Gregg Harper

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Gregg Harper
Gregg Harper.jpg
U.S. House, Mississippi, District 3
In office
January 3, 2009-Present
Term ends
January 3, 2015
Years in position 5
PredecessorChip Pickering (R)
Base salary$174,000/year
Elections and appointments
Last electionNovember 6, 2012
Cost per vote$2.79 in 2012
First electedNovember 4, 2008
Next generalNovember 4, 2014
Campaign $$2,772,105
Term limitsN/A
Prior offices
City Prosecutor of both Brandon and Richmond, Mississippi
Republican Party Chairman, Rankin County, Mississippi
High schoolPearl High School
Bachelor'sMississippi College
J.D.University of Mississippi
BirthdayJune 1, 1956
Place of birthJackson, Mississippi
Net worth$70,501
Office website
Campaign website
Gregory "Gregg" Harper (b. June 1, 1956, in Jackson, Mississippi) is a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives representing Mississippi's 3rd Congressional District. Harper was first elected to the House in 2008. He won re-election in 2012. He is running for re-election on November 4, 2014, and he won the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2014.

Harper defeated Robert Allen in the Republican primary in 2012. He defeated John Luke Pannell (Reform) in the November 2012 general election.[1][2]

Based on analysis of multiple outside rankings, Harper is an average Republican member of Congress, meaning he will vote with the Republican Party on the majority of bills.


Harper was born in 1956 in Jackson, Mississippi. After graduating from public high school in Perl, Mississippi, in 1974, he went on to earn his B.A. from Mississippi College and his J.D. from the University of Mississippi Law School in 1978 and 1981, respectively. Prior to his political career, Harper worked as an attorney in private practice.[3]


Below is an abbreviated outline of Harper's political career:[3]

Committee assignments

U.S. House


Harper serves on the following committees:[4]


Harper served on the following House committees:[5]

    • Subcommittee on Elections Chairman
  • Ethics Committee
    • Joint Committee on Printing Chairman
    • Joint Committee on the Library Vice-Chairman[6]

Key votes

113th Congress


The 113th Congress has had 55 out of 5,401 introduced bills enacted into law (1%) as of November 30, 2013. Comparatively, the 112th Congress had 1.14% of introduced bills enacted into law in the first session.[7] For more information pertaining to Harper's voting record in the 113th Congress, please see the below sections.[8]

National security


Voted "Yes" Harper voted in support of HR 1960 - the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2014. The bill passed the House on June 14, 2013, with a vote of 315 - 108. Both parties were somewhat divided on the vote.[9]

DHS Appropriations

Voted "Yes" Harper voted in support of HR 2217 - the DHS Appropriations Act (2014) Act of 2014. The bill passed the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 245 - 182 and was largely along party lines.[9]

Keystone Pipeline Amendment

Voted "No" Harper voted in opposition of House Amendment 69, which would have amended HR 3 to "require that the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, in consultation with the Department of Homeland Security, conduct a study of the vulnerabilities of the Keystone XL pipeline to a terrorist attack and certify that necessary protections have been put in place." The amendment failed on May 22, 2013, with a vote of 176 - 239 and was largely along party lines.[9]

CISPA (2013)

Voted "Yes" Harper voted in support of HR 624 - the CISPA (2013). The bill passed the House on April 18, 2013, with a vote of 288 - 127. The bill would allow federal intelligence agencies to share cybersecurity intelligence and information with private entities and utilities.[10] The bill was largely supported by Republicans, but divided the Democratic Party.[9]


Farm Bill

See also: United States Farm Bill 2013

Voted "Yes" Harper supported the Farm Bill on July 11, 2013. The bill passed in a 216-208 vote.[11] The bill passed included farm policy, but did not include food stamps.[12]

Government shutdown

See also: United States budget debate, 2013

Voted "Yes" On September 30, 2013, the House passed a final stopgap spending bill before the shutdown went into effect. The bill included a one-year delay of the Affordable Care Act's individual mandate and would have also stripped the bill of federal subsidies for congressional members and staff. It passed through the House with a vote of 228-201.[13] At 1 a.m. on October 1, 2013, one hour after the shutdown officially began, the House voted to move forward with going to a conference. In short order, Sen. Harry Reid rejected the call to conference.[14] Harper voted to support the stopgap spending bill that would have delayed the individual mandate.[13]

