Dutch Ruppersberger

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Dutch Ruppersberger
CA Dutch Ruppersberger.jpg
U.S. House, Maryland, District 2
In office
January 3, 2003-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 11
PredecessorRobert Ehrlich (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.65 in 2012
First electedNovember 5, 2002
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$6,414,938
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Baltimore County Executive
Baltimore City Council
Assistant Maryland State Attorney
Bachelor'sUniversity of Maryland, College Park
J.D.University of Maryland School of Law
BirthdayJanuary 31, 1946
Place of birthBaltimore, Maryland
Net worth$1,782,010.50
Office website
Campaign website
Dutch Ruppersberger campaign logo
Charles Albert "Dutch" Ruppersberger III (b. January 31, 1946, in Baltimore, MD) is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives representing Maryland's 2nd Congressional District. Ruppersberger was first elected to the House in 2002 and is currently serving his sixth consecutive term, having won re-election on November 6, 2012.[1]

Ruppersberger is running for re-election in Maryland's 2nd Congressional District in the general election on November 4, 2014. He won the nomination in the Democratic primary on June 24, 2014.[2]

Ruppersberger announced on January 22, 2014, that he decided against a run for Governor of Maryland in 2014.[3]

Prior to his election to the House, Ruppersberger served as Maryland's Assistant State Attorney, as a member of the Baltimore City Council and as Baltimore County Executive.[4]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Ruppersberger is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.


Ruppersberger was born in 1946 in Baltimore, MD. After attending Baltimore City College, he earned his B.A. from the University of Maryland at College Park and his J.D. from the University of Baltimore School of Law in 1970. Prior to his political career, Ruppersberger worked as an attorney.[4]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Ruppersberger's political career:[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Ruppersberger serves on the following committees:[5][6]


Ruppersberger served on the following House committees:[7]

Key votes

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[8] For more information pertaining to Ruppersberger's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[9]

National security

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Ruppersberger voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[10]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "Yes" Ruppersberger voted in favor of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Ruppersberger voted in favor of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[11] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[10]


Voted "Yes" Ruppersberger voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[10]


Farm bill

Neutral/Abstain On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, known as the Farm Bill.[12] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill provides for the reform and continuation of agricultural and other programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[13][14] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Ruppersberger did not vote on this bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Ruppersberger joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[15][16]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[18] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[19] Ruppersberger voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[20]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Ruppersberger voted for HR 2775.[22]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Ruppersberger voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States. The vote largely followed party lines.[10]


Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Ruppersberger voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[10]

Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act

Voted "No" Ruppersberger voted against HR 2009 - Keep the IRS Off Your Healthcare Act of 2013. The bill passed through the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 232-185. The bill would prevent the IRS and Treasury Secretary from enforcing the powers provided to them in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The vote largely followed party lines.[10]

Social issues

Amash amendment

Voted "No" Ruppersberger voted against House Amendment 413 - Prohibits the National Security Agency from Collecting Records Under the Patriot Act. The amendment failed on July 4, 2013, by a vote of 205-217. The amendment would have prohibited the collection of records by the National Security Agency under the Patriot Act. Both parties were split on the vote.[10]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Ruppersberger voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was one of 172 Democrats who voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[23]


On The Issues Vote Match

Dutch Ruppersberger's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Ruppersberger is a Liberal Populist. Ruppersberger received a score of 53 percent on social issues and 4 percent on economic issues.[24]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[25]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Strongly Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Favors
Expand ObamaCare Strongly Favors Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Favors
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Opposes Keep God in the public sphere Opposes
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Opposes Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Favors Stricter punishment reduces crime Strongly Opposes
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Neutral
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Strongly Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Opposes
Prioritize green energy Strongly Favors Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Strongly Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Opposes Never legalize marijuana Oppposes
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[24]


A Washington Post investigation in February 2012 revealed that 33 members of Congress helped direct more than $300 million in earmarks to public projects in close proximity to commercial and residential real estate owned by the lawmakers or their family members.[26] According to the report, Ruppersberger helped obtain $187,000 toward a beach replenishment survey of the Ocean City shoreline. He and his wife own two condominium units there.[27]

Campaign themes


The following are several campaign issues which were highlighted by Ruppersberger on his campaign website.[28]

