Blake Farenthold

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Blake Farenthold
Blake Farenthold.jpg
U.S. House, Texas, District 27
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorSolomon P. Ortiz (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$9.80 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$1,769,723
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Texas
J.D.St. Mary's University
Personal
BirthdayDecember 12, 1962
Place of birthCorpus Christi, Texas
ProfessionAttorney
Net worth$7,728,048
ReligionEpiscopalian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Randolph Blake Farenthold (b. December 12, 1962, in Corpus Christi, TX) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Texas. Farenthold represents Texas' 27th Congressional District and was first elected to the House in 2010.

Farenthold most recently won re-election in 2012. He defeated Rose Meza Harrison (D), Corrie Byrd (L) and William Bret Baldwin (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1]

Farenthold is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He ran unopposed in the Republican primary on March 4, 2014. He will face Wesley Reed (D) and Roxanne Simonson (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Farenthold is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Before entering politics, Farenthold had careers as a conservative radio show host, lawyer and owner of a computer consulting firm.[2]

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Farenthold serves on the following committees:[3]

2011-2012

Farenthold was a member of the following committees:[4]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Farenthold's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Farenthold voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Farenthold voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[11]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Farenthold voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[12]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14][15] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[15] Farenthold voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[16][17] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[17] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[18] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Farenthold voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[19] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[20] Farenthold voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[21]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[22] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Farenthold voted against HR 2775.[23]

Farenthold declined to accept his salary while the government was shutdown.[24]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Farenthold voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[25]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Farenthold voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[26] The vote largely followed party lines.[27]

Healthcare

Health Care Reform Rules

Yea3.png Farenthold voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[28]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Farenthold voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[29]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[30] Farenthold joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[31][32]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Farenthold voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[33]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Blake Farenthold's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Farenthold is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Farenthold received a score of 30 percent on social issues and 82 percent on economic issues.[34]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[35]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Unknown
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[34]

Obama impeachment

Footage taken from a Texas open house shows Farenthold stating disappointment regarding the resolution of President Obama's birth certificate issues. He said, "I think unfortunately the House is already out of the barn on this, on the whole birth certificate issue. The original Congress, when his eligibility came up, should have looked into it and they didn’t. I’m not sure how we fix it." He went on to say, "If we were to impeach the president tomorrow, you could probably get the votes in the House of Representatives to do it. But it would go to the Senate and he wouldn’t be convicted."[36]

2012

Redistricting made Farenthold's district much more conservative than when he won election in 2010 by defeating Democratic incumbent Solomon Ortiz. Thus, his re-election bid was a fairly safe one, but some voters think he is not conservative enough for this new district. "The district is so conservative that Farenthold would likely lose votes to a Libertarian and an independent challenger, in addition to squaring off with his Democratic opponent, Rose Meza Harrison."[37]

Elections

2014

See also: Texas' 27th Congressional District elections, 2014

Farenthold is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014, with no opposition. He will face Wesley Reed (D) and Roxanne Simonson (L) in the general election on November 4, 2014.

2012

See also: Texas' 27th Congressional District elections, 2012

Farenthold won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Texas' 27th District. He defeated John Grunwald, Don Al Middlebrook and Trey Roberts in the Republican primary on May 29, 2012,. He then defeated Rose Meza Harrison (D), Corrie Byrd (L) and William Bret Baldwin (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[38]

In redistricting, The Hill published a list of the Top Ten House Members who were helped by redistricting.[39] Farenthold ranked 1st on the list.[39] The article notes that in redistricting the new Republican map moved Farenthold's district into "white, heavily Republican Corpus Christi, Texas."[39] Assuming no major Republican competition in a primary and the new map stood up to the legal challenges, Farenthold would go from an "accidental winner" in 2010[39] into a second-term incumbent in a safe Republican district.[39]

U.S. House, Texas District 27 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngBlake Farenthold Incumbent 56.8% 120,684
     Democratic Rose Meza Harrison 39.2% 83,395
     Independent Bret Baldwin 2.5% 5,354
     Libertarian Corrie Byrd 1.5% 3,218
Total Votes 212,651
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Texas District 27 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngBlake Farenthold Incumbent 70.8% 28,058
Trey Roberts 11.7% 4,653
Don Al Middlebrook 9.3% 3,676
John Grunwald 8.2% 3,256
Total Votes 39,643

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Farenthold attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Farenthold is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Farenthold raised a total of $1,769,723 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[41]

Blake Farenthold's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Texas, District 27) Won $1,153,105
2010 US House (Texas, District 27) Won $616,618
Grand Total Raised $1,769,723


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Farenthold's reports.[42]

