|U.S. Secretary of Defense|
|February 27, 2013-Present|
|Elections and appointments|
|Nominated||January 7, 2013|
|Confirmed||February 26, 2013|
|Appointed||February 27, 2013|
|Appointed by||Barack Obama|
|U.S. Senator from Nebraska|
|Deputy Administrator for the Veterans Administration|
|High school||St. Bonaventure High School|
|Bachelor's||University of Nebraska at Omaha|
|Service/branch||U.S. Army, Sargeant|
|Years of service||1967-1968|
|Citations||Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry, Purple Heart (x2), the Army Commendation Medal and the Combat Infantryman Badge|
|Date of birth||October 4, 1946|
|Place of birth||North Platte, Nebraska|
- 1 Biography
- 2 Career
- 3 Confirmation vote
- 4 Secretary of Defense term initiatives
- 5 Controversies
- 6 Department budget
- 7 Elections
- 8 Personal
- 9 Recent news
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 References
Hagel submitted his resignation notice to President Obama on November 24, 2014, though he agreed to stay in office until his successor was appointed. Administration officials claimed Obama requested his resignation under the belief that the conflict with ISIS would need a different skill set than Hagel brought to the office. Some believe forcing Hagel out was the president's response to publicly perceived weakness in the face of national security issues like the Ebola outbreak and the ISIS threat.
Hagel attended St. Bonaventure High School in Nebraska. After high school, he enrolled at the Brown Institute for Radio and Television in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in 1966. He dropped out of school to serve in the army during the Vietnam War where he fought alongside his brother, Tom, in 1968. He and Tom ended up saving each others' lives on different occasions and earned five Purple Hearts between them. Following his term of service in the army, Hagel graduated from the University of Nebraska at Omaha.
He continued his public service by joining Representative John McCollister's staff until becoming a lobbyist for Firestone Tire and Rubber Company in 1977. President Reagan then appointed Hagel to the position of deputy administrator for the Veterans Administration, a position he used to help those who had been affected by Agent Orange in Vietnam. Following his term in 1982, he worked as president and director of a number of private sector businesses including Vanguard Cellular Systems, Inc. until his 1996 election to the United States Senate. After his second term, Hagel retired and taught national governance at Georgetown University before accepting President Obama's nomination to be Secretary of Defense.
- 1966-1967: Attended Brown Institute for Radio and Television
- 1967-1969: Served with the U.S. Army in Vietnam
- 1971: Graduated from University of Nebraska at Omaha
- 1971-1977: Served on the staff of Nebraska Representative John McCollister
- 1977-1980: Lobbyist for Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
- 1981-1982: Appointed to Deputy Administrator for the Veterans Administration
- 1982-1985: President and Co-founder of Collins, Hagel and Clarke, Inc.
- 1982: Deputy Commissioner General for the World's Fair, Knoxville, TN
- 1984-1987: Director and Executive Vice President of Vanguard Cellular Systems, Inc.
- 1987-1990: President and CEO of World United Service Organizations
- 1990-1992: President and CEO of Private Sector Council of Washington, D.C.
- 1992-1996: President of McCarthy and Co.
- 1997-2009: United States Senator from Nebraska
- 2009-2013: Professor of National Governance in the School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University
- 2013-Present: United States Secretary of Defense
Republican senators successfully filibustered debate on Hagel, blocking a confirmation vote on February 14, 2013. The filibuster was done in an effort to force the Obama administration to release more information on the Benghazi attack in 2012.. The vote to close debate received only 58 of the 60 necessary votes, with Democratic Majority Leader Harry Reid notably voting against for the reason of having the ability to bring the vote up again at a later date. Hagel was confirmed as the U.S. Secretary of Defense on February 26, 2013, by a vote of 58-41 after the vote to close debate on the nomination finally passed. All votes against his confirmation were cast by Republicans, while four Republicans supported Hagel's confirmation: Thad Cochran (R-MS), Mike Johanns (R-NE), Richard Shelby (R-AL) and Rand Paul (R-KY).
|Chuck Hagel confirmation vote, February 26, 2013|
|Party||Votes for||Votes against||Total votes|
Secretary of Defense term initiatives
ISIS insurgency in Iraq and Syria
- See also: ISIS insurgency in Iraq and Syria
The goal of Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) was to create an Islamic state for Sunni muslims where Sharia law can be enforced, uniting parts of Iraq and Syria where the Sunni minorities live. The Soufan Group, a political risk consultant firm, stated, "ISIS has become indisputably the most effective and ruthless terrorist organization in the world." As a precautionary measure, Hagel ordered an aircraft carrier be moved to the Persian Gulf for added flexibility if President Obama chose to act. While the administration insisted no U.S. combat soldiers would be put on the ground in Iraq, about 1,000 military advisers were sent in an effort to secure key U.S. diplomats and help train and guide Iraqi forces. Airstrikes were authorized to begin on August 7, 2014. On August 21, 2014, Hagel claimed ISIS was more than "just a terrorist group," and warned that they pose a serious threat. He explained, "[ISIL] is as sophisticated and well-funded as any group that we have seen. They marry ideology, a sophistication of strategic and tactical military prowess. They are tremendously well-funded."
