|U.S. House, Kentucky, District 4|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||2|
|Predecessor||Geoff Davis (R)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Last election||November 4, 2014|
|Cost per vote||$5.06 in 2012|
|First elected||November 6, 2012|
|Next general||November 8, 2016|
|Lewis County Judge Executive|
|Bachelor's||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Master's||Massachusetts Institute of Technology|
|Date of birth||Jan. 13, 1971|
|Place of birth||Vanceburg, Kentucky|
|Net worth||(2012) $2,841,001|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 4.7 Government affairs
- 4.8 Previous congressional sessions
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Personal
- 11 Recent news
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Massie is a more moderate right of center Republican Party vote. As a result, he may break with the Republican Party line more than his fellow members.
Massie was born and raised in Vanceburg, KY, and then went to attend the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. There he earned his undergraduate degree and then later a master's degree. Massie and his wife started SensAble Technologies where they sought to market products. Eventually they moved back to Kentucky where they started a farm.
Below is an abbreviated outline of Massie's academic, professional and political career:
- 2012-Present U.S. Representative from Kentucky's 4th Congressional District
- 2003-Present: Farmer
- 2010-2012: Judge-executive, Lewis County
- 1993-2003: Founder, chairman, chief technology officer, SensAble Technologies
- 1994-1996: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, earned an M.S.
- 1989-1993: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, earned a B.S.
Massie serves on the following committees:
- Oversight and Government Reform Committee
- Science, Space, and Technology Committee
- Transportation and Infrastructure Committee
- Committee on Oversight and Government Reform
- Subcommittee on Government Operations
- Committee on Science, Space, and Technology
- Subcommittee on Energy
- Subcommittee on Technology and Innovation - Chair
- Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure
- Subcommittee on Aviation
- Subcommittee on Railroads, Pipelines, and Hazardous Materials
- Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment
The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session. For more information pertaining to Massie's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Massie voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.
Keystone Pipeline Amendment
Massie voted against House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.
Massie voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
Massie voted against HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill. The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Massie voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.
On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Massie joined with the 63 other Republicans and 3 Democrats who voted against the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Massie voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Massie voted against HR 2775.
Paul Ryan Budget Proposal
In March 2013 the Republican controlled House passed the budget proposal set out by Wisconsin Rep. Paul Ryan (R) for the third straight year. However, not all Republican representatives voted in favor of the proposal. Massie was one of the 10 Republican Representatives who voted against Ryan's budget proposal.
The proposal would have cut about $5 trillion over the next decade and aimed to balance the budget by the end of the 10-year period. The 2013 bill had opposition from 10 Republicans — the same number that voted against it in 2012. In 2011 only four Republicans cast a vote in opposition. Democrats have unanimously voted against the bill every year.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Massie voted in favor of House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Healthcare Reform Rules
Massie voted in favor of House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act
Massie voted in favor of HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.
Massie voted in favor of House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.
On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans voted with Democrats against the lawsuit. Massie joined with four other Republicans voting against the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.
Previous congressional sessions
Massie voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis was conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Massie is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Massie received a score of 37 percent on social issues and 80 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Unknown||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Opposes|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Opposes|
|Vouchers for school choice||Strongly Favors||Keep God in the public sphere||Strongly Favors|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Strongly Favors||Human needs over animal rights||Unknown|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Opposes||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Unknown|
|Support & expand free trade||Neutral||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Unknown|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Strongly Favors|
|Prioritize green energy||Strongly Opposes||Expand the military||Favors|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Favors||Stay out of Iran||Unkonwn|
|Privatize Social Security||Strongly Favors||Never legalize marijuana||Opposes|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
American response in Syria
- See also: United States involvement in Syria
Massie said on September 4, 2013, that he believed the opposition to congressional approval to use force in Syria would prevail, though it will be difficult.
“I think if the vote were today it would fail. And I’m hopeful, but I’m well aware that once members return to D.C. they are going to be under a lot of pressure, particularly if our leadership and the committee chairmen are for this engagement, and after a week in D.C. some of the lean nos could become leans yes. I’m concerned about that,” Massie said.