  • Healhcare: "Congressman Ruppersberger supported the health reform legislation that recently passed Congress and was signed by the President. H.R. 3962, the Preservation of Access to Care for Medicare Beneficiaries and Pension Relief Act of 2010, will make health care more affordable while reducing the federal budget by over $100 billion over the next ten years."[28]
  • Immigration: "Congressman Ruppersberger does not support illegal immigration and believes we need to make our borders more secure. He sponsored legislation that would fund the hiring of 2,000 new border patrol agents every year for the next five years."[28]
  • Social Security: "The Congressman believes we need to modernize social security, but he does not believe social security should be privatized."[28]
  • Economy and Jobs: Ruppersberger has supported H.R. 1, the American Recover and Reinvestment Act, and the H.R. 3435, the Cash for Clunkers Program.[28]



See also: Maryland's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2014

Ruppersberger is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the nomination in the Democratic primary on June 24, 2014.[2] The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

He considered running for Governor of Maryland in 2014 but decided against it.[29][30]


See also: Maryland's 2nd Congressional District elections, 2012

Ruppersberger won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Maryland's 2nd District. On March 30, 2012, the 2nd District was included in a list released by the National Journal of the top ten most contorted congressional districts due to redistricting.[31] Ruppersberger ran as a Democrat and defeated Maryland state senator Nancy Jacobs in the November general election.

U.S. House, Maryland District 2 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngDutch Ruppersberger Incumbent 65.6% 194,088
     Republican Nancy Jacobs 31.1% 92,071
     Libertarian Leo Dymowski 3.2% 9,344
     Republican Ray Bly (Write-in) 0% 22
     N/A Other Write-ins 0.1% 415
Total Votes 295,940
Source: Maryland State Board of Elections "Representative in Congress"

Ruppersberger ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on April 3, 2012.

Dutch Ruppersberger, "Congressman Ruppersberger Biography"


Ruppersbreger received endorsements for the 2012 election from the following organizations,

  • Clean Water Action Maryland: A group that is "a top advocate for the preservation and protection of the Chesapeake Bay."[28]
  • National Association of Social Workers: An organization consisting of "nearly 150,000 professional social workers."[28]
  • Columbia Democratic Club
  • Thurgood Marshall Democratic Club of Howard County
  • Sierra Club: A leading, national environmental group.[28]

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Ruppersberger is available dating back to 2002. Based on available campaign finance records, Ruppersberger raised a total of $6,414,938 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[41]

Dutch Ruppersberger's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Maryland, District 2) Won $1,408,187
2010 U.S. House (Maryland, District 2) Won $1,137,058
2008 U.S. House (Maryland, District 2) Won $1,030,869
2006 U.S. House (Maryland, District 2) Won $854,594
2004 U.S. House (Maryland, District 2) Won $746,971
2002 U.S. House (Maryland, District 2) Won $1,237,259
Grand Total Raised $6,414,938


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Ruppersberger’s reports.[42]

Dutch Ruppersberger (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[43]June 4, 2013$890,964.49$123,275.61$(184,163.47)$830,076.63
July Quarterly[44]July 15, 2013$830,076.63$181,956.92$(136,556.37)$875,477.18
October Quarterly[45]October 13, 2013$875,477.18$125,395.74$(93,764.91)$907,108.01
Year-end[46]January 31, 2014$907,108$88,374$(71,179)$924,303
April Quarterly[47]April 15, 2014$924,303$106,112$(96,328)$934,087
Running totals

Defense contractors

According to a July 2013 Politico report, Ruppersberger made the top 10 list of Hill members receiving defense industry contributions. As of July 2013, Ruppersberger had received more than $37,000 from top defense firms.[48]


Breakdown of the source of Ruppersberger's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Ruppersberger won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Ruppersberger's campaign committee raised a total of $1,408,187 and spent $1,096,048.[49]

Cost per vote

Ruppersberger spent $5.65 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Ruppersberger's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Ruppersberger won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Ruppersberger's campaign committee raised a total of $1,137,058 and spent $1,334,073.[50]

U.S. House, Maryland District 2, 2010 - Dutch Ruppersberger Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $1,137,058
Total Spent $1,334,073
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $199,333
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $203,115
Top contributors to Dutch Ruppersberger's campaign committee
Northrop Grumman$41,100
University of Maryland Medical System$21,100
General Dynamics$10,500
SAIC Inc$10,500
Comcast Corp$10,400
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Health Professionals$88,500
Real Estate$87,766
Misc Defense$81,750
Lawyers/Law Firms$54,400

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Ruppersberger's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $1,019,022 and $2,544,999. That averages to $3,501, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $. Ruppersberger ranked as the 158th most wealthy representative in 2012.[51] Between 2004 and 2012, Ruppersberger's calculated net worth[52] decreased by an average of 2 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[53]

