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Mark Udall

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Mark Udall
Mark Udall.jpg
U.S. Senate, Colorado
Former senator
In office
2009-2015
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorWayne Allard (R)
Elections and appointments
Last election November 4, 2014
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
United States House of Representatives
1999-2009
Colorado State House of Representatives
1996-1998
Education
Bachelor'sWilliams College, 1972
Personal
Date of birthJuly 18, 1950
Place of birthTucson, AZ
ProfessionEducator
Net worth(2012) $1,784,531
ReligionUnspecified
Mark Udall campaign logo
Mark Udall (b. July 18, 1950, in Tucson, AZ) is a former Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from the state of Colorado. Udall was first elected to the Senate in 2008 and lost his bid for re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. He was defeated by Rep. Cory Gardner (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1] Udall was one of several vulnerable Democratic senators in 2014.[2][3]

Udall began his political career in 1996, winning election to the Colorado House of Representatives. He served one term in the state house and then won election to the U.S. House in 1998. Udall served in that position until his election to the Senate in 2008.

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Udall's academic, professional and political career:[4]

  • 1972: Graduated from Williams College with B.A.
  • 1974: Field coordinator, Morris K. Udall for President
  • 1985-1995: Executive director, Colorado Outward Bound School
  • 1996-1998: Colorado House of Representatives
  • 1999-2009: U.S. Representative from Colorado
  • 2009-2015: U.S. Senator from Colorado

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Udall served on the following committees:[5]

2011-2012

Udall served on the following committees:

  • Armed Services
    • Subcommittee on Emerging Threats and Capabilities
    • Subcommittee on Readiness and Management Support
    • Subcommittee on Strategic Forces
  • Energy and Natural Resources
    • Subcommittee on Energy
    • Subcommittee on National Parks, Chair
    • Subcommittee on Public Lands and Forests
  • Intelligence
  • Aging

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 114 out of the 3,036 introduced bills (3.8 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[6] The Senate confirmed 13,949 out of 18,323 executive nominations received (76.1 percent). For more information pertaining to Udall's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Yea3.png Udall voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[8]

Economy


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Yea3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[9] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that will kick in if or when prices drop; however, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[10] Udall joined with 46 other Democratic senators in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[11][12] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[12] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[13] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Udall voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.[11][12]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[14] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Udall voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[15]

No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013

Yea3.png Udall voted for H.R.325 -- No Budget, No Pay Act of 2013. The bill passed the Senate on January 31, 2013, with a vote of 64 - 34. The purpose of the bill was to temporarily suspend the debt ceiling and withhold the pay of members of Congress until a budget could be passed. The vote largely followed party lines with Democrats overwhelmingly supporting it and many Republicans in opposition to the bill.[16]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Nay3.png Udall voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[17]

Social issues

Violence Against Women (2013)

Yea3.png Udall voted for S.47 -- Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013. The bill was passed by the Senate on February 12, 2013, with a vote of 78 - 22. The purpose of the bill was to combat violence against women, from domestic violence to international trafficking in persons. All 22 dissenting votes were cast by Republicans.[18]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Udall voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. The bill was passed in the Senate by an 89 - 8 vote on January 1, 2013.[19]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Mark Udall's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Udall is a Populist-Leaning Liberal. Udall received a score of 72 percent on social issues and 22 percent on economic issues.[20]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[21]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Opposes
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Opposes Never legalize marijuana Opposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[20]

Campaign themes

2014

Udall's campaign website listed the following issues:[22]

  • Economic Opportunity & Building a Better Life: "Colorado has added more than 214,000 jobs since the recession, yet there are too many Colorado families that are still struggling to make ends meet. Mark knows that our economy is more than just statistics and numbers — it’s about creating the opportunity for families to work hard and build a better life."
  • Creating Good-Paying Colorado Jobs: "A recognized expert on energy issues, Mark’s leadership has helped make Colorado a model for the nation on smart energy policy. From efficiency and conservation, to wind, solar and other renewables, to the responsible development of clean burning natural gas, Colorado’s bountiful supply of energy doesn’t just power our homes and businesses, it drives our economy, creates good-paying jobs, and makes our country more secure."
  • Fighting For Our Rights & Values: "Our veterans put their lives on the line to protect us and for that we owe them the best health care this country has to offer. Mark works tirelessly to ensure all Colorado veterans are treated with the dignity and respect that they are owed. He successfully forced the VA to cut red tape so veterans don’t have to travel long distances for life-saving surgeries and has fought to reduce needless paperwork and redundant processes. To ensure our servicemen and women are cared for, Mark has also pressed the military to address post traumatic stress and fatigue stemming from multiple deployments."
  • Protecting Colorado’s Way of Life: "Mark works tirelessly to do right by Colorado, come hell or high water. And Colorado has seen both over the past year. He fought to get Colorado $770 million in emergency assistance to rebuild our communities, and repair our roads and bridges after last year’s historic flooding. And after forcing the Obama administration to give the Forest Service the modern tankers they needed to better fight Colorado wildfires, Mark is now leading the charge to simplify wildfire recovery by ensuring the government approaches them as they do hurricanes and tornados."

