Newark Public Schools, New Jersey

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Newark Public Schools
Newark, New Jersey
Newark Public Schools seal.jpg
District Profile
Superintendent:Cami Anderson
Enrollment:35,543 students
Graduation rate:67.7%[1]
Number of schools:71
Budget: $981.9 million
Website:School Home Page
Board of Education
Board president:Antoinette Baskerville-Richardson
Board members:9
Term length:3
Newark Public Schools is a school district in New Jersey that served 35,543 students in 71 schools during the 2011-2012 school year.[2] This district is the largest by enrollment in the state of New Jersey. Since 1995, the New Jersey state government has overseen the school district.

About the district

Newark Public Schools is located in Essex County, New Jersey.
Newark Public Schools is located in Essex County, New Jersey. The county seat of Essex County is Newark. Essex County is home to 787,744 residents, according to the United States Census Bureau.[3]

Demographics

Essex County underperformed in comparison to the rest of New Jersey in terms of higher education achievement in 2012. The United States Census Bureau found that 31.8% of Essex County residents aged 25 years and older had attained a Bachelor's degree compared to 35.4% for New Jersey as a whole. The median household income in Essex County was $55,027 compared to $71,637 for the state of New Jersey. The poverty rate in Essex County was 16.1% compared to 9.9% for the entire state.[3]

Racial Demographics, 2012[3]
Race Essex County (%) New Jersey (%)
White 50.0 73.8
Black or African American 42.1 14.7
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.7 0.6
Asian 5.0 9.0
Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander 0.1 0.1
Two or More Races 2.1 1.9
Hispanic or Latino 21.3 18.5

2013 Party Affiliation, Essex County[4]
Party Registered Voters  % of Total
Democratic 229,181 46.58
Republican 45,808 9.31
Libertarian 143 0.03
Green 76 0.01
Other 51 0.01
Unaffiliated 216,799 44.06

Note: The United States Census Bureau considers "Hispanic or Latino" to be a place of origin, not a race. Therefore, the Census allows citizens to report both their race and that they are from a "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin simultaneously. As a result, the percentages in each column of the racial demographics table will exceed 100 percent. Each column will add up to 100 percent after removing the "Hispanic or Latino" place of origin percentages, although rounding by the Census Bureau may make the total one or two tenths off from being exactly 100 percent.[5]

Superintendent

The superintendent of Newark Public Schools is Cami Anderson, whom New Jersey Governor Chris Christie appointed to the position in May 2011.[6] Before taking the position, Anderson began her career as a public school teacher and then served as the executive director of Teach for America for five years.[7] She also spent four years as the superintendent of District 79 of the New York City Department of Education, which provides alternative schools for non-traditional students. Anderson earned her Bachelor's degree in Education and Anthropology from the University of California at Berkeley and her Master's degree in Public Policy and Education from Harvard University. Outside of education, Anderson served as an advisor to Senator Cory Booker in his 2002 campaign for the position of Newark mayor, which was unsuccessful.[8] In 2012, Anderson was honored as one of Time magazine's "100 Most Influential People in the World."

Her tenure as superintendent has included significant reforms, including her "One Newark" proposal, which has generated controversy in the community.[9] On June 27, 2014, Governor Christie's administration renewed Superintendent Anderson's contract for three more years. However, in order for the contract to remain in place, the state government will need to issue an additional confirmations of its renewal each year. She will earn $251,500 during the 2014-2015 school year.[10]

School board

Newark Public Schools is overseen by a nine-member board, all of whom are elected at-large to three-year terms. However, since the school district is administered by the state-appointed superintendent, the board serves in a purely advisory capacity.[11][12] The relationship between the advisory board and Superintendent Cami Anderson has become hostile, which resulted in the superintendent announcing that she would not attend future board meetings.[13]

Newark Advisory Board[14]
Member Term Ends
Antoinette Baskerville-Richardson 2017
Marques-Aquil Lewis 2015
Rashon K. Hasan 2016
Donald G. Jackson, Jr. 2017
DeNiqua Matias 2015
Rashied McCreary 2015
Ariagna Perello 2016
Khalil Sabu Rashidi 2016
Philip C. Seelinger, Jr. 2017

School board elections

See also: Newark Public Schools elections (2014)

Members of the Newark Advisory Board are elected to three-year terms. Three seats were up for election in 2014, and three seats will be up for election in 2015.

Public participation in board meetings

The Newark Advisory Board maintains the following policy on public testimony during board meetings:

What are the procedures for speaking at Advisory Board Meetings?

