Tom Cotton

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Tom Cotton
Tom Cotton.jpg
U.S. Senate, Arkansas
In office
January 3, 2015 - Present
Term ends
January 3, 2021
Years in position 0
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Cost per vote$29.13 in 2014
First electedNovember 4, 2014
Next generalNovember 3, 2020
Campaign $$16,117,710
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
U.S. House, Arkansas, District 4
High schoolDardanelle High School
Bachelor'sHarvard College
J.D.Harvard Law School
Military service
Service/branchUnited States Army
Years of service2004-2009
Date of birthMay 13, 1977
Place of birthDardanelle, AR
Net worth(2012) $282,501
Office website
Campaign website
Tom Cotton campaign logo
Tom Cotton (b. May 13, 1977, in Dardanelle, AR) is a Republican member of the U.S. Senate from Arkansas. He won election to the seat formerly held by Democrat Mark Pryor in 2014.[1][2][3] The race between Cotton and incumbent Mark Pryor was one of the biggest races in 2014. Both Cook Political Report and Sabato's Crystal Ball ranked the race as a Toss Up.[4][5] Additionally, FiscalTimes listed it as one of the seven most vulnerable seats in the country, and The Washington Post included it on their list of the top 10 races to watch in 2014.[6]

Cotton is a former member of the U.S. House. He represented Arkansas's 4th Congressional District from 2013 to 2015. Upon taking office, Politico named him the freshman "most likely to succeed."[7]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Cotton is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Cotton received a bachelor's degree from Harvard College where he served as a columnist for the Harvard Crimson, graduating magna cum laude.

On January 11, 2005, Cotton joined the United States Army and entered Officer Candidate School in March 2005. He was commissioned as a second lieutenant in the U.S. Army on June 30, 2005. Cotton later attended both the U.S. Army Airborne School and Ranger School.[8] In June 2006, Cotton gained public attention after he wrote an open letter to The New York Times criticizing the paper's publication of an article detailing a Bush administration secret program monitoring terrorists' finances.[9] In 2008, he volunteered to return to combat duty, was promoted to Captain on August 1, 2008, and deployed to Afghanistan in support of Operation Enduring Freedom on October 15, 2008. In Afghanistan, Cotton was assigned to Laghman Province, just north of Tora Bora in eastern Afghanistan. He was assigned duty as the operations officer of a Provincial Reconstruction Team, where he planned and resourced daily counter-insurgency and reconstruction operations for an 83-member joint and interagency team.

Cotton returned from Afghanistan on July 20, 2009. For his second tour in Afghanistan he was awarded the Bronze Star Medal and various campaign/service medals. He was honorably discharged from the U.S. Army on September 26, 2009 at Fort Myer, Virginia.[8]

He served as a clerk at the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit for Judge Jerry Edwin Smith and then engaged in private practice as an attorney with the law firm Gibson Dunn & Crutcher and Cooper & Kirk,.[8][10] After leaving active duty, Cotton joined McKinsey & Company, a management consulting firm. He subsequently returned to Dardanelle, where he works on his family's cattle farm.[10]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Cotton's academic, professional and political career:[11]

  • 2015-Present: U.S. Senator from Arkansas
  • 2013-2015: U.S. Representative from Arkansas's 4th Congressional District
  • 2010-2011: Management consultant, McKinsey & Co
  • 2004-2009: United States Army Officer
  • 2002-2003: Clerk, U.S. Court of Appeals
  • 2002: Graduated from Harvard University with J.D.
  • 1998: Graduated from Harvard University with B.A.

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate


Cotton serves on the following committees:[12]

U.S. House


Cotton served on the following committees:[13]

Key votes

113th Congress


The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[14] For more information pertaining to Cotton's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[15]

National security


Yea3.png Cotton voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[16]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Cotton voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[17]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Cotton voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[18]


Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[19] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[20][21] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[21] Cotton voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Nay3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[22][23] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[23] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[24] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Cotton joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.[22][23]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[25] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[26] Cotton voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[27]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[28] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Cotton voted for HR 2775.[29]

Cotton declined to accept his salary while the government was shutdown.[30]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Cotton voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[31]


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Cotton voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[32] The vote largely followed party lines.[33]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Cotton voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[34]

Social issues


Yea3.png Cotton voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[35]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five RepublicansThomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas—voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[36] Cotton joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[37][38]


On The Issues Vote Match

Tom Cotton's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Cotton is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Cotton received a score of 30 percent on social issues and 89 percent on economic issues.[39]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[40]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Unknown Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[39] If you notice the rating has changed, email us.

