Fred Upton

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Fred Upton
Fred Upton.jpg
U.S. House, Michigan, District 6
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 1987-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 27
PartyRepublican
PredecessorBob Carr (D)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$27.01 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 1986
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$11,899,207
Term limitsN/A
Education
High schoolShattuck School, Fairbault, MN
Bachelor'sUniversity of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Personal
BirthdayApril 23, 1953
Place of birthSt. Joseph, Michigan
ProfessionCivil Servant
Net worth$18,330,586
ReligionCongregationalist
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Fred Upton campaign logo
Frederick Stephen "Fred" Upton (b. April 23, 1953, in St. Joseph, MI) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Michigan's 6th Congressional District. Upton was first elected to the House in 1986.

Upton most recently won re-election in 2012. He defeated Mike O'Brien (D), Christie Gelineau (L) and Jason Gatties (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.

Upton is running for re-election to Michigan's 6th District in 2014.

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Upton is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.

Biography

Upton was born in 1953 in St. Joseph, Michigan. After graduating from Shattuck School in Fairbault, Michigan, he went on to earn his B.A. at the University of Michigan in 1975. Prior to his career as a congressman, Upton worked in the Office of Management and Budget.[1]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Upton's professional and political career:[1]

Upton has spent his career as a civil servant.

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2013-2014

Upton serves on the following committees:[2]

  • Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman
    • Subcommittee on Commerce, Manufacturing and Trade
    • Subcommittee on Communications and Technology
    • Subcommittee on Energy and Power
    • Subcommittee on Environment and the Economy
    • Subcommittee on Health
    • Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations

2011-2012

Upton served on the following House committees:[3]

Key votes

113th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1 percent) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[4] For more information pertaining to Upton's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[5]

National security

NDAA

Yea3.png Upton voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[6]

DHS Appropriations

Yea3.png Upton voted for HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[7]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Upton voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[8]

Economy


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[9] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[10][11] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[11] Upton voted with 161 other Republican representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[12][13] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[13] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[14] It included a 1% increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency and protected the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Upton voted with the majority of the Republican party in favor of the bill.[12]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Yea3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[15] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[16] Upton voted in favor of the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[17]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[18] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Upton voted for HR 2775.[19]

Federal Pay Adjustment Act

Yea3.png Upton voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill would prevent a 0.5% pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years.[20]

Immigration

Morton Memos Prohibition

Yea3.png Upton voted for House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[21] The vote largely followed party lines.[22]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Yea3.png Upton voted for House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[23]

Social issues

Abortion

Yea3.png Upton voted for HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[24]

Government affairs

HR 676

See also: Boehner's lawsuit against the Obama administration

Yea3.png On July 30, 2014, the U.S. House approved a resolution 225 to 201 to sue President Barack Obama for exceeding his constitutional authority. Five Republicans--Thomas Massie of Kentucky, Paul Broun of Georgia, Scott Garrett of New Jersey, Walter Jones of North Carolina and Steve Stockman of Texas-- voted with Democrats against the lawsuit.[25] Upton joined the other 224 Republicans in favor of the lawsuit. All Democrats voted against the resolution.[26][27]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Yea3.png Upton voted for the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 85 Republicans that voted in favor of the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257 - 167 vote on January 1, 2013.[28]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Upton's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Upton is a Hard-Core Conservative. Upton received a score of 10 percent on social issues and 78 percent on economic issues.[29]

On The Issues organization logo.

The table below contains the results of analysis compiled by staff at On The Issues.

On The Issues Vote Quiz[30]
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Strongly Opposes
Higher taxes on the wealthy Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Favors
Support & expand free trade Strongly Favors Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Strongly Favors
Prioritize green energy Opposes Expand the military Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Favors Stay out of Iran Strongly Opposes
Privatize Social Security Strongly Favors Never legalize marijuana Strongly Favors
Note: Information last updated: 2014.[29]

Presidential preference

2012

See also: Endorsements by state officials of presidential candidates in the 2012 election

Fred Upton endorsed Mitt Romney in the 2012 presidential election. [31]

Campaign themes

2012

The five policy positions below were highlighted on Upton's campaign website.[32]

  • Jobs & Economy

Excerpt: "Fred is fighting to put a permanent halt on the Obama administration’s aggressive regulatory assault, which not only threatens to slow growth, but to destroy jobs and raise everyday costs for Michigan families."[32]

  • Fiscal Responsibility

Excerpt: "Fred has voted to enact real spending cuts to reduce our deficit and supports major budgetary reforms to put us back on a sound fiscal footing. He is a supporter of the constitutional Balanced Budget Amendment, which would require the federal government to live within its means each year, just like the rest of us."[32]

  • Healthcare

Excerpt: "Fred is a national leader in the fight against the President’s controversial healthcare law. Fred voted against the law’s passage and one of his very first acts as Chairman of the Energy and Commerce Committee was to shepherd through repeal legislation, which passed the House on January 19, 2011 by a vote of 245-189.[32]