On February 24, 2014, Hagel released a budget proposal for the U.S. Department of Defense suggesting the size of the American armed forces be dropped to pre-World War II levels. "You have to always keep your institution prepared, but you can't carry a large land-war Defense Department when there is no large land war," said one senior Pentagon official. The U.S. Army would be dropped to 440,000-450,000 in the coming years, down from the peak of 570,000 after September 11, 2001. President Obama's proposal coming into office would have dropped the Army down to 490,000, but Hagel deemed more cuts necessary in light of both the political and economic landscape in the federal government.
On February 5, 2014, Hagel ordered in-depth investigations into multiple ethics violations in the armed services. Drug use in the Air Force, bribery and cheating allegations in the Navy and fraudulent payments and kickbacks in the Army and National Guard sparked the ethics crackdown by Secretary Hagel. A spokesperson of the secretary stated, "And he’s concerned about the depth of it,” Kirby said. “I don’t think he could stand here and tell you that he has — that anybody has — the full grasp here, and that’s what worries (Hagel) is that maybe he doesn’t have the full grasp of the depth of the issue, and he wants to better understand it."
Military sexual assault cases
On August 15, 2013, Secretary Hagel announced sweeping reforms to the handling of sexual assault accusations in the U.S. military. Per a Pentagon survey, sexual assault cases rose to 26,000 in 2012 from 19,000 in 2010. The Department felt pressure from President Obama to enact the reforms, which include improved legal support for victims, transfers for accused to eliminate future contact and required follow-up actions throughout the chain of command. Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, a member of the armed services committee, stated that while it is a step in the right direction, all sexual assault cases in the military should be judged by an independent body.
- See also: Bowe Bergdahl exchange
The Obama administration exchanged five Guantanamo Bay prisoners for U.S. Army Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl on May 31, 2014. Bergdahl was captured by Taliban forces in Afghanistan in 2009 and held captive just across the border in Pakistan. Bergdahl has been accused of deserting his unit before being captured, leading to more controversy over whether or not the administration should have made a deal with the Taliban. Critics claimed the action showed American weakness by setting the precedent that the United States would make deals with terrorists. The House Armed Services committee chair Rep. Buck McKeon (R-CA) went further and insisted President Obama violated the 2014 National Defense Authorization Act by not giving Congress at least 30 days notice before engaging in talks to get Bergdahl back.
White House Press Secretary Jay Carney claimed the exchange was rushed due to Bergdahl's "deteriorating" health. Secretary Hagel also defended the exchange and hoped it would create "a new opening" in future talks with the Taliban. When asked the reasoning behind the negotiations on June 3, 2014, President Obama explained, "Regardless of the circumstances, whatever those circumstances may turn out to be, we still get an American soldier back if he’s held in captivity. Period. Full stop. We don’t condition that. He also stated that the administration had been consulting with Congress prior to the swap, a statement House Intelligence committee chair Mike Rogers (R-MI) disputed, stating, "In 2011, they did come up and present a plan that included a prisoner transfer that was, in a bipartisan way, pushed back. We hadn't heard anything since on any details of any prisoner exchange." Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-NV) reported that he was told of the exchange but only "the day before or the day of."
|U.S. Department of Defense Annual Budget|
|Year||Budget (in billions)||% Difference from previous year|
- Note: 2014 only represents the Department's budget request, not an enacted budget.
|U.S. Senate, Nebraska General Election, 1996|
Hagel and his wife, Lilibet, have two children.
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- CNN, "Chuck Hagel Fast Facts," accessed March 11, 2013
- U.S. Department of Defense, "Chuck Hagel," accessed May 29, 2013
- The Washington Post, "AP Sources: Hagel resigning as Defense secretary," November 24, 2014
- New York Times, "Hagel Said to Be Stepping Down as Defense Chief Under Pressure," November 24, 2014
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Cite error: Invalid
- Biography.com, "Chuck Hagel biography," accessed May 29, 2013
- Fox News, "Senate Republicans blog Hagel nomination - for now," February 14, 2013
- Politico, "Chuck Hagel confirmed for secretary of defense in 58-41 Senate vote," February 26, 2013
- CNN, "ISIS: The first terror group to build an Islamic state?," June 12, 2014
- Politico, "Chuck Hagel orders U.S. aircraft carrier to Persian Gulf," June 14, 2014
- The Hill, "Obama orders more than 100 advisers to Iraq," August 12, 2014
- Abc News, "Airstrikes in Iraq," August 8, 2014
- The Hill, "Hagel: ISIS 'beyond anything we've seen'," August 21, 2014
- New York Times, "Pentagon Plans to Shrink Army to Pre-World War II Level," February 24, 2014
- Politico, "Hagel ramps up ethics push," February 5, 2014
- The Guardian, "Hagel announces new measures to try to stamp out sex assaults in the military," August 15, 2013
- Department of Defense, "Hagel Announces New Anti-Sexual Assault Initiatives," August 15, 2013
- CBS News, "Bowe Bergdahl, a Taliban captive since 2009, has been freed," May 31, 2014
- Politico, "Criticism of Bergdahl deal mounts," June 6, 2014
- Politico, "President Obama defends Bowe Bergdahl deal," June 3, 2014
- U.S. Department of Defense, "UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE FISCAL YEAR 2014 BUDGET REQUEST," accessed January 31, 2014
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
- U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
|U.S. Secretary of Defense
| Succeeded by|
|U.S. Senate - Nebraska
| Succeeded by|