Julia Brownley

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Julia Brownley
Julia Brownley.jpg
U.S. House, California, District 26
Incumbent
In office
January 3, 2013-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2017
Years in position 2
PartyDemocratic
PredecessorDavid Dreier (R)
Compensation
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 4, 2014
Cost per vote$38.60 in 2014
First electedNovember 6, 2012
Next generalNovember 8, 2016
Campaign $$5,745,977
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
California State Assembly
2006-2012
Santa Monica-Malibu School Board
1994-2006
Education
Bachelor'sGeorge Washington University (1975)
Master'sAmerican University (1979)
Personal
Date of birthAugust 28, 1952
Place of birthAiken, South Carolina
ProfessionLegislator
Net worth(2012) $1,478,011
Websites
Office website
Campaign website
Julia Brownley (b. August 28, 1952, in Aiken, SC) is a Democratic member of the U.S. House representing California's 26th Congressional District. She was first elected in 2012. She defeated Tony Strickland (R) in the general election on November 6, 2012.

She is a former member of the California State Assembly, representing District 41 from 2006 to 2012.[1] Brownley was ineligible to run for re-election to the California State Assembly in 2012 due to term limits.

Brownley won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. She and Jeff Gorell (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014. Brownley then defeated Gorell in the general election. The race remained uncalled for over a week following the general election.[2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Brownley is a more moderate left of center Democratic Party vote. As a result, she may break with the Democratic Party line more than her fellow members.

Biography

Brownley served on the Santa Monica-Malibu School Board from 1994-2006. She is a member of the California Commission on the Status of Women, Legislative Liaison for the Santa Monica Bay Restoration Commission and Legislative Participant in the Santa Monica Mountains Conservancy State Allocation Board.[3]

Career

Below is an abbreviated outline of Brownley's academic, professional and political career:[4]

Committee assignments

U.S. House

2015-2016

Brownley serves on the following committees:[5]

2013-2014

Brownley served on the following committees:[6]

California General Assembly

2011-2012

In the 2011-2012 legislative session, Brownley served on these committees:

2009-2010

In the 2009-2010 legislative session, Brownley served on these committees:

Key votes

114th Congress

CongressLogo.png

The first session of the 114th Congress has enacted into law 6 out of the 2,616 introduced bills (0.2 percent). Comparatively, the 113th Congress had 1.3 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Brownley's voting record in the 114th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

Economic and fiscal

2016 Budget proposal

Nay3.png On April 30, 2015, the House voted to approve SConRes11, a congressional budget proposal for fiscal year 2016, by a vote of 226-197. The non-binding resolution will be used to create 12 appropriations bills to fund the government before funding runs out on October 1. All 183 Democrats who voted, including Brownley, voted against the resolution.[9][10][11]

Foreign Affairs

Iran nuclear deal

Yea3.png On May 14, 2015, the House approved HR 1191 - the Iran Nuclear Agreement Review Act of 2015 by a vote of 400-25. The bill requires President Barack Obama to submit the details of a nuclear deal with Iran for congressional review, if negotiators reach a final agreement. Congress will have 30 days to review the deal and vote to approve or disapprove the deal. During the review period, sanctions on Iran cannot be lifted. Brownley voted with 176 Democrats to approve the bill.[12][13]

113th Congress

The second session of the 113th Congress enacted into law 224 out of the 3215 introduced bills (7 percent). Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 4.2 percent of introduced bills enacted into law in the second session.[14] For more information pertaining to Brownley's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[15]

National security

HR 644

See also: Bowe Bergdahl exchange

Yea3.png On September 9, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 644, a resolution condemning President Barack Obama's act of exchanging five Guantanamo Bay prisoners for Sgt. Bowe Bergdahl.[16][17] The House voted 249-163 for resolution, with all Republicans and 22 Democrats supporting the bill. Fourteen Democrats and five Republicans did not vote on the resolution, while all other Democrats opposed its passage.[17] Brownley dissented from the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[16][17]

NDAA

Yea3.png Brownley voted for HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[18]

DHS Appropriations

Nay3.png Brownley voted against HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 that was largely along party lines.[19]

CISPA (2013)

Yea3.png Brownley voted for HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill permitted federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities. The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[20]

Economy

Farm bill

Yea3.png On January 29, 2014, the U.S. House approved the Federal Agriculture Reform and Risk Management Act of 2013, H.R. 2642, also known as the Farm Bill.[21] The bill passed by a vote of 251-166. The nearly 1,000-page bill reformed and continued various programs of the Department of Agriculture through 2018. The $1 trillion bill expanded crop insurance for farmers by $7 billion over the next decade and created new subsidies for rice and peanut growers that would kick in when prices drop.[22][23] However, cuts to the food stamp program cut an average of $90 per month for 1.7 million people in 15 states.[23] Brownley voted with 88 other Democratic representatives in favor of the bill.