Conservative Fight Club
According to the conservative website RedState, Massie was one of 16 U.S. House members in the "Conservative Fight Club," a designation meant to describe the "gold standard for conservatives in the House," as outlined by RedState. They were the 16 Republicans who voted against the continuing appropriations resolution to avoid the impending government shutdown in March 2013. This type of resolution is used to fund government agencies when a formal federal budget has not been approved.
|U.S. House, Kentucky District 4 General Election, 2014|
|Source: Kentucky Secretary of State|
Massie ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Kentucky's 4th District. Massie won the nomination on the Republican ticket. Massie defeated Alecia Webb-Edgington, Gary Moore, Brian Oerther, Tom Wurtz, Marc Carey and Walter Christian Schumm in the Republican primary. He defeated Bill Adkins (D) and David Lewis (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, Kentucky District 4 General Election, 2012|
|Source: Kentucky Board of Elections "2012 General Election Official Vote Totals"|
Thomas Massie defeated six contenders in the Republican Primary and received approximately 45% of the vote. He has received endorsements from several tea party organizations and candidates, and was considered a political outsider. Alecia Webb-Edgington received approximately 30% of the vote. She was considered the establishment candidate and had been endorsed by outgoing Representative Geoff Davis and former Sen. Jim Bunning.
Thomas Massie's Campaign received backing from the superPAC Liberty for All, which is owned by James Ramsey, a 21 year old, Texas resident. This superPAC spent approximately a $500,000 in the primary election.
Kentucky's 4th District was considered solidly Republican.
He has also picked up endorsements from Tea Party Gubernatorial candidate Phil Moffett, Campbell County Commissioner Brian Painter, Boone County PVA Cindy Arlinghaus, and Alexandria Councilwoman Barb Weber.
Massie received the endorsement of the The Fourth District GOP Committee on August 1, 2012 after holding a conference call on the subject. Fourth District GOP Chair Kevin Sell said Davis called in Wednesday night urging support for Massie. Sell said Davis told the Republicans in the conference call he would consider it “a disloyal and damaging act by anyone who rises and nominates any person other than Thomas Massie.”
Thomas Massie, "Thomas Massie Rand Paul Endorsement"
A complete list of Massie's endorsements can be found on his campaign website.
As required by the U.S. Constitution, Kentucky had to schedule a special election to fill the remainder of Davis' term, which ended in January 2013. The election was scheduled for November 6, 2012.
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Massie attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor history
Comprehensive donor information for Massie is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Massie raised a total of $1,064,631 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 7, 2013.
|Thomas Massie's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||U.S. House (Kentucky, District 4)||$1,064,631|
|Grand Total Raised||$1,064,631|
|Thomas Massie (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$123,069.11||$91,514.61||$(113,313.93)||$101,269.79|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$101,269.79||$85,489.58||$(61,543.50)||$125,215.87|
|October Quarterly||October 13, 2013||$125,215.87||$24,022.62||$(36,933.62)||$172,304.87|
|Year-end||January 31, 2014||$172,304||$92,340||$(57,831)||$206,814|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$206,814||$117,139||$(67,285)||$256,667|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2014||$231,038||$74,625||$(30,253)||$275,409|
Massie opened a leadership PAC account in May 2014, according to Federal Election Commission records. Between May and July 2014, Massie raised $30,000 through the new committee, called the Making a Sensible Shift in Elections PAC -- or Massie PAC.
Massie won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Massie's campaign committee raised a total of $1,064,631 and spent $941,562. This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Massie spent $5.06 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Kentucky District 4, 2012 - Thomas Massie Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$125,286|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$146,884|
|Top contributors to Thomas Massie's campaign committee|
|Club for Growth||$117,807|
|Young Americans for Liberty||$15,100|
|Alliance Resource Partners||$15,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Oil & Gas||$29,951|
To view the breakdown of campaign funding by type click [show] to expand the section.
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Massie's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $752,003 and $4,929,999. That averages to $2,841,001, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $6,956,438.47. Massie ranked as the 114th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2011 and 2012, Massie's calculated net worth decreased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Thomas Massie Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||-1%|
|Average annual growth:||-1%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Massie received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Republican/Conservative industry.
From 2011-2014, 27.59 percent of Massie's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Thomas Massie Campaign Contributions|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|% total in top industry||9.68%|
|% total in top two industries||16.3%|
|% total in top five industries||27.59%|
Ideology and leadership
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Massie most often votes with:
Massie least often votes with:
According to an analysis by CNN, Massie was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Massie's staff was given an apparent $32,666.67 in bonus money.
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Massie missed 1 of 1,163 roll call votes from November 2012 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.1 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.
