Eddie Bernice Johnson

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Eddie Bernice Johnson
Eddie Bernice Johnson.jpg
U.S. House, Texas, District 30
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1993-present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 21
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorN/A
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$5.16 in 2012
First electedNovember 3, 1992
Next primaryMarch 4, 2014
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$3,420,673
AppointedRegional Director, United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare
Appointed byJimmy Carter
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
Texas State Senate
1986-1992
Texas House of Representatives
1972-1977
Education
High schoolA.J. Moore High School, TX
Bachelor'sTexas Christian University
Master'sSouthern Methodist University
OtherNursing certificate, St. Mary’s College at the University of Notre Dame
Personal
BirthdayDecember 3, 1935
Place of birthWaco, Texas
ProfessionNurse
Net worth$766,001
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Eddie Bernice Johnson (b. December 3, 1935, in Waco, Texas) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from the state of Texas. She represents Texas' 30th Congressional District and was first elected to the House in 1992.

Johnson most recently won re-election in 2012. She easily won her primary, defeating state Rep. Barbara Mallory Caraway and attorney Taj Clayton, despite being targeted by the Super PAC Campaign for Primary Accountability. She then defeated Travis Washington, Jr. (R) and Ed Rankin (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[1]

Johnson is seeking re-election to the 30th Congressional District seat in 2014.[2]

Johnson began her political career in the Texas House of Representatives, where she served from 1972 to 1977. She later continued her legislative service in the Texas State Senate from 1986 until her election to the U.S. House in 1992.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Johnson is an average Democratic member of Congress, meaning she will vote with the Democratic Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Johnson passed the National Board Examination in Nursing and became the Chief Psychiatric Nurse at the VA Hospital in Dallas. Later, she served in the Texas House of Representatives and earned her bachelor's in nursing and master's in public administration. She went on to become a regional director for United States Department of Health, Education and Welfare before returning to politics.[3]

Career

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Johnson serves on the following committees:[4]

2011-2012

Johnson was a member of the following House committees:[3]

Issues

Legislative actions

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[5] For more information pertaining to Johnson's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[6]

National security

American response in Syria
See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[7][8] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Johnson was 1 of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[7][8]

NDAA

Voted "Yes" Johnson voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "No" Johnson voted against HR 2217 - the Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[10]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Johnson voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[11]

Economy

Farm bill

Voted "Yes" On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[12] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[13][14] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[14] Johnson voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Voted "Yes" On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[15][16] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and 3 Democrats voting against the bill.[16] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[17] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and left the Affordable Care Act without any drastic cuts. Johnson joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[15][16]

Government shutdown
See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "No" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[18] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[19] Johnson voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[20]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[21] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Johnson voted for HR 2775.[22]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Voted "No" Johnson voted against HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[23]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "No" Johnson voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[24] The vote largely followed party lines.[25]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Voted "No" Johnson voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[26]

Social issues

Abortion

Voted "No" Johnson voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "Yes" Johnson voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. She was 1 of 172 Democrats that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Black Caucus Foundation controversy

In 2010, news broke that Johnson had given 23 scholarships from the Congressional Black Caucus Foundation to relatives and relatives of her staff over a five year period. This was in violation of both an anti-nepotism rule and a residency requirement of the scholarship. Johnson also specifically requested that the scholarship check be sent directly to her relatives rather than the standard procedure of the money going directly to the university the recipient would be attending. She went on to repay the foundation over $31,000.[29]

It was reported in May 2013 that the same Wikipedia user had twice scrubbed Johnson's page of reference to the scholarship incident. No relationship was found of the user to Johnson or her staff.[30]

Campaign themes

2012

Johnson's campaign website listed the following issues:[31]

  • Education
Excerpt: "Congresswoman Johnson supports helping lower and middle class families pay for college. Through the Student Aid and Fiscal Responsibility Act, Congress and the Democratic Party increased college affordability for millions of students."
  • The Environment
Excerpt: "Congresswoman Johnson not only understands the environmental challenges that affect the residents of North Texas, but she also uses the means available to solve those problems. She knows firsthand that a healthy environment enhances the quality of our daily lives and that our local natural resources are critical in supporting tourism which is a key element of our local economy. "
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "Throughout her tenure in Congress, Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson has been a strong proponent of improving our nation's health care system and increasing health insurance coverage to include every American. On March 21, 2011, Congresswoman Johnson proudly cast her vote in favor of the Affordable Care Act, President Obama’s historic health care reform measure, providing high quality, affordable health care for 6 million uninsured Texans. "
  • Homeland Security, National Security, Veterans
Excerpt: "Congresswoman Johnson is an ardent supporter of homeland security and a strong national defense."
  • International Relations, Trade, Peace
Excerpt: "Congresswoman Johnson is nationally and internationally recognized as a leader in democracy, good governance, and human rights. She was one of the first members of Congress to visit Iraq and meet with the U.S. Armed Forces personnel stationed in Baghdad."
  • Science
Excerpt: "Throughout her tenure on the House Committee on Science and Technology, Congresswoman Johnson has introduced and amended dozens of bills and has worked to pass significant legislation, the most important of which is the America COMPETES Act which she co-authored. "
  • Transportation
Excerpt: "Congresswoman Eddie Bernice Johnson is the most senior Texan on the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure. As the former Chairwoman of the House Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment she continues to be a stalwart supporter of maintaining the economic promise of Dallas and North Texas through unwavering dedication to key components of the region’s transportation infrastructure..."