2014 Budget

Yea3.png On January 15, 2014, the Republican-run House approved H.R. 3547, a $1.1 trillion spending bill to fund the government through September 30, 2014.[24][25] The House voted 359-67 for the 1,582 page bill, with 64 Republicans and three Democrats voting against the bill.[25] The omnibus package included 12 annual spending bills to fund federal operations.[26] It included a 1 percent increase in the paychecks of federal workers and military personnel, a $1 billion increase in Head Start funding for early childhood education, reduced funding to the Internal Revenue Service and the Environmental Protection Agency, and the protection of the Affordable Care Act from any drastic cuts. Brownley joined with the majority of the Democratic party and voted in favor of the bill.[24][25]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Nay3.png On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[27] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[28] Brownley voted against the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[29]

Yea3.png The shutdown ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[30] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Brownley voted for HR 2775.[31]

Federal Pay Adjustment Elimination

Yea3.png Brownley voted for HR 273 - Eliminates the 2013 Statutory Pay Adjustment for Federal Employees. The bill passed the House on February 15, 2013, with a vote of 261 - 154. The bill called for a stop to a 0.5 percent pay increase for all federal workers from taking effect, saving the federal government $11 billion over 10 years. Brownley was 1 of 44 Democrats who supported the bill, while 144 voted against it.[32]

Immigration


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Morton Memos Prohibition

Nay3.png Brownley voted against House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[33] The vote largely followed party lines.[34]

Healthcare

Healthcare Reform Rules

Nay3.png Brownley voted against House Amendment 450 - Requires Congressional Approval for Any Rules Under the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. The amendment was adopted by the House on August 2, 2013, with a vote of 227-185. The amendment requires that all changes to the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act be approved by Congress before taking effect. The vote was largely along party lines.[35]

Social issues

Abortion

Nay3.png Brownley voted against HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196 that largely followed party lines. The purpose of the bill was to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[36]

Issues

On The Issues Vote Match

Julia Brownley's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of elected officials based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the analysis, Brownley is a Hard-Core Liberal.[37] Note: We are working to resolve inaccuracies with this information. Thank you for your patience.

On The Issues organization logo.


American response in Syria

See also: United States involvement in Syria

On August 29, 2013, more than 50 House Democrats signed a letter written by California Rep. Barbara Lee that called for a congressional resolution on strikes, and cautioned that the dire situation in Syria "should not draw us into an unwise war—especially without adhering to our constitutional requirements."[38][39] The letter also called on the Obama administration to work with the U.N. Security Council “to build international consensus” condemning the alleged use of chemical weapons. Brownley was one of the 50 Democrats in the House to sign the letter.[38][39]

Campaign themes

2012

Brownley's campaign website listed the following issues:[40]

  • Job Creation
Excerpt: "I understand that our economy is beginning to improve, but we still have a long way to go toward full economic recovery. That’s why I will advocate for strategic investments in infrastructure and new innovations and energy technologies to create jobs now and simultaneously reduce our dependence on foreign and domestic oil. "
  • Education
Excerpt: "I have dedicated most of my career to improving our schools, colleges and universities because I believe in fighting for a brighter future for California kids. I first became involved with education as a PTA leader when my children were young, continued as an elected School Board Member for 12 years, and have been the Assembly Education Chair for the last four years."
  • Environment
Excerpt: "Protecting the environment and preserving it for future generations is essential and requires careful stewardship of our precious natural resources. Environmental protection is also key to growing our vibrant 21st century economy. I have been a staunch advocate for moving America away from our dependence on dirty fossil fuels and foreign oil."
  • Seniors
Excerpt: "Balancing our budget does not mean doing so off the backs of America’s seniors, who have paid a lifetime into Medicare and Social Security while “Big Oil” and the ultra rich get more tax breaks. Republicans want to end Medicare, which would reduce seniors’ benefits and increase seniors’ health care and prescription drug costs."
  • Healthcare
Excerpt: "I strongly believe that every American deserves access to affordable high quality health care. The Affordable Care Act passed in 2010 made some much needed improvements to our health care system like eliminating pre-existing conditions and allowing children to stay on their parent’s insurance until age 26, but the law also has some problems like reducing increased future spending on Medicare."

Legislative scorecard

Capitol Weekly, California's major weekly periodical covering the state legislature, publishes an annual legislative scorecard to pin down the political or ideological leanings of every member of the legislature based on how they voted on an assortment of bills in the most recent legislative session. The 2009 scores were based on votes on 19 bills, but did not include how legislators voted on the Proposition 1A (2009). On the scorecard, "100" is a perfect liberal score and "0" is a perfect conservative score.[41][42]

On the 2009 Capitol Weekly legislative scorecard, Brownley ranked as a 100, along with eight other Democratic members of the state assembly.[43]

Brownley's sponsored legislation while a member of the Assembly included:

  • AB 68 - Solid waste: single-use carryout bags
  • AB 988 - Human trafficking: training content
  • AB 1182 - Public postsecondary education: reporting requirements

For details and a full listing of sponsored bills, see the House site.