  • Energy

Excerpt: "Fred is a champion of the Keystone XL pipeline project, a Canadian energy pipeline that will create countless good-paying jobs in the United States and bring us almost 1 million barrels of oil per day."[32]

  • Protecting Michigan Taxpayers

Excerpt: "Fred supports keeping the federal government limited, transparent, and accountable to the American people."[32]

Elections

2014

See also: Michigan's 6th Congressional District elections, 2014

Upton is running for re-election to Michigan's 6th District in 2014. Upton won the Republican nomination against Jim Bussler in the primary on August 5, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Michigan District 6 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngFred Upton Incumbent 71.2% 37,731
Jim Bussler 28.8% 15,283
Total Votes 53,014
Source: Michigan Secretary of State

2012

See also: Michigan's 6th Congressional District elections, 2012

Upton won re-election in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Michigan's 6th District.[33] He defeated Jack Hoogendyk in the Republican primary. He then defeated Mike O'Brien (D), Christie Gelineau (L) and Jason Gatties (I) in the general election on November 6, 2012.[34]


Fred Upton, Jobs & the Economy[35]
U.S. House, Michigan District 6 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Mike O'Brien 42.6% 136,563
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngFred Upton Incumbent 54.6% 174,955
     Libertarian Christie Gelineau 2% 6,366
     UST Jason Gatties 0.8% 2,591
Total Votes 320,475
Source: Michigan Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"

According to a March 30, 2012, article from The Washington Post, that noted the top 10 incumbents who could lose their primaries, Upton was the 4th most likely incumbent to lose his primary.[36] Competition from former state representative Jack Hoogendyk was expected to be one of the top reasons for Upton's vulnerability in the primary.[36] Upton faced Hoogendyk in 2010.[36]

U.S. House, Michigan District 6 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngFred Upton Incumbent 66.3% 34,581
Jack Hoogendyk 33.7% 17,561
Total Votes 52,142

Endorsements

Upton was endorsed by the organizations and individuals below.[37]

  • Michigan Farm Bureau
  • Michigan Association of Police Organizations
  • Right to Life of Michigan
  • National Right to Life
  • National Rifle Association
  • National Association of Realtors
  • Family Research Council
  • U.S. Chamber of Commerce
  • Kalamazoo Chamber of Commerce
  • State Representative Jase Bolger
  • State Representative Bob Genetski
  • State Representative Matt Lori
  • State Representative Margaret O’Brien
  • State Senator John Proos
  • State Representative Al Pscholka
  • State Senator Tonya Schuitmaker

Full history


Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Upton attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Upton is available dating back to 2000. Based on available campaign finance records, Upton raised a total of $11,899,207 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[51]

Fred Upton's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 US House (Michigan, District 6) Won $4,129,538
2010 US House (Michigan, District 6) Won $2,014,321
2008 US House (Michigan, District 6) Won $1,413,946
2006 US House (Michigan, District 6) Won $1,237,450
2004 US House (Michigan, District 6) Won $1,100,825
2002 US House (Michigan, District 6) Won $1,231,896
2000 US House (Michigan, District 6) Won $771,231
Grand Total Raised $11,899,207

Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Upton's reports.[52]

Fred Upton (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[53]April 15, 2013$70,588.16$475,607.87$(157,097.03)$389,099.01
July Quarterly[54]July 15, 2013$389,099.01$464,716.88$(134,032.19)$719,783.70
October Quarterly[55]October 15, 2013$719,783.70$274,515.89$(101,188.69)$893,110.90
Year-End[56]January 31, 2014$893,110.90$272,260.89$(233,437.94)$931,933.85
April Quarterly[57]April 15, 2014$931,933.85$500,954.18$(127,300.94)$1,305,587.09
Running totals
$1,988,055.71$(753,056.79)

2012

Breakdown of the source of Upton's campaign funds before the 2012 election.

Upton won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Upton's campaign committee raised a total of $4,129,538 and spent $4,724,798.[58]

Cost per vote

Upton spent $27.01 per vote received in 2012.

2010

Breakdown of the source of Upton's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Upton won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that re-election cycle, Upton's campaign committee raised a total of $2,014,321 and spent $2,083,790.[59]

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Upton's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $8,321,173 and $28,340,000. That averages to $18,330,586.50, which is higher than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Upton ranked as the 35th most wealthy representative in 2012.[60] Between 2004 and 2012, Upton's calculated net worth[61] increased by an average of 6 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[62]

Fred Upton Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2004$12,120,275
2012$18,330,586
Growth from 2004 to 2012:51%
Average annual growth:6%[63]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[64]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Upton is a "centrist Republican" as of July 2014.[65] Upton was rated as a "rank-and-file Republican" in June 2013.