National Security

Letter to Iran

On March 9, 2015, Cotton wrote a letter to Iran's leadership, warning them that signing a nuclear deal with the Obama administration without congressional approval was merely an "executive agreement". The letter also stated that "The next president could revoke such an executive agreement with the stroke of a pen and future Congresses could modify the terms of the agreement at any time." The letter was signed by Cotton and 46 other Republican members of the Senate. No Democrats signed it.[41]

The letter caused intense backlash from both the Obama administration and the public. Vice President Joe Biden said of the letter, "In thirty-six years in the United States Senate, I cannot recall another instance in which senators wrote directly to advise another country — much less a longtime foreign adversary — that the president does not have the constitutional authority to reach a meaningful understanding with them."[42] On Twitter, the hashtag "47Traitors" became the top trending topic in the world, and a debate raged as to whether the 47 who signed the letter were traitors or patriots.[43]

Campaign themes


Cotton's campaign website listed the following issues:[44]

  • Defend the Constitution
Excerpt: "As an Army officer, I took an oath of office to defend the Constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic, and I administered that oath to many soldiers. I will proudly take the same oath as your congressman..."
  • Promote Job Creation
Excerpt: "Beware of politicians who promise to create jobs, because only businesses and entrepreneurs—not politicians—can create jobs."
  • Stop the Spending and Cut the Debt
Excerpt: "Our country faces a debt crisis because of Washington’s reckless spending and borrowing. The federal debt is now $15 trillion, the size of the entire American economy."
  • Reduce and Simplify Taxes
Excerpt: "Our taxes are too high and too complicated. The individual and corporate tax codes distort the financial decisions of individuals and businesses, leading them to base spending, investment, and saving on tax considerations, not economic benefits."
  • Repeal and Replace ObamaCare
Excerpt: "ObamaCare is a job-killer, a health-care disaster, and an assault on liberty. I will fight to repeal and replace ObamaCare with free-market reforms that empower patients and doctors to make health-care decisions."
  • Secure Energy Independence
Excerpt: "America has the world’s largest fossil-fuel reserves in the world. I view our fossil fuels as a valuable asset to be used, not an embarrassing liability to be restrained. In Congress, I will support policies that unleash our energy producers, put America on the path to energy independence, and reduce our dependence on unreliable and hostile countries."
  • Protect National Security
Excerpt: "The foremost responsibility of the federal government is to provide for the common defense."
  • Secure the Border and Enforce Immigration Laws
Excerpt: "America is a nation of immigrants, but it is also a nation of laws. Our federal government is failing at a core duty: protecting our borders and enforcing our immigration laws. In Congress, I will oppose amnesty in all forms, fight to secure our borders, and improve enforcement of the immigration laws."
  • Promote Parental and Local Control in Education
Excerpt: "In Congress, I will work to empower parents with better information and more options to make the right choices for their children’s education and I will work to restore local control over our educational system."
  • Uphold the Second Amendment
Excerpt: "I will always defend our Second Amendment rights in Congress. As a combat veteran of Iraq and Afghanistan, my soldiers and I kept our rifles and guns within arms’ reach because of a fundamental truth: at critical moments, your life depends on being armed and ready to defend yourself."
  • Defend Traditional Values
Excerpt: "Strong families are the cornerstones of a strong, free, and prosperous country. As your congressman, I will work to strengthen families and I will stand up for the traditional values I learned growing up on my family’s farm."
  • Honor Veterans
Excerpt: "I understand personally the sacrifices of our veterans and I will always ensure that we honor their service and patriotism."



