Elizabeth Warren

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Elizabeth Warren
Elizabeth Warren.jpg
U.S. Senate, Massachusetts
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2019
Years in position 1
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorScott Brown (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$24.89 in 2012
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 2018
Campaign $$42,506,349
Term limitsN/A
Education
Bachelor'sUniversity of Houston
J.D.Rutgers University
Personal
BirthdayJune 22, 1949
Place of birthOklahoma City, Oklahoma
Net worth$6,990,514
ReligionMethodist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Elizabeth Warren campaign logo
Elizabeth Warren (b. June 22, 1949, in Oklahoma City, OK) is a Democratic member of the United States Senate representing Massachusetts. Warren defeated Republican incumbent Scott Brown on November 6th, 2012, and is currently serving her first term.[1][2][3].

Warren is scheduled to run for re-election in 2018.

On December 4, 2013, Warren announced she would serve out her term as a Massachusetts Senator and would not run for president in 2016.[4][5]

Prior to her election in the Senate, Warren served as a professor at Harvard Law School.[3]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Warren is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Warren was born on June 22, 1949, in Oklahoma City, OK. She graduated from high schoool at age 16 and earned a B.S. in speech pathology in 1970 from the University of Houston. She earned her J.D. from Rutgers School of Law in 1976. She has taught at the University of Texas, University of Michigan, University of Pennsylvania and Harvard University.[6]

In January 2012, Warren was named a "Top-20 US Progressive" according to The New Statesman, a magazine based in the United Kingdom. Other members of the list include Paul Krugman, Michael Moore, Noam Chomsky and Rachel Maddow.[7]

Committee assignments

U.S. Senate

2013-2014

Warren serves on the following Senate committees[8][9]:

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[10] The Senate has confirmed 16,878 out of 19,009 executive nominations received thus far (88.8 percent). For more information pertaining to Warren's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[11]

National security

John Brennan CIA nomination

Yea3.png Warren voted for the confirmation of John Brennan as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. The nomination was confirmed by the Senate on March 7, 2013, with a vote of 63 - 34. Most Democrats supported the nomination, while Republicans were somewhat divided with roughly one-third supporting the nomination.[12]

Economy

Farm bill

Nay3.png On February 4, 2014, the Democratic controlled Senate approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[13] It passed the Senate with a vote of 68-32. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[14] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Warren was one of nine Democratic senators who voted against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 16, 2014, the Democratic-controlled Senate approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The Senate voted 72-26 for the 1,582 page bill, with 17 Republicans and 55 Democrats voting in favor of the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Warren voted with the Democratic Party in favor of the bill.[15][16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png During the shutdown in October 2013, the Senate rejected, down party lines, every House-originated bill that stripped the budget of funding for the Affordable Care Act. A deal was reached late on October 16, 2013, just hours before the debt ceiling deadline. The bill to reopen the government, H.R. 2775, lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The final vote on H.R. 2775 was 81-18, with all 18 votes against the bill from Republican members. Warren voted with the Democratic Party for the bill.[19]

Immigration

Mexico-U.S. border

Nay3.png Warren voted against Senate Amendment 1197 -- Requires the Completion of the Fence Along the United States-Mexico Border. The amendment was rejected by the Senate on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 39 - 54. The purpose of the amendment was to require the completion of 350 miles of fence described in the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 before registered provisional immigrant status may be granted. It would also require 700 miles of fence be completed before the status of registered provisional immigrants may be changed to permanent resident status. The vote followed party lines.[12]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Elizabeth Warren's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Warren is a http://Senate.OnTheIssues.org/Senate/Elizabeth_Warren.htm. Warren received a score of 63 percent on social issues and 9 percent on economic issues.[20]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[21]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Favors
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Opposes
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Favors
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[20]

Economy

Minimum wage


Warren discusses the minimum wage during a March 2013 committee hearing.

During a March 2013 panel hearing for the United States Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, entitled "Keeping up with a Changing Economy: Indexing the Minimum Wage," Warren spoke in favor of raising the minimum wage.[22] Speaking to Arindrajit Dube, an assistant professor at the Department of Economics at the University of Massachusetts-Amherst, about the correlation between worker productivity and minimum wage, she asked, "If we started in 1960, and we said [that] as productivity goes up … then the minimum wage was going to go up the same … if that were the case, the minimum wage today would be about $22 an hour. So my question is, Mr. Dube, with a minimum wage of $7.25 an hour, what happened to the other $14.75?"[23] She later proceeded to make an argument for the figure of $10 an hour, saying, "During my Senate campaign, I [frequently] ate a Number 11 at McDonald’s. It cost $7.19. If we raised the minimum wage to $10.10 over three years, the price increase on that item would be to about $7.23. Are you telling me that's unsustainable?"[22]