Voted "Yes" The shutdown finally ended on October 16, 2013, when the House took a vote on HR 2775 after it was approved by the Senate. The bill to reopen the government lifted the $16.7 trillion debt limit and funded the government through January 15, 2014. Federal employees also received retroactive pay for the shutdown period. The only concession made by Senate Democrats was to require income verification for Obamacare subsidies.[15] The House passed the legislation shortly after the Senate, by a vote of 285-144, with all 144 votes against the legislation coming from Republican members. Harper voted for HR 2775.[16]


Morton Memos Prohibition

Voted "Yes" Harper supported House Amendment 136 - Prohibits the Enforcement of the Immigration Executive Order. The amendment was adopted by the House on June 6, 2013, with a vote of 224 - 201. The purpose of the amendment as stated on the official text is to "prohibit the use of funds to finalize, implement, administer, or enforce the Morton Memos." These memos would have granted administrative amnesty to certain illegal aliens residing in the United States.[17] The vote largely followed party lines.[18]


Repealing Obamacare

Voted "Yes" Harper has supported all attempts to repeal or delay the implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.[19]

Social issues


Voted "Yes" Harper supported HR 1797 - Pain-Capable Unborn Child Protection Act. The resolution passed the House on June 18, 2013, with a vote of 228 - 196. The purpose of the bill is to ban abortions that would take place 20 or more weeks after fertilization.[20]

Previous congressional sessions

Fiscal Cliff

Voted "No" Harper voted against the fiscal cliff compromise bill, which made permanent most of the Bush tax cuts originally passed in 2001 and 2003 while also raising tax rates on the highest income levels. He was 1 of 151 Republicans that voted against the bill. The bill was passed in the House by a 257-167 vote on January 1, 2013.[21]


On The Issues Vote Match

Gregg Harper's Vote Match results from On The Issues.
See also: On The Issues Vote Match

On The Issues conducts a VoteMatch analysis of all Congressional members based on 20 issue areas. Rather than relying on incumbents to complete the quiz themselves, the VoteMatch analysis is conducted using voting records, statements to the media, debate transcripts or citations from books authored by or about the candidate. Based on the results of the quiz, Harper is a Populist-Leaning Conservative. Harper received a score of 22 percent on personal issues and 67 percent on economic issues.[22]

On The Issues organization logo.
On The Issues Vote Quiz
Economic Issues Social Issues
Issue Stance Issue Stance
Legally require hiring women & minorities Favors Abortion is a woman's unrestricted right Strongly Opposes
Expand ObamaCare Opposes Comfortable with same-sex marriage Strongly Opposes
Vouchers for school choice Strongly Favors Keep God in the public sphere Strongly Favors
Absolute right to gun ownership Strongly Favors Human needs over animal rights Favors
Higher taxes on the wealthy Strongly Opposes Stricter punishment reduces crime Unknown
Support & expand free trade Opposes Pathway to citizenship for illegal aliens Strongly Opposes
Stricter limits on political campaign funds Favors Maintain US sovereignty from UN Unknown
Prioritize green energy Strongly Opposes Expand the military Strongly Favors
Stimulus better than market-led recovery Favors Stay out of Iran Opposes
Privatize Social Security Favors Never legalize marijuana Unknown
Note: Information last updated in 2014.[22]

Campaign themes


  • Immigration

Excerpt: "Congressman Gregg Harper understands that it is illegal to be in the United States without proper documentation, and those who are here illegally should have to face consequences. Amnesty for illegal aliens is unacceptable."[23]

  • Defense

Excerpt: "Congressman Gregg Harper believes that one of the federal government’s core duties defined in the Constitution is to provide for the common defense. Peace through strength is obtained through a robust national defense policy."[24]

  • Economy and Jobs

Excerpt: "Congressman Gregg Harper supports giving small businesses tax relief and reining in the excessive federal agency regulations that may hamper job creation and economic growth."[25]

  • Education

Excerpt: "Like every federal government agency, Congressman Gregg Harper believes the Department of Education should be examined thoroughly for waste and inefficiencies."[26]

  • Healthcare

Excerpt: "Instead of advancing a bill that focuses on access to care, protects the patient-doctor relationship and lowers health care premiums through increased competition and choice, the president signed a $1.7 trillion law that raids $764 billion from Medicare and raises taxes over $1 trillion."[27]



See also: Mississippi's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2014

Harper is running for re-election to the U.S. House in 2014. He won the Republican nomination in the primary election on June 3, 2014. The general election takes place November 4, 2014.

