Morgan Griffith

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Morgan Griffith
Morgan Griffith.jpg
U.S. House, Virginia, District 9
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2011-present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 3
PartyRepublican
PredecessorFrederick C. Boucher (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$7.14 in 2012
First electedNovember 2, 2010
Campaign $$2,474,635
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Virginia House of Delegates
1994-2010
Education
Bachelor'sEmory & Henry College
J.D.Washington & Lee University School of Law
Personal
BirthdayMarch 15, 1958
Place of birthPhiladelphia, PA
ProfessionLawyer
Net worth$232,500.50
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
H. Morgan Griffith (b. March 15, 1958, in Philadelphia, PA) is a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives representing Virginia's 9th Congressional District. Griffith was first elected in 2010.

Griffith won re-election on November 4, 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Griffith is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Griffith earned his bachelor's degree from Emory & Henry College. After earning his J.D. from Washington & Lee University School of Law, Griffith went into private practice as a lawyer. In 1994, he began his political career as a member of the Virginia House of Delegates, and he eventually became House majority leader.[1] Prior to his congressional career, Griffith practiced law in Salem, Va. In 2008, he joined a statewide law firm where he was in charge of the Roanoke and Salem branches.[2]

Career

The following is an abbreviated list of Griffith's professional and political career:[3]

  • 2011-Present: U.S. House of Representatives
  • 2000-2010: Virginia House of Delegates House majority leader
  • 1994-2010: Virginia House of Delegates

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Griffith serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Griffith served on the following House committees:[5]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[6] For more information pertaining to Griffith's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[7]

National security

NDAA

Nay3.png Griffith voted in opposition of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[8]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Griffith voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[8]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Nay3.pngGriffith voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[8]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Griffith voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[9] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[8]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[10] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[11][12] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[12] Griffith voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[13][14] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[14] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[15] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Griffith voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[13]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[16] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[17] Griffith voted to approve the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[18]

Nay3.pngThe shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[19] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Griffith voted against HR 2775.[20]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.
Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Griffith supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[21] The vote largely followed party lines.[22]

Healthcare

Repealing Obamacare

Yea3.png Griffith supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[23]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Griffith supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Government affairs

HR 676
See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[25] Griffith joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[26][27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Nay3.png Griffith voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003, while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Griffith's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Griffith is a Libertarian-Leaning Conservative. Griffith received a score of 27 percent on social issues and 78 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[30]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Opposes Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Unknown
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Favors
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Unknown Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Opposes Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[29]

Campaign themes

2012

According to Griffith's website, his campaign themes included:[31]

  • Jobs: "...believes that entrepreneurs and free enterprise create prosperity."
  • Spending: "...that we’ve spent too much for too long and we have to stop. We need a real plan to balance our budget in Washington without raising taxes."
  • Social Security: "...supports common-sense reforms to programs like Social Security and Medicare, but not at the risk of hurting our senior citizens."

Elections

2014

See also: Virginia's 9th Congressional District elections, 2014

Griffith won re-election to the U.S. House to represent Virginia's 9th District. Griffith did not face a primary election challenger.

Election results

U.S. House, Virginia District 9 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMorgan Griffith Incumbent 72.1% 117,465
     Independent William Carr 24.2% 39,412
     N/A Write-in 3.6% 5,938
Total Votes 162,815
Source: Virginia Department of Elections

2012

See also: Virginia's 9th Congressional District elections, 2012

Griffith won re-election in 2012.[32] He ran unopposed in the Republican primary and defeated Democrat Anthony Flaccavento in the November general election.[33]

U.S. House, Virginia District 9 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Anthony Flaccavento 38.6% 116,400
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngMorgan Griffith Incumbent 61.3% 184,882
     Write-In N/A 0.1% 376
Total Votes 301,658
Source: Virginia State Board of Elections "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

Full history


2009

See also: Virginia House of Delegates elections, 2009

Griffith won re-election to the 8th District's seat in the Virginia House of Delegates in 2009, defeating Democrat Edward Carter Turner, III in the general election.

Campaign donors

2014

Candidates for Congress were required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Griffith's reports.[35]

Morgan Griffith (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[36]April 15, 2013$124,807.81$112,470.25$(94,926.80)$142,351.26
July Quarterly[37]July 15, 2013$142,351.26$110,924.00$(80,149.89)$173,125.37
October Quarterly[38]October 12, 2013$173,125.37$113,271.00$(75,325.44)$211,070.93
Year-end[39]January 31, 2014$211,070$93,298$(60,047)$244,321
April Quarterly[40]April 15, 2014$244,321.35$144,388.08$(81,941.50)$306,767.93
Running totals
$574,351.33$(392,390.63)

Comprehensive donor information for Griffith is available dating back to 2010. Based on available campaign finance records, Griffith raised a total of $2,474,635 during that time period. This information was last updated on April 4, 2013.[41]

Morgan Griffith's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Virginia, District 9) Won $1,399,362
2010 US House (Virginia, District 9) Won $1,075,273
Grand Total Raised $2,474,635

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2012


Griffith won re-election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that re-election cycle, Griffith's campaign committee raised a total of $1,399,363 and spent $1,320,306.[42]