Elections

2016

See also: California's 26th Congressional District election, 2016

Brownley is one of the initial 14 members of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program is designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents heading into the 2016 election.[44]

2014

SimmeringRace.jpg
See also: California's 26th Congressional District elections, 2014

Brownley won re-election in the 2014 election for the U.S. House to represent California's 26th District. Brownley and Jeff Gorell (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 3, 2014, defeating Rafael Dagnesses (R) and Douglas Kmiec (I).[45] Brownley then defeated Gorell in the general election. The race remained uncalled for over a week following the general election.[2]

Brownley was a member of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee's Frontline Program. The program was designed to help protect vulnerable Democratic incumbents during the 2014 election cycle.[46]

Brownley defeated Republican former state legislator Tony Strickland for the open 26th District seat in the general election on November 6, 2012, earning 52.7% of the total vote. The following April, Strickland filed his campaign paperwork with the Federal Election Commission to begin raising money for a 2014 rematch against Brownley. Strickland ultimately opted out of the rematch and instead ran for election in the 25th Congressional District.[47]

U.S. House, California District 26 General Election, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJulia Brownley Incumbent 51.3% 87,176
     Republican Jeff Gorell 48.7% 82,653
Total Votes 169,829
Source: California Secretary of State
U.S. House, California District 26 Primary, 2014
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJulia Brownley Incumbent 45.5% 38,854
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngJeff Gorell 44.5% 38,021
     Republican Rafael Dagnesses 7.7% 6,536
     Independent Douglas Kmiec 2.3% 1,980
Total Votes 85,391
Source: California Secretary of State

2012

See also: California's 26th Congressional District elections, 2012

Brownley was ineligible to run for re-election to the State Assembly in 2012 due to term limits. She instead ran in and won the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing California's 26th District.[1] She and Tony Strickland (R) advanced past the blanket primary on June 5, 2012, defeating Albert Maxwell Goldberg (D), Jess Herrera (D), David Cruz Thayne (D) and Linda Parks (Ind). Brownley went on to defeat Strickland in the general election on November 6, 2012.[48][49]

U.S. House, California District 26 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Democratic Green check mark transparent.pngJulia Brownley 52.7% 139,072
     Republican Tony Strickland 47.3% 124,863
Total Votes 263,935
Source: California Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, California District 26 Open Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngTony Strickland (R) 44.1% 49,043
Green check mark transparent.pngJulia Brownley (D) 26.9% 29,892
Linda Parks (NPP) 18.3% 20,301
Jess Herrera (D) 6.5% 7,244
David Cruz Thayne (D) 2.5% 2,809
Albert Maxwell Goldberg (D) 1.7% 1,880
Total Votes 111,169

2010

See also: California State Assembly elections, 2010

Brownley won re-election to the 41st District seat in 2010. She defeated Terry Rathbun and Linda Piera-Avila in the November 2 general election.[50]

California State Assembly, District 41 General Election (2010)
Candidates Votes
Green check mark transparent.png Julia Brownley (D) 84,222
Terry Rathbun (R) 53,243
Linda Piera-Avila (G) 5,837

2008

In 2008 Brownley was re-elected to the California State Assembly District 41. Brownley (D) finished with 117,761 votes while her opponent Mark Bernsley (R) finished with 60,350 votes.[51]

California State Assembly District 41
Candidates Votes
Green check mark transparent.png Julia Brownley (D) 117,761
Mark Bernsley (R) 60,350

Campaign donors

Fundraising events

The below chart from Find The Best tracks the fundraising events Brownley attends.


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.


Comprehensive donor history

Comprehensive donor information for Brownley is available dating back to 2012. Based on available campaign finance records, Brownley raised a total of $5,745,977 during that time period. This information was last updated on January 27, 2015.[52]

Julia Brownley's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2014 U.S. House (California, District 26) Won $3,590,149
2012 U.S. House (California, District 26) Won $2,155,828
Grand Total Raised $5,745,977


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

2014

Brownley won re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. During that election cycle, Brownley's campaign committee raised a total of $3,590,149 and spent $3,364,754.[53] This is more than the average $1.45 million spent by House winners in 2014.[54]

Cost per vote

Brownley spent $38.60 per general election vote received in 2014.

