Joaquin Castro

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Joaquin Castro
Joaquin Castro.jpg
U.S. House, Texas, District 20
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 2
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorCharles Gonzalez (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$17.25 in 2014
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$2,790,494
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Texas House of Representatives
2003-2013
Education
Bachelor'sStanford University
J.D.Harvard Law School
Personal
Date of birthSeptember 16, 1974
Place of birthSan Antonio, Texas
ProfessionAttorney/Professor
Net worth(2012) $150,500
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Joaquin Castro (b. September 16, 1974, in San Antonio, TX) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House, representing Texas' 20th Congressional District. He was first elected on November 6, 2012, when he defeated David Rosa (R), A.E. Potts (L) and Antonio Diaz (G).[1]

Castro began his political career in the Texas House of Representatives, where he represented district 125 from 2003 to 2013.

Castro won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on March 4, 2014. He defeated Jeffrey Blunt (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Castro is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Castro is an attorney and visiting professor at Saint Mary's University School of Law. He earned his J.D. from Harvard Law School and B.A. from Stanford University.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Castro's academic, professional and political career:[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Castro serves on the following committees:[5]

2013-2014

Castro served on the following committees:[6]

Texas House

2011-2012

Joaquin Castro served on the following Texas House of Representatives committees:

2009-2010

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Castro's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including Castro, voted against the resolution.[9][10][11]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Castro voted with 176 Democrats to approve the bill.[12][13]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[14] For more information pertaining to Castro's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[15]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Castro voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[16]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Castro voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[17]

CISPA (2013)

Nay3.png Castro voted against HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[18]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[19] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[20][21] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[21] Castro voted with 102 other Democratic representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[22][23] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[23] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[24] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Castro joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[22][23]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[25] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[26] Castro voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[27]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[28] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Castro voted for HR 2775.[29]

Castro said he would give up his pay in the event of a shutdown.[30]

"I hope you will ask Senator Ted Cruz why he refuses to give up his pay during a shutdown he pushed for," he added.[30]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Nay3.png Castro voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[31]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Castro voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[32] The vote largely followed party lines.[33]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Castro voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[34]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Castro voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[35]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Joaquin Castro's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Castro is a Moderate Liberal.[36] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


Castro sponsored the following legislation while a member of the Texas House of Representatives.

  • HB 741 - Relating to health education curriculum and instruction in public schools.
  • HB 1689 - Relating to the creation of additional judicial districts in Bexar County.
  • HB 2385 - Relating to the punishment for the offense of prohibited sexual conduct.
  • HB 2754 - Relating to a central database containing information about certain offenders who have committed offenses involving family or dating violence.[37]

Elections

2014

See also: Texas' 20th Congressional District elections, 2014

Castro won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Democratic nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014, with no opposition. He defeated Jeffrey Blunt (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.[2]

U.S. House, Texas District 20 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJoaquin Castro Incumbent 75.7% 66,554
     Libertarian Jeffrey Blunt 24.3% 21,410
Total Votes 87,964
Source: Texas Secretary of State

2012

See also: Texas' 20th Congressional District elections, 2012

Castro won election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Texas' 20th District. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on May 29, 2012. He defeated David Rosa (R), A.E. Potts (L) and Antonio Diaz (G) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[38][39]

U.S. House, Texas District 20 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJoaquin Castro 63.9% 119,032
     Republican David Rosa 33.5% 62,376
     Libertarian A.E. Potts 1.7% 3,143
     Green Antonio Diaz 0.9% 1,626
Total Votes 186,177
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

2010

See also: Texas House of Representatives elections, 2010

Castro won re-election in District 125. He was unopposed in the March 2 Democratic primary and defeated Libertarian Jeffrey Blunt in the November 2 general election.[40]

Texas House of Representatives, District 125
2010 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Green check mark transparent.png Joaquin Castro (D) 16,590 78.49%
Jeffrey Blunt (L) 4,545 21.5%

2008

On November 4, 2008, Castro won re-election to the Texas House of Representatives from the 125th District, receiving 36,003 votes without opposition.[41] He raised $100,536 for his campaign.[42]

Texas House of Representatives, District 125
Candidates Votes Percent
Green check mark transparent.png Joaquin Castro (D) 36,003 100.00%

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Castro attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Castro is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Castro raised a total of $2,790,494 during that time period. This information was last updated on January 27, 2015.[43]

Joaquin Castro's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (Texas, District 20) Won $1,296,471
2012 U.S. House (Texas, District 20) Won $1,494,023
Grand Total Raised $2,790,494


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Castro won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Castro's campaign committee raised a total of $1,296,471 and spent $1,147,967.[44] This is less than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[45]

Cost per vote

Castro spent $17.25 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, Texas District 20, 2014 - Joaquin Castro Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,296,471
Total Spent $1,147,967
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $0
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $0
Top contributors to Joaquin Castro's campaign committee
Nustar Energy$16,250
Mednax Inc$11,250
Capital Group Companies$10,000
Dell Inc$10,000
Kirkland & Ellis$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$140,750
Real Estate$51,117
Health Professionals$45,550
Insurance$43,750
Oil & Gas$40,500

Below are Castro's FEC reports.[46]

2012

Castro won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Castro's campaign committee raised a total of $1,494,023 and spent $1,346,968.[55] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[56]

Cost per vote

Castro spent $11.32 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Castro raised a total of $120,245 in 2010. Below are Castro's top five campaign contributors in the 2010 election:[57]

