson|
- 1 About the district
- 2 Superintendent
- 3 School board
- 4 Budget
- 5 Teacher salaries
- 6 Schools in Newark Public Schools
- 7 Academic performance
- 8 Issues
- 9 Contact information
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 References
About the districtEssex County, New Jersey. The county seat of Essex County is Newark. Essex County is home to 787,744 residents, according to the United States Census Bureau.
Essex County underperformed in comparison to the rest of New Jersey in terms of higher education achievement in 2012. The United States Census Bureau found that 31.8% of Essex County residents aged 25 years and older had attained a Bachelor's degree compared to 35.4% for New Jersey as a whole. The median household income in Essex County was $55,027 compared to $71,637 for the state of New Jersey. The poverty rate in Essex County was 16.1% compared to 9.9% for the entire state.
Note: The United States Census Bureau considers "Hispanic or Latino" to be a place of origin rather than a race. Citizens may report both their race and their place of origin, and as a result, the percentages in each column of the racial demographics table may exceed 100 percent.
The superintendent of Newark Public Schools is Cami Anderson, whom New Jersey Governor Chris Christie appointed to the position in May 2011. Before taking the position, Anderson began her career as a public school teacher and then served as the executive director of Teach for America for five years. She also spent four years as the superintendent of District 79 of the New York City Department of Education, which provides alternative schools for non-traditional students. Anderson earned her Bachelor's degree in Education and Anthropology from the University of California at Berkeley and her Master's degree in Public Policy and Education from Harvard University. Outside of education, Anderson served as an advisor to Senator Cory Booker in his 2002 campaign for the position of Newark mayor, which was unsuccessful. In 2012, Anderson was honored as one of Time magazine's "100 Most Influential People in the World."
Her tenure as superintendent has included significant reforms, including her "One Newark" proposal, which has generated controversy in the community. On June 27, 2014, Governor Christie's administration renewed Superintendent Anderson's contract for three more years. However, in order for the contract to remain in place, the state government will need to issue an additional confirmations of its renewal each year. She will earn $251,500 during the 2014-2015 school year.
Newark Public Schools is overseen by a nine-member board, all of whom are elected at-large to three-year terms. However, since the school district is administered by the state-appointed superintendent, the board serves in a purely advisory capacity. The relationship between the advisory board and Superintendent Cami Anderson has become hostile, which resulted in the superintendent announcing that she would not attend future board meetings.
|Newark Advisory Board|
|Rashon K. Hasan||2016|
|Donald G. Jackson Jr.||2017|
|Khalil Sabu Rashidi||2016|
|Philip C. Seelinger Jr.||2017|
School board elections
- See also: Newark Public Schools elections (2015)
Public participation in board meetings
The Newark Advisory Board maintains the following policy on public testimony during board meetings:
|“||What are the procedures for speaking at Advisory Board Meetings?
Persons interested in speaking at the meetings must register, in writing, to the Office of the State District Superintendent, The Newark Public Schools, 2 Cedar Street, 10th Floor, Newark, New Jersey 07102 by 4 p.m., five (5) calendar days prior to the date of the meeting.
The request should include the individual's name, address and detailed description of topic to be addressed.
Is there a time limit to address the Board?
Individuals will present remarks within a (3) three-minute time period. Persons representing an organization will be allowed five (5) minutes.
What is the decorum for the meetings?
Speakers must be present when their names are called and are required to give their names and addresses or name of organizations that they represent at the beginning of their comments. Sharing or granting of speaking time to others is not allowed. Individuals will be cautioned that personally directed statements may be slanderous or defaming and the individual may be liable for his/her statements. In addition, personal attacks, naming of district employees, racial slurs, excessive loudness or generally disruptive behavior or attempts to incite others to do so may be grounds to be asked to leave a meeting. If necessary, the Advisory Board Meeting will be adjourned.
—Newark Public Schools website, (2014)
The table below displays the budget for Newark Public Schools:
|Expenditures by Category|
|School Year||Staff Expenses||Student Services||Operational Expenses||Debt Service||Other||Budget Total|
|Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget||Total||% of Budget|
Newark Public Schools employed 2,545 K-12 teachers during the 2011-2012 school year. There are three salary schedules currently in use by the school district. Since 2013, all teachers with Bachelor's degrees and new teachers regardless of higher education status are put on the universal salary schedule. Teachers with Master's degrees and doctoral degrees who were part of the school district prior to 2013 had the choice of remaining on their own separate salary schedules. The salary schedule for teachers with Master's degrees set the minimum salary at $52,788 and the maximum salary at $92,500 in the 2013-2014 school year. The salary schedule for teachers with doctoral degrees set the minimum salary at $55,755 and the maximum salary at $95,153 in the 2013-2014 school year. The following table details the universal salary schedule negotiated between the district and the Newark Teachers Union for 2013-2014:
|Step||B.A. salary ($)||MA salary ($)||Ph.D. salary ($)|
Schools in Newark Public Schools
Newark Public Schools served 35,543 students during the 2011-2012 school year. Newark Public Schools does not publicly archive enrollment data.
