Robin Carnahan

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Robin Carnahan
Robin Carnahan 1.jpg
Missouri Secretary of State
Former Officeholder
In office
2005 - 2013
Base salary$107,746
Elections and appointments
First electedNovember 2004
Term limitsN/A
High schoolRolla High School
Bachelor'sWilliam Jewell College
J.D.University of Virginia Law School (1986)
Date of birthAugust 4, 1961
Office website
Robin Carnahan (born August 4, 1961) was the Democratic Secretary of State for Missouri from 2005-2013. She was first elected to the statewide position in 2004 and was subsequently re-elected in 2008.

Carnahan announced on October 1, 2011, that should would not run for a third term as secretary of state in 2012.[1] She was succeeded by Jason Kander (D), who won election on November 6, 2012.


Shortly after completing law school, Carnahan returned to Missouri and began practicing law with the St. Louis law firm of Thompson & Mitchell, focusing on business and corporate law. In 1990, she was part of a team from the National Democratic Institute sent to help rebuild the democracies and economies of the nations of the former Soviet Union and other formerly Communist regimes. In this role, she helped draft voting laws, train new political leaders and monitor elections in Hungary and Czechoslovakia. Since then, she has worked in six countries to promote democracy and free elections. Carnahan also served as an executive at the Export-Import Bank of the United States. At the bank, Carnahan worked to help American companies increase the sale of their goods and services to buyers around the world.

Carnahan's family has a legacy of being active in Missouri politics for several generations. Her father, Mel Carnahan, served in several offices, most notably as Governor of Missouri from 1993 until his untimely death in a plane crash on October 17, 2000. Her mother, Jean, served as United States Senator for two years in the seat won posthumously by her husband until she was narrowly defeated in a special election held in November 2002 by Republican James Talent. Her brother, Russ Carnahan, is a member of the United States House of Representatives, representing the southern portion of the St. Louis Metropolitan area. Her grandfather, A.S.J. Carnahan, served as congressman for south-central Missouri and as the first United States Ambassador to Sierra Leone, having been appointed to the position by President John F. Kennedy.


  • Graduated from Rolla High School
  • Bachelor's degree, William Jewell College in education
  • Juris Doctorate degree, University of Virginia Law School (1986)

Political career

Missouri Secretary of State (2005-2013)

Carnahan was first elected Missouri Secretary of State in 2004 and re-elected in 2008. She did not seek re-election in 2012 and was succeeded by Democrat Jason Kander on January 14, 2013.

Abuse of power suit

On December 10, 2009, the pro-life non-profit organization Missouri Roundtable for Life filed a lawsuit against both Secretary of State Robin Carnahan and State Auditor Susan Montee for abuse of power. The political coalition filed the complaint in an attempt to hold both politicians accountable for what they claim to be an intentional engagement "in a systematic, persistent and continuous campaign of unlawfully and inaccurately manipulating initiative petition language so as to mislead and confuse Missouri voters and to create prejudice against [MRFL’s] proposed constitutional amendments."[2] This is, of course, is in reference to the two overturned ballot titles thrown out by two separate Missouri judges in 2008.


See also: Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now

Under President George W. Bush, the Department of Justice (DOJ) filed charges against Carnahan and the state of Missouri in a lawsuit related to the National Voter Registration Act, which charged that ineligible voters within the state were not properly pursued; nearly identical charges were filed in Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Maine, New Jersey, and New York. According to the Heritage Foundation, the Justice Department "pursued the lawsuit successfully all the way to the Court of Appeals, but a month after Carnahan announced her run for the Senate, the lawsuit was dropped by Obama-Holder."[3][4]