Contributor 2010 total
Valero Energy $3,500
International Bank of Commerce $2,500
Cedillo, Ricardo $2,500
Watts, Mikal $2,500
Wallae, John $2,500
Texas Association of Realtors $2,500

2008

Castro raised $100,536. His top five campaign contributors are listed below.[58]

Contributor 2008 total
Contender Consulting & Rene Barrientos $8,300
San Antonio Fire Fighers $3,500
Joe V Lamantia III $3,500
Texas Assoc of Realtors $3,000
San Antonio Police Officers PAC $2,500

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Castro's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $51,002 and $249,999. That averages to $150,500, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Castro ranked as the 364th most wealthy representative in 2012.[59] Between 2011 and 2012, Castro's calculated net worth[60] increased by an average of 11 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[61]

Joaquin Castro Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$135,242
2012$150,500
Growth from 2011 to 2012:11%
Average annual growth:11%[62]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[63]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Castro received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Lawyers/Law Firms industry.

From 2011-2014, 25.69 percent of Castro's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[64]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Joaquin Castro Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $2,454,051
Total Spent $2,061,975
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$273,987
Real Estate$107,100
Oil & Gas$99,550
Health Professionals$88,899
Building Trade Unions$61,000
% total in top industry11.16%
% total in top two industries15.53%
% total in top five industries25.69%

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[65]

Castro most often votes with:

Castro least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Castro missed 37 of 1,072 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 3.5 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[66]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Castro ranked 123rd in the liberal rankings in 2013.[67]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Castro voted with the Democratic Party 93.3 percent of the time, which ranked 97th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[68]

2013

Castro voted with the Democratic Party 94.9 percent of the time, which ranked 117th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[69]

Scorecards

Empower Texans Fiscal Responsibility Index

Empower Texans produces the Fiscal Responsibility Index as "a measurement of how lawmakers perform on size and role of government issues." The index uses "exemplar votes on core budget and free enterprise issues that demonstrate legislators' governing philosophy."[70] Legislators are graded along a standard grading scale, receiving grades A through F based on their performance during the legislative session.

2011

Joaquin Castro received a grade of F on the 2011 Fiscal Responsibility Index.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Joaquin + Castro + Texas + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Joaquin Castro News Feed

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See also

External links

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Joaquin Castro

References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Texas," November 6, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Huffington Post, "Election 2014," November 4, 2014
  3. Project Vote Smart, "Rep. Castro," accessed August 13, 2011
  4. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, "CASTRO, Joaquin, (1974 - )," accessed February 5, 2015
  5. U.S. House of Representatives, Office of the Clerk, "Committee Information," accessed February 20, 2015
  6. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 113th Congress," accessed April 29, 2015
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the One Hundred Fourteenth Congress," April 13, 2015
  9. Congress.gov, "S.Con.Res.11," accessed May 5, 2015
  10. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 183," accessed May 5, 2015
  11. The Hill, "Republicans pass a budget, flexing power of majority," accessed May 5, 2015
  12. Congress.gov, "H.R.1191 - Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015," accessed May 16, 2015
  13. Clerk.House.gov, "Final Vote Results for Roll Call 226," accessed May 16, 2015
  14. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  15. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  16. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  17. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  19. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  20. Politico, "House clears Farm Bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  21. 21.0 21.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  22. 22.0 22.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  23. 23.0 23.1 23.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  24. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  25. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  26. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  27. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  28. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  29. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 Washington Post, "Which lawmakers will refuse their pay during the shutdown?," accessed October 2, 2013
  31. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  32. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  33. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  34. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  35. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  36. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ontheissues
  37. Texas Legislature, "Bills Authored/Joint Authored by Rep. Castro," accessed August 21, 2011
  38. Texas Democrats, "2012 Candidate list," accessed May 10, 2012 (dead link)
  39. Texas Secretary of State, "Unofficial Democratic primary results," May 29, 2012 (timed out)
  40. Texas Secretary of State, "Official Texas Election Results," November 2, 2010 (timed out)
  41. Texas Secretary of State, "1992 - Current Election History," accessed February 24, 2014
  42. Follow the Money, "District 125 Texas House candidate funds, 2008," November 4, 2008
  43. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Joaquin Castro," accessed January 27, 2015
  44. Open Secrets, "Joaquin Castro 2014 Election Cycle," accessed April 1, 2015
  45. Open Secrets, "Winning vs. Spending," accessed April 1, 2015
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro Summary Report," accessed July 24, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro Year-End," accessed February 6, 2014
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro Pre-Primary," accessed April 20, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Joaquin Castro October Quarterly," accessed October 20, 2014
  55. Open Secrets, "Joaquin Castro 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013
  56. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  57. Follow the Money, "2010 Campaign contributions," accessed August 2, 2011
  58. Follow the Money, "2008 Campaign contributions," accessed August 1, 2011
  59. OpenSecrets, "Joaquin Castro (D-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  60. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  61. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  62. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  63. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  64. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Joaquin Castro," accessed September 23, 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Joaquin Castro," accessed July 18, 2014
  66. GovTrack, "Joaquin Castro," accessed July 21, 2014
  67. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  68. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  69. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  70. Empower Texans, "Fiscal Responsibility Index," accessed February 22, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Charles Gonzalez
U.S. House of Representatives - Texas District 20
2013-present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
'
Texas House District 125
2003–2013
Succeeded by
'