See also: United States Senate elections in Arkansas, 2014

Cotton won election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. He defeated incumbent Mark Pryor (D), Nathan LaFrance (L) and Mark Swaney (G) in the general election on November 4, 2014. Stuart Rothenberg of Roll Call called Pryor the most vulnerable Senator seeking re-election.[45][46]

U.S. Senate, Arkansas General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cotton 56.5% 478,819
     Democratic Mark Pryor Incumbent 39.5% 334,174
     Libertarian Nathan LaFrance 2% 17,210
     Green Mark Swaney 2% 16,797
Total Votes 847,000
Source: Arkansas Secretary of State



See also: Arkansas' 4th Congressional District elections, 2012

Cotton won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Arkansas's 4th District. He defeated John Cowart and Beth Anne Rankin in the Republican primary on May 22, 2012. He then defeated Gene Jeffress (D) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[49][50]


  • John McCain[51]
  • According to The Hill, in 2012 Cotton was supported by both the Tea Party movement and the Republican establishment.[52]
U.S. House, Arkansas District 4 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Gene Jeffress 36.7% 95,013
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cotton 59.5% 154,149
     Green Joshua Drake 1.9% 4,807
     Libertarian Bobby Tullis 1.9% 4,984
Total Votes 258,953
Source: Arkansas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Arkansas District 4 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Cotton 57.6% 20,899
Beth Anne Rankin 37.1% 13,460
John Cowart 5.4% 1,953
Total Votes 36,312

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Cotton attends.

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Cotton is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Cotton raised a total of $16,117,710 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 21, 2015.[53]

Tom Cotton's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Arkansas, District 4) Won $13,904,492
2012 U.S. House (Arkansas, District 4) Won $2,213,218
Grand Total Raised $16,117,710

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Cotton won election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. During that election cycle, Cotton's campaign committee raised a total of $13,904,492 and spent $13,948,937.[54] This is more than the average $10.6 million spent by Senate winners in 2014.[55]

Cost per vote

Cotton spent $29.13 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. Senate, Arkansas, 2014 - Tom Cotton Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $13,904,492
Total Spent $13,948,937
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $12,528,098
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $14,578,504
Top contributors to Tom Cotton's campaign committee
Club for Growth$507,174
Elliott Management$143,100
Stephens Group$105,550
Senate Conservatives Fund$97,427
Goldman Sachs$50,549
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Securities & Investment$1,083,524
Real Estate$440,940
Oil & Gas$438,905

Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Cotton's reports.[56]

Legal industry elites fundraiser

In October 2013, the D.C. law firm Gibson Dunn held a fundraiser on behalf of Cotton's campaign. Among the notable attendees were former Solicitor General Ted Olson, former National Republican Congressional Committee Chair Tom Davis and blocked appeals court nominee during the Bush administration, Miguel Estrada.[66]


Cotton won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Cotton's campaign committee raised a total of $2,213,218 and spent $2,094,867.[67] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[68]

Cost per vote

Cotton spent $13.59 per vote received in 2012.

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Cotton's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $165,003 and $400,000. That averages to $282,501, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Cotton ranked as the 323rd most wealthy representative in 2012.[69] Between 2011 and 2012, Cotton's calculated net worth[70] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[71]

Tom Cotton Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2011 to 2012:-2%
Average annual growth:-2%[72]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[73]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Cotton received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Securities & Investment industry.

From 2011-2014, 32.65 percent of Cotton's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[74]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Tom Cotton Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $9,310,442
Total Spent $6,553,834
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Securities & Investment$854,972
Lawyers/Law Firms$423,992
Leadership PACs$395,936
% total in top industry9.18%
% total in top two industries17.16%
% total in top five industries32.65%


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Cotton was a "moderate Republican follower" as of July 2014. In June 2013, Cotton was rated as a "rank-and-file Republican."[75]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[76]

In the House, Cotton most often voted with:

In the House, Cotton least often voted with:

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Cotton missed 11 of 1,072 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 1 percent, which was better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[77]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.


Cotton ranked 138th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[78]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.