U.S. House, California District 26, 2014 - Julia Brownley Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $3,590,149
Total Spent $3,364,754
Total Raised by Election Runner-up $1,388,717
Total Spent by Election Runner-up $1,298,190
Top contributors to Julia Brownley's campaign committee
EMILY's List$39,100
League of Conservation Voters$35,397
Democratic Congressional Campaign Cmte$25,750
Pachulski, Stang et al$23,900
American Federation of Teachers$20,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Leadership PACs$268,919
Women's Issues$263,937
Retired$247,230
Lawyers/Law Firms$146,230
Candidate Committees$146,100

Below are Brownley's FEC reports.[55]

2012

Brownley won election to the U.S. House in 2012. During that election cycle, Brownley's campaign committee raised a total of $2,155,828 and spent $2,106,886.[64] This is more than the average $1.5 million spent by House winners in 2012.[65]

Cost per vote

Brownley spent $15.15 per vote received in 2012.


2010

In 2010, Brownley raised $375,034 in contributions.[66]

Her four largest contributors were:

Donor Amount
California Teachers Association $11,700
Laborers Local 300 $7,800
California State Council Of Laborers $7,800
Southwest Regional Council Of Carpenters $6,400

2008

Below are Brownley's top five campaign contributors in the 2008 election:[67]

Contributor 2008 total
Assoc of CA Administrators $14,400
California State Council of Service Employees $14,400
California Faculty Association $14,400
California Teachers Association $14,400
CA State Council of Laborers $9,200

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a two-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have prospered during their tenure as public servants.
It consists of two different metrics:

PGI: Change in net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by OpenSecrets.org, Brownley's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $355,023 and $2,600,999. That averages to $1,478,011, which is lower than the average net worth of Democratic representatives in 2012 of $5,700,168.36. Brownley ranked as the 177th most wealthy representative in 2012.[68] Between 2011 and 2012, Brownley's calculated net worth[69] increased by an average of 10 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[70]

Julia Brownley Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
2011$1,349,372
2012$1,478,011
Growth from 2011 to 2012:10%
Average annual growth:10%[71]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[72]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.

PGI: Donation Concentration Metric

See also: The Donation Concentration Metric (U.S. Congress Personal Gain Index)

Filings required by the Federal Election Commission report on the industries that give to each candidate. Using campaign filings and information calculated by OpenSecrets.org, Ballotpedia calculated the percentage of donations by industry received by each incumbent over the course of his or her career (or 1989 and later, if elected prior to 1988). Brownley received the most donations from individuals and PACs employed by the Retired industry.

From 2011-2014, 31.82 percent of Brownley's career contributions came from the top five industries as listed below.[73]

Donation Concentration Metric graphic.png
Julia Brownley Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $4,180,595
Total Spent $2,633,539
Top five industries that contributed to campaign committee
Retired$384,845
Women's Issues$351,679
Leadership PACs$241,201
Lawyers/Law Firms$222,255
Public Sector Unions$130,300
% total in top industry9.21%
% total in top two industries17.62%
% total in top five industries31.82%

Analysis

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Brownley was a "rank-and-file Democrat" as of July 2014. In June 2013, Brownley was rated as a "moderate Democratic follower."[74]

Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[75]

Brownley most often votes with:

Brownley least often votes with:


Source: This graphic was generated by Find The Best.

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Brownley missed 4 of 1,072 roll call votes from January 2013 to July 2014. This amounts to 0.4 percent, which is better than the median of 2.5 percent among current congressional representatives as of July 2014.[76]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted in the previous year. Click the link above for the full ratings of all members of Congress.

2013

Brownley ranked 162nd in the liberal rankings in 2013.[77]

Voting with party

The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus.

2014

Brownley voted with the Democratic Party 90.9 percent of the time, which ranked 149th among the 204 House Democratic members as of July 2014.[78]

2013

Brownley voted with the Democratic Party 92.4 percent of the time, which ranked 160th among the 201 House Democratic members as of June 2013.[79]

Personal

Brownley is divorced. She has two children.

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a google news search for the term Julia + Brownley + California + Legislature

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Julia Brownley News Feed

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See also

External links

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Suggest a link
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Political Tracker has an article on:
Julia Brownley


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  66. Follow the Money, "2010 contributions," accessed December 23, 2013
  67. Follow the Money, "2008 Campaign contributions," accessed March 13, 2014
  68. OpenSecrets, "Julia Brownley (D-Calif), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  69. This figure represents the total percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below).
  70. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  71. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  72. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  73. OpenSecrets.org, "Rep. Julia Brownley," accessed September 22, 2014
  74. GovTrack, "Julia Brownley," accessed July 21, 2014
  75. OpenCongress, "Julia Brownley," accessed July 18, 2014
  76. GovTrack, "Julia Brownley," accessed July 21, 2014
  77. National Journal, "2013 Congressional Vote Ratings," accessed July 18, 2014
  78. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
  79. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed July 2014
Political offices
Preceded by
David Dreier
U.S. House, California, District 26
January 3, 2013-Present
Succeeded by
'
Preceded by
-
California State Assembly District 41
2006–2012
Succeeded by
Chris Holden (D)