New Hampshire State Senate
|New Hampshire State Senate|
|2013 session start:||January 2, 2013|
|Website:||Official Senate Page|
|Senate President:||Peter Bragdon (R)|
|Majority Leader:||Jeb Bradley (R)|
|Minority leader:||Sylvia Larsen (D)|
| Democratic Party (11) |
Republican Party (13)
|Length of term:||2 years|
|Authority:||General Court, Art 3, Sec. 3, New Hampshire Constitution|
|Last Election:||November 6, 2012 (24 seats)|
|Next election:||November 4, 2014 (24 seats)|
|Redistricting:||New Hampshire Legislature has control|
Generally, sessions are held annually from early January to the end of June.
Senators are paid $100 a year, as stipulated by the New Hampshire Constitution. Senators also receive mileage reimbursement for officially related travel. The 2009-2010 Senate consists of 14 Democrats and 10 Republicans -- 13 of whom are women and 11 of whom are men. The 2008 election made New Hampshire the first state in the nation to have a legislative body with a majority of women.
In New Hampshire, all 24 Senate districts are based on population. The most recent redistricting occurred in 2004. Each member represents an average of 54,853 residents, as of the 2010 Census. After the 2000 Census, each member represented 51,491 residents.
The Second Part of the New Hampshire Constitution establishes when the New Hampshire General Court, of which the Senate is a part, is to be in session. Article 3 of the Second Part states that the General Court is to convene annually on the first Wednesday after the first Tuesday in January. Additionally, in even-numbered years, the General Court is to meet on the first Wednesday of December for organizational purposes.
- See also: Dates of 2013 state legislative sessions
In 2013, the General Court will be in session from January 2 to late June.
The state's budget deficit will top the list of issues in New Hampshire in 2013. Additionally lawmakers will consider education funding, state pensions, and abortion, among other topics.
- See also: Dates of 2012 state legislative sessions
In 2012, the Senate was in session from January 4 through June 27.
Major issues on the agenda included economic development, job creation, same-sex marriage, and gambling.
In 2011, the Senate was in session from January 5 through July 1. 
This chamber was mentioned in a November 2012 Pew Center on the States article that addressed supermajorities at stake in the 2012 election. Supermajority generally means a party controls two-thirds of all seats. While it varies from state to state, being in this position gives a party much greater power. Going into the election, Republicans in the New Hampshire Senate currently have a supermajority, which Democrats are seeking to cut into.
The following table details the 10 districts with the smallest margin of victory in the November 6 general election.
|2012 Margin of Victory, New Hampshire State Senate|
|District||Winner||Margin of Victory||Total Votes||Top Opponent|
|District 9||Andy Sanborn||0.7%||30,695||Lee Nyquist|
|District 16||David Boutin||1.4%||28,277||Kathleen Kelley|
|District 6||Sam Cataldo||2.6%||24,891||Richard Leonard|
|District 12||Peggy Gilmour||3.9%||29,346||Jim Luther|
|District 24||Nancy Stiles||5%||32,598||Beverly Hollingworth|
|District 17||John Reagan||5.5%||27,810||Nancy R.B. Fraher|
|District 23||Russell Prescott||6.9%||28,105||Carol Croteau|
|District 2||Jeanie Forrester||8.2%||27,623||Robert Lamb, Jr.|
|District 14||Sharon Carson||12.6%||25,633||Katherine Messner|
|District 18||Donna Soucy||17.5%||23,541||J. Gail Barry|
The signature-filing deadline for candidates wishing to run in these elections was June 11, 2010. The primary election day was September 14, 2010.
In 2010, the candidates for state senate raised a total of $2,461,574 in campaign contributions. The top 10 donors were: 
|2010 Donors, New Hampshire State Senate|
|New Hampshire Association of Realtors||$36,300|
|Professional Fire Fighters of New Hampshire||$32,800|
|New Hampshire Auto Dealers Association||$25,850|
|Gallagher Callahan & Gartrell||$24,200|
|Electrical Workers Local 2320||$22,500|
|Tausch, Frederick W||$20,000|
- At least thirty years of age
- A resident of the state for seven years immediately preceding the election
- An inhabitant of the district for which they are chosen
If there is a vacancy in the Senate, a special election must be held to fill the vacant seat. It's up to the Governor to call for an election and to set an election date as soon as possible. There are no deadlines set by the state constitution on special elections .
- The New Hampshire State Senate was established in 1784. At that time, it included twelve members, who were each elected for one-year terms. The twelve senators were elected from the five counties New Hampshire then had:
- One senator from Grafton
- Two from Strafford, Hillsborough, and Cheshire
- Five from Rockingham
The number of senators each county was entitled to elect was based on how the amount of taxes it raised, not on population. This system changed in 1794 when senate districts took the place of county-wide representation, with one senator per district.
The number of senators was doubled to 24 in 1878 with a constitutional amendment. The term of office was expanded to two years in office and twenty-four districts were creates. However, senate districts were not based on population until 1964. Up through 1968, senators voted to fill vacancies; in 1968 the constitution was amended so that special elections were held to fill vacancies.
