|U.S. House, Texas, District 20|
|January 3, 2013-Present|
|January 3, 2015|
|Years in position||1|
|Predecessor||Charles Gonzalez (D)|
|Elections and appointments|
|Cost per vote||$11.32 in 2012|
|First elected||November 4, 2014|
|Texas House of Representatives|
|J.D.||Harvard Law School|
|Birthday||September 16, 1974|
|Place of birth||San Antonio, Texas|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Committee assignments
- 4 Key votes
- 4.1 113th Congress
- 4.2 National security
- 4.3 Economy
- 4.4 Immigration
- 4.5 Healthcare
- 4.6 Social issues
- 5 Issues
- 6 Elections
- 7 Campaign donors
- 8 Personal Gain Index
- 9 Analysis
- 10 Recent news
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
- 13 References
Castro began his political career in the Texas House of Representatives, where he represented district 125 from 2003 to 2013.
Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Castro is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.
Castro is an attorney and visiting professor at Saint Mary's University School of Law. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School and B.A. from Stanford University.
- 2000-present: Practicing lawyer
- 2002-2012: Texas House of Representatives
- 2013-present: U.S. House of Representatives from Texas
Castro serves on the following committees:
- Committee on Foreign Affairs
- Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation and Trade
- Committee on Armed Services
- Subcommittee on Tactical Air and Land Forces
- Subcommittee on Intelligence, Emerging Threats and Capabilities
Joaquin Castro served on the following Texas House of Representatives committees:
The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session. For more information pertaining to Castro's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.
Castro voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.
Castro voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.
Castro voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.
On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill. The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop. However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states. Castro voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.
On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014. The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill. The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations. It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Castro joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.
- See also: United States budget debate, 2013
On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201. At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference. Castro voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.
The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies. The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Castro voted for HR 2775.
Castro said he would give up his pay in the event of a shutdown.
Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination
Castro voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.
Morton Memos Prohibition
Castro voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.
Healthcare Reform Rules
Castro voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.
Castro voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.
On The Issues Vote Match
- See also: On The Issues Vote Match
On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Castro is a Moderate Libertarian Liberal. Castro received a score of 66 percent on social issues and 40 percent on economic issues.
The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.
|On The Issues Vote Quiz|
|Economic Issues||Social Issues|
|Legally require hiring women & minorities||Strongly Favors||Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right||Strongly Favors|
|Expand ObamaCare||Strongly Favors||Comfortable with same-sex marriage||Strongly Favors|
|Vouchers for school choice||Strongly Opposes||Keep God in the public sphere||Opposes|
|Absolute right to gun ownership||Unknown||Human needs over animal rights||Unknown|
|Higher taxes on the wealthy||Strongly Opposes||Stricter punishment reduces crime||Opposes|
|Support & expand free trade||Unknown||Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens||Favors|
|Stricter limits on political campaign funds||Strongly Favors||Maintain US sovereignty from UN||Unknown|
|Prioritize green energy||Opposes||Expand the military||Unknown|
|Stimulus better than market-led recovery||Favors||Stay out of Iran||Strongly Favors|
|Privatize Social Security||Unknown||Never legalize marijuana||Favors|
|Note: Information last updated: 2014.|
Castro sponsored the following legislation while a member of the Texas House of Representatives.
- HB 741 - Relating to health education curriculum and instruction in public schools.
- HB 1689 - Relating to the creation of additional judicial districts in Bexar County.
- HB 2385 - Relating to the punishment for the offense of prohibited sexual conduct.
- HB 2754 - Relating to a central database containing information about certain offenders who have committed offenses involving family or dating violence.
Castro won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Democratic nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014, with no opposition. He defeated Jeffrey Blunt (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.
|U.S. House, Texas District 20 General Election, 2014|
|Democratic||Joaquin Castro Incumbent||75.7%||66,554|
|Source: Texas Secretary of State|
Castro won election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Texas' 20th District. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on May 29, 2012. He defeated David Rosa (R), A.E. Potts (L) and Antonio Diaz (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.
|U.S. House, Texas District 20 General Election, 2012|
|Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"|
| Texas House of Representatives, District 125 |
2010 General election results
|Joaquin Castro (D)||16,590||78.49%|
|Jeffrey Blunt (L)||4,545||21.5%|
|Texas House of Representatives, District 125|
|Joaquin Castro (D)||36,003||100.00%|
The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Castro attends.
Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Comprehensive donor history
Comprehensive donor information for Castro is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Castro raised a total of $1,494,023 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.
|Joaquin Castro's Campaign Contribution History|
|2012||US House (Texas, District 20)||$1,494,023|
|Grand Total Raised||$1,494,023|
|Joaquin Castro (2014) Campaign Finance Reports|
|Report||Date Filed||Beginning Balance||Total Contributions|
for Reporting Period
|Expenditures||Cash on Hand|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2013||$147,054.23||$121,329.00||$(103,991.37)||$164,391.86|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2013||$164,391.86||$175,438.18||$(97,772.63)||$242,057.41|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2013||$242,057.41||$167,619.08||$(120,329.23)||$289,347.26|
|Year-End||January 31, 2014||$289,347||$117,342||$(98,322)||$308,366|
|Pre-Primary||February 20, 2014||$308,366||$103,301||$(59,693)||$351,974|
|April Quarterly||April 15, 2014||$351,974||$123,611||$(88,986)||$386,600|
|July Quarterly||July 15, 2014||$386,600||$151,386||$(180,910)||$357,075|
|October Quarterly||October 15, 2014||$357,075||$240,065||$(178,575)||$418,565|
Castro won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Castro's campaign committee raised a total of $1,494,023 and spent $1,346,968. This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.