Cost per vote

Griffith spent $7.14 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Griffith's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Griffith won election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that election cycle, Griffith's campaign committee raised a total of $1,075,273 and spent $1,029,522.[43]

2009

The top 5 donors to Griffith's 2009 campaign were mainly from professional organizations:[44]

Contributor 2009 total
Virginia Association of Realtors $33,250
Virginia Bankers Association $20,500
Virginia Trial Lawyers Association $19,500
Altria $9,000
Virginia Automobile & Truck Dealers Assoc $8,750

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Griffith's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $15,002 to $449,999. That averages to $232,500.50, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican House members in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Griffith ranked as the 339th most wealthy representative in 2012.[45] Between 2009 and 2012, Griffith's calculated net worth[46] increased by an average of 20 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[47]

Morgan Griffith Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2009$145,012
2012$232,500
Growth from 2009 to 2012:60%
Average annual growth:20%[48]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[49]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Griffith received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Retired industry. Comparatively, the top industry employer in Virginia's 9th Congressional District was Educational services, and health care and social assistance, according to a 2012 U.S. Census survey.[50]

From 2009-2014, 27.2 percent of Griffith's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[51]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Morgan Griffith Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,220,780
Total Spent $2,979,146
Top industry in the districtEducational services, and health care and social assistance
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$229,067
Mining$228,638
Lawyers/Law Firms$155,069
Health Professionals$132,858
Leadership PACs$130,352
% total in top industry7.11%
% total in top two industries14.21%
% total in top five industries27.2%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Rep. Griffith is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of September 2014.[52] This was the same rating Griffith received in July 2013.[53]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Griffith missed 35 of 2,726 roll call votes from January 2011 to August 2014. This amounts to 1.3 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of August 2014.[54]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[55]

Griffith most often votes with:

Griffith least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Griffith paid his congressional staff a total of $841,384 in 2011. Overall, Virginia ranked 29th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[56]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Griffith ranked 211th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[57]

2012

Griffith ranked 169th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[58]

2011

Griffith ranked 195th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[59]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Griffith voted with the Republican Party 91.1 percent of the time, which ranked 196th among the 233 House Republican members as of August 2014.[60]

2013

Griffith voted with the Republican Party 91.7 percent of the time, which ranked 186th among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2013.[61]

Personal

Griffith and his wife, Hilary, have three children.[1] Griffith has been involved with a number of organizations, including the Boy Scouts of America - Blue Ridge Mountains Council, Boy Scouts of America - Catawba District, Easter Seals Virginia, Emory & Henry College and the Salem Education Foundation.[62]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Morgan + Griffith + Virginia + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Morgan Griffith News Feed

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See also

External links

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References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Official House website, "Biography," accessed November 11, 2011
  2. National Journal, "Morgan Griffith Biography," accessed July, 2013
  3. Biographical Directory-U.S. House, "Griffith," accessed January 2, 2014
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. Official House website, "Committee Assignments," accessed November 11, 2011
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Griffith's Voting Records on National Security," accessed October 15, 2013
  9. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  10. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  20. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Griffith's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed October 15, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Griffith's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed October 15, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "Griffith on abortion," accessed October 15, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Griffith Vote Match," accessed June 27, 2014
  30. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  31. Morgan Griffiths for Congress, "Issues," accessed September 26, 2012
  32. Morgan Griffith campaign website, "Thank You," April 11, 2012
  33. Politico, "2012 Election Map," accessed November 6, 2012
  34. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  35. Federal Election Commission, "Morgan Griffith Summary Report," accessed July 24, 2013
  36. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  37. Federal Election Commission, "July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  38. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 29, 2013
  39. Federal Election Commission, "Year-End Report," accessed February 18, 2014
  40. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 22, 2014
  41. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Morgan Griffith," accessed April 4, 2013
  42. Open Secrets, "Griffith Campaign Contributions," accessed February 24, 2013
  43. Open Secrets, "2010 Race: Virginia District 09," accessed November 11, 2011
  44. Follow the Money, "2009 Campaign Contributions," accessed May 15, 2014
  45. OpenSecrets, "Griffith, 2012," accessed January 14, 2014
  46. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  47. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  48. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  49. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  50. Census.gov, "My Congressional District," accessed September 25, 2014
  51. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Morgan Griffith," accessed September 25, 2014
  52. GovTrack, "Griffith," accessed September 8, 2014
  53. GovTrack, "Griffith," accessed May 17, 2012
  54. GovTrack, "Morgan Griffith," accessed September 8, 2014
  55. OpenCongress, "Rep. Morgan Griffith," accessed September 8, 2014
  56. LegiStorm, "Morgan Griffith," accessed September 13, 2012
  57. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," September 8, 2014
  58. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," February 28, 2013
  59. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  60. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  61. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  62. Project Vote Smart, "Delegate Griffith"
Political offices
Preceded by
Rick Boucher
U.S. House of Representatives - Virginia, 9th District
2011-Present
Succeeded by
-
Preceded by
-
Virginia House of Delegates District 8
1994–present
Succeeded by
Greg Habeeb (R)

[[Category:Virginia House of Delegates