Dutch Ruppersberger Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2004 to 2012:-16%
Average annual growth:-2%[54]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[55]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Ruppersberger is a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of June 23, 2013.[56]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[57]

Ruppersberger most often votes with:

Ruppersberger least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Ruppersberger missed 334 of 7,661 roll call votes from January 2003 to March 2013, which is 4.4% of votes during that period. This is worse than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[58]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Ruppersberger paid his congressional staff a total of $1,106,915 in 2011. He ranked 49th on the list of the highest paid Democratic representative staff salaries and ranked 59th overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Maryland ranked 11th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[59]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Ruppersberger was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Ruppersberger's staff was given an apparent $94,009.04 in bonus money.[60]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year.


Ruppersberger ranked 161st in the liberal rankings in 2012.[61]


Ruppersberger ranked 165th in the liberal rankings in 2011.[62]

Voting with party

June 2013

Dutch Ruppersberger voted with the Democratic Party 92.2 percent of the time, which ranked 119 among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[63]


Ruppersberger has been married to his wife Kay (nee Murphy) for 42 years. They have two grown children and two grandchildren.[64]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Dutch + Ruppersberger + Maryland + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Dutch Ruppersberger News Feed

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See also

External links


  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Maryland," accessed 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 Associated Press, "Primary Results 2014," accessed June 24, 2014
  3. Baltimore Sun, "Ruppersberger decides against a run for governor," accessed January 22, 2014
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "C.A. Dutch Ruppersberger," accessed November 29, 2011
  5. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  6. U.S. House of Representatives, "Committee assignments," accessed March 31, 2014
  7. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed November 29, 2011
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  9. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 10.7 Project Vote Smart, "Dutch Ruppersberger Key Votes," accessed October 14, 2013
  11. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  12. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  24. 24.0 24.1 On The Issues, "Dutch Ruppersberger Vote Match," accessed July 1, 2014
  25. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  26. Washington Post, "Congressional earmarks sometimes used to fund projects near lawmakers' properties," accessed February 6, 2012
  27. Washington Post, "Mapping the Earmarks," accessed February 6, 2012
  28. 28.0 28.1 28.2 28.3 28.4 28.5 28.6 28.7 Dutch Ruppersberger's Official Campaign Website, "Issues," accessed 2012
  29. Baltimore Sun, "Ruppersberger decides against a run for governor," accessed June 11, 2014
  30. Washington Post, "Ruppersberger makes it official: He’s not running for governor of Maryland," accessed June 11, 2014
  31. National Journal, "Modern Gerrymanders: 10 Most Contorted Congressional Districts—MAPS," accessed March 31, 2012
  32. Hometown Annapolis, "Maryland gets C on Transparency," accessed March 26, 2012
  33. Progressive Maryland, "2012 Candidates," accessed March 26, 2012
  34. Baltimore Sun, "Ruppersberger backs Rosen in 1st District," accessed March 29, 2012
  35. http://www.baltimoresun.com/news/maryland/politics/bs-md-wendy-rosen-withdraws-20120910,0,3764352.story Baltimore Sun, "Democrat withdraws from 1st District congressional race after allegations she voted in two states"
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "Dutch Ruppersberger," accessed May 16, 2013
  42. Federal Election Commission, "Dutch Ruppersberger 2014 Summary reports," accessed October 28, 2013
  43. Federal Election Commission, "Dutch Ruppersberger April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  44. Federal Election Commission, "Dutch Ruppersberger July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  45. Federal Election Commission, "October Quarterly," accessed October 28, 2013
  46. Federal Election Commission, "Year End Report," accessed February 17, 2014
  47. Federal Election Commission, "April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  48. Politico, "Top 10 Hill recipients of defense contributions," accessed July 11, 2013
  49. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 16, 2013
  50. Open Secrets, "Dutch Ruppersberger 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed November 29, 2011
  51. OpenSecrets, "Ruppersberger (D-MD), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  52. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  53. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  54. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  55. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  56. Gov Track, "Ruppersberger," accessed June 23, 2013
  57. OpenCongress, "Dutch Ruppersberger," accessed August 5, 2013
  58. GovTrack, "Dutch Ruppersberger," accessed April 2013
  59. LegiStorm, "Dutch Ruppersberger," accessed 2012
  60. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  61. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  62. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  63. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  64. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed November 29, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Robert Ehrlich
U.S. House of Representatives - Maryland District 2
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Baltimore County Executive
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Baltimore City Council
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Assistant Maryland State Attorney
Succeeded by