U.S. House, Mississippi District 3 Republican Primary, 2014
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngGregg Harper Incumbent 92.2% 85,674
Hardy Caraway 7.8% 7,258
Total Votes 92,932
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State - Official Republican primary results


See also: Mississippi's 3rd Congressional District elections, 2012

Harper won re-election in 2012.[28] On March 13, Harper defeated his Republican primary opponent, Robert Allen. He defeated John Luke Pannell (Reform) in the November 2012 general election.[29][30]

U.S. House, Mississippi District 3 General Election, 2012
Party Candidate Vote % Votes
     Republican Green check mark transparent.pngGregg Harper Incumbent 80% 234,717
     Reform John Luke Pannell 20% 58,605
Total Votes 293,322
Source: Mississippi Secretary of State "Official Election Results, 2012 General Election"
U.S. House, Mississippi District 3 Republican Primary, 2012
Candidate Vote % Votes
Green check mark transparent.pngGregg Harper Incumbent 91.8% 78,667
Robert Allen 8.2% 7,025
Total Votes 85,692

Full history

Campaign donors

Comprehensive donor information for Harper is available dating back to 2008. Based on available campaign finance records, Harper raised a total of $2,772,105 during that time period. This information was last updated on May 16, 2013.[33]

Gregg Harper's Campaign Contribution History
Year Office Result Contributions
2012 U.S. House (Mississippi, District 3) Won $916,615
2010 U.S. House (Mississippi, District 3) Won $715,014
2008 U.S. House (Mississippi, District 3) Won $1,140,476
Grand Total Raised $2,772,105


Candidates for Congress are required to file up to seven main reports with the Federal Election Commission during the 2014 elections season. Below are Harper's reports.[34]

Gregg Harper (2014) Campaign Finance Reports
ReportDate FiledBeginning BalanceTotal Contributions
for Reporting Period
ExpendituresCash on Hand
April Quarterly[35]April 15, 2013$303,465.88$44,955.81$(79,180.98)$269,240.71
July Quarterly[36]July 15, 2013$269,240.71$228,366.09$(63,784.39)$433,822.41
October Quarterly[37]October 15, 2013$433,922.41$161,500.10$(61,447.64)$533,974.87
Year-End Quarterly[38]December 31, 2013$533,974$107,145$(78,936)$562,182
April Quarterly[39]April 15, 2014$562,182.89$129,520.00$(108,956.91)$582,745.98
Running totals


Breakdown of the source of Harper's campaign funds before the 2012 election.
Harper won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2012. During that election cycle, Harper's campaign committee raised a total of $916,616 and spent $654,281.[40]

Cost per vote

Harper spent $2.79 per vote received in 2012.


Breakdown of the source of Harper's campaign funds before the 2010 election.

Harper won re-election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 2010. During that election cycle, Harper's campaign committee raised a total of $715,014 and spent $688,959.[41]

U.S. House, Mississippi District 3, 2010 - Gregg Harper Campaign Contributions
Total Raised $715,014
Total Spent $688,959
Total Raised by General Election Opponent $0
Total Spent by General Election Opponent $0
Top contributors to Gregg Harper's campaign committee
Telapex Inc$15,700
American Crystal Sugar$15,000
AT&T Inc$15,000
Raytheon Co$11,200
American Bankers Assn$10,000
Top 5 industries that contributed to campaign committee
Lawyers/Law Firms$55,000
Oil & Gas$52,250
Health Professionals$41,600
Leadership PACs$37,500
Telephone Utilities$33,700

Personal Gain Index

Congressional Personal Gain Index graphic.png
See also: Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress)

The Personal Gain Index (U.S. Congress) is a four-part measurement that illustrates the extent to which members of the U.S. Congress have personally benefited from their tenure as public servants.
It consists of four different metrics pioneered by the Government Accountability Institute:

