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Marsha Blackburn

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Marsha Blackburn
Marsha Blackburn.jpg
U.S. House, Tennessee, District 7
Incumbent
In office
2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PartyRepublican
PredecessorEd Bryant (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$7.71 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 2003
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$7,257,405
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Senator, Tennessee State Senate, District 23
1998-2002
Education
Bachelor'sMississippi State University, 1973
Personal
BirthdayJune 6, 1952
Place of birthLaurel, MS
Net worth$551,512
ReligionPresbyterian
Websites
Office website
Campaign website

Marsha Blackburn (b. June 6, 1952, in Laurel, MS) is a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Tennessee, representing the 7th District. Blackburn was first elected in 2002. She is running for re-election in 2014. Blackburn defeated Jacob Brimm in the Republican primary. She will face Dan Cramer (D) and Lenny Ladner (I) in the general election.[1]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Blackburn is one of the most reliable Republican votes, meaning she can be considered a safe vote for the Republican Party in Congress.

Biography

Blackburn graduated from Mississippi State University with a bachelor's in home economics. She owns Marketing Strategies, a promotion event management firm.[2] Prior to her election to the U.S. House, Blackburn served in the Tennessee State Senate.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Blackburn's academic and political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Blackburn serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Blackburn served on the following committees:

  • Committee on Energy and Commerce
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing and Trade
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Health
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations (Energy and Commerce)

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Blackburn's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Blackburn voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[7]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Blackburn voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[7]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.pngBlackburn voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[7]

CISPA (2013)

Neutral/Abstain Blackburn did not vote on HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[8] The bill was largely supported by Republicans but divided the Democratic Party.[7]

Economy

2014 Farm bill

Nay3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[9] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[10][11] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[11] Blackburn voted with 62 other Republican representatives against the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[12][13] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[13] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[14] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Blackburn voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[12]

2013 Farm bill
See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Yea3.png Blackburn supported the July 11, 2013 Farm Bill. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[15] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[16]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[17] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[18] Blackburn voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[19]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[20] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Blackburn voted against HR 2775.[21]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Blackburn supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[22] The vote largely followed party lines.[23]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Blackburn supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[24]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Blackburn supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[25]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[26] Blackburn joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[27][28]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal cliff

Nay3.png Blackburn voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was one of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[29]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Blackburn's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Blackburn is a Hard-Core Conservative. Blackburn received a score of 13 percent on social issues and 96 percent on economic issues.[30]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[31]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Neutral
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Opposes Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[30]

Campaign themes

2012

According to Blackburn's site, her campaign themes included:

  • Energy: "...strongly supports the underlying goals of our nation’s environmental laws like the Clean Water Act, the Clean Air Act, and those that protect our National Parks and wildlife habitat."
  • Healthcare: "...recognizes that health care reform is needed, but she also believes that it must be consumer centered."
  • Budget: "...understands that the federal government must balance its budget and live within its means."[32]

Elections

2014

See also: Tennessee's 7th Congressional District elections, 2014

Blackburn is running in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent Tennessee's 8th District. Blackburn defeated Jacob Brimm in the Republican primary. She will face Dan Cramer (D) and Lenny Ladner (I) in the general election.[1] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Tennessee District 7 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngMarsha Blackburn Incumbent 84.2% 64,969
Jacob Brimm 15.8% 12,199
Total Votes 77,168
Source: Results via Associated Press

2012

See also: Tennessee's 7th Congressional District elections, 2012

Blackburn ran for re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Tennessee's 7th District. Blackburn ran unopposed in the August 2, 2012 Republican primary. She defeated Credo Amouzouvik (D), William Akin (I), Jack Arnold (I) and Lenny Ladner (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[33][34]

U.S. House, Tennessee District 7 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Credo Amouzouvik 24% 61,679
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMarsha Blackburn Incumbent 71% 182,730
     Green Howard Switzer 1.8% 4,640
     Independent William Akin 1.1% 2,740
     Independent Jack Arnold 1.7% 4,256
     Independent Lenny Ladner 0.5% 1,261
Total Votes 257,306
Source: Tennessee Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Blackburn attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Blackburn's reports.[40]

Marsha Blackburn (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[41]April 15, 2013$1,220,155.61$245,555$(103,093.14)$132,617.47
July Quarterly[42]July 15, 2013$1,362,617.47$239,153.71$(142,632.56)$1,459,138.62
October Quarterly[43]October 15, 2013$1,470,682.35$368,937.77$(169,173.98)$1,670,446.14
Year-End[44]January 31, 2014$1,670,446$147,049$(156,448)$1,661,047
April Quarterly[45]April 15, 2014$1,661,047.53$264,911.08$(125,831.74)$1,800,126.87
Running totals
$1,265,606.56$(697,179.42)