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[66]

Upton most often votes with:

Upton least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Upton missed 52 of 17,303 roll call votes from January 1987 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.3 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[65]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Upton paid his congressional staff a total of $931,276 in 2011. He ranked 141st on the list of the highest paid Republican representative staff salaries and ranked 181st overall of the highest paid representative staff salaries in 2011. Overall, Michigan ranked 13th in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[67]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Upton was one of nearly 25 percent of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Upton's staff was given an apparent $2,900.00 in bonus money.[68]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Upton ranked 156th in the conservative rankings in 2013.[69]

2012

Upton ranked 185th in the conservative rankings in 2012.[70]

2011

Upton ranked 206th in the conservative rankings in 2011.[71]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Upton voted with the Republican Party 95.5 percent of the time, which ranked 51st among the 234 House Republican members as of July 2014.[72]

2013

Upton voted with the Republican Party 96.4 percent of the time, which ranked 133rd among the 233 House Republican members as of June 2013.[73]

Personal

Upton has two children with his wife, Amey.[74]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Fred + Upton + Michigan + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Fred Upton News Feed

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See also

External links


References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Fred Upton," accessed December 23, 2011
  2. CQ.com, "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress," accessed March 3, 2013
  3. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments," accessed December 23, 2011
  4. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  5. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  6. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1960 - National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  7. Project Vote Smart, "HR 2217 - DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014 - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  8. Project Vote Smart, "HR 624 - CISPA (2013) - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  9. Clerk of U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 31: H.R. 2642," accessed February 12, 2014
  10. Politico, "House clears farm bill," accessed February 12, 2014
  11. 11.0 11.1 New York Times, "Senate passes long-stalled farm bill, with clear winners and losers," accessed February 12, 2014
  12. 12.0 12.1 CNN.com, "House passes compromise $1.1 trillion budget for 2014," accessed January 20, 2014
  13. 13.0 13.1 U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote 21," accessed January 20, 2014
  14. Roll Call, "House passes $1.1 trillion omnibus," accessed January 20, 2014
  15. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  16. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  17. Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  18. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  19. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  21. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed September 16, 2013
  22. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  23. Project Vote Smart, "H Amdt 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  24. Project Vote Smart, "HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act - Voting Record," accessed September 16, 2013
  25. U.S. House, "House Resolution 676," accessed July 30, 2014
  26. Yahoo News, "Suing Obama: GOP-led House gives the go-ahead," accessed July 30, 2014
  27. Washington Post, "House clears way for lawsuit against Obama," accessed July 30, 2014
  28. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  29. 29.0 29.1 On The Issues, "Fred Upton Vote Match," accessed June 30, 2014
  30. The questions in the quiz are broken down into two sections -- social and economic. In social questions, liberals and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while conservatives and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers. For the economic questions, conservatives and libertarians agree in choosing the less-government answers, while liberals and populists agree in choosing the more-restrictive answers.
  31. Mitt Romney for President, "Mitt Romney Announces Support of Michigan Congressman Fred Upton, Congressman Tim Walberg and Additional Michigan Leaders," February 8, 2012
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 32.3 32.4 32.5 Fred Upton, "Issues," accessed October 5, 2012
  33. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Michigan," November 6, 2012
  34. Associated Press, "2012 Primary Results," accessed August 6, 2012
  35. YouTube channel
  36. 36.0 36.1 36.2 The Washingotn Post, "The next Jean Schmidt? The top 10 House incumbents who could lose their primaries," accessed April 1, 2012
  37. Fred Upton, "Endorsements," accessed October 5, 2012
  38. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  39. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  40. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2006," accessed March 28, 2013
  41. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2004," accessed March 28, 2013
  42. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 2002," accessed March 28, 2013
  43. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 7, 2000," accessed March 28, 2013
  44. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1998," accessed March 28, 2013
  45. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 5, 1996," accessed March 28, 2013
  46. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1994," accessed March 28, 2013
  47. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 3, 1992," accessed March 28, 2013
  48. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 6, 1990," accessed March 28, 2013
  49. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 8, 1988," accessed March 28, 2013
  50. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 1986," accessed March 28, 2013
  51. Open Secrets, "Career Fundraising for Fred Upton," accessed May 16, 2013
  52. Federal Election Commission, "Fred Upton Summary Report," accessed July 25, 2013
  53. Federal Election Commission, "Fred Upton April Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  54. Federal Election Commission, "Fred Upton July Quarterly," accessed July 25, 2013
  55. Federal Election Commission, "Fred Upton October Quarterly," accessed October 22, 2013
  56. Federal Election Commission, "Fred Upton Year-End," accessed February 10, 2014
  57. Federal Election Commission, "Fred Upton April Quarterly," accessed April 21, 2014
  58. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed February 15, 2013
  59. Open Secrets, "Fred Upton 2010 Election Cycle," accessed December 23, 2011
  60. OpenSecrets, "Upton (R-MI), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  61. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  62. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  63. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  64. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  65. 65.0 65.1 GovTrack, "Fred Upton," accessed July 29, 2014
  66. OpenCongress, "Fred Upton," accessed July 29, 2014
  67. LegiStorm, "Fred Upton," accessed December 15, 2012
  68. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  69. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 29, 2014
  70. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," February 26, 2013
  71. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  72. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  73. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  74. Official House Site, "Biography," accessed December 23, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Bob Carr
U.S. House of Representatives - Michigan
1993–present
Succeeded by
'