PGI: Net worth

See also: Changes in Net Worth of U.S. Senators and Representatives (Personal Gain Index) and Net worth of United States Senators and Representatives
Net Worth Metric graphic.png

Based on congressional financial disclosure forms and calculations made available by, Harper's net worth as of 2012 was estimated between $-213,997 and $354,999. That averages to $70,501, which is lower than the average net worth of Republican representatives in 2012 of $7,614,097.96. Harper ranked as the 387th most wealthy representative in 2012.[42] Between 2007 and 2012, Harper's calculated net worth[43] decreased by an average of 10 percent per year. Between 2004 and 2012, the average annual percentage increase for a member of Congress was 15.4 percent.[44]

Gregg Harper Yearly Net Worth
YearAverage Net Worth
Growth from 2007 to 2012:-49%
Average annual growth:-10%[45]
Comparatively, the American citizen experienced a median yearly decline in net worth of -0.94%.[46]
The data used to calculate changes in net worth may include changes resulting from assets gained through marriage, inheritance, changes in family estates and/or trusts, changes in family business ownership and many other variables unrelated to a member's behavior in Congress.


Like-minded colleagues

The website OpenCongress tracks the voting records of each member to determine with whom he or she votes most and least often. The results include a member from each party.[47]

Harper most often votes with:

Harper least often votes with:

Ideology and leadership

See also: GovTrack's Political Spectrum & Legislative Leadership ranking

Based on an analysis of bill sponsorship by GovTrack, Harper is a "rank-and-file Republican," as of June 17, 2013.[48]

Lifetime voting record

See also: Lifetime voting records of United States Senators and Representatives

According to the website GovTrack, Harper missed 36 of 3,353 roll call votes from Jan 2009 to Apr 2013, which is 1.1% of votes during that period. This is better than the median of 2.2% among the lifetime records of representatives currently serving.[48]

Congressional staff salaries

See also: Staff salaries of United States Senators and Representatives

The website Legistorm compiles staff salary information for members of Congress. Harper paid his congressional staff a total of $1,095,779 in 2011. Overall, Mississippi ranked 41st in average salary for representative staff. The average U.S. House of Representatives congressional staff was paid $954,912.20 in fiscal year 2011.[49]

Staff bonuses

According to an analysis by CNN, Harper is one of nearly 25% of House members who gave their staff bonuses in 2012. Harper's staff was given an apparent $4,152.78 in bonus money.[50]

National Journal vote ratings

See also: National Journal vote ratings

Each year, National Journal publishes an analysis of how liberally or conservatively each member of Congress voted, as compared to other members, in the previous year. More information about the analysis process can be found on the vote ratings page.


According to the data released in 2013, Harper was ranked the 146th most conservative representative during 2012.[51]


According to the data released in 2012, Gregg Harper was ranked the 101st most conservative representative during 2011.[52]

Voting with party


The website OpenCongress tracks how often members of Congress vote with the majority of the chamber caucus. According to the website, Gregg Harper has voted with the Republican Party 95.6% of the time, which ranked 138th among the 234 House Republican members as of June 2013.[53]


Harper lives in Pearl, Mississippi, with his wife of thirty two years, Sidney, and their two children.[54]

Recent news

This section displays the most recent stories in a Google news search for the term Gregg + Harper + Mississippi + House

All stories may not be relevant to this page due to the nature of the search engine.