Persons interested in speaking at the meetings must register, in writing, to the Office of the State District Superintendent, The Newark Public Schools, 2 Cedar Street, 10th Floor, Newark, New Jersey 07102 by 4 p.m., five (5) calendar days prior to the date of the meeting.

The request should include the individual's name, address and detailed description of topic to be addressed.

Is there a time limit to address the Board?

Individuals will present remarks within a (3) three-minute time period. Persons representing an organization will be allowed five (5) minutes.

What is the decorum for the meetings?

Speakers must be present when their names are called and are required to give their names and addresses or name of organizations that they represent at the beginning of their comments. Sharing or granting of speaking time to others is not allowed. Individuals will be cautioned that personally directed statements may be slanderous or defaming and the individual may be liable for his/her statements. In addition, personal attacks, naming of district employees, racial slurs, excessive loudness or generally disruptive behavior or attempts to incite others to do so may be grounds to be asked to leave a meeting. If necessary, the Advisory Board Meeting will be adjourned.[15]

—Newark Public Schools website, (2014), [16]

Budget

The table below displays the budget for Newark Public Schools:[17]

Expenditures by Category
School Year Staff Expenses Student Services Operational Expenses Debt Service Other Budget Total
Total % of Budget Total % of Budget Total % of Budget Total % of Budget Total % of Budget
2013-2014 $481,615,944 55% $195,432,621 22.3% $198,484,582 22.7% $0 0% $0 0% $875,533,147
2014-2015 $343,629,233 35% $88,795,204 9% $91,832,649 9.4% $0 0% $457,636,151 46.6% $981,893,237
Averages: $412,622,588.5 44% $142,113,912.5 15% $145,158,615.5 16% $0 0% $228,818,075.5 25% $928,713,192

Teacher salaries

Newark Public Schools employed 2,545 K-12 teachers during the 2011-2012 school year.[18] There are three salary schedules currently in use by the school district.[19] Since 2013, all teachers with Bachelor's degrees and new teachers regardless of higher education status are put on the universal salary schedule. Teachers with Master's degrees and doctoral degrees who were part of the school district prior to 2013 had the choice of remaining on their own separate salary schedules. The salary schedule for teachers with Master's degrees set the minimum salary at $52,788 and the maximum salary at $92,500 in the 2013-2014 school year.[20] The salary schedule for teachers with doctoral degrees set the minimum salary at $55,755 and the maximum salary at $95,153 in the 2013-2014 school year.[21] The following table details the universal salary schedule negotiated between the district and the Newark Teachers Union for 2013-2014:[22]

Salary structure
Step B.A. salary ($) MA salary ($) Ph.D. salary ($)
1 50,674 N/A N/A
2 51,027 N/A N/A
3 51,758 51,758 53,000
4 52,989 52,989 54,723
5 54,001 54,001 55,755
6 55,333 55,333 56,788
7 55,973 55,973 57,287
8 57,014 57,014 57,650
9 58,378 58,378 58,378
10 59,637 59,637 59,637
11 60,998 60,998 60,998
12 66,422 66,422 66,422
13 70,346 70,346 70,346
14 73,547 73,547 73,547
15 78,797 78,797 80,725
16 88,969 90,982 94,209

Schools in Newark Public Schools

Enrollment

Newark Public Schools served 35,543 students during the 2011-2012 school year. Newark Public Schools does not publicly archive enrollment data.[2]

District schools

Newark Public Schools operates 71 schools listed below in alphabetical order:[23]

Newark Public Schools
School Name
Abington Avenue
Alexander Annex
Alexander Street
American History High School
Ann Street & Annex
Arts High School
B.R.I.C.K./Avon Academy
Bard High School Early College
Barringer Academy of S.T.E.A.M.
Barringer Academy of The Arts and Humanities
Belmont Runyon
Benjamin Franklin
Bragaw Avenue
Branch Brook
Bruce Street
Camden Street Elementary
Central High School
Chancellor Avenue
Chancellor Avenue Annex
Cleveland Elementary
Dayton Elementary at Peshine Avenue
Dr. E. Alma Flagg
Dr. William H. Horton
Eagle Academy
East Side High School
Elliott Street
Fast Track Success Academy
First Avenue
Fourteenth Avenue School
George Washington Carver
Girls Academy of Newark
Harriet Tubman
Hawkins Street
Hawthorne Avenue
Ivy Hill Elementary
John F. Kennedy
Lafayette Street & Annexes
Lincoln Elementary
Louise A. Spencer
Luis Munoz Marin Elementary School
Madison Elementary
Malcolm X. Shabazz High School
Maple Avenue & Annex
McKinley
Miller Street
Mount Vernon
New Jersey Regional Day
Newark Bridges High School
Newark Early College High School
Newark Evening High School
Newark Leadership Academy
Newark Vocational High School
Newton Street
Oliver Street
Park Elementary School
Quitman Street Community School
Rafael Hernandez
Ridge Street School & Early Childhood Center (ECC)
Roberto Clemente
Roseville Avenue
Science Park High School
South 17th Street
South Street
Speedway School
Sussex Avenue
Technology High School
Thirteenth Avenue/Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
University High School
Weequahic High School
West Side High School
Wilson Avenue & Annex