State executive officials
State legislatures

The Republican Party of Missouri has argued that Carnahan ordered the St. Louis Board of Elections to approve more than 5,000 questionable registrations submitted by ACORN in 2006 and that her unwavering support for the embattled liberal organization has continued to this day. It was recently discovered that in the report she issued on the 2008 elections, "she failed to mention ACORN’s organized effort to commit voter fraud across the state by submitting thousands of fraudulent voter registrations to county election boards in Missouri."[5] Far more revealing, however, was ACORN's own proclamation that Carnahan had been “helpful” in its lawsuit against the state of Missouri—a lawsuit that ended after the state agreed to pay ACORN $450,000. Carnahan has had numerous contacts with ACORN, including meetings in her own officer, between 2007 and 2009, despite never having been named in the lawsuit against the state.[6]

There is plenty of evidence to suggest that the Missouri Secretary of State did nearly everything in her power to omit her involvement in the lawsuit, at least publicly. An email message from Brian Mellor of Project Vote, the voter registration arm of ACORN, was sent to Barbara Wood, senior counsel for Carnahan's office, on October 9, 2008. The content of the message merely provides contact information for attorney Richard Cairns, one of the lawyers representing ACORN in their suit against the state of Missouri. Five days following this email exchange, Cairns filed a brief opposing a request made by the St. Louis Board of Elections to include Robin Carnahan in the suit; the reasoning behind her inclusion in the suit was that "coordination of the National Voter Registration Act (NVRA) was the responsibility of Robin Carnahan, and she was necessary to enforce the rules asked for in the ACORN suit."[7]


See also: America Coming Together

America Coming Together (ACT), at the zenith of its power in 2004 under the leadership of former political director of the AFL-CIO, Steve Rosenthal, was a liberal 527 political activist group dedicated to get-out-the-vote efforts for candidates, mainly those belonging to the Democratic Party. The organization received a large amount of its funding from rich individuals like Peter Lewis, chairman of Progressive Insurance Companies, and billionaire George Soros, in addition to labor unions, particularly the Service Employees International Union (SEIU). ACT was heavily involved in both the 2004 presidential and congressional election campaigns, spending as much as $10 million and hiring nearly 45,000 paid canvassers in battleground states on Election Day.

Three years later, ACT, which at that point in time had largely closed up shop, was fined $775,000 by the Federal Election Commission (FEC) for violations of various federal campaign finance laws in the course of the 2004 U.S. election cycle.[8] The organization was accused of knowingly hiring dozens of convicted felons, some on charges such as burglary, forgery, drug dealing, assault and sex offenses, as canvassers going door-to-door collecting sensitive personal information, such as telephone numbers. In April 2004, Missouri Department of Corrections "banished ACT from its pool of potential employers for parolees in its halfway houses in Kansas City and St. Louis."[9]

Laura Egerdal, who was hired by Carnahan to serve as her communications director, not only worked for America Coming Together, but was also responsible for hiring in the state of Missouri.[10] She was also an employee of SEIU.

America Votes

America Votes, "established by the 'three families' of George Soros, Peter Lewis, and Marion Sandler to coordinate various get-out-the-vote drives during the 2004 election,"[11] is a 527 political action committee that wields "a nationwide network of activist groups whose agendas are ideologically Left."[12] Though citing nonpartisan goals such as increasing voter registration and participation in electoral politics in public press releases, behind the scenes these get-out-the-vote efforts specifically targets demographic groups likely to vote Democratic, including working women, young adults, and ethnic minorities. Coalition members include some of the more embattled democratic political organizations in the country, including ACORN, Democracy for America, EMILY's List, League of Conservation Voters (LCV), Political Action, Planned Parenthood Action Fund, SEIU, and the Sierra Club.

There are at least two known individuals with links to America Votes that have figured prominently in Robin Carnahan's political career, either during her time as Missouri Secretary of State or in the course of her Senatorial campaign. Paula Hodges is the political director of the Missouri branch for America Votes. Prior to this she served as deputy director of policy and administration in the Missouri Secretary of State office under Carnahan. This alteration in employment is significant "because outside groups have funneled an unprecedented amount of money into attack ads on Roy Blunt's Senate campaign,"[13] all coordinated under the direction of America Votes.