Gregg Harper News Feed

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See also

External links


  1. WAPT 16, "Unofficial Mississippi Primary Results," accessed March 13, 2012
  2. Mississippi Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
  3. 3.0 3.1 Biographical Guide to Members of Congress, "Gregg Harper," accessed December 3, 2011
  4., "House Committee Rosters for the 113th Congress"
  5. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "House of Representatives Committee Assignments" accessed December 3, 2011
  6. Congressman Gregg Harper, Representing the Third District of Mississippi, "Committees and Caucuses"
  7. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, First Session of the 112th Congress," accessed September 5, 2013
  8. Congressional Record, "Resume of Congressional Activity, Second Session of the 113th Congress," accessed March 4, 2014
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gregg Harper's Voting Records on National Security," accessed September 27, 2013
  10. The Library of Congress, "H.R.624 CISPA (2013) (Referred in Senate - RFS)," accessed August 27, 2013
  11. Project Vote Smart, "Harper on agriculture," accessed September 27, 2013
  12. New York Times, "House Republicans Push Through Farm Bill, Without Food Stamps," accessed September 17, 2013
  13. 13.0 13.1 Clerk of the U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 504," accessed October 31, 2013
  14. Buzzfeed, "Government Shutdown: How We Got Here," accessed October 1, 2013
  15. The Washington Post, "Reid, McConnell propose bipartisan Senate bill to end shutdown, extend borrowing," accessed October 16, 2013
  16. U.S. House, "Final vote results for Roll Call 550," accessed October 31, 2013
  17. The Library of Congress, "H.AMDT.136," accessed August 28, 2013
  18. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gregg Harper's Voting Records on Immigration," accessed September 27, 2013
  19. Project Vote Smart, "Representative Gregg Harper's Voting Records on Issue: Health and Healthcare," accessed September 27, 2013
  20. Project Vote Smart, "Harper on abortion," accessed September 27, 2013
  21. U.S. House, "Roll Call Vote on the Fiscal Cliff," accessed January 4, 2013
  22. 22.0 22.1 On The Issues, "Gregg Harper Vote Match," accessed June 18, 2014
  23. Gregg Harper, "Immigration," accessed October 11, 2012
  24. Gregg Harper, "Defense," accessed October 11, 2012
  25. Gregg Harper, "Economy," accessed October 11, 2012
  26. Gregg Harper, "Education," accessed October 11, 2012
  27. Gregg Harper, "Healthcare," accessed October 11, 2012
  28. Politico, "2012 Election Map, Mississippi"
  29. WAPT 16, "Unofficial Mississippi Primary Results," accessed March 13, 2012
  30. Mississippi Secretary of State, "2012 Primary Results"
  31. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 2, 2010," accessed March 28, 2013
  32. U.S. Congress House Clerk, "Statistics of the Congressional Election of November 4, 2008," accessed March 28, 2013
  33. Open Secrets, "Gregg Harper," accessed May 16, 2013
  34. Federal Election Commission, "Harper 2014 Summary reports," accessed July 18, 2013
  35. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  36. FEC, "July Quarterly," accessed July 18, 2013
  37. FEC, "October Quarterly," accessed October 23, 2013
  38. FEC, "Year-End Quarterly," accessed February 12, 2014
  39. FEC, "April Quarterly," accessed May 16, 2014
  40. Open Secrets, "2012 Re-Election Cycle," accessed June 17, 2013
  41. Open Secrets, "Gregg Harper 2010 Re-Election Cycle," accessed December 3, 2011
  42. Open Secrets, "Gregg Harper (R-MS), 2012," accessed February 18, 2014
  43. This figure represents the average annual percentage growth from either 2004 (if the member entered office in 2004 or earlier) or their first year in office (as noted in the chart below) to 2012, divided by the number of years calculated.
  44. This number was found by dividing each member's total net worth growth percentage by the number of years included in the calculation.
  45. This figure represents the total percentage growth divided by the number of years for which there are net worth figures for each member.
  46. This figure was calculated using median asset data from the Census Bureau. Please see the Congressional Net Worth data for Ballotpedia spreadsheet for more information on this calculation.
  47. OpenCongress, "Gregg Harper," accessed August 5, 2013
  48. 48.0 48.1 GovTrack, "Gregg Harper," accessed June 17, 2013
  49. LegiStorm, "Gregg Harper," accessed October 8, 2012
  50. CNN Politics, "Congressional bonuses in a time of cuts," accessed March 8, 2013
  51. National Journal, "TABLE: House Liberal Scores by Issue Area," accessed February 26, 2013
  52. National Journal, "Searchable Vote Ratings Tables: House," accessed February 23, 2012
  53. OpenCongress, "Voting With Party," accessed June 6, 2013
  54. Official House Site, "Full Biography," accessed December 3, 2011
Political offices
Preceded by
Chip Pickering
U.S. House of Representatives - Mississippi, District 3
Succeeded by