Pennsylvania school districts
|K-12 Education in Pennsylvania|
|State Superintendent: Carolyn Dumaresq|
|Number of students: 1,771,395|
|Number of teachers: 124,646|
|Teacher/pupil ratio: 1:14.2|
|Number of school districts: 784|
|Number of schools: 3,181|
|Graduation rate: 84%|
|Per-pupil spending: $13,467|
|Pennsylvania Department of Education • List of school districts in Pennsylvania • Pennsylvania • School boards portal|
|Education policy project|
|Public education in the United States |
Public education in Pennsylvania
Glossary of education terms
- 1 Quick facts
- 2 State law
- 3 School board elections
- 4 See also
- 5 External links
- 6 References
State school administrators
Council for Basic Education
- Dr. James E. Barker, Council Chair
Council for Higher Education
- James Grandon, Council Chair
The following table details the top 10 school districts in Pennsylvania by student enrollment, per-pupil spending and Pennsylvania System of School Assessment (PSSA) scores.
The following table displays the ethnic distribution of students in Pennsylvania as reported in the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data for 2011-2012.
|Demographic information for Pennsylvania's K-12 public school system|
|Ethnicity||Students||State Percentage||United States Percentage**|
|Hawaiian Nat./Pacific Isl. students||997||0.06%||0.42%|
|Two or more||33,685||1.90%||2.54%|
|**Note: This is the percentage of all students in the United States that are reported to be of this ethnicity.|
Common Core, or the Common Core State Standards Initiative, is an American education initiative that outlines quantifiable benchmarks in English and mathematics at each grade level from kindergarten through high school. The Pennsylvania State Board of Education adopted the standards on July 2, 2010. Full implementation took place during the 2013-2014 academic year.
School board composition
School board members in Pennsylvania can either be elected or appointed. School board members are appointed if the school district they govern has 250,000 or more inhabitants. Those school boards have 15 members. School board members that govern school districts with less than 250,000 inhabitants are elected and have nine members serving four-year terms. Elections are staggered so that four members are up for re-election one election year and five are up for re-election the next. Elections for school board members can be at-large, by region or by a combination of the two.
School district types
Pennsylvania divides its school districts into five classes: first class, first class A, second class, third class and fourth class. These classes are based off of the number of inhabitants in the school district, with the first class containing 1,000,000 inhabitants or more and the fourth class containing less than 5,000 inhabitants.
Pennsylvania does not impose statewide term limits on school boards.
School board elections
A total of 18 Pennsylvania school districts among America's largest school districts by enrollment will hold elections for 84 seats on November 3, 2015.
Here are several quick facts about Pennsylvania's school board elections in 2015:
- The largest school district by enrollment with an election in 2015 is Pittsburgh School District with 26,653 K-12 students.
- The smallest school district by enrollment with an election in 2015 is Parkland School District with 9,285 K-12 students.
- Thirteen districts are tied for the most seats on the ballot in 2015 with five seats up for election in each.
- Scranton School District has the fewest seats on the ballot in 2015 with three seats up for election.
The districts listed below served 241,071 K-12 students during the 2010-2011 school year, according to the National Center for Education Statistics. Click on the district names for more information on the district and its school board elections.
|2015 Pennsylvania School Board Elections|
|District||Date||Seats up for election||Total board seats||Student enrollment|
|Allentown City School District||11/3/2015||5||9||17,560|
|Bethlehem Area School District||11/3/2015||4||9||14,427|
|Central Bucks School District||11/3/2015||5||9||20,081|
|Central Dauphin School District||11/3/2015||5||9||10,831|
|Council Rock School District||11/3/2015||5||9||11,643|
|Downingtown Area School District||11/3/2015||5||9||11,779|
|Erie City School District||11/3/2015||4||9||12,324|
|Hazleton Area School District||11/3/2015||5||9||10,337|
|Lancaster School District||11/3/2015||5||9||10,851|
|North Penn School District||11/3/2015||5||9||12,649|
|Parkland School District||11/3/2015||5||9||9,285|
|Pennsbury School District||11/3/2015||5||9||10,574|
|Pittsburgh School District||11/3/2015||4||9||26,653|
|Pocono Mountain School District||11/3/2015||4||9||10,176|
|Reading School District||11/3/2015||5||9||18,060|
|Scranton School District||11/3/2015||3||7||9,798|
|Upper Darby School District||11/3/2015||5||9||12,216|
|West Chester Area School District||11/3/2015||5||9||11,827|
Path to the ballot
In order to qualify as a school board candidate in Pennsylvania, an individual must:
- Be a Pennsylvania citizen.
- Be at least 18 years old.
- Be a resident of the school district the candidate seeks to represent for at least one year before the election.
- Not be employed by the school district the candidate seeks to represent.
To get on the ballot, a school board candidate must file a petition signed by qualified voters of the candidate's political party with the county board of election and school board secretary. If a candidate wishes to appear on more than one party's ballot in the primary election, he or she may have a registered member of that party circulate a second petition to collect the signatures. If a candidate does this and wins both primaries, he or she will appear on both party's ballots at the general election.
School board candidates in Pennsylvania must submit a statement of financial interest for the previous calendar year to their local school district, the county board of elections and the school board secretary. Incumbent school board members who are not up for election must also file a statement of financial interest with the school district by May 1 each year. Candidates who intend to receive or spend more than $250 for their campaigns must file expense reports by the second Friday before the primary election with the county board of elections. If candidates do not intend to receive or spend more than $250, they must file an affidavit to that effect with their nominating petitions.
- School board elections portal
- United States school districts
- List of school districts in Pennsylvania
- Pennsylvania Department of Education
- Public education in Pennsylvania
- Pennsylvania Department of State
- Pennsylvania Department of Education
- Pennsylvania School Boards Association
- Pennsylvania State Education Association
- American Federation of Teachers - Pennsylvania
- National Center for Education Statistics school district search tool
- National Center for Education Statistics, "Table 2. Number of operating public schools and districts, state enrollment, teacher and pupil/teacher ratio by state: School year 2011–12," accessed March 18, 2014
- ED Data Express, "State Tables Report," accessed March 17, 2014 The site includes this disclaimer: "States converted to an adjusted cohort graduation rate [starting in the 2010-2011 school year], which may or may not be the same as the calculation they used in prior years. Due to the potential differences, caution should be used when comparing graduation rates across states."
- United States Census Bureau, "Public Education Finances: 2011," accessed March 18, 2014
- United States Department of Education, "2012 EDFacts State Profile," accessed August 12, 2013
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, "EDNA Home," accessed September 9, 2013
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, "About the Board," accessed June 13, 2014
- American School & University, "Largest school districts in Pennsylvania, 2011-12," accessed July 10, 2014
- Community Matters, "2014 Pennsylvania School District Rankings based on PSSA scores are in," April 13, 2014
- OpenPAgov.org, "Spending per Student - Adjusted for Inflation, 2012-2013," accessed July 10, 2014
- United States Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Common Core of Data (CCD), State Nonfiscal Public Elementary/Secondary Education Survey, 2011-2012," accessed May 7, 2014
- Common Core State Standards Initiative, "Core Standards in your State," accessed June 12, 2014
- Pennsylvania Department of Education, "PA Core Standards Implementation," accessed June 17, 2014
- Pennsylvania School Boards Association, "How to Run for School Board," accessed July 10, 2014
- United States Census Bureau, "Pennsylvania," accessed July 10, 2014
- National School Boards Association, "Survey of the State School Boards Associations on Term Limits for Local Board Members," accessed July 10, 2014
State of Pennsylvania
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Pennsylvania Department of Education | Pennsylvania school districts |