Carnahan's Chief of Staff, Mindy Mazur, joined up with the left-leaning political action committee as its Missouri State Director. The League of Conservation Voters, under Mazur's supervision, ran attack television advertisements against not only Blue Dog Democrats Mike Ross and John Barrow, but also Carnahan's soon-to-be Senatorial opponent, Roy Blunt. This allowed Carnahan to coordinate hundreds of thousands of dollars to attack Blunt outside his own district without getting directly involved. Mazur was shortly thereafter 'reassigned' as campaign manager for the Robin Carnahan for Senate campaign.[14]

Mazur's name was also present in a document written by the Common Cause Education Foundation called Voting In 2008: 10 Swing States. The purpose of the one hundred and eight page report was to highlight ten states that might vote for Democrats and would need some rule changes in the way they voted so to "increase the chances of Democratic victory."[15] Recommendations included pushing for voter reform measures such as those that allowed those aged 16 and 17 years old to register to vote in addition to the removal of barriers to registration and voting for citizens with felony convictions.

Robin Carnahan, who received $13,736 from the Secretary of State Project in 2006

On February 19, 2010, Robin Carnahan traveled to Seattle, Washington for a fundraiser sponsored by the League of Conservation Voters.[16] The LCV has been quite vocal in their chastisement of Blunt's opposition to the Cap-and-Trade/Tax legislation. Critics of the ecological measure, however, have argued that "members [of Congress] who vote for this climate bill are voting for what is likely to be the biggest tax in American history."[17]

FOX News suit

The cable network FOX News has filed suit in Kansas City against Democratic senatorial candidate Robin Carnahan over a campaign commercial that featured "a clip from an 2006 interview by Fox News journalist Christopher Wallace with Republican Congressman Roy Blunt, who is Carnahan's opponent in the Senate race."[18] The network contends that the inclusion of the clip "harmed the value of the original work by compromising its apparent objectivity," making it appear as though Wallace endorsed Carnahan when in reality he has not.[19] And while the advertisement has been removed from both her campaign website as well as from YouTube, there are no plans to scrap the commercial from airing on television.

Overturned ballot titles

It is the responsibility of the Missouri Secretary of State to produce fair and neutral ballot titles for proposed Missouri initiatives. In two cases in early 2008, ballot titles for the Missouri Stem Cell Prohibition Initiative (2008) and the Missouri Civil Rights Initiative (2008) written by Carnahan were thrown out by two different Missouri judges.[20]

Proposition B

See also: Missouri Concealed Firearms, Proposition B (April 1999)

Carnahan's own political career within Missouri began in 1999 when she led the statewide campaign against the concealed carry referendum known as Proposition B. She chaired the Safe Schools and Workplaces Committee (SSWC) and orchestrated television advertisements against the measure. These spots were controversial in that they made several misleading statements or downright lies concerning what the proposition allowed. Specifically, the SSWC alleged that Proposition B allowed Missourians to carry the UZI carbine rifle, despite the fact that the UZI shown in the advertisement had been banned in the United States since 1994, and that individuals convicted of assault, stalking, even child molesting could legally carry concealed handguns under the law, totally ignoring the law's stringent requirements barring such individuals from taking part.[21] Proposition B was narrowly defeated in April 1999 by a margin of 3.3%, but a similar right-to-carry proposal was adopted by the Republican legislature over Governor Holden's veto four years later. Regardless of her work to defeat Proposition B, Carnahan insisted in 2004 while running for Secretary of State that she supported the Second Amendment.