Academic performance

The New Jersey Department of Education administers annual standardized tests for math and English Language Arts (ELA) proficiency in every public school district. The New Jersey Assessment of Skills and Knowledge (NJ ASK) tests student proficiency in grades three through eight. The New Jersey High School Proficiency Assessment (HSPA) tests student proficiency in the 11th grade. Student scores are broken down into Partially Proficient, Proficient and Advanced Proficient categories based on annual test results. The following table lists NJ ASK and HSPA results for the 2012-2013 school year in Newark Public Schools:[24]

Student proficiency, 2012-2013
Grade level Subject Partially Proficient (%) Proficient (%) Advanced Proficient (%)
3 English Language Arts 57.9 41.5 0.6
3 Math 49.6 30.5 19.9
4 English Language Arts 69.5 29.2 1.3
4 Math 51.0 36.6 12.4
5 English Language Arts 69.4 29.1 1.4
5 Math 47.6 34.4 18.0
6 English Language Arts 65.0 34.6 0.4
6 Math 46.7 42.3 11.1
7 English Language Arts 66.6 31.4 2.0
7 Math 66.8 25.3 7.9
8 English Language Arts 44.0 54.4 1.6
8 Math 57.6 29.9 12.5
11 English Language Arts 22.1 71.5 6.3
11 Math 39.2 49.8 11.0

Issues

Superintendent Cami Anderson

Local control and reform proposals

Since 1995, the New Jersey state government has exercised control over Newark Public Schools. In 2013, the Newark Students Union led two mass boycotts against state control of the district in April and November, with the April walkout reportedly drawing about 1,000 students.[25][26] Superintendent Cami Anderson, who was appointed by Governor Chris Christie, put forward a controversial district reform plan labeled "One Newark" that includes school closures, teacher layoffs, Teach for America hirings and changes to the district's enrollment system for both traditional and charter schools.[27] American Federation of Teachers President Randi Weingarten sent a letter to Governor Christie criticizing Superintendent Anderson's plan to use teacher performance evaluations instead of seniority in deciding which teachers to layoff. She concluded the letter by arguing that the state should relinquish control of the school district.[28][29]

In May 2014, Anderson publicly rejected calls for her resignation and objections to her reforms in an interview with NJTV.[30] In the interview, she stated, "I’m an optimist and I believe our kids deserve us to keep them at the core of every decision and I believe so strongly that we can do what we need to do for our kids that I am absolutely committed to staying the course and putting kids at the core of every decision."[31] She received a three-year contract extension from the Christie administration on June 27, 2014.[10]

Advisory Board relations

Superintendent Anderson's relationship with the Newark Advisory Board had also grown increasingly contentious. During a January 2014 board meeting with hundreds of parents, residents and district educators in attendance, Superintendent Anderson was heckled continuously by the crowd. AFT President Randi Weingarten also attended to denounce Superintendent Anderson's reform proposals, encouraging the opposition in the crowd by pledging AFT's support and stating, "the nation is watching Newark."[32] Superintendent Anderson and her staff left the meeting after community activist Natasha Allen allegedly referred to the superintendent's biracial child by asking, "Do you not want for our brown babies what you want for your brown baby?"[33] In February 2014, Superintendent Anderson announced that she would no longer attend board meetings on the basis that they "are no longer focused on achieving educational outcomes for children."[13]

Principal suspensions

On January 17, 2014, five Newark principals were suspended indefinitely by the district administration. The district refused requests to explain the exact cause for the suspensions, stating that it was "confidential" but acknowledging that it was due to an investigation "launched regarding an incident that occurred on or about Jan. 15, 2014."[34] Four of the suspended principals spoke in opposition to Superintendent Anderson's "One Newark" reform proposal on January 15 at a community meeting. Newark Councilman Ras Baraka denounced the suspensions and demanded Superintendent Anderson's ouster, arguing that the principals "have a constitutional right to speak out" and adding that, "The Newark school district is not a military dictatorship, and Ms. Anderson is neither an army general nor a police chief."[34] The five principals and a local parent who was banned from the premises of a district school for vocally protesting Superintendent Anderson's reforms have filed a federal lawsuit against the superintendent. In the lawsuit, they argue that she violated their constitutional right to free speech and claim that the district administration was engaged in a "concerted effort to undermine, intimidate and coerce" both the community and district employees. The day after the lawsuit was filed, three of the principals were reinstated to their schools and the other two were reassigned to different schools in the district.[35]