Elections

2014

See also: Texas' 30th Congressional District elections, 2014

Johnson is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She defeated Barbara Mallory Caraway to win the Democratic nomination in the primary election on March 4, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.[2]

U.S. House, Texas District 30 Democratic Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngEddie Bernice Johnson Incumbent 71.4% 12,562
Barbara Mallory Caraway 28.6% 5,024
Total Votes 17,586
Source: Texas Secretary of State, Vote totals above are unofficial and will be updated once official totals are made available.

2012

See also: Texas' 30th Congressional District elections, 2012

Johnson won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Texas' 30th District. She defeated state Rep. Barbara Mallory Caraway and attorney Taj Clayton in the May 29 Democratic primary. She then defeated Travis Washington, Jr. (R) and Ed Rankin (L) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[32][33]

U.S. House, Texas District 30 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngEddie Bernice Johnson Incumbent 78.8% 171,059
     Republican Travis Washington, Jr. 19% 41,222
     Libertarian Ed Rankin 2.2% 4,733
Total Votes 217,014
Source: Texas Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Texas District 30 Democratic Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngEddie Bernice Johnson Incumbent 70.1% 23,346
Barbara Mallory Caraway 18% 5,996
Taj Clayton 11.9% 3,981
Total Votes 33,323

Targeted

Johnson was targeted by the Super PAC Campaign for Primary Accountability.[34] The Houston Chronicle reported that the PAC targeted Johnson because she was a long-standing incumbent, her constituents were dissatisfied and there was a capable challenger.[35]

Full history


Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Johnson is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Johnson raised a total of $3,420,673 during that time period. This information was last updated on March 25, 2013.[46]

Eddie Bernice Johnson's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Texas, District 30) Won $779,237
2010 US House (Texas, District 30) Won $613,624
2008 US House (Texas, District 30) Won $527,856
2006 US House (Texas, District 30) Won $411,189
2004 US House (Texas, District 30) Won $379,015
2002 US House (Texas, District 30) Won $405,389
2000 US House (Texas, District 30) Won $304,363
Grand Total Raised $3,420,673

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Johnson's reports.[47]

Eddie Bernice Johnson (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[48]April 15, 2013$67,820.46$43,200.00$(17,150.00)$93,870.46
July Quarterly[49]July 15, 2013$93,870.46$30,500.00$(29,309.78)$95,060.68
October Quarterly[50]October 15, 2013$95,060.68$96,700.00$(35,544.52)$156,216.16
Year-End[51]January 30, 2014$156,216$72,626$(54,258)$174,584
Pre-Primary[52]February 17, 2014$174,584$2,300$(31,471)$145,413
April Quarterly[53]April 15, 2014$145,413$133,877$(96,306)$182,984
Running totals
$379,203$(264,039.3)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Johnson's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Johnson won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Johnson's campaign committee raised a total of $779,237 and spent $882,303.[54] This is less than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[55]

Cost per vote

Johnson spent $5.16 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Johnson's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Johnson won re-election to the U.S. House in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Johnson's campaign committee raised a total of $613,624 and spent $572,968.[56]

U.S. House, Texas District 30, 2010 - Eddie Bernice Johnson Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $613,624
Total Spent $572,968
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $677,889
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $638,764
Top contributors to Eddie Bernice Johnson's campaign committee
AFL-CIO$10,000
American Council of Engineering Cos$10,000
Berkshire Hathaway$10,000
CSX Corp$10,000
Intl Brotherhood of Electrical Workers$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$57,725
Building Trade Unions$46,500
Transportation Unions$45,200
Railroads$38,000
Health Professionals$36,650

Endorsements

2012

In 2012, Johnson was endorsed by the following:[57]