Secretary of State Project

See also: Secretary of State Project

ActBlue reports that in 2006 Carnahan received a substantial donation of at least $13,736 from the Secretary of State Project, a below-the-radar 527 political organization whose purpose is to "wrestling control of the country from the Republican Party" through the process of "removing their political operatives from deciding who can vote and whose votes will count," namely the office of Secretary of State in many cases.[22][23]

Streisand donation

President Barack Obama stumps for Robin Carnahan at the Folly Theater in Kansas City, Missouri on July 8, 2010

With three months remaining until the Missouri primary election, Roy Blunt, the presumed Republican nominee for the United States Senate, has been quick to label Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan "a liberal who will be a rubber stamp for Obama."[24] The State GOP underscored that statement by attacking her acceptance of a $1,000 political donation from actress/singer Barbra Streisand, who the party labeled the "quintessential Hollywood liberal."[25] Lloyd Smith, executive director of the Missouri Republican Party, joked that “Hollywood liberal Barbra Streisand finally found someone who shares her radical views — and that someone is Robin Carnahan.”[24]

Tracker shoving allegation

On Saturday, August 7, 2010, Bill Skaggs, Kansas City Councilman and Mayor Pro Tem, was recorded on video shoving a campaign tracker covering United States Senate candidate Robin Carnahan in a parking lot just prior to entering the Clay County Democratic Headquarters where she speaking. Skaggs, a staunch supporter of Carnahan, appears in a video to shove a cameraman without provocation and then threatens to "knock the [explicative] out of you, boy.”[26][27]

Shortly after the local media started covering the story, Skaggs, in response, issued an apology, but only for his use of foul language and not for the actual act of shoving the campaign tracker. He said, "I do regret cussing. Vulgarity isn't usually part of my language but seeing this tracker behave in such a manner and acting like a bully just didn't sit right with me."[28] However, judging by the video that despite its limited length, there appears to be no indication that the individual was doing anything that provoked Skaggs to act the way he did. Speaking later to the Kansas City Star, he added further that he'd "do the same to any bureaucrat acting that way."[29][30]

The Missouri GOP, unsatisfied with Skaggs's lack of apology, called upon Carnahan's campaign to condemn the councilman's actions, believing there is "absolutely no excuse for threats or intimidation from a campaign or its supporters—especially when the assailant is an elected official."[29] Not wanting to deal with the issue of bad publicity in the midst of the start up to her general election campaign, Carnahan's camp issued a statement contending that "Robin does not condone this type of unacceptable behavior and it is a distraction from the real issues that matter in this campaign.”[31]

Campaign finance limits

On January 21, 2010, Carnahan criticized the United States Supreme Court ruling that "struck down a major portion of the landmark McCain-Feingold campaign finance laws that prevented union and corporate paid issue ads in the final 30 days of election campaigns."[32] She voiced her disgust "that, at a time when more and more working families just want their voices heard, the Supreme Court in Washington, DC basically just put them on mute and gave big corporations and power brokers a megaphone."[33]

Several days later, Carnahan spoke with the Springfield News Leader and came down on the use of third-party advertisements in the state of Missouri.[34] Critics of the Missouri Secretary of State view this as a bit hypocritical on Carnahan's part in light of the $1.35 million spent on "Third Party Attack Ads going after Roy Blunt, coordinated by former Robin Carnahan Staffers and her [current] campaign manager."[35]

Fiscal responsibility

In light of the growing public discontent over the economic policies promoted by the Obama administration, a number of Democratic politicians in the run-up to the November elections have tried to distance themselves from the president. Hours after the White House released their budget proposal for the fiscal year 2011, Carnahan's office released a statement expressing "disappointment with Obama's lack of fiscal discipline." The Missouri Secretary of State, likely in an effort to position herself as a moderate, argued that "budgets are about setting priorities and it’s time Washington started making fiscal discipline and tackling the long-term budget deficit higher priorities."

Carnahan's critical comments have been received negatively by both sides of the political aisle. The Huffington Post argued that for Obama White House who is trying to reposition itself as being deficit conscious "comments like Carnahan's don't help."[36] Conservatives maintain, however, that Carnahan is "very nondescript in her opposition" to the president's budget proposal, noting that she fails to mention what specific areas she would cut back on.[37]

Robin Carnahan expressed "disappointment with [President] Obama's lack of fiscal discipline."