Contact information

Newark Public Schools seal.jpg

Newark Public Schools
2 Cedar Street
Newark, NJ 07102
Phone: 973-733-7360
Email: webmaster@nps.k12.nj.us

See also

External links

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Suggest a link

References

  1. New Jersey Department of Education, "2013 Graduation Rates," accessed March 5, 2014
  2. 2.0 2.1 National Center for Education Statistics, "ELSI Table Generator," accessed April 22, 2014
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 United States Census Bureau, "Essex County, New Jersey," accessed February 18, 2014
  4. State of New Jersey - Department of State, "Statewide Voter Registration Summary," September 24, 2013
  5. United States Census Bureau, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed April 21, 2014
  6. Local Talk News, "New York Educator Appointed to Head Newark Schools," May 4, 2011
  7. Newark Trust for Education, "A brief bio of Newark's New Superintendent," May 4, 2011
  8. The New York Times, "Ex-Adviser to Booker Is Expected to Lead Newark’s Schools," May 3, 2011
  9. The Star-Ledger, "Newark schools boss Cami Anderson named to Time's 100 Most Influential People List," April 18, 2012
  10. 10.0 10.1 The Star-Ledger, "NJ officials renew contract of embattled Newark schools chief," June 27, 2014
  11. The New York Times, "Judge Orders a State Takeover Of the Newark School District," April 14, 1995
  12. The Star-Ledger, "School closing plan dominates Newark board election," April 1, 2012
  13. 13.0 13.1 The Star-Ledger, "Cami Anderson, Newark schools superintendent, at loggerheads with school board," February 27, 2014
  14. Newark Public Schools, "Advisory Board," accessed March 7, 2014
  15. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  16. Newark Public Schools, "Frequently Asked Questions," accessed March 18, 2014
  17. Newark Public Schools, "Budget," accessed December 12, 2014
  18. New Jersey Department of Education, "2011-2012 Certificated Staff," accessed March 5, 2014
  19. Newark Public Schools, "Clarification of NTU Salary Scales," September 23, 2013 (dead link)
  20. Newark Public Schools, "Compensation Details: Teachers with Master’s Degrees," accessed March 5, 2014 (dead link)
  21. Newark Public Schools, "Compensation Details: Teachers with PhD Degrees," accessed March 5, 2014 (dead link)
  22. Newark Public Schools, "Compensation Details: The New Universal Salary Scale and Highly Effective Teaching Rewards," accessed March 5, 2014 (dead link)
  23. Newark Public Schools, "School Directory," accessed March 7, 2014
  24. New Jersey Department of Education, "2013 Assessment Reports (November 2013)," accessed March 5, 2014
  25. Al Jazeera, "Newark students walkout over cut backs," April 10, 2013
  26. Teacher Under Construction, "Newark Students Organize Boycott, Demand Local Control of Schools," November 1, 2013
  27. The Washington Post, "Gov. Christie’s new crisis: Protests grow over state control of Newark schools," February 27, 2014
  28. American Federation of Teachers, "Letter from Randi Weingarten to New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie on the school crisis in Newark," February 26, 2014
  29. The Star-Ledger, "Newark schools chief warns of massive teacher layoffs; wants pink slips tied to performance," February 25, 2014
  30. Education Week, "Despite Calls for Resignation, Newark Superintendent Vows to Stay," June 2, 2014
  31. NJTV News, "In NJTV Exclusive, Cami Anderson Says She Plans to Stay on in Newark," May 29, 2014
  32. NJ Spotlight, "Raucous Newark Crowd Drives Superintendent From School Board Meeting," January 29, 2014
  33. The Huffington Post, "Newark School Chief Cami Anderson Ditches Rowdy Meeting After Remarks About Her ‘Brown Baby'," January 30, 2014
  34. 34.0 34.1 The Star-Ledger, "5 Newark principals suspended indefinitely, allegedly for opposing One Newark plan," January 20, 2014
  35. POLITICO, "Chris Christie faces new uproar in state’s largest city," January 27, 2014