Newark Public Schools operates 71 schools listed below in alphabetical order:
|Newark Public Schools|
|American History High School|
|Ann Street & Annex|
|Arts High School|
|Bard High School Early College|
|Barringer Academy of S.T.E.A.M.|
|Barringer Academy of The Arts and Humanities|
|Camden Street Elementary|
|Central High School|
|Chancellor Avenue Annex|
|Dayton Elementary at Peshine Avenue|
|Dr. E. Alma Flagg|
|Dr. William H. Horton|
|East Side High School|
|Fast Track Success Academy|
|Fourteenth Avenue School|
|George Washington Carver|
|Girls Academy of Newark|
|Ivy Hill Elementary|
|John F. Kennedy|
|Lafayette Street & Annexes|
|Louise A. Spencer|
|Luis Munoz Marin Elementary School|
|Malcolm X. Shabazz High School|
|Maple Avenue & Annex|
|New Jersey Regional Day|
|Newark Bridges High School|
|Newark Early College High School|
|Newark Evening High School|
|Newark Leadership Academy|
|Newark Vocational High School|
|Park Elementary School|
|Quitman Street Community School|
|Ridge Street School & Early Childhood Center (ECC)|
|Science Park High School|
|South 17th Street|
|Technology High School|
|Thirteenth Avenue/Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.|
|University High School|
|Weequahic High School|
|West Side High School|
|Wilson Avenue & Annex|
The New Jersey Department of Education administers annual standardized tests for math and English Language Arts (ELA) proficiency in every public school district. The New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) tests student proficiency in grades three through eight. The New Jersey High School Proficiency Assessment (HSPA) tests student proficiency in the 11th grade. Student scores are broken down into Partially Proficient, Proficient and Advanced Proficient categories based on annual test results. The following table lists NJ ASK and HSPA results for the 2012-2013 school year in Newark Public Schools:
|Student proficiency, 2012-2013|
|Grade level||Subject||Partially Proficient (%)||Proficient (%)||Advanced Proficient (%)|
|3||English Language Arts||57.9||41.5||0.6|
|4||English Language Arts||69.5||29.2||1.3|
|5||English Language Arts||69.4||29.1||1.4|
|6||English Language Arts||65.0||34.6||0.4|
|7||English Language Arts||66.6||31.4||2.0|
|8||English Language Arts||44.0||54.4||1.6|
|11||English Language Arts||22.1||71.5||6.3|
Superintendent Cami Anderson
Local control and reform proposals
Since 1995, the New Jersey state government has exercised control over Newark Public Schools. In 2013, the Newark Students Union led two mass boycotts against state control of the district in April and November, with the April walkout reportedly drawing about 1,000 students. Superintendent Cami Anderson, who was appointed by Governor Chris Christie, put forward a controversial district reform plan labeled "One Newark" that includes school closures, teacher layoffs, Teach for America hirings and changes to the district's enrollment system for both traditional and charter schools. American Federation of Teachers President Randi Weingarten sent a letter to Governor Christie criticizing Superintendent Anderson's plan to use teacher performance evaluations instead of seniority in deciding which teachers to layoff. She concluded the letter by arguing that the state should relinquish control of the school district.
In May 2014, Anderson publicly rejected calls for her resignation and objections to her reforms in an interview with NJTV. In the interview, she stated, "I’m an optimist and I believe our kids deserve us to keep them at the core of every decision and I believe so strongly that we can do what we need to do for our kids that I am absolutely committed to staying the course and putting kids at the core of every decision." She received a three-year contract extension from the Christie administration on June 27, 2014.
Advisory Board relations
Superintendent Anderson's relationship with the Newark Advisory Board had also grown increasingly contentious. During a January 2014 board meeting with hundreds of parents, residents and district educators in attendance, Superintendent Anderson was heckled continuously by the crowd. AFT President Randi Weingarten also attended to denounce Superintendent Anderson's reform proposals, encouraging the opposition in the crowd by pledging AFT's support and stating, "the nation is watching Newark." Superintendent Anderson and her staff left the meeting after community activist Natasha Allen allegedly referred to the superintendent's biracial child by asking, "Do you not want for our brown babies what you want for your brown baby?" In February 2014, Superintendent Anderson announced that she would no longer attend board meetings on the basis that they "are no longer focused on achieving educational outcomes for children."