Healthcare reform

State Republicans have blasted Carnahan for refusing to comment on high profile issues prevalent in the senate today, chief among them health care, in the midst of her senatorial campaign. When pressed by Capitol Calling, a Missouri-based political blog, to clarify as to whether or not she supported the health care bill passed by the House of Representatives, Carnahan produced a roundabout answer that expressed neither support nor condemnation of the proposal. As to the Stupak amendment, Carnahan seemed to discount the relevancy of the abortion issue in the health care debate.[38]


On March 7, 2009, at the annual Missouri Democrat Days event held in the city of Hannibal, Carnahan expressed support for the $787 billion federal economic stimulus plan, which, just a month earlier, passed both houses of Congress, largely on party lines. Though she claimed not to be acquainted with the specific details of the bill, she did remark that had she been in office when the vote came up, she certainly "would have come down on the side of action."

Soon after she was roundly criticized by U.S. Representative Roy Blunt, a Republican also vying for the senate seat as Carnahan, calling her "a faithful Obama liberal."[39] Carnahan shot back that she considered herself a "progressive," not a liberal.

Later in 2009, once the impact of the economic recovery package had been assessed, the enthusiasm of high-ranking Democrats such as Vice President Joe Biden[40], Senator Chris Dodd[41], and Representative Steny Hoyer[42] began to wane.

In a related note, the wind power developer Wind Capital Group (WCG) has requested $90 million from the federal stimulus package signed into law by President Barack Obama early in 2009. The president of WCG, Representative Thomas Carnahan, brother of Missouri Secretary of State Robin Carnahan, voted in favor of the economic recovery plan. Though the wind power developer claims the project for which they seeking federal funding for, the largest wind energy development project in the state Missouri, is expected to produce over 2,500 jobs, most of them temporary, conservative critics have noted that "it’s not creating a single job in Carnahan’s 3rd District."[43] Furthermore, without federal assistance in the form of both the economic stimulus package and the proposed Cap-and-Trade/Tax legislation, "this project is a dead end."[44] Carnahan also voted in favor of the house version of the Cap-and-Trade/Tax proposal.

Cease and desist pet food business

On May 20, 2011, Carnahan sent a "cease and desist" letter to Montgomery City business owner, Frank Renick. He could face charges for selling more than $6 million in unregistered stocks and bonds in his companies.

Carnahan sent a letter to Renick and his companies for allegedly misleading up to 700 investors in at least four states; he faces up to $40,000 in penalties and costs and the possibility of having to make $6 million in restitution to investors.[45]



See also: Missouri secretary of state election, 2012

Carnahan was eligible to seek re-election as secretary of state in 2012,[1] but instead chose to retire to the private sector.[46] She will be succeeded by state Rep. Jason Kander (D), who won election on November 6, 2012.


United States Senate
U.S. Senate Seal.png
Elections, 2010
Primary election dates, 2010
See also: U.S. Senate election, Missouri, 2010

Nearly a month after four-term Republican Senator Kit Bond announced that he would not run for re-election, Carnahan entered the race for his seat, seeking the Democratic nomination.[47][48] Receiving nearly eighty-four percent of the vote, she easily accomplished that goal on Tuesday, August 3, 2010 and would face off against Republican challenger, Roy Blunt.[49]

Despite initially holding the lead in a head-to-head matchup against Blunt in October 2009, Carnahan continued to lag behind her Republican opponent with each new poll released.[50] All polling data since January 2010 showed Blunt with at least a six percentage advantage over the Missouri Secretary of State.[51]

Carnahan lost, receiving 40.6 percent of the vote compared to Blunt who garnered 54.3 percent of the vote, according to unofficial results. Many news organizations called the election early in the evening. Fox News Channel declared Blunt the winner at 7:00 p.m., just as the polls closed and anyone who was still in line at a polling place voted.[52]