Cost per vote
Castro spent $11.32 per vote received in 2012.
|U.S. House, Texas District 20, 2012 - Joaquin Castro Campaign Contributions|
|Total Raised by Election Runner-up||$54,402|
|Total Spent by Election Runner-up||$57,952|
|Top contributors to Joaquin Castro's campaign committee|
|Blue Cross/Blue Shield||$18,500|
|Communications Workers of America||$15,000|
|Escamilla, Poneck & Cruz||$15,000|
|Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Oil & Gas||$64,550|
|Building Trade Unions||$43,500|
To view the breakdown of campaign funding by type click [show] to expand the section.
Castro raised a total of $120,245 in 2010. Below are Castro's top 5 campaign contributors in the 2010 election:
|International Bank of Commerce||$2,500|
|Texas Association of Realtors||$2,500|
Castro raised $100,536. His top 5 campaign contributors are listed below.
|Contender Consulting & Rene Barrientos||$8,300|
|San Antonio Fire Fighers||$3,500|
|Joe V Lamantia III||$3,500|
|Texas Assoc of Realtors||$3,000|
|San Antonio Police Officers PAC||$2,500|
Personal Gain Index
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
- See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)
The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:
- Changes in Net Worth
- The Donation Concentration Metric
- The K-Street Metric
- The Stock Oversight and Trades Metric
PGI: Change in net worth
Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Castro's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $51,002 and $249,999. That averages to $150,500, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Castro ranked as the 364th most wealthy representative in 2012. Between 2011 and 2012, Castro's calculated net worth increased by an average of 11 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.
|Joaquin Castro Yearly Net Worth|
|Year||Average Net Worth|
|Growth from 2011 to 2012:||11%|
|Average annual growth:||11%|
|Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.|
PGI: Donation Concentration Metric
Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Castro received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.
From 2011-2014, 25.69 percent of Castro's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.
|Joaquin Castro Campaign Contributions|
|Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee|
|Oil & Gas||$99,550|
|Building Trade Unions||$61,000|
|% total in top industry||11.16%|
|% total in top two industries||15.53%|
|% total in top five industries||25.69%|
The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.
Castro most often votes with:
Castro least often votes with:
Lifetime voting record
According to the website GovTrack, Castro missed 37 of 1,072 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 3.5 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.
National Journal vote ratings
- See also: National Journal vote ratings
Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.
Castro ranked 123rd in the liberal rankings in 2013.
Voting with party
The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.
Castro voted with the Democratic Party 93.3 percent of the time, which ranked 97th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.
Castro voted with the Democratic Party 94.9 percent of the time, which ranked 117th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.
Empower Texans Fiscal Responsibility Index
Empower Texans produces the Fiscal Responsibility Index as "a measurement of how lawmakers perform on size and role of government issues." The index uses "exemplar votes on core budget and free enterprise issues that demonstrate legislators' governing philosophy." Legislators are graded along a standard grading scale, receiving grades A through F based on their performance during the legislative session.
Joaquin Castro received a grade of F on the 2011 Fiscal Responsibility Index.
This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Joaquin + Castro + Texas + House
- All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.
- United States House of Representatives
- United States congressional delegations from Texas
- Texas' 20th Congressional District elections, 2014
- Texas' 20th Congressional District
- Social media:
- Political profiles:
- Financial (federal level):
- Interest group ratings:
- Issue positions:
- Public statements:
- Voting record:
- Media appearances:
- Media coverage:
- Texas Tribune profile
- Texas State Directory profile
- Texas Political Almanac HD 125 page
- Vote-TX.org profile
- Mexican American Legislative Caucus profile (dead link)
- Politico, "2012 Election Map, Texas," November 6, 2012
- The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "Rep. Castro," accessed August 13, 2011
- National Journal, "Texas, 20th House District: Joaquín Castro (D)," November 7, 2012
- CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
- Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
- Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
- New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
- CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
- U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
- Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
- Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
- The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
- U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
- Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
- On The Issues, "Joaquin Castro Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
- The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
- Texas Legislature, "Bills Authored/Joint Authored by Rep. Castro," accessed August 21, 2011
- Texas Democrats, "2012 Candidate list," accessed May 10, 2012 (dead link)
- Texas Secretary of State, "Unofficial Democratic primary results," May 29, 2012 (timed out)
- Texas Secretary of State, "Official Texas Election Results," November 2, 2010 (timed out)
- Texas Secretary of State, "1992 - Current Election History," accessed February 24, 2014
- Follow the Money, "District 125 Texas House candidate funds, 2008," November 4, 2008
- Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Joaquin Castro," accessed March 25, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro Summary Report," accessed July 24, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro Year-End," accessed February 6, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro Pre-Primary," accessed April 20, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
- Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
- Open Secrets, "Joaquin Castro 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013
- Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
- Follow the Money, "2010 Campaign contributions," accessed August 2, 2011
- Follow the Money, "2008 Campaign contributions," accessed August 1, 2011
- OpenSecrets, "Joaquin Castro (D-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
- This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
- This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
- This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
- This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
- OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Joaquin Castro," accessed September 23, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Joaquin Castro," accessed July 18, 2014
- GovTrack, "Joaquin Castro," accessed July 21, 2014
- National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
- Empower Texans, "Fiscal Responsibility Index," accessed February 22, 2014
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| Succeeded by|
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| Succeeded by|
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