On January 17, 2014, five Newark principals were suspended indefinitely by the district administration. The district refused requests to explain the exact cause for the suspensions, stating that it was "confidential" but acknowledging that it was due to an investigation "launched regarding an incident that occurred on or about Jan. 15, 2014." Four of the suspended principals spoke in opposition to Superintendent Anderson's "One Newark" reform proposal on January 15 at a community meeting. Newark Councilman Ras Baraka denounced the suspensions and demanded Superintendent Anderson's ouster, arguing that the principals "have a constitutional right to speak out" and adding that, "The Newark school district is not a military dictatorship, and Ms. Anderson is neither an army general nor a police chief." The five principals and a local parent who was banned from the premises of a district school for vocally protesting Superintendent Anderson's reforms have filed a federal lawsuit against the superintendent. In the lawsuit, they argue that she violated their constitutional right to free speech and claim that the district administration was engaged in a "concerted effort to undermine, intimidate and coerce" both the community and district employees. The day after the lawsuit was filed, three of the principals were reinstated to their schools and the other two were reassigned to different schools in the district.
- New Jersey
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- Newark Public Schools elections (2015)
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- Newark Public Schools
- Newark Teachers Union
- Newark, New Jersey
- Essex County, New Jersey
- New Jersey Department of Education
- New Jersey School Boards Association
- New Jersey Department of Education, "2013 Graduation Rates," accessed March 5, 2014
- National Center for Education Statistics, "ELSI Table Generator," accessed April 22, 2014
- United States Census Bureau, "Essex County, New Jersey," accessed February 18, 2014
- State of New Jersey - Department of State, "Statewide Voter Registration Summary," September 24, 2013
- United States Census Bureau, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed April 21, 2014
- Each column will add up to 100 percent after removing the "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin percentages, although rounding by the Census Bureau may make the total one- or two-tenths off from being exactly 100 percent. This Ballotpedia page provides a more detailed explanation of how the Census Bureau handles race and ethnicity in its surveys.
- Local Talk News, "New York Educator Appointed to Head Newark Schools," May 4, 2011
- Newark Trust for Education, "A brief bio of Newark's New Superintendent," May 4, 2011
- The New York Times, "Ex-Adviser to Booker Is Expected to Lead Newark’s Schools," May 3, 2011
- The Star-Ledger, "Newark schools boss Cami Anderson named to Time's 100 Most Influential People List," April 18, 2012
- The Star-Ledger, "NJ officials renew contract of embattled Newark schools chief," June 27, 2014
- The New York Times, "Judge Orders a State Takeover Of the Newark School District," April 14, 1995
- The Star-Ledger, "School closing plan dominates Newark board election," April 1, 2012
- The Star-Ledger, "Cami Anderson, Newark schools superintendent, at loggerheads with school board," February 27, 2014
- Newark Public Schools, "Advisory Board," accessed March 7, 2014
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- Newark Public Schools, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed March 18, 2014
- Newark Public Schools, "Budget," accessed December 12, 2014
- New Jersey Department of Education, "2011-2012 Certificated Staff," accessed March 5, 2014
- Newark Public Schools, "Clarification of NTU Salary Scales," September 23, 2013 (dead link)
- Newark Public Schools, "Compensation Details: Teachers with Master’s Degrees," accessed March 5, 2014 (dead link)
- Newark Public Schools, "Compensation Details: Teachers with PhD Degrees," accessed March 5, 2014 (dead link)
- Newark Public Schools, "Compensation Details: The New Universal Salary Scale and Highly Effective Teaching Rewards," accessed March 5, 2014 (dead link)
- Newark Public Schools, "School Directory," accessed March 7, 2014
- New Jersey Department of Education, "2013 Assessment Reports (November 2013)," accessed March 5, 2014
- Al Jazeera, "Newark students walkout over cut backs," April 10, 2013
- Teacher Under Construction, "Newark Students Organize Boycott, Demand Local Control of Schools," November 1, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Gov. Christie’s new crisis: Protests grow over state control of Newark schools," February 27, 2014
- American Federation of Teachers, "Letter from Randi Weingarten to New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie on the school crisis in Newark," February 26, 2014
- The Star-Ledger, "Newark schools chief warns of massive teacher layoffs; wants pink slips tied to performance," February 25, 2014
- Education Week, "Despite Calls for Resignation, Newark Superintendent Vows to Stay," June 2, 2014
- NJTV News, "In NJTV Exclusive, Cami Anderson Says She Plans to Stay on in Newark," May 29, 2014
- NJ Spotlight, "Raucous Newark Crowd Drives Superintendent From School Board Meeting," January 29, 2014
- The Huffington Post, "Newark School Chief Cami Anderson Ditches Rowdy Meeting After Remarks About Her ‘Brown Baby'," January 30, 2014
- The Star-Ledger, "5 Newark principals suspended indefinitely, allegedly for opposing One Newark plan," January 20, 2014
- POLITICO, "Chris Christie faces new uproar in state’s largest city," January 27, 2014