Comprehensive donor information for Blackburn is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Blackburn raised a total of $7,257,405 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 2, 2013.[46]

Marsha Blackburn's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $1,779,731
2010 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $1,563,193
2008 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $1,246,326
2006 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $1,204,671
2004 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $833,160
2002 US House (Tennessee, District 7) Won $630,324
Grand Total Raised $7,257,405

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2012


Blackburn won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Blackburn's campaign committee raised a total of $1,779,731 and spent $1,408,633.[47]

Cost per vote

Blackburn spent $7.71 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Blackburn won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Blackburn's campaign committee raised a total of $1,563,193 and spent $1,054,616.[48]

His top five contributors between 2009-2010 were:

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Blackburn's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $261,024 to $842,000. That averages to $551,512, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Blackburn ranked as the 259th most wealthy representative in 2012.[49] Between 2005 and 2012, Blackburn‘s calculated net worth[50] increased by an average of 3 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[51]

Marsha Blackburn Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2005$461,272
2012$551,512
Growth from 2005 to 2012:20%
Average annual growth:3%[52]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[53]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Blackburn received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Health Professionals industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in Tennessee's 7th Congressional District was Educational services, and health care and social assistance, according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.[54]

From 1991-2014, 21.09 percent of Blackburn's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[55]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Marsha Blackburn Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $11,311,016
Total Spent $9,583,528
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$765,499
Pharmaceuticals/Health Products$475,850
TV/Movies/Music$405,100
Oil & Gas$389,003
Retired$349,743
% total in top industry6.77%
% total in top two industries10.97%
% total in top five industries21.09%

Analysis

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[56]

Blackburn most often votes with:

Blackburn least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Blackburn is a "far-right Republican leader," as of July 30, 2014.[57] This was the same rating Blackburn received in June 2013.[58]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Blackburn missed 186 of 8,676 roll call votes from January 2003 to July 2014. This amounts to 2.1 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[59]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Blackburn paid her congressional staff a total of $974,092 in 2011. Overall, Tennessee ranked 39th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Blackburn ranked 47th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[61]

2012

Blackburn ranked third in the conservative rankings in 2012.[62]

2011

Blackburn was one of five members of congress who ranked 40th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[63]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Marsha Blackburn voted with the Republican Party 95 percent of the time, which ranked 83rd among the 233 House Republican members as of July 2014.[64]

2013

Marsha Blackburn voted with the Republican Party 95.3 percent of the time, which ranked 148th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[65]

Personal

Blackburn and her husband, Chuck, have two children and two grandchildren.[66]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Marsha + Blackburn + Tennessee + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Marsha Blackburn News Feed

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See also

External links

Track-at-political-tracker-com.png


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Associated Press, "Tennessee - Summary Vote Results," accessed August 7, 2014
  2. Mississippi State University, "Blackburn," accessed December 19, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 House.gov, "Marsha Blackburn Biography," accessed May 2, 2013
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Blackburn's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 15, 2013
  8. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  9. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled Farm Bill, With clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Vote Smart, "Blackburn on agriculture," accessed October 16, 2013
  16. New York Times, "House Republicans push through Farm Bill, without food stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. Buzzfeed, "Government shutdown: How we got here," accessed October 1, 2013
  19. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  22. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Blackburn's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 16, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Blackburn's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "Blackburn on abortion," accessed October 16, 2013
  26. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  28. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  29. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  30. 30.0 30.1 On The Issues, "Blackburn Vote Match," accessed July 7, 2014
  31. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  32. Marsha Blackburn for Congress, "Issues," accessed October 9, 2012
  33. Associated Press, "Tennessee - Summary Vote Results"
  34. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Tennessee"
  35. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. Federal Election Commission, "Blackburn 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 24, 2013
  41. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Blackburn Year-End," accessed February 5, 2014
  45. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 17, 2014
  46. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Marsha Blackburn," accessed April 2, 2013
  47. Open Secrets, "Blackburn Campaign Contributions," accessed March 1, 2013
  48. Open Secrets, "Marsha Blackburn 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 16, 2011
  49. OpenSecrets, "Blackburn, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  50. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  51. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  52. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  53. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  54. Census.gov, "My Congressional District," accessed September 25, 2014
  55. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Marsha Blackburn," accessed September 25, 2014
  56. OpenCongress, "Marsha Blackburn," accessed July 30, 2014
  57. GovTrack, "Marsha Blackburn," accessed July 30, 2014
  58. GovTrack, "Marsha Blackburn," accessed June 26, 2013
  59. GovTrack, "Blackburn," accessed July 30, 2014
  60. LegiStorm, "Marsha Blackburn," accessed September 18, 2012
  61. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," July 30, 2014
  62. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  63. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  64. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  66. MarshaBlackburn.com, "About Marsha," accessed April 15, 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
Ed Bryant
U.S. House of Representatives - Tennessee District 7
2003–present
Succeeded by
-