California Proposition 5, the Tribal-State Gaming Compacts Initiative (1998)
|Voting on Gambling|
|Not on ballot|
The campaign was fiercely contested on both sides. Over $68 million was spent on the campaign in its favor, while $25 million was spent to oppose it.
What was at stake was a compact between the California state government and various Indian tribes regarding gambling on tribal lands; in particular, a number of Indian tribes wanted to be able to install slot machines in their tribal casinos.
Of voters who cast a vote in this election, 457,253 or 5.3% did not cast a vote on Proposition 5.
Text of measure
The ballot title was:
The official ballot summary said:
- Specifies terms and conditions of mandatory compact between state and Indian tribes for gambling on tribal land.
- Mandates Governor to sign compact upon request by tribe. Permits alternative compacts only if consistent with prescribed compact.
- Permits gambling devices and lotteries at tribal casinos.
- Amends California law to allow slot machines and banked card games at tribal casinos.
- Provides for contributions to trust funds benefiting nongaming tribes, statewide emergency medical care programs, and programs benefiting communities near tribes, if tribes retain monopoly on authorized gambling.
- Provides for reimbursement of state regulatory costs.
The California Legislative Analyst's Office provided an estimate of net state and local government fiscal impact for Proposition 5. That estimate was:
- Uncertain impact on state and local revenues, depending on the extent of expansion of gambling on Indian lands in California and the amount of gambling diverted from outside the state.
- Fiscal effect could range from little impact on revenues to significant annual increases.
Supporters of Proposition 5 spent $63,237,637. The top contributors to pass Prop 5 were:
- San Manuel Tribal Administration: $27,782,533
- Morongo Band of Mission Indians: $12,621,348
- Viejas Indian Reservation: $11,012,228
- Pechanga Band of Luiseno Mission Indians: $9,709,927
- Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians: $2,316,775
- Soboba Band of Mission Indians: $618,593
- Barona G & A: $500,000
- Inland Entertainment Corp.: $500,000
- Barona Band of Mission Indians: $493,822
- Cabazon Band of Mission Indians: $462,566
Opponents of Proposition 5 spent $25,426,870. Top contributors to defeat Prop 5 were:
- Mirage Resorts: $6,662,500
- Circus Circus Enterprises: $6,512,500
- Hilton Hotels: $6,500,000
- W.G. Bennett, Chairman & CEO, Sahara Gaming: $1,250,000
- Caesars ITT: $1,000,000
- Primadonna: $800,000
- Station Casinos: $500,000
- Austi International: $250,000
- Rio Suite Hotel: $250,000
- Imperial Palace: $250,000
State of California
|Ballot measures by year||
1910 | 1911 | 1912 | 1914 | 1915 | 1916 | 1919 | 1920 | 1922 | 1924 | 1926 | 1928 | 1930 | 1932 | 1933 | 1934 | 1935 | 1936 | 1938 | 1939 | 1940 | 1942 | 1944 | 1946 | 1948 | 1949 | 1950 | 1952 | 1954 | 1956 | 1958 | 1960 | 1962 | 1964 | 1966 | 1968 | 1970 | 1972 | 1973 | 1974 | 1976 | 1978 | 1980 | 1982 | 1984 | 1986 | 1988 | 1990 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1996 | 1998 | 2000 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2006 (local) | 2008 | 2008 (local) | 2009 | 2009 (local) | 2010 | 2010 (local) | 2011 (local) | 2012 | 2012 (local) | 2014 |
|State executive offices||
Governor | Attorney General | Secretary of State | Controller | Treasurer | State Auditor | Superintendent of Public Instruction | Commissioner of Insurance | Secretary of Agriculture | Secretary for Natural Resources | Director of Industrial Relations | President of Public Utilities |
List of Counties |
List of Cities |
California school districts A - L |
California school districts M - Z |