Massie ranked 223rd in the conservative rankings in 2013.
Information on 2012 vote rating is unavailable.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Massie voted with the Republican Party 82.2 percent of the time, which ranked 227th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.
Massie voted with the Republican Party 83.2 percent of the time, which ranked 232nd among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.
Massie and his wife, Rhonda, have four children.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Thomas + Massie + Kentucky + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States House of Representatives elections in Kentucky, 2014
- United States congressional delegations from Kentucky
- Kentucky's 4th Congressional District
- Kentucky's 4th Congressional District elections, 2014
- Campaign website
- Official U.S. House website
- Thomas Massie's Campaign Facebook Page
- Thomas Massie's Vote Smart Profile
- Thomas Massie's YouTube Account
- Thomas Massie's Twitter Account
- Thomas Massie's Linkedin Profile
- Political profiles:
- Associated Press, "Primary election results," accessed May 20, 2014
- Politico, "House Elections Results," accessed November 11, 2014
- Thomas Massie for Congress, "About," accessed February 2, 2012
- National Journal, "Kentucky, 4th House District," accessed November 6, 2012
- U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 18, 2015
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Thomas Massie Key Votes," accessed October 14, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "Bill Summary & Status - 113th Congress (2013 - 2014) - H.R.624," accessed August 27, 2013
- Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
- New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Washington Post, "10 House Republicans Vote Against Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
- CBS News, "Senate Rejects Paul Ryan Budget," accessed March 22, 2013
- U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
- Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
- Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
- On The Issues, "Thomas Massie Vote Match," accessed June 30, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- Politico, "Libertarians, liberals unite against Syria strike," accessed September 4, 2013
- RedState, "Fight Club," accessed March 6, 2013
- Politico, "FreedomWorks backs Ted Yoho, Tim Scott, Mark Sanford," accessed March 19, 2014
- Kentucky State Board of Elections, "Candidate Filings," accessed January 23, 2012
- The Hill, "Tea Party Cadidate Thomas Massie Wins House Primary
- NRP, "How a college kid may have helped pick a congressman," accessed 2012
- The Hill, "Tea Party Cadidate Thomas Massie Wins House Primary," accessed 2012
- Thomas Massie for Congress, "Ron Paul Endorses Thomas Massie," accessed May 1, 2012
- Cincinnati.com, "Congressional candidates pick up endorsements," accessed April 13, 2012
- Thomas Massie for Congress, "Thomas Massie Endorsed By Phil Moffett," accessed April 13, 2012
- Thomas Massie for Congress, "Thomas Massie Endorsed by Campbell County Commissioner Brian Painter," accessed April 13, 2012
- Thomas Massie for Congress, "Thomas Massie Endorsed By Boone County PVA Cindy Arlinghaus," accessed April 13, 2012
- Thomas Massie for Congress, "Thomas Massie Endorsed By Alexandria Councilwoman Barb Weber," accessed April 13, 2012
- Roll Call, "Club for Growth Announces Three Congressional Endorsements," accessed May 1, 2012
- Kentucky Politics, "Fourth District GOP endorses Massie for special election," accessed August 2, 2012
- Thomas Massie's YouTube Account, "Rand Paul Endorsement," accessed 2012
- YouTube channel, "Video," accessed 2012
- Campaign Website, "Endorsements," accessed 2012
- Courier Journal, "Geoff Davis resigns from Congress, cites family health issue," accessed July 31, 2012
- Washington Post, "Republican Rep. Geoff Davis of Kentucky resigns, cites a family health issue," accessed July 31, 2012
- Politico, "Rep. Geoff Davis resigns from Congress," accessed July 31, 2012
- Roll Call, "Breaking: Geoff Davis Resigns From Congress," accessed July 31, 2012
- Open Secrets, "Thomas Massie," accessed April 7, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Thomas Massie 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
- Cincinnati.org, "Massie opens leadership PAC, gives to GOP rebels," accessed July 17, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Thomas Massie 2012 Election Cycle," accessed February 20, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
- OpenSecrets, "Massie, (R-KY), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Thomas Massie," accessed September 24, 2014
- GovTrack, "Thomas Massie," accessed July 31, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Rep. Thomas Massie," accessed July 31, 2014
- CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
- GovTrack, "Thomas Massie," accessed July 31, 2014
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 30, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Geoff Davis (R)
|U.S. House - Kentucky, District 4
| Succeeded by|