Cotton voted with the Republican Party 94.7 percent of the time, which ranked 98th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[79]


Cotton voted with the Republican Party 94.3 percent of the time, which ranked 184th among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[80]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Tom + Cotton + Arkansas + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Tom Cotton News Feed

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See also

External links

Suggest a link
Political Tracker has an article on:
Tom Cotton


  1. Fox News, "Arkansas Rep. Cotton leaves the door open for Senate run in 2014," accessed January 25, 2013
  2. Politico, "Arkansas' Tom Cotton to run for U.S. Senate," July 31, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 Washington Post, "Cotton grabs Club for Growth endorsement, SCF ‘open’ to backing him," August 7, 2013
  4. Cook Political Report, "2014 Senate Race Ratings for July 18, 2014," accessed July 29, 2014
  5. Sabato's Crystal ball, "2014 Senate Races," accessed July 29, 2014
  6. Fiscal Times, "7 Senate Seats Most at Risk—Hint: They’re All Blue" accessed February 15, 2013
  7. Politico, "The freshman most likely to," January 2, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Combat Veterans for Congress, "Congressman Thomas Cotton," May 20, 2014
  9. Mother Jones, "The GOP Candidate Who Wants Journos Jailed," November 10, 2011
  10. 10.0 10.1 Tom Cotton, "About," accessed August 7, 2014
  11. National Journal, "Arkansas, 4th House District," November 6, 2012
  12. United States Senate, "Committee Assignments of the 114th Congress," accessed February 17, 2015
  13. - Roll Call, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed January 18, 2013
  14. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  15. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  16. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  20. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  22. 22.0 22.1, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  24. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  25. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
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  28. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  30. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
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  32. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  34. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  35. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  36. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  37. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  38. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  39. 39.0 39.1 On The Issues, "Tom Cotton Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  40. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more restrictive answers.
  41. The Wall Street Journal, "Text of GOP Senators’ Letter to Iran’s Leaders on Nuclear Talks," March 9, 2015
  42. Fox News, "Firestorm erupts over GOP letter challenging Obama's power to approve Iran nuclear deal," March 10, 2015
  43. Ut San Diego, "Traitors or patriots? Senator's letter to Iran creates firestorm," March 11, 2015
  44. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  45. "Roll Call","Mark Pryor: Still This Cycle’s Most Vulnerable Senator", June 9, 2013
  46. The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  47. National Review, "Gang of Eight Critic Tom Cotton Wins Rubio Endorsement," accessed September 18, 2013
  48. Arkansas News, "Small-business group endorses Cotton," July 1, 2014
  49. New Orleans Times Picayune, "Cotton wins GOP nod for south Arkansas US House seat," May 22, 2012
  50. Politico, "2012 Election Map," accessed November 6, 2012
  51. "Roll Call","Arkansas: Tom Cotton Gets John McCain Endorsement", May 3, 2012
  52. "The Hill","Cotton's decision to run for Senate gives GOP 'rock star' candidate in Arkansas", July 31, 2013
  53. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Tom Cotton," accessed April 21, 2015
  54. Open Secrets, "Tom Cotton 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 13, 2015]
  55. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 13, 2015
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton Summary Report," accessed July 23, 2013
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton April Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  58. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2013
  59. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  60. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton Year-End," accessed February 14, 2014
  61. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton April Quarterly," accessed April 29, 2014
  62. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton Pre-Primary," accessed May 12, 2014
  63. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2014
  64. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton October Quarterly," accessed October 24, 2014
  65. Federal Election Commission, "Tom Cotton Pre-General," accessed November 24, 2014
  66. Politico, "GOP legal elite to raise cash for Tom Cotton," accessed October 10, 2013
  67. Open Secrets, "Tom Cotton 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 19, 2013
  68. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  69. OpenSecrets, "Tom Cotton (R-Ark), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  70. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  71. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  72. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  73. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  74., "Rep. Tom Cotton," accessed September 22, 2014
  75. GovTrack, "Tom Cotton," accessed July 21, 2014
  76. OpenCongress, "Tom Cotton," accessed July 18, 2014
  77. GovTrack, "Tom Cotton," accessed July 21, 2014
  78. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  79. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  80. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Mark Pryor
U.S. Senate - Arkansas
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Mike Ross
U.S. House - Arkansas District 4
Succeeded by
Bruce Westerman