Allyson Schwartz

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Allyson Schwartz
Allyson Schwarz.jpg
U.S. House, Pennsylvania, District 13
Incumbent
In office
2005-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 9
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorJoe Hoeffel (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.73 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2004
Campaign $$16,363,850
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Pennsylvania State Senate
1991-2004
Education
Bachelor'sSimmons College
Master'sBryn Mawr College
Personal
BirthdayOctober 3, 1948
Place of birthQueens, New York
ProfessionHealthcare Executive
Net worth$3,044,525
ReligionJewish
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Allyson Young Schwartz (b. October 3, 1948, in Queens, New York) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Pennsylvania. Schwartz was first elected in 2004 by voters from Pennsylvania's 13th Congressional District and took office in January of 2005. Schwartz is currently serving her fourth consecutive term in the seat.

Schwartz decided to forfeit a possible fifth term in Congress in 2014, in order to run for Pennsylvania Governor. She filed for the 2014 election to challenge Republican incumbent Tom Corbett on April 8, 2013.[1] She was defeated by Tom Wolf in the Democratic primary.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Schwartz is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Schwartz was born in Queens, New York. She earned her B.A. from Simmons College in 1970 and her M.S.W. from Bryn Mawr College in 1972. Despite being a native New Yorker, Schwartz has spent her entire political career serving the state of Pennsylvania. Before becoming a representative from Pennsylvania in the United States House, she was a member of the Pennsylvania State Senate from 1991-2004.[2]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Schwartz's political career:

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Schwartz serves on the following committees:[3]

2011-2012

Schwartz served on the following committees:[4]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Schwartz's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Schwartz voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[8]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Yea3.png Schwartz voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[8]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Schwartz voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[9] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[8]

NDAA

Yea3.png Schwartz voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[10] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[11][12] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[12] Schwartz voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[13][14] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[14] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[15] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Schwartz joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[13][14]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Schwartz voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[18]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Schwartz voted for HR 2775.[20]

Schwartz said that she planned to "go without her paycheck during the government shutdown" and would determine where she would donate the earnings.[21]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Schwartz voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[8]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Schwartz voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[8]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Nay3.png Schwartz voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[8]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Nay3.png Schwartz voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[8]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Yea3.png Schwartz voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was one of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[22]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Allyson Schwartz's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Schwartz is a Liberal Populist. Schwartz received a score of 51 percent on social issues and 7 percent on economic issues.[23]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[24]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Neutral
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Neutral Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: June 16, 2014.[25]

Elections

2014

See also: Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2014

Schwartz ran for election as Governor of Pennsylvania in 2014. She formally entered the race to challenge incumbent first term Gov. Tom Corbett (R) on April 8, 2013.[26][1]

Schwartz lost the Democratic primary election to Tom Wolf.

Governor of Pennsylvania, Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Allyson Schwartz 17.6% 149,027
Green check mark transparent.pngTom Wolf 57.9% 488,917
Kate McGinty 7.7% 64,754
Rob McCord 16.8% 142,311
Total Votes 845,009
Election Results Via:Pennsylvania Department of State Official Election Results.


Endorsements

2012

See also: Pennsylvania's 13th Congressional District elections, 2012

Schwartz ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. House to represent Pennsylvania's 13th District. She had no formal opposition in the April 24, 2012, Democratic primary and defeated Joe Rooney (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[32]

U.S. House, Pennsylvania District 13 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngAllyson Schwartz Incumbent 69.1% 209,901
     Republican Joe Rooney 30.9% 93,918
Total Votes 303,819
Source: Pennsylvania Department of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

2010

On November 2, 2010, Schwartz won re-election to the United States House of Representatives. She defeated Carson Dee Adcock (R) in the general election.[33]

Full history


Campaign donors

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Allyson Schwartz's reports.[38]

Allyson Schwartz (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[39]April 15, 2013$3,122,777.64$416,405.72$(3,113,897.62)$415,995.74
July Quarterly[40]July 15, 2013$415,285.74$52,227.02$(30,766.31)$436,746.45
October Quarterly[41]October 13, 2013$436,746.45$19,222.99$(13,884.13)$442,085.31
Year-End Quarterly[42]January 31, 2014$442,085.31$34,669.64$(440,237.95)$36,517.00
April Quarterly[43]April 15, 2014$36,517.00$1,803.33$(10,630.43)$27,689.90
Running totals
$524,328.7$(3,609,416.44)

Comprehensive donor information for Schwartz is available dating back to 2004. Based on available campaign finance records, Schwartz raised a total of $16,363,850 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 17, 2013.[44]

Allyson Schwartz's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Pennsylvania, District 13) Won $2,910,725
2010 US House (Pennsylvania, District 13) Won $2,906,212
2008 US House (Pennsylvania, District 13) Won $3,161,116
2006 US House (Pennsylvania, District 13) Won $2,788,236
2004 US House (Pennsylvania, District 13) Won $4,597,561
Grand Total Raised $16,363,850