[23]

—Mark Udall's campaign website, http://markudall.com/on-the-issues/

Tenure

On February 13, 2009, Udall voted for the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, also known as the stimulus.[24] In 2009, he also voted for the Affordable Care Act.[25] The following year, Udall was one of seven Democrats to vote against a deal to extend the Bush tax cuts for two years.[26] He said that he has opposed the Patriot Act since its inception, though the Denver Post reported in 2013 that Udall said he has "no problem" with PRISM, an electronic surveillance data mining program implemented by the National Security Agency.[27][28]

He voted for the Employee Free Choice Act, a proposal to eliminate the secret ballot in voting to unionize businesses.[29] Udall voted in February 2014 for the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, a $1 trillion dollar bill that expanded crop insurance by $7 billion over the next decade, and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that kick in when prices drop, and which cut food stamp subsidies for 1.7 million people across 15 states.[30][31]

Udall repeatedly voted against the Keystone XL pipeline.[32] He also voted to expand background checks for gun purchases.[33]

Elections

2014

See also: United States Senate elections in Colorado, 2014

Udall lost his bid for re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2014. He won the Democratic nomination in the primary on June 24, 2014, unopposed.[34] He was defeated by Cory Gardner (R) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[1]

In February 2014, Udall's campaign received a lien from Colorado for failure to pay unemployment insurance.[35]

U.S. Senate, Colorado General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngCory Gardner 48.2% 983,891
     Democratic Mark Udall Incumbent 46.3% 944,203
     Libertarian Gaylon Kent 2.6% 52,876
     Independent Steve Shogan 1.4% 29,472
     Independent Raul Acosta 1.2% 24,151
     Unity Party of Colorado Bill Hammons 0.3% 6,427
Total Votes 2,041,020
Source: Colorado Secretary of State

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Udall attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Udall is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Udall raised a total of $16,850,055 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[42]

Mark Udall's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2008 US Senate (Colorado) Won $11,667,048
2006 US House (Colorado, District 2) Won $1,512,865
2004 US House (Colorado, District 2) Won $1,122,459
2002 US House (Colorado, District 2) Won $1,144,547
2000 US House (Colorado, District 2) Won $1,403,136
Grand Total Raised $16,850,055


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Udall's reports.[43]

Mark Udall (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[44]April 18, 2013$1,358,707.07$1,595,645.64$(405,728.39)$2,548,624.32
July Quarterly[45]July 15, 2013$2,548,624.32$1,345,544.51$(460,351.33)$3,433,817.50
October Quarterly[46]October 15, 2013$3,433,817.50$1,143,765.56$(436,501.20)$4,141,081.86
Year-End[47]January 28, 2014$4,141,081$1,161,151$(578,188)$4,724,044
April Quarterly[48]April 15, 2014$4,724,044$2,063,112$(882,623)$5,904,534
Pre-Primary[49]June 12, 2014$59,004,534$1,742,747$(2,021,323)$5,625,957
July Quarterly[50]July 14, 2014$5,625,957$1,368,607$(1,261,557)$5,733,007
October Quarterly[51]October 15, 2014$5,733,007$4,022,797$(7,791,280)$1,964,524
Pre-General[52]October 20, 2014$1,964,524$735,078$(2,163,271)$536,332
Running totals
$15,178,447.71$(16,000,822.92)

2013

Top recipients of lobbyist contributions

On a list of Top 10 Recipients of Contributions from Lobbyists in 2013 from OpenSecrets.org, Udall ranked 5th on the list with $79,850 in lobbyist contributions.[53]

2008

Udall won re-election to the U.S. Senate in 2008. During that re-election cycle, Udall's campaign committee raised a total of $11,667,048 and spent $12,867,562.[54]

His top five contributors between 2007-2008 were:


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Udall's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $887,057 and $2,682,000. That averages to $1,784,531, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333.90. Udall ranked as the 54th most wealthy senator in 2012.[55] Between 2004 and 2012, Udall's calculated net worth[56] decreased by an average of 1 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[57]

Mark Udall Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$1,882,137
2012$1,784,531
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-5%
Average annual growth:-1%[58]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[59]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Udall received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 1997-2014, 23.71 percent of Udall's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[60]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Mark Udall Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $32,816,096
Total Spent $27,047,742
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$2,704,252
Retired$2,042,899
Securities & Investment$1,203,533
Real Estate$996,149
Leadership PACs$833,446
% total in top industry8.24%
% total in top two industries14.47%
% total in top five industries23.71%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Udall was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2014. This was the same rating Udall received in June 2013.[61]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[62]

Udall most often voted with:

Udall least often voted with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Udall missed 36 of 1,701 roll call votes from January 2009 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.1 percent, which is worse than the median of 2 percent among current senators as of July 2014.[63]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Udall paid his congressional staff a total of $2,705,295 in 2011. He ranked 27th on the list of the lowest paid Democratic senatorial staff salaries and ranked 69th overall of the lowest paid senatorial staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Colorado ranked 18th in average salary for senatorial staff. The average U.S. Senate congressional staff was paid $2,529,141.70 in fiscal year 2011.[64]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Udall ranked 33rd in the liberal rankings among U.S. senators in 2013.[65]

2012

Udall ranked 39th in the liberal rankings among U.S. senators in 2012.[66]

2011

Udall ranked 30th in the liberal rankings among U.S. senators in 2011.[67]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Udall voted with the Democratic Party 95.5 percent of the time, which ranked 26th among the 53 Senate Democratic members as of July 2014.[68]

2013

Udall voted with the Democratic Party 94.9 percent of the time, which ranked 28th among the 52 Senate Democratic members as of June 2013.[69]

Personal

Udall and his wife, Maggie Fox, have two children.