Blake Farenthold (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[43]April 15, 2013$1,472.72$66,629.87$(36,183.09)$31,919.50
July Quarterly[44]July 13, 2013$31,919.50$107,528.43$(85,198.25)$54,249.68
October Quarterly[45]October 15, 2013$54,249.68$180,288.55$(73,476.68)$161,061.55
Year-End[46]January 31, 2014$161,061$148,548$(92,132)$217,477
Pre-Primary[47]February 20, 2014$217,477$31,717$(61,664)$187,529
April Quarterly[48]April 15, 2014$187,529$83,604$(31,205)$239,928
July Quarterly[49]July 15, 2014$239,928$263,511$(83,539)$419,900
Running totals
$881,826.85$(463,398.02)

2012

Farenthold won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Farenthold's campaign committee raised a total of $1,153,105 and spent $1,182,936.[50] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[51]

Cost per vote

Farenthold spent $9.80 per vote received in 2012.


2010

Farenthold won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Farenthold's campaign committee raised a total of $616,618 and spent $565,898.[52]


Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Farenthold's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $3,609,098 and $11,846,999. That averages to $7,728,048, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Farenthold ranked as the 50th most wealthy representative in 2012.[53] Between 2009 and 2012, Farenthold's calculated net worth[54] decreased by an average of 22 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[55]

Blake Farenthold Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$22,335,313
2012$7,728,048
Growth from 2009 to 2012:-65%
Average annual growth:-22%[56]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[57]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Farenthold is a "rank-and-file Republican" as of July 2014. In June 2013, Farenthold was rated as a "moderate Republican follower."[58]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Farenthold most often votes with:

Farenthold least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Farenthold missed 18 of 2,678 roll call votes from January 2011 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.7 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[60]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Farenthold paid his congressional staff a total of $742,786 in 2011. Overall, Texas ranked 27th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[61]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Farenthold ranked 143rd in the conservative rankings in 2013.[62]

2012

Farenthold tied with three other members of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 82nd in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[63]

2011

Farenthold was tied with one other member of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 148th in the conservative rankings among members of the U.S. House.[64]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Farenthold voted with the Republican Party 95.5 percent of the time, which ranked 52nd among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[65]

2013

Farenthold voted with the Republican Party 98.2 percent of the time, which ranked 41st among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[66]

Personal

Farenthold and his wife, Debbie, have two children.[2]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Blake + Farenthold + Texas + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Blake Farenthold News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Texas," November 6, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Official House website, "Bio," accessed November 1, 2011
  3. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  4. Official House website, "Committees," accessed November 1, 2011
  5. Committee on Homeland Security, Chairman Peter T. King, "Subcommittee on Transportation Security," accessed August 15, 2011
  6. Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, Chairman John L. Mica, "Members, Subcommittee on Water Resources & Environment," accessed August 15, 2011
  7. Committee on Oversight & Government Reform, "The Subcommittee on Technology, Information Policy, Intergovernmental Relations and Procurement Reform," accessed August 15, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  13. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. 17.0 17.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  21. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  24. Politico, "Hill pols plan to donate, halt salary," accessed October 1, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  29. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  30. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  31. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  32. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  33. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  34. 34.0 34.1 On The Issues, "Blake Farenthold Vote Match," accessed June 19, 2014
  35. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  36. The Washington Post, "Rep. Farenthold says House could impeach Obama," August 12, 2013
  37. The Republic, "Redistricting means Farenthold likely safe, but is he conservative enough for new district?," October 27, 2012
  38. The New York Times, "Time in House Could Be Short for Republican Newcomers," July 4, 2011
  39. 39.0 39.1 39.2 39.3 39.4 The Hill, "House members most helped by redistricting," accessed April 17, 2012
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Blake Farenthold," accessed March 25, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Blake Farenthold Summary Report," accessed July 24, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Blake Farenthold April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Blake Farenthold July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "Blake Farenthold October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Blake Farenthold Year-End," accessed February 6, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Blake Farenthold Pre-Primary," accessed April 20, 2014
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Blake Farenthold April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Blake Farenthold July Quarterly," accessed July 23, 2014
  50. Open Secrets, "Blake Farenthold 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013
  51. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  52. Open Secrets, "2010 Race: Texas District 27," accessed November 1, 2011
  53. OpenSecrets, "Blake Farenthold (R-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  54. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  55. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  56. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  57. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  58. GovTrack, "Blake Farenthold," accessed July 21, 2014
  59. OpenCongress, "Blake Farenthold," accessed July 18, 2014
  60. GovTrack, "Blake Farenthold," accessed July 21, 2014
  61. LegiStorm, "Blake Farenthold," accessed September 13, 2012
  62. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  63. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  64. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  66. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Solomon P. Ortiz
U.S. House of Representatives - Texas, District 27
2011-Present
Succeeded by
'