In the early years of the senate, a candidate had to be at least 30 years old, have lived in the state for at least seven years, and be a property owner and a Protestant. The property-ownership requirement was removed in 1852. The Protestant requirement was removed in 1877.
First female senator
The first woman elected to the New Hampshire Senate was Maude Ferguson, a Republican from Bristol. Ferguson served from 1931-1933.
- The state senator who has served the longest in office is referred to as the "Dean of the Senate."
Partisan balance 1992-2013
From 1992-2013, the Democratic Party was the majority in the New Hampshire State Senate for six years while the Republicans were the majority for 16 years. The final three years of the study depicted a shift in the New Hampshire senate with all three years being Republican.
Across the country, there were 544 Democratic and 517 Republican State Senates from 1992-2013.
Over the course of the 22-year study, state governments became increasingly more partisan. At the outset of the study period (1992), 18 of the 49 states with partisan legislatures had single-party trifectas and 31 states had divided governments. In 2013, only 13 states have divided governments, while single-party trifectas held sway in 36 states, the most in the 22 years studied.
- See also: Redistricting in New Hampshire
Redistricting in New Hampshire is handled by the General Court, with the Governor wielding veto power.
New Hampshire received its local Census data on March 22, 2011. The state's population increased 6.5 percent, with Coos County being the only county to face a decrease (-0.2 percent). Growth in the larger cities was mild: Manchester grew by 2.4 percent, Nashua decreased by 0.1 percent, Concord grew by 4.9 percent, Derry decreased by 2.7 percent, and Dover grew by 11.5 percent.
At the time of redistricting, Republicans controlled the General Court, and the Democrats controlled the governorship. On March 23, 2012, Gov. John Lynch (D) signed into law a new Senate plan but vetoed the House map, citing a lack of representation in towns that exceed 3,000, which automatically merit their own representative; the Legislature overrode the veto on March 28, 2012. The Department of Justice -- which has the duty of pre-clearing New Hampshire redistricting maps under the Voting Rights Act -- approved the maps in May 2012. On June 19, 2012, several lawsuits regarding the House map were thrown out by the New Hampshire Supreme Court.
- See also: Comparison of state legislative salaries
As of 2010, members of the New Hampshire Senate are paid $200/two-year term. There is no per diem.
The $200/two-year term that New Hampshire senators are paid as of 2010 is the same as they were paid during legislative sessions in 2007. Per diem is also the same.
New Hampshire does not provide pensions for legislators.
When sworn in
New Hampshire legislators assume office the month after elections (December).
- See also: Partisan composition of state senates
|Party||As of May 2013|
After November elections, the entire Senate meets in early December to elect a president, who is traditionally from the majority party. New Hampshire does not have a lieutenant governor, and so when the governor is away or unable to perform the duties of the office, the Senate president serves as acting governor. The Senate president assigns the other leadership positions within their party, and the minority party appoints its own leaders.
|Current Leadership, New Hampshire State Senate|
|President of the Senate||Peter Bragdon||Republican|
|President Pro Tempore of the Senate||John Barnes||Republican|
|Senate Majority Leader||Jeb Bradley||Republican|
|Senate Minority Leader||Sylvia Larsen||Democratic|
List of current members
Senate Standing Committees
The New Hampshire State Senate has 11 standing committees:
- Capital Budget Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Commerce Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Energy and Natural Resources Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Executive Departments and Administration Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Finance Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Health, Education and Human Services Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Judiciary Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Public and Municipal Affairs Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Rules, Enrolled Bills and Internal Affairs Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Transportation Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- Ways and Means Committee, New Hampshire State Senate
- ↑ "New Hampshire General Court" March 2, 2009
- ↑ Population in 2010 of the American states
- ↑ Population in 2000 of the American states
- ↑ Sentinel Source, "After a shake-up, N.H. legislators have new issues to tackle.," January 4, 2013
- ↑ Concord Monitor, "House GOP: Jobs the focus," January 4, 2012
- ↑ 2011 Legislative Sessions Calendar, NCSL
- ↑ 2010 session dates for New Hampshire legislature
- ↑ Stateline, "In Legislative Elections, Majorities and Supermajorities at Stake," November 2, 2012
- ↑ Follow the Money: "New Hampshire Senate 2010 Campaign Contributions"
- ↑ Qualifications to serve in the New Hampshire Senate (Pg. 18)
- ↑ State of New Hampshire "State Constitution-House of Representatives"(Referenced Sections, Sections 12 and 16)
- ↑ State of New Hampshire "State Constitution-Senate"(Referenced Sections, Section 34)
- ↑ U.S. Census Bureau, "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers New Hampshire's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting"
- ↑ National Conference of State Legislatures, "2010 Legislator Compensation Data"
- ↑ Empire Center, "Legislative Salaries Per State as of 2007"
- ↑ USA Today, "State-by-state: Benefits available to state legislators," September 23, 2011
- ↑ NH Senate - How the Senate Operates
- ↑ 2009-2010 New Hampshire Senate leadership
State of New Hampshire
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