In 1972, Udall was arrested for misdemeanor marijuana possession. He served a night in jail and paid a $300 fine.[70]

Udall's brother, James “Randy” Udall, went missing on June 28, 2013, following a solo backpacking trip.[71] He was found dead of what appeared to be natural causes on July 3, 2013.[72]

Son's arrest

Udall's son Jed was arrested on January 29, 2014, on charges of vehicular trespassing and drug possession. According to reports, he broke into three cars and was found with heroin in his pocket. Senator Udall responded by saying, "Maggie and I are deeply distressed to learn of our son's arrest. We love our son and stand with him in his commitment to getting the treatment he needs. We appreciate the private space to deal with this as a family."[73]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Mark + Udall + Colorado + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Mark Udall News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  2. Cook Political Report, "2014 SENATE RACE RATINGS FOR JULY 18, 2014," accessed July 28, 2014
  3. Sabato's Crystal Ball, "2014 Senate Races," accessed July 28, 2014
  4. Biographical Director of the United States Congress, "Mark Udall," accessed October 20, 2011
  5. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. Project Vote Smart, "PN 48 - Nomination of John Brennan to be Director of the Central Intelligence Agency - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  9. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013)," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  15. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Project Vote Smart, "HR 325 - To Ensure the Complete and Timely Payment of the Obligations of the United States Government Until May 19, 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "S Amdt 1197 - Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "S 47 - Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act of 2013 - Voting Record," accessed September 25, 2013
  19. U.S. Senate, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  20. 20.0 20.1 On The Issues, "Mark Udall Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  21. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  22. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 14, 2014
  23. Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
  24. "Denver Post","The $838 billion bill clears a key hurdle as a few GOP senators jump ship. Passage is likely today.", February 10, 2009
  25. Denver Post, "GOP challengers for Sen. Mark Udall's seat face big challenges", July 17, 2013
  26. Huffington Post, "Mark Udall Votes 'No' On Tax Deal (VIDEO)", December 13, 2010
  27. Albuquerque Journal, "House Extends Patriot Act; N.M. Delegates Split on Bill", July 22, 2005
  28. Denver Post, "Sen. Mark Udall urges Patriot Act reform on Face the Nation", July 28, 2013
  29. Huffington Post, "Mark Udall: High Noon in the Senate", May 11, 2009
  30. Denver Post, "Farm bill passes, will benefit Colorado farmers, counties", February 5, 2014
  31. New York Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers", February 4, 2014
  32. Denver Post, "Mark Udall’s position on Keystone back in limelight", June 12, 2014
  33. NBC News, "First Thoughts: Why the gun measure went down to defeat", April 18, 2013
  34. Colorado Secretary of State, "Primary election results," accessed June 24, 2014
  35. "Denver Post","Sen. Mark Udall: A lien, an endorsement and an emoji" March 20, 2014
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Mark Udall," accessed March 25, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall Summary Report," accessed July 22, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall April Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall July Quarterly," accessed July 22, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall Year-End," accessed February 14, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall April Quarterly," accessed April 29, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall Pre-Primary," accessed June 23, 2014
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall October Quarterly," accessed October 24, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Mark Udall Pre-General," accessed November 24, 2014
  53. Open Secrets, "Top Recipients of Lobbyists Cash in 2013," accessed July 3, 2013
  54. Open Secrets, "Mark Udall 2008 Election Cycle," accessed October 22, 2011
  55. OpenSecrets, "Mark Udall (D-Colo), 2012," accessed March 4, 2013
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  57. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  58. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  59. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  60. OpenSecrets.org, "Sen. Mark Udall," accessed September 18, 2014
  61. GovTrack, "Mark Udall," accessed July 17, 2014
  62. OpenCongress, "Mark Udall," accessed July 14, 2014
  63. GovTrack, "Mark Udall," accessed July 17, 2014
  64. LegiStorm, "Mark Udall," accessed August 6, 2012
  65. National Journal, "2013 Senate Vote Ratings," accessed July 17, 2014
  66. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 21, 2013
  67. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: Senate," accessed February 23, 2012
  68. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  70. "Denver Post","AD BLOWS SMOKE A VARIETY OF WAYS", September 11, 2008
  71. The Washington Post, "Brother of Sen. Mark Udall missing," July 2, 2013
  72. CNN, "Sen. Mark Udall's brother found dead," July 3, 2013
  73. Huffington Post, "Mark Udall's Son Arrested On Vehicular Trespassing, Drug Charges," January 30, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Wayne Allard
U.S. Senate - Colorado
2009-2015
Succeeded by
Cory Gardner