  • State Representative Marc Veasey
  • County Judge Clay Jenkins
  • Mayor Artis Johnson
  • Mayor Carl Sherman
  • Councilman Tennell Atkins
  • Councilwoman Vonciel Jones Hill
  • Councilwoman Pauline Medrano
  • Former US Representative Ken Bentsen
  • Former US Representative Craig Washington

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Johnson is a "moderate Democratic leader" as of June 2013.[58]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[59]

Johnson most often votes with:

Johnson least often votes with:

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Johnson missed 656 of 13,520 roll call votes from January 1993 to March 2013. This amounts to 4.9%, which is worse than the median of 2.2% among current congressional representatives as of March 2013.[60]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Johnson paid her congressional staff a total of $1,024,374 in 2011. Overall, Texas ranks 27th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[61]

Net worth

See also: Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Johnson's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $502,003 and $1,030,000. That averages to $766,001, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Johnson ranked as the 232nd most wealthy representative in 2012.[62]

Eddie Bernice Johnson Yearly Net Worth
YearAvg. Net WorthAvg. Citizen Net Worth
2012$766,001$71,000

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

2012

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Johnson tied with two other members of the U.S. House of Representatives, ranking 94th in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.[63]

2011

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Johnson ranked 96th in the liberal rankings among members of the U.S. House.[64]

Voting with party

2013

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Johnson has voted with the Democratic Party 94.6% of the time, which ranked 129th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[65]

Personal

Johnson has one child and three grandchildren.[3]

Recent news

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External links

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References

  1. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Texas," November 6, 2012
  2. 2.0 2.1 dallasnews, "Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson to seek another term in Congress," September 4, 2013
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Official House website, "Biography," accessed November 2, 2011
  4. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  6. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  7. 7.0 7.1 Office of Barbara Lee, "Lee Letter to President Obama," accessed September 2, 2013
  8. 8.0 8.1 Washington Post, "More than 50 House Democrats also want Syria strike resolution," accessed September 2, 2013
  9. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  10. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - Department of Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  12. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  13. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  14. 14.0 14.1 NY Times, "Senate Passes Long-Stalled Farm Bill, With Clear Winners and Losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  15. 15.0 15.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  17. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  18. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  19. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  20. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  21. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  22. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  26. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  27. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. Dallas News, "Letters bearing Eddie Bernice Johnson's signature ask that scholarship money be sent directly to her grandsons," September 8, 2010
  30. Dallas News, "Scandal removed from Rep. Eddie Bernice Johnson’s Wikipedia page," May 14,2013]
  31. Campaign website, "Issues," accessed August 10, 2012
  32. Texas Democrats, "2012 Candidate list," accessed May 10, 2012
  33. Texas Secretary of State, "Unofficial Democratic primary results," May 29, 2012
  34. New York Times "In Democratic Primary, Taking On a Dallas Institution," April 26, 2012
  35. Houston Chronicle blog, "Houston-based super PAC targeting more Texas incumbents," April 8, 2012
  36. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  37. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Eddie Bernice Johnson," accessed March 25, 2013
  47. Federal Election Commission, "Eddie Bernice Johnson Summary Report," accessed July 24, 2013
  48. Federal Election Commission, "Eddie Bernice Johnson April Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  49. Federal Election Commission, "Eddie Bernice Johnson July Quarterly," accessed July 24, 2013
  50. Federal Election Commission, "Eddie Bernice Johnson October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  51. Federal Election Commission, "Eddie Bernice Johnson Year-End," accessed February 6, 2014
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Eddie Bernice Johnson Pre-Primary," accessed April 20, 2014
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Eddie Bernice Johnson April Quarterly," accessed April 20, 2014
  54. Open Secrets, "Eddie Johnson 2012 Election Cycle," accessed March 5, 2013
  55. Open Secrets, "Election 2012: The Big Picture Shows Record Cost of Winning a Seat in Congress," accessed June 19, 2013
  56. Open Secrets, "Eddie Bernice Johnson 2010 Election Cycle," accessed November 2, 2011
  57. Campaign website, "Home," accessed August 10, 2012
  58. GovTrack, "Eddie Bernice Johnson," accessed June 7 2013
  59. OpenCongress, "Eddie Bernice Johnson," accessed August 2, 2013
  60. GovTrack, "Eddie Bernice Johnson," accessed April 2, 2013
  61. LegiStorm, "Eddie Bernice Johnson," accessed September 13, 2012
  62. OpenSecrets, "Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-Texas), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  63. National Journal, "2012 Congressional Vote Ratings," March 7, 2013
  64. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  65. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
Political offices
Preceded by
New District
U.S. House of Representatives - Texas, District 30
1993-Present
Succeeded by
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Preceded by
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Texas State Senate
1986-1992
Succeeded by
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Preceded by
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Texas House of Representatives
1972-1977
Succeeded by
'