2010 Race for United States Senate - Democratic Primary[53]
Party Candidate Vote Percentage
     Democratic Party Approveda Robin Carnahan 83.9%
     Democratic Party Richard Charles Tolbert 10.6%
     Democratic Party Francis J. Vangeli 5.5%
Total Votes 317,591
Robin Carnahan for Senate Campaign logo
2010 Race for United States Senate - General Election[54]
Party Candidate Vote Percentage
     Republican Party Approveda Roy Blunt 54.3%
     Democratic Party Robin Carnahan 40.6%
     Libertarian Party Jonathan Dine 3.0%
     Constitution Party Jerry Beck 2.1%
Total Votes 1,939,902


  • 2008 Race for Secretary of State - Democratic Primary
    • Robin Carnahan ran unopposed in this contest
2008 Race for Secretary of State - General Election[55]
Party Candidate Vote Percentage
     Democratic Party Approveda Robin Carnahan 61.8%
     Republican Party Mitchell Hubbard 35.6%
     Libertarian Party Wes Upchurch 1.4%
     Constitution Party Denise C. Neely 1.2%
Total Votes 2,829,810


  • 2004 Race for Secretary of State - Democratic Primary
    • Robin Carnahan ran unopposed in this contest
2004 Race for Secretary of State - General Election[56]
Party Candidate Vote Percentage
     Democratic Party Approveda Robin Carnahan 51.1%
     Republican Party Catherine Hanaway 46.4%
     Libertarian Party Christopher Davis 1.9%
     Constitution Party Donna Ivanovich 0.6%
Total Votes 2,678,326

Campaign donors

Ballotpedia collects information on campaign donors for each year in which a candidate or incumbent is running for election. The following table offers a breakdown of Robin Carnahan's donors each year.[57] Click [show] for more information.


Robin Carnahan currently lives in Rolla, Missouri with her husband, Juan Carlos Antolinez. They currently have no children together.

Contact Information

Capitol Address:

Office of the Secretary of State
State Information Center
600 West Main
Jefferson City, MO 65101