2012

Breakdown of the source of Schwartz's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Schwartz won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, her campaign committee raised a total of $2,901,725 and spent $1,203,040.[45] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[46]

Cost per vote

Schwartz spent $5.73 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Schwartz won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Schwartz's campaign committee raised a total of $2,906,212 and spent $3,481,643.[47]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Schwartz's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,718,050 to $4,371,000. That averages to $3,044,525, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic House members in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Schwartz ranked as the 104th most wealthy representative in 2012.[48] Between 2004 and 2012, Schwartz's calculated net worth[49] increased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[50]

Allyson Schwartz Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$2,670,918
2012$3,044,525
Growth from 2004 to 2012:14%
Average annual growth:2%[51]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[52]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Schwartz received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in Pennsylvania's 13th Congressional District was Educational services, and health care and social assistance, according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.[53]

From 1997-2014, 32.34 percent of Schwartz's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[54]

Allyson Schwartz Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $18,744,140
Total Spent $18,337,543
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$2,281,377
Women's Issues$1,423,545
Health Professionals$959,822
Retired$716,950
Real Estate$679,447
% total in top industry12.17%
% total in top two industries19.77%
% total in top five industries32.34%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Schwartz is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2014.[55] This was the same rating Schwartz received in June 2013.[56]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[57]

Schwartz most often votes with:

Schwartz least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Schwartz missed 348 of 7,427 roll call votes from January 2005 to July 2014. This amounts to 4.7 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving as of July 2014.[58]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Schwartz paid his congressional staff a total of $840,780 in 2011. Overall, Pennsylvania ranked 34th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[59]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Schwartz was one of three House members who ranked 144th in the liberal rankings in 2013.[60]

2012

Schwartz ranked 110th in the liberal rankings in 2012.[61]

2011

Schwartz ranked 144th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[62]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Allyson Schwartz voted with the Democratic Party 94.5 percent of the time, which ranked 54th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[63]

2013

Allyson Schwartz voted with the Democratic Party 95.3 percent of the time, which ranked 42nd among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[64]

2011

Allyson Schwartz voted with the Democratic Party 92.7 percent of the time, which ranked 92nd among the 192 House Democratic members as of December 2011.[65]

Personal

Schwartz is married to David. They have two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Allyson + Schwartz + Pennsylvania + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Allyson Schwartz News Feed

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See also

External links

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Philadelphia Inquirer, "Allyson Schwartz files to run for Pa. governor," April 8, 2013
  2. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "SCHWARTZ, Allyson Y., (1948 - )"
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee Information"
  5. Committee on Foreign Affairs, Chairman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen, "Subcommittee on the Western Hemisphere"
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.6 8.7 Project Vote Smart, "Allyson Schwartz Key Votes," accessed October 16, 2013
  9. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  10. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  23. On The Issues, "Vote Match Result for Allyson Schwartz," accessed June 16, 2014
  24. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  25. On The Issues, "Allyson Schwartz Vote Match," accessed June 16, 2014
  26. The Philadelphia Inquirer, "Allyson Schwartz hires Democratic Party finance chief as she considers running against Corbett," December 8, 2012
  27. Huffington Post, "Emily's List Endorses Allyson Schwartz For Pennsylvania Governor," May 23, 2013
  28. PoliticsPA, "Schwartz Endorsed by UMWA," September 10, 2013
  29. PoliticsPA, "Brady Backs Schwartz," October 17, 2013
  30. Politics PA, "PA-Gov Roundup: Philly Dems Back Schwartz & More," November 1, 2013
  31. Philly.com, "IBEW Local 98 gives Schwartz $100k contribution," December 11, 2013
  32. Pennsylvania Department of State, "2012 General Primary Unofficial Returns," April 24, 2012
  33. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "Allyson Schwartz 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commissiom, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  43. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  44. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Allyson Schwartz," accessed April 17, 2013
  45. Open Secrets, "Allyson Schwartz's 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 4, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "Allyson Schwartz 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  48. OpenSecrets, "Schwartz, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  49. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  50. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  51. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  52. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  53. Census.gov, "My Congressional District," accessed September 24, 2014
  54. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Allyson Schwartz," accessed September 24, 2014
  55. GovTrack, "Allyson Schwartz," accessed July 23, 2014
  56. GovTrack, "Allyson Schwartz," accessed June 19, 2013
  57. OpenCongress, "Rep. Allyson Schwartz," accessed July 23, 2014
  58. GovTrack, "Allyson Schwartz," accessed July 23, 2014
  59. LegiStorm, "Allyson Schwartz," accessed September 18, 2012
  60. National Journal, "TABLE: House Conservative Scores by Issue Area," July 23, 2014
  61. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 21, 2013
  62. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  63. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Joe Hoeffel
U.S. House of Representatives - Pennsylvania, District 13
2005–Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Pennsylvania State Senate
1991-2004
Succeeded by
'