Federal Reserve chair

On September 16, 2013, Warren endorsed Janet Yellen for the Federal Reserve chair position saying, "I hope she’s nominated. She has great experience, she has great judgment. I think she would make a terrific Federal Reserve chair. The president will make his decision, but I hope that happens."[24]
Despite many believing Larry Summers would be President Obama's choice for the position, Warren was willing to publicly state her objection to the man who ran Harvard University while she was a professor at its law school. Warren told press that it was "no secret" Summers was not her first choice. On September 15, 2013, Summers withdrew himself from consideration.[25]

Social issues

Marijuana

During the 2013 annual St. Patrick's Day Breakfast, Warren took a jab at one of the Republican contenders for the 2013 special election to the U.S. Senate, Daniel Winslow, for his positions on guns and the legalization of marijuana, saying, "I advise everyone to pay very close attention to Dan Winslow’s platform...He has a 100 percent ranking from the gun lobby and he’s for the legalization of marijuana. He wants us armed and stoned."[26][27] While Warren previously expressed firm disapproval for efforts to legalize marijuana, most notably during a debate in October 2011,[28]she has more recently expressed qualified support for legalizing certain medical applications of the drug, provided that there is regulation and careful control exercised.[29] Medical marijuana was legalized in Massachusetts by a voter approved ballot question in 2012.[30]

Controversy

Comments on the SCOTUS

During a September 2013 AFL-CIO conference in Los Angeles, CA, Warren referred to the current Supreme Court of the United States as one of the "top 10 most pro-corporate justices in half a century." Warren continued:

"You follow this pro-corporate trend to its logical conclusion, and sooner or later you’ll end up with a Supreme Court that functions as a wholly owned subsidiary of Big Business."[31]

Elections

2016

See also: Possible 2016 U.S. Presidential candidates

After a lengthy November 2013 profile of Warren in The New Republic, rumors of a possible 2016 run began heating up. Despite Warren having been among a group of female Senate Democrats who wrote a letter to Hillary Clinton urging her to run, an aide of Warren was quoted in the profile stating: "If Hillary or the man on the moon is not representing her stuff, and her people don’t have a seat at table, she’ll do what she can to make sure it’s represented."[32]

Despite having stated that she was not running for president, a group of supporters started the Ready for Warren Super PAC to raise funds for a 2016 presidential run. Warren remarked that her focus was on her upcoming election, stating, "I do not support this."[33]

Denial

On December 4, 2013, Warren announced she would serve out her term as a Massachusetts senator. She stated, "I am not running for president. I am working as hard as I can to be the best possible senator that I can be and to fight for the things that I promised during my campaign to fight for."[4] While some accepted that statement as an indication that she would not run for president, the Washington Post pointed out on July 23, 2014, that Warren had yet to rule out running in the future.[34]

Pre-campaign positioning

On August 13, 2014, Warren announced she would visit Israel with a congressional delegation following the midterm elections in what could be an attempt to strengthen her foreign affairs credibility.[35]

2012

See also: United States Senate elections in Massachusetts, 2012

Warren ran in the 2012 election for the U.S. Senate, representing Massachusetts. She ran unopposed on the Democratic ticket.[36] The signature filing deadline for candidates was June 5, 2012. She defeated incumbent Scott Brown, who was seeking re-election on the Republican ticket. The general election took place on November 6, 2012.

The University of Virginia's Center for Politics published an article called Sabato's Crystal Ball on March 22, 2012, detailing the eight races in the Senate in 2012 that would decide the political fate of which party will end up with control in 2013.[37] The seat rated as a toss-up that the Sabato's Crystal Ball believed was second most likely to end up Republican, second only to Montana, was the Senate seat in Massachusetts.[37] The article noted that Scott Brown had had recent campaigning success in Massachusetts, and suggested that despite mixed polls, Brown’s "blue-collar appeal"[37] might have been enough against his opponent, Democrat Elizabeth Warren.[37]

U.S. Senate, Massachusetts General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngElizabeth Warren 53.3% 1,696,346
     Republican Scott Brown Incumbent 45.8% 1,458,048
     N/A All Others 0.1% 2,159
     N/A Blank Votes 0.9% 27,643
Total Votes 3,184,196
Source: Massachusetts Secretary of State "Return of Votes"

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Warren is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Warren raised a total of $42,506,349 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 24, 2013.[38]

Elizabeth Warren's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S.Senate (Massachusetts) Won $42,506,349
Grand Total Raised $42,506,349

2012

Warren won election to the U.S. Senate in 2012. During that election cycle, Warren's campaign committee raised a total of $42,506,349 and spent $42,211,677.[39]

According to an August 2013 Politico report, the race between Brown and Warren was the most expensive Senate race on record. Over $82 million total was spent during the cycle.[40]

Cost per vote

Warren spent $24.89 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of Warren's funds before the 2012 election according to source.

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Warren's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $3,820,028 and $10,161,000. That averages to $6,990,514, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic senators in 2012 of $13,566,333. Warren ranked as the 23rd most wealthy senator in 2012.[41] Between 2011 and 2012, Warren's calculated net worth[42] decreased by an average of 29 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[43]

Elizabeth Warren Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$9,885,439
2012$6,990,514
Growth from 2011 to 2012:-29%
Average annual growth:-29%[44]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[45]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Warren is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 22, 2014.[46] This was the same rating Warren received in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[47]

Warren most often votes with:

Warren least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Warren missed 12 of 524 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.3 percent, which is worse than the median of 2.0 percent among senators currently serving as of July 2014.[48]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Warren ranked 31st in the liberal rankings in 2013.[49]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Warren voted with the Democratic Party 98.1 percent of the time, which ranked 6th among the 53 Senate Democratic members as of July 2014.[50]

Personal

Warren was married to Jim Warren from 1968-1978. They had two children together. Warren married Bruce Mann in 1980.[6]

2013 best year

Warren was named by The Hill as a member of Congress who had one of the best years in 2013.[51]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Elizabeth + Warren + Massachusetts + Senate

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Elizabeth Warren News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. Boston Herald, "Tom Conroy withdraws bid for Scott Brown’s seat, endorses Warren," accessed December 12, 2011
  2. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Massachusetts" accessed 2012
  3. 3.0 3.1 The National Journal, "Massachusetts Senate," accessed August 13, 2012
  4. 4.0 4.1 Boston.com, "Elizabeth Warren says no presidential run: 'I pledge to serve out my term.'," December 4, 2013
  5. Huffington Post, "'Will You Serve Your Full 6-Year Term as U.S. Senator?' Absolutely, Said Sens. Warren and Obama," accessed March 27, 2014
  6. 6.0 6.1 US News & World Report, "10 things you didn't know about Elizabeth Warren," accessed October 4, 2010
  7. New Statesman, "Who's left? The top 20 US progressives," accessed January 11, 2012
  8. Congressional Quarterly, "Senate Committee List," accessed January 22, 2013
  9. United States Senate, "Committee Assignments," accessed March 29, 2014
  10. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  11. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 Project Vote Smart, "Warren Key Votes," accessed October 18, 2013
  13. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2642 (Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013 )," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 Politico, "Senate approves $1.1 trillion spending bill," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 U.S. Senate, "January 16 Vote," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "House Passes $1.1 Trillion Omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. Senate.gov, "H.R. 2775 As Amended," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. 20.0 20.1 On The Issues, "Elizabeth Warren Vote Match," accessed June 24, 2014
  21. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  22. 22.0 22.1 Washigntontimes.com, "Take it to the bank: Sen. Elizabeth Warren wants to raise minimum wage to $22 per hour," accessed March 19, 2013
  23. Huffingtonpost, "Elizabeth Warren: Minimum Wage Would Be $22 An Hour If It Had Kept Up With Productivity," accessed March 19, 2013
  24. Politico, "Elizabeth Warren: Janet Yellen would be ‘terrific’," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. The Huffington Post, "Elizabeth Warren: No Secret That Larry Summers Wasn't My First Choice," accessed September 17, 2013
  26. Bostonglobe, "Democrats celebrate St. Patrick as they ever have," accessed March 2013
  27. WBUR, "Senate Candidates Show Sense Of Humor At St. Patrick’s Day Breakfast," accessed March 2013
  28. Boston.com blogs, "Weak showing on drug war from Dems," accessed March 2013
  29. Huffingtonpost, "Elizabeth Warren Offers Support For Medical Marijuana, Citing Father's Battle With Cancer," accessed March 2013
  30. WCVB,, "Medical marijuana: Massachusetts law, what you need to know," accessed February 19, 2013
  31. Politico, "Elizabeth Warren assails Supreme Court as too far right," accessed September 9, 2013
  32. Politico, "Report fuels prospect of 2016 Elizabeth Warren run," accessed November 11, 2013
  33. Yahoo News, "Ready for Warren? Well, even if you are, the Democratic senator says she’s not," July 23, 2014
  34. The Washington Post, "Elizabeth Warren could end the presidential speculation today. She has chosen not to.," July 23, 2014
  35. The Hill, "Warren stokes 2016 talk with Israel trip," August 13, 2014
  36. Huffington Post, "Elizabeth Warren Senate Race," accessed January 20, 2012
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 Center for Politics, "Tilting the Toss Ups – the Eight Races That Will Decide the Senate," accessed April 9, 2012
  38. Open Secrets, "Donor history for Elizabeth Warren," accessed April 2013
  39. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
  40. The Washington Post, "The most expensive Senate races ever — and where Kentucky might fit in," August 12, 2013
  41. OpenSecrets, "Warren, (D-MA), 2010," accessed 2012
  42. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  43. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  44. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  45. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  46. GovTrack, "Elizabeth Warren," accessed July 22, 2014
  47. OpenCongress, "Elizabeth Warren," accessed July 22, 2014
  48. GovTrack, "Elizabeth Warren" accessed July 22, 2014
  49. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 22, 2014
  50. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  51. The Hill, "Best, worst years in Washington," accessed January 13, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Scott Brown (R)
U.S. Senate - Massachusetts
2013-Present
Succeeded by
'