Phone: (573) 751-4936

See also

External links

Suggest a link


  1. 1.0 1.1, "Robin Carnahan will not run for a third term as secretary of state," accessed October 1, 2011
  2. Gateway Pundit, "Missouri Group Files Federal Lawsuit Against Robin Carnahan" 10 Dec. 2009
  3. YouTube video - Questions Raised About Robin Carnahan's implementation of election law in Missouri
  4. The Dana Show, "SHOCKING: Robin Carnahan Defied Federal Law?" 7 July, 2010
  5. Missouri Republican Party, "Robin Carnahan ally ACORN in serious trouble" 15 Sept. 2009
  6. Robin Carnahan’s Involvement in ACORN Lawsuit
  7. 24th State, "Lawyer For Robin Carnahan Contacted ACORN Lawyers Suing Missouri" 10 March, 2010
  8. FEC News Release - FEC To Collect $775,000 Civil Penalty From America Coming Together
  9. Associated Press, "Felons Paid in Voter Registration Drive" 23 June, 2004
  10. StL Indymedia - Carnahan 2004 job posting
  11. The Argument: Inside the Battle to Remake Democratic Politics
  12. Discover the Network - America Votes
  13. 24th State, "Former Robin Carnahan Employees Coordinate Attack Ads On Roy Blunt" 26 Jan. 2010
  14. 24th State, "Mindy Mazur Ran America Votes During Blunt Attack Ad Campaign" 27 Jan. 2010
  15. 24th State, "Mindy Mazur And Robin Carnahan Have Plans For Finding New Voters" 14 May, 2010
  16. National Republican Senatorial Committee, "Robin Carnahan Finally Shows Her True Liberal Colors In Seattle" 19 Feb. 2010
  17. Wall Street Journal, "The Cap and Tax Fiction" 26 June, 2009
  18. KSDK "UPDATED: Fox News sues Robin Carnahan over ad" 16 Sept. 2010
  19. Washington Post, "Fox News sues Missouri Democratic candidate Carnahan" 16 Sept. 2010
  20. The Missourian, "Judge rewrites contentious ballot title" 20 Feb. 2008
  21. MOCCW "Top 5 List of Misleading SSWC Statements or Actions" 29 March, 1999
  22. ActBlue - Secretary of State Project Donations
  23. American Spectator, "SOS in Minnesota" 7 Nov. 2008
  24. 24.0 24.1 The Kansas City Star, "Show-Me showdown: Outlines of Carnahan-Blunt race emerging" 12 May, 2010
  25. Missouri Republican Party, "‘I Finally Found Someone:’ Robin Carnahan takes campaign cash from Hollywood liberal Barbra Streisand" 11 May, 2010
  26. YouTube, "Carnahan Campaign Meltdown Caught on Tape" 9 Aug. 2010
  27. Missouri Republican Party, "Carnahan campaign meltdown caught on tape!" 10 Aug. 2010
  28. Tony's Kansas City, "Continued: Kansas City Councilman Bill Skaggs vs. Nasty Robin Carnahan Tracker!!!" 10 Aug. 2010
  29. 29.0 29.1 The Kansas City Star, "Skaggs, GOP tracker in weekend altercation" 10 Aug. 2010
  30. The Source, "Robin Carnahan Global HQ Dispatches Bill Skaggs for Attack" 10 Aug. 2010
  31. Red State, "Robin Carnahan campaign apologizes for attack" 10 Aug. 2010
  32. Human Events, "Supreme Court Overturns Key Part of McCain-Feingold" 21 Jan. 2010
  33. Robin Carnahan for Senate, "Robin Carnahan Statement on U.S. Supreme Court Ruling Regarding Campaign Finance Limits" 21 Jan. 2010 (dead link)
  34. Springfield News-Leader, "Q&A with Robin Carnahan" 30 Jan. 2010
  35. 24th State, "Robin Carnahan Staff Continues Coordinated Campaign Against Blunt" 8 Feb. 2010
  36. Huffington Post, "Robin Carnahan 'Disappointed' In Obama's Lack Of Fiscal Discipline" 1 Feb. 2010
  37. Red State, "So Robin, tell us what part of Obamanomics you don’t like…" 5 Feb. 2010
  38. YouTube - Carnahan opines on health care bill
  39. Southeast Missourian, "Carnahan expresses her support for stimulus plan" 8 March, 2009
  40. ABC News, "Biden: We 'Misread the Economy'" 5 July, 2009
  41. YouTube - Dodd: Stimulus Package Not Working, Suggests The Need For Another
  42. Fox News, "Hoyer: Stimulus Slow to Create Jobs, But Time is Not Ripe for New Package" 5 July, 2009
  43. Dana Loesch, "Carnahan’s Brother to Get $90 Million of Stimulus Cash" 1 Dec. 2009
  44. 24th State, "Carnahan Family Gets Big Windfall" 1 Dec. 2009
  45. ,"" Missouri News Horizon, May 21, 2011
  46. Student Life, "Carnahan will not run for office in 2012, to work in private sector," October 13, 2011
  47. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named amb
  48. United Press International, "Sen. Kit Bond of Mo. announces retirement" 8 Jan. 2009
  49. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named usaprimary
  50. Arch City Chronicle, "Carnahan is better more popular than Blunt" 6 Oct. 2009 (dead link)
  51. Rasmussen Reports, "Missouri Senate: Blunt (R) 49%, Carnahan (D) 43%" 29 July, 2010
  52. "National trend helps Republicans across Missouri" "Missouri Watchdog" November 4, 2010
  53. Missouri Secretary of State - 2010 Primary Election Results
  54. Missouri Secretary of State - 2010 General Election Results
  55. State of Missouri - Official Results 2008 General Election
  56. State of Missouri - Official Results 2004 General Election
  57. Follow the, "Home," accessed February 17, 2015

Political offices
Preceded by
Matt Blunt
Missouri Secretary of State
